Wto Disputes

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Submitted By nenesix
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How disputes are settled in World Trade Organizations (WTO)

The countries can settle their disputes themselves at any stage, but these are the procedures that are usually followed:-
60 days Consultations, mediation, etc.
45 days Panel set up and panelists appointed
6 months Final panel report to parties
3 weeks Final panel report to WTO members
60 days Dispute Settlement Body adopts report (if no appeal)
Total = 1 year (without appeal)
60-90 days Appeals report
30 days Dispute Settlement Body adopts appeals report
Total = 1y 3m (with appeal)
• Consultation & Mediation (up to 60 days).
This is when the countries that are in dispute come together and try to reason better each other and settle their differences. And or ask the World Trade Organization director- general to intervene or mediate to try help them in any other way.
• The panel (up to 45 days for a panel to be appointed, plus 6 months for the panel to conclude)
At this stage the complaining country can ask for a panel to be appointed, the other country can block the creation of a panel once but when the dispute settlement body meets for a second time, the appointment can no longer be blocked.
• Officially, the panel is helping the Dispute Settlement Body make rulings or recommendations.
The panels conclusion are difficult to overturn and only can be rejected by consensus in the dispute settlement body. The panel’s conclusion have to be based on agreements referred to.
According to the wto.org site, the panel’s final report should normally be given to the parties to the dispute within six months. In cases of urgency, including those concerning perishable goods, the deadline is shortened to three months.

The agreement describes in some detail how the panels are to work. The main stages are:
• Before the first hearing:
The country in dispute presents its case in writing to the panel.…...

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