Will Human Life on Earth Come to an End?

In: English and Literature

Submitted By drpureifoy
Words 1577
Pages 7
Will Human Life on Earth Come to an End?

In 1993 science‐fiction writer Kim Stanley Robinson published Red Mars, the first of his
Mars trilogy. Red Mars is set in the year 2026. At the beginning of the novel, the spacecraft
Ares departs. Aboard the Ares, the space colonists are bound for Mars.
The voyage to Mars is portentous. On Earth, corporations are coming to dominate global governance. Nation states still fly their flags, but they owe their allegiance to the transnational corporations. The “trans‐nats,” as the transnational corporations are called, are the real agents of the global economy. They have the power and ability to extract natural resources from the earth. The increasing competition among trans‐nats and growing human population means more and more resources are being removed. This situation threatens the feasibility of life on the planet.
Robinson played out this idea over the course of three books. By the end of Red Mars, a world war has erupted on Earth. The second book in the trilogy, Green Mars, documents the terraforming of the red planet. (Terraforming is a science‐fiction term for adapting another planet or moon into a planet that can sustain life in the same way Earth can. This process involves creating an appropriate biosphere, atmosphere, and surface topography on the new celestial body.) The third book in the trilogy, Blue Mars, picks up at the stage when the terraforming has allowed for water to exist on Mars. Life on Mars is now truly possible. By the end of the book series, humanity has acquired the skills and technology to spread its civilization throughout the solar system.
Robinson is an American writer. The Mars trilogy is his best‐known work. Robinson is also an…...

Similar Documents

The Religious Life of Planet Earth

...The Religious Life of Planet Earth Strayer University REL 211 World Religion Deborah Sarmiento Professor: Zipporah Glass November 3, 2012 THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF PLANET EARTH 2 The Religious Life of Planet Earth Upon arriving on the planet Earth it is my job to determine if people on earth are religious. To determine this I will try to find out what religion is and what it looks like. Secondly, I will try to describe three examples of behaviors or beliefs of religion observed and then I will explain what the function of religion appears to be on Earth. In conclusion, I will try to determine how else my observations could be interpreted. According to the dictionary religion is defined as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Religion implies a group of believers concerned with matters thought to be sacred. It involves a specific set of beliefs and specific set of rituals. It also involves notions of the right way to live. Discuss three examples of behaviors or beliefs observed that meet religious criteria. It seems that America has always been a religious country. It is generally accepted that more than half the American people attended a place of worship over a weekend. Most Americans attend services on......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

How to World Will Come to an End

...Even the death of a person is very terrifying, the end of humanity and universe is not imaginable. Humankind has been wondering how and when the Earth ends for thousands of years. The reasons of wondering may be for different topics such as; to be prepared spiritually or religiously or to spend all the money that a person has or enjoy the life more. Related to how the Earth is going to end, the concepts of exemptionalist, environmentalist, universe and judgment day should be known. Initially, exemptionalists are the people who see the humankind that can handle every problem, so they claim that the problems which occur do not require worrying about. On the other hand, environmentalists are the people who see humankind as a part of a nature so they point out that humankind is related to environment directly, hence humankind is affected all the problems about environment. Universe is the place where everything stays and occurs in. Universe was created from nothing with Big Bang. This place applies physical laws. Judgment day is the time many religions accept that God will end the life which we live. Mainly theories about end of the world can be separated into three groups which are the end because of human based problems, physical destruction of universe and the order of God. Although the human based damages on the Earth are getting more and more serious and physical collapse of universe makes sense scientifically, the decision of end of the world only depends on the owner of......

Words: 1760 - Pages: 8

Who Is the Enemy of Life on Earth, Alins or Humans Themselves?

...We have seen in a number a Hollywood movies that how ambitious aliens come and bring about destruction of the earth. They are shown to possess ultra modern technology that humans cannot match, but still humans somehow manage to save earth from their wrong intentions of conquering earth or destroying earth. But, that is only the happy ending in a movie. The main idea behind is that we have created the notion of some extra-terrestrial life who is mean and wants to destroy earth for his/her desires. We are always afraid of such beings as they are portrayed to have intent to conquer earth. Are they really a threat to earth? Or, is it the humans themselves who are the enemy of the earth. I will present the arguments from both the sides and let the audience decide. What can possibly be the motive of aliens to venture towards earth and their assumed intentions to conquer earth? Like humans it might be their appetite for natural resources, they would know only too well that a civilization of our size would have used a substantial portion of our own resources, leaving them with very little to fight us for. On Earth, proven reserves of natural gas total 130 billion tons. Titan, one of the moons of Jupiter has on its surface many dozens of lakes filled not with water or even water in the form of ice, but of liquid methane and ethane, each of which individually having at least as much energy as our own proven reserves. The Oort Cloud surrounding the solar system, is rich in......

Words: 675 - Pages: 3

End of Life

...THE CLINICAL, LEGAL, AND ETHICAL CONTEXT CHAPTER 4 DECISIONS AT LIFE'S END: EXISTING LAW page 49 New York law distinguishes between four types of practices that can arise at the end of a person's life: the withdrawal and withholding of life-sustaining treatment, whether based on the consent of patients or others close to them; suicide; assistance to commit suicide; and active euthanasia. The laws governing each of these practices reflect a judgment about the appropriate balance between individual autonomy and society's interest in preventing harm. At one end of the spectrum, the law covering treatment decisions embraces individual autonomy as its central concern, granting competent individuals a broad right to refuse medical treatment necessary to sustain their lives. Decisions about suicide and euthanasia fall at the other end of the continuum, where the law constrains individuals' actions for their own benefit and for the sake of the common good. Societal limits on suicide are reflected in laws that prohibit assisted suicide and euthanasia, regardless of the individual's consent. Likewise, while it is no longer illegal in New York State to commit suicide, there is no "right" to commit suicide as a matter of constitutional or common law. The Right to Decide About Treatment Under New York law, competent......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Life on Earth

...relationship between the conditions on early Earth and the origin of organic molecules: - Conditions of early Earth: _ Massive oceans existed _ Only small landmasses above the surface of the water _ No ozone layer _ Large amounts of radiation reached the Earth _ No free oxygen in the air _ Large amounts of volcanic activity; heat, ash, dust and gases into atmosphere _ Violent electric storms common _ Atmosphere contained some water vapour (H2O), hydrogen (H2), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), a lot of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), possibly ammonia (NH3) and methane (CH4). - The chemicals of life are contained within the following basic organic compounds: water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. - These compounds are made up of hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and some other common elements. - As you can see, the elements needed to create the basic organic compounds were already present in the atmosphere; i.e., H, O, C and N were already there. - The lack of an ozone layer, the frequent violent electric storms, and the volcanic activity of early Earth could have provided the energy for molecules to be formed. • Discuss the implications of the existence of organic molecules in the cosmos for the origin of life on Earth: - For life to have originated, the following events need to have happened: _ The required chemicals need to have been formed _ These chemicals need to have come together in a self-replicating body _ This......

Words: 1710 - Pages: 7

End of Life

...End of Life Nursing Donnie Barnes Oklahoma Wesleyan University End of Life Nursing Every life will end in death. It can happen anywhere or anytime along the human lifespan, but it will definitely happen. Death is never an event in life that is encouraged or hope for, however when faced with impending end of life circumstances, it can be faced with dignity and decency. Many people associate end-of-life care with treating physical pain and discomfort. While that is an important part, complete end-of-life (EOL) care also includes helping the dying person manage mental and emotional distress. An elder who is nearing the end of life who is alert might understandably feel depressed or anxious. Encourage conversations, so the elder has an opportunity to talk about their feelings. You might want to contact a counselor, possibly one familiar with end-of-life issues. If the depression or anxiety is severe, medicine might provide relief. A dying person might also have some specific fears and concerns. He or she may fear the unknown or worry about those left behind. Some people are afraid of being alone at the very end. This feeling can be made worse by the understandable reactions of family, friends, and even the medical team. For example, when family and friends do not know how to help or what to say, sometimes they stop visiting. Or, someone who is already beginning to grieve may withdraw. Doctors may become discouraged because they can't cure their patient and feel helpless...

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6

End of Life

...End of Life Essay It is very important for people to discuss and manage end of life issues. There are many issues that may need to have resolutions such as life support, curative vs symptom management, courses of treatment. Other issues such as burial plots and funeral arrangements. I have found that many people feel they have more time to discuss end of life issues. They feel that they have plenty of time to discuss their wants and wishes for the death and dying process with their loved ones. It is very important to discuss end of life issues with your significant others, spouses, children because one never knows when the end of life issues may come up. Maybe it is a young mother diagnoses with stage 4 ovarian cancer. Maybe it’s a 76 year old male patient that feels that while he has lived a good life, it is never enough time. Or it could be a 16 year old teenage girl that had a soft tissue sarcoma that wasn’t diagnosed until it had metastases all over her body. I have taken care of all of these patients. It is never too early to discuss end of life issues, but sometimes it can be too late. Death is very personalized such as life. It is important that the individual is allowed to pass in a manner that is important to them and to feel that they have taken care of issues that they may feel need to be resolved. We might think that we know what our loved ones want, but it could be very different from what they actually want. For example we may think that......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7

End of Life

...End-of-life care becomes an issue at some point for elderly clients. Even with the emergence of palliative care programs and hospice programs, the majority of elderly people do not die in their own home as is their preference. What are the reasons for this trend? Discuss what you can do as a nurse to support your clients in end-of-life care and in supporting their desires. Support your response with evidence-based literature. Many palliative care patients would prefer to receive care, and to die, at home. Despite of this, many die in institutions. The need for the healthcare provider to discuss plans for discharge with most inpatients reinforces expectations of a choice of place of care. However, many palliative patients do not have a choice of care at home. A significant proportion of patients experience an emergency admission from home, after which it may not be possible to arrange discharge. Reasons for admission often reflect a change in the patient's condition, which may not necessitate inpatient care, but for which alternative arrangements cannot be made rapidly enough (Wheatley, et al, 2007). There are nearly 40 million senior citizens in the United States. But in the next 30 years, that number is expected to double to 80 million as Baby Boomers and their parents reach age 65 (CDC,nd). And each year, one-third of the people who die suffer from a chronic illness. For every one of these deaths, there is a patient and a family faced with difficult decisions about care...

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

End of Life

...Being faced with our own mortality or that of a loved one, is a subject that’s very emotional, and some very difficult decisions will have to be made. But who should be making those decisions? The patient, families, the doctors? Should someone, who just received devastating news and is on an emotional roller coaster, make end of life decisions? How about the family members, who are so grief stricken and praying for a medical miracle, are wanting everything done no matter how bleak the outcome. What about the hospitals and doctors who know the cost associated with end of life care and realize that there is no real impact on curing or changing the outcome. They feel that resources should be spent on patients with better prognosis. In helping with some of these hard decisions the law makers in the state of Texas came up with the Texas Advance Directive Act. But the law has come under heavy criticism in recent years involving a few cases that received national attention. The Advance Directive Act passed into law in 1999 by then Gov. George W. Bush. With the passing of the act, Texas became the second state to pass regulation regarding end of life treatment.1 The law addresses and provides information on three different advance directives, the Directive to the Physician (living will), Medical Power of Attorney, and Out of Hospital DNR. A Directive to the Physician (living will), allows the patient to make their own wishes known about future medical treatments. ......

Words: 1717 - Pages: 7

End of Life

...law prohibits federal money from being used in support of physician assisted suicide. However, in 1998, House Judiciary Chairman Henry Hyde and Senator Don Nickles introduced bills in the House and Senate which would revoke the licence to prescribe federally controlled drugs from any doctor who participated in an assisted suicide. If such legislation passed, doctors in Oregon, or any other state that legalized assisted suicide, would be subject to the federal sanction even though their actions were permitted under state law. The bills were not enacted into law before the end of the congressional session, but may be revived in 1999. Unanimous Decision Points to Tradition of Valuing Life |Right to Die | |1976 | |The New Jersey Supreme Court sides with | |Karen Ann Quinlan's parents, who wanted | |their comatose daughter cut off from | |life-supporting devices. The state | |Supreme Court ruled that the state has no| |right to order her respirator continued. | |The U.S. Supreme Court refuses to | |intervene, setting no legal precedent. | |1990 | |U.S. Supreme Court rules in a case | |involving Nancy Beth Cruzan that a person| |has a "right to die" grounded in the | |Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of | |personal liberty. But the court also | |called attention to living wills by | |holding that states can require clear......

Words: 13101 - Pages: 53

End of Life

...As people approach end of life care, they and their families are faced with difficult choices. During this time it is important to have a support system. In the case study Janelle decided against medical treatment and relied on her religious belief. Therefore it is necessary to use her personal strengths in interventions and to empower her when intervening. Her self-determination towards treatment should be respected, According to (NASW 2008), Social workers respect and promote the right of clients to self- determination and assist clients in their efforts to identify and clarify their goals. As social workers we will advocate Janelle’s position not to seek treatment to the other members of the interdisciplinary team; in doing so we will explore ways to decrease the tension between her and the other members. Janelle has a strong religious belief that she will be healed. As members of her interdisplinary team we will education her family on the pros and cons of relying on spirituality only for healing. We will communicate with Janelle by being open and honest in planning and assessing care for her and her family. Woodhouse (2011) suggested that effective communication has the potential to engender a therapeutic environment and relationship. Good communication skills are vital for spiritual carers in supporting patients, families, and the multidisciplinary team in dealing with issues such as denial and confusion. According to Amoah (2011), Spirituality is central to......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Religious Life of Planet Earth

...Religious Life of Planet Earth Religion 212 April 29, 2012 I was asked by my superiors to visit the planet Earth and ascertain if people and the planet are religious and what they practice in the aspects of religion. First, it is important, for you to understand my opinion of religion and supporting aspects or views of religion. Religion is not only a way of living but also considered artifacts, practices and traditions of a belief that one worships a deity. People should not only have a belief but also contribute, participate, relinquish and devote their lives in living and having faith in their deity. I observed and researched what and how the people of Earth worship, how often they praise or worship their deity and what they do while practicing these traditions of beliefs. People long to make sense of life; to find the key that will unlock its mysteries and enable them to understand themselves and their place within the universe. Each religion presents us with a particular view of life, expressed in its teachings, scriptures, and traditions. But is it necessary to be committed to that religion in order to understand and appreciate what it teaches. In this human journey for finding sense, some turn to philosophy, the creative arts, and others- in fact the majority of humankind-take to some form of religion. Almost every aspect of life can become the raw material out of which a religious interpretation of life may be built. The word religion has many......

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Religion Life of Planet Earth

...Religious Life of Planet Earth" World Religions April 27, 2012 Religion to my people is very important, so the criteria I am employing to determine that the people of Earth is a religious people will be as follows; types of religion, prayer, meditation, strong faith and do the people of Earth believe whole heartedly in their religions and do they standing true to what they believe in. Religion is based on beliefs and how people act based on those beliefs. Religion is a means to explain the purpose of life and it involves a system of belief and practices shared by a group of people. So, in all cultures there are rules, ideals of perfection and the theories concerning how did man come into existence, just to name a few. Based on my criteria I found there is a lot of traditions and many different forms of religion on Earth. There are four major types of religion which all cultures are labeled under such as; super naturalism, animism, theism and abstract ideas. Super naturalism is the belief system believes in supernatural forces that can influence human events. Animism is a belief in spirits and ghost that take interest in human affairs. Theism is the practice of believing in divine beings such as God’s or Goddess that shape and influence human affairs. So therefore Gods are powerful being who are worthy of worship and praise. Most theistic societies practice polytheism which implies the belief in a number of Gods. Each God or Goddess usually has influence in a......

Words: 630 - Pages: 3

Religious Life of Planet Earth

...Religious Life of Planet Earth REL 212 26 July 2012 The term religion is coined as a particular response to dimensions of life considered sacred, as shaped by institutionalized traditions (Fisher, 2011). Religion can be associated as a group of people coming together to practice and share a feeling or doctrine of beliefs, to an individual meditating by themselves once or several times a day. Religion has become not just a practice of many people in one group, or a spiritual comfort to a singular person. One cannot simply justify what is religion just by looking at a group or a single individual. If we were to base religion off of a group, one could state that Alcoholics Anonymous could be a religious group. These people gather willingly together to form a support system for each other and comfort each other through their times of need. They do not worship one particular deity, but still gather for a greater purpose. With that being noted, I believe that one person or group cannot justify what they see or define as religion or what is not. I think it is up to the group or individuals practicing or believing in their faith or doctrine to acknowledge that they have a belief system that they hold as sacred. There are seven common factors that inhibit a sense of religion. What may seem like religion in one person’s mind may not be considered a religion in anothers. Of the seven common factors; rituals, narrative and mythic stories, experiential and...

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Religious Life of Planet Earth

..."Report on the Religious Life of Planet Earth" REL212 There are many different definitions on Earth of what “religion” is. They all seem to agree that there must be certain fundamental beliefs. First, it must have some sort of conduct or values to live by. For example, “Treat others the way you want to be treated” or that “having sex before marriage is wrong”. The religion should help the follower to feel better about themselves and secure in their belief. Religion also should have “a set of tenets and practices, often centered on specific supernatural or moral claims about reality, the cosmos, and human nature. It needs to make an attempt at understanding the world around us and what happens after death. Death is, after all, a corner-point in all religions.” (Scorn, 2008) The last thing that seems to define religion is that it has followers that have faith in the religion and live by it. Those followers set examples for other people interested in the religion and exhibit examples of their faith. Without this, a religion could simply not exist. During my studies on Earth, I saw many behaviors and heard many stories of human religions that seem to match my definition of religion. One example is of the American Indians. They lived in tribes all around America yet all the tribes seem to have all the religious aspects described above. They danced around the fire chanting hymns of “The Great Spirit” or worshipped their past ancestors. They saw their Supreme Being in......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3