Premium Essay

What Is the Infections Agent (Pathogen) That Causes This Infectious Disease, the Name of the Bacteria, Virus, or Parasite?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By taurean84
Words 551
Pages 3
Taurean Bullard March 4, 2012

What is the infections agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite?

Staphylococcus Aureus is the infectious pathogen that can cause a variety of illnesses from minor skin infections like boils, carbunkles, cellulitis, impetigo, abcesses and of course staph infection. This pathogen can also lead to life-threatening diseases such as pnuemonia, menengitis, toxic shock syndrome, bacteremia, and sepsis. How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water? This infectious agent can be transmitted by skin, soft tissue, respiratory, bone, joint, endovascular to wound infections. It is also carried in the respiratory tract, nasal passages. It can also be transferred onto clothes, bedding and on the skin of carriers. If someone that is a carrier doesn't wash their hands properly then the staph can easily get into any food or drinks they handle and thus be transferred to someone else. Infections may spread through contact with pus from an infected wound, skin-to-skin contact with an infected person by producing hyaluronidase that destroys tissues, and contact with objects such as towels, sheets, clothing, or athletic equipment used by an infected person. What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States? There was an outbreak of Staphylococcus Aureus at the World's Fair Park event site July 30, 2005. This event took place in Knoxville, TN. There were at least 50 ill persons. Each of them had consumed the pulled pork that was cooked an prepared by employees of Pop's in Caryville. After an in depth investigation the pork tested positive for Staphylococcus Aureus. I obtained this information from a report that is accesible at the following website. http://health.state.tn.us/ceds/EPI_Training/WFP_report.pdf What are the…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases: the Greatest Crisis of the World

...Infectious Diseases: The Greatest Crisis of the world ____________ A Thesis Presented to The Division of The Arts and Sciences Voorhees College ____________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science ____________ Acknowledgements I am whole-heartily thankful to my Professors at Voorhees College for their tremendous effort in my maturilication through Voorhees College. Lastly I would like to acknowledge all of the people who had any hand in the completion of this thesis. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION * What are infectious Diseases? * Types of infectious diseases * Worldwide distribution of infectious diseases * * CHAPTER 2: THE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IS THE WORLD * Top Countries * Top Diseases * CHAPTER 3: MOST DISEASES ARE PREVENTABLE * Why are statistics so high * Minorities prevalence, morbidity, and mortality * How to prevent yourself from being a statistic * Understanding the emotional burden brought upon families who suffer from infectious Diseases * * CHAPTER 4: TRANSMISSION OF DISEASE: COUNTRY TO COUNTRY * Thorough testing while entering and exiting countries * Childhood and adult Immunizations * * CHAPTER 5: FOOD BOURNE PATHOGES * How do they affect......

Words: 1544 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hiv- Infection

... What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite. Gram-negative bacteria. Typhoid fever is cause by salmonella. Salmonella infections are zoonotic and can be transferred between humans and animals. This infection can survive outside a living body for weeks. A distinction is made between enteritis salmonella and horny/paratyphoid salmonella where the latter, because of a special virulence factor and a capsule protein. There are also two other that involved fever, Salmonella Typhi or Paratyphi.  How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water? This disease is transmitted though raw eggs, raw meat like ground beef and poorly cooked meats, fresh vegetables ,cereal, tomatoes and contaminated water. Water can be contaminated by feces being inside the water. Must pay good attention to how you cook your meat. Eggs right now in the world is a big part of salmonella. Having a poor clean kitchen or restaurant can cause an outbreak. Polluted surfaces water and stand water like shower hoses or unused water dispenses. It can also be in the feces of some pets and reptiles such as turtles, lizard and snake, which particularly likely to carry the infection. People not washing their hand after using the bathroom and return back to cooking not realizing how that not sanitizer, also not safe.  What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States?......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bacteria and Parasites

...since WritePoint capability in this area is limited. Thank you for using WritePoint. Bacteria and Parasites By Victor Banks Melanie Crow COM 155 4/2/13 Bacteria and parasites are both specific types of organisms that are able to have affect on a humans body, but parasites have a greater increase in harming a human being rather than a bacteria. While the exact origin of bacteria remains a matter of speculation, it is clear that they are among the oldest and most adaptable organisms on Earth. Over three and a half billion years ago the earth was an inhospitable planet characterized by a landscape of active volcanoes in an atmosphere with hardly any oxygen, as far as we know the first life forms to be on Earth were simple organisms that closely resembled present day bacteria and did not depend on atmospheric oxygen or survival. Eventually in the shallow waters of primitive earth photosynthetic microorganisms appeared which used the suns energy to make food and omitted oxygen as a waste product as oxygen accumulated in the atmosphere bacteria that depended on this gas gained a foothold and began to flourish. Over several billion years new forms of life evolved many have since become extinct as conditions on earth have changed bacteria however, continued to adapt and thrive when other organisms could not and if the ancestors of ancient bacteria are still growing vigorously......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Emerging Disease

...6. Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Chapter 8 Disease is not constant • Emerging Diseases – are recently “discovered” diseases, or diseases that have become increasingly important. • Some are old diseases just discovered – like Hepatitis C • Some are truly new like HIV • Many are taking advantage of some niche – like air conditioners in large buildings – Legionella pneumophila • Diseases moving to new parts of the world – West Nile Virus • Re-emerging Diseases – are diseases that became less important, but are again increasing in importance. • Tuberculosis is an old disease that is again rapidly increasing in some populations. 1 2 Health Science Microbiology David L. Beck, B.S., A.M., Ph.D. FYI Emerging Diseases - Examples FYI Re-emerging Diseases - Examples 3 4 Known Species The Tip of the Iceburg • How many species are there? • 1980 there was 1,792 described species • 1990 there was 3,393 species (173 new per year) • 2000 there was 6,386 species (299 new per year) • 2010 there was 12,926 species (654 new per year) • Oct 2011 there was 13,563 species (Yikes!!!) (Most of these we know nothing about other than their name.) WE KNOW VERY LITTLE 80% of bacteria are unculturable – what you do not know about can hurt you! 61% of the known 1415 species infectious (and counting) to man are from animals (zoonoses) • • • • 5 Want to know the current number of described species? See: http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/number.html Updated......

Words: 4121 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Infection

...INTRODUCTION Infection remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in man, particularly in developing areas where it is associated with poverty and overcrowding.In the developed world increasing prosperity, universal immunization and antibiotics have reduced the prevalence of infectious disease. However, antibiotic-resistant strains of microorganisms and diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease ,avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS) have emerged. In the developing world successes such as the eradication of smallpox have been balanced or outweighed by the new plagues. Infectious diseases cause nearly 25% of all human deaths. Two billion people one-third of the world’s population are infected with tuberculosis (TB),500 million people catch malaria every year, and 200 million are infected with schistosomiasis. 39.5 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, with 4.3 million new HIV infections in 2006 (65% in sub-Saharan Africa). The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) hope to be achieved by 2015. These are: eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, universal primary education, gender equality and empowerment of women, reduction in child mortality,improvement in maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS,malaria and other diseases, ensuring environment sustainability and developing global partnership for development. DEFINITION INFECTION An infection is the entry and multiplication of an infections......

Words: 6675 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Center for Diseases Control

...SCHISTOSOMIASIS a) What is Schistosomiasis? Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms. It is also known as bilharzia and the causal parasite lives in the freshwater snail (CDC). b) What is the etiologic agent of Schistosomiasis? Is it a bacterium, virus, fungus, protozoan, or helminth? How is it transmitted? The etiologic agent for Schistosomiasis is helminth which is caused by blood trematodes. The mode of transmission is from infected water by the freshwater snail which is used for bathing or swimming. c) What are the signs and symptoms of Schistosomiasis? The first symptom is itchy and or dry skin. And if not treated, many more symptoms may arise which includes fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches. d) In what areas of the world does Schistosomiasis occur? How common is it? The most affected areas for this disease is the places with unhealthy sanitation. It is widely affecting most parts of the world. Africa is the most affected area where poor sanitation occurs mostly, and also south American. e) How is Schistosomiasis diagnosed? Schistosomiasis could be diagnosed by examining a stool sample electronically in order to find the parasite eggs. Having said that, blood test might the most proficient way of finding the eggs as the small eggs might not be detected. f) How can you prevent Schistosomiasis? As there is no vaccine available in preventing this disease, what we can do is to avoid swimming or wading in freshwater when not in...

Words: 1931 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Bacteria

... Bacteria |I | |INTRODUCTION | Bacteria, one-celled organisms visible only through a microscope. Bacteria live all around us and within us. The air is filled with bacteria, and they have even entered outer space in spacecraft. Bacteria live in the deepest parts of the ocean and deep within Earth. They are in the soil, in our food, and on plants and animals. Even our bodies are home to many different kinds of bacteria. Our lives are closely intertwined with theirs, and the health of our planet depends very much on their activities. Bacterial cells are so small that scientists measure them in units called micrometers (µm). One micrometer equals a millionth of a meter (0.0000001 m or about 0.000039 in), and an average bacterium is about one micrometer long. Hundreds of thousands of bacteria would fit on a rounded dot made by a pencil. Bacteria lack a true nucleus, a feature that distinguishes them from plant and animal cells. In plants and animals the saclike nucleus carries genetic material in the form of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Bacteria also have DNA but it floats within the cell, usually in a loop or coil. A tough but resilient protective shell surrounds the bacterial cell. Biologists classify all life forms as either prokaryotes or eukaryotes. Prokaryotes are simple, single-celled organisms like bacteria. They lack a defined nucleus of the sort found in plant and animal cells. More complex organisms, including all plants and animals, whose cells have......

Words: 7813 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Ebola Virus Disease

...Ebola virus disease Key facts * Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. * The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. * The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. * The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas. * Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation. * Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. There is as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development. * There are currently no licensed Ebola vaccines but 2 potential candidates are undergoing evaluation. Background The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village......

Words: 2440 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases.Com

...Infectious Disease, Biological and its Control “Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms”, stated the Mayo Clinic (2014). Knowledge of the germ theory and disease came about in the Nineteenth Century through Louis Pasteur. Pasteur identified that pathogens, such as bacteria, cause disease by attacking the body from the outside, BBC (2014). Following on from Pasteur’s germ theory, Robert Koch in 1876, proved specific pathogens caused specific diseases, Stevenson (2014). Pathogens are biological agents that take the form of bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa causing infection and illness by challenging our immune system, through killing cells or disrupting the cell function, National Academies (2015). “Only when a microorganism has successfully established a site of infection in the host does disease occur”, Janeaway et al (2001). When working in Mexico, there are certain infectious diseases prevalent, and transmission of these diseases can happen through a variety of methods such as direct contact with other infected humans or animals, indirectly by touching infected objects or via airborne transmission. Reports suggest over one million people die from vector borne diseases every year, such as malaria from mosquitos carrying pathogens from host to host, WHO (2014). Whilst working or travelling, should you succumb to an infection or disease, your body will try to defend itself using non-specific mechanisms, such as mechanical, chemical and biological......

Words: 2224 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Causes of Disease

...Causes of disease A disease is defined as a physical or mental disorder or malfunction with a certain set of signs or symptoms. Diseases may be caused by a single factor such as a pathogenic microorganism or have many causes some of which may depend on lifestyle. Pathogens have many qualities that assist with the causing of diseases: they can gain entry to the host, colonise tissues of the host, resist defences of the host and cause damage to the host’s tissues. Microorganisms gain entry to the host through the skin and through exchange sites. For example, if someone has physical contact with an infected individual. All these characteristics lead to a disease occurring in the host. Some examples of pathogens are bacteria, viruses and fungi. A healthy lifestyle involves, maintaining a healthy weight, taking regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, drinking a limited amount of alcohol and not smoking. If individuals lead a healthy lifestyle, the risk of contracting a disease will decrease. For example, the carcinogenic chemicals found in tobacco smoke may increase an individual’s risk of contracting cancer. However, people need to remember that it’s never too late to change your lifestyle. For example, there is clear evidence showing that the risk of lung cancer to a smoker is reduced if they stop smoking. Going into more detail about the pathogen, we can understand what consequences the production of toxins can cause. A toxin is a harmful chemical that......

Words: 1583 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Disease and Man

...The impact of disease on Man Introduction Through the ages disease has always plagued man and the environment. A disease is basically impairment in the condition of an organism. This project touches the surface of the broad topic that is disease as well as suitable measures for keeping disease under control. Table of Contents Topic Page Types of diseases 4 Treatment and Control 6 The role of vectors in disease transmission 9 Methods to control the stages in the life history of mosquitoes 13 The transmission and control of HIV/AIDS 14 The transmission and control of gonorrhea 16 The role of blood in defending the body against disease 18 Principle of immunization in controlling communicable diseases 20 The effects of drug abuse 22 Disease in plants and animals 26 Types of diseases A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. The four main......

Words: 4251 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Disease & Evolution

...Disease and Evolution The human body has been plagued with diseases since the beginning of time—pathogens like viruses and bacteria have made us privy to Mother Nature. As humans evolve, so do the diseases we are susceptible to. Some diseases that were once rare have become common, others have disappeared and newer, more daunting ones have emerged. Many of these changes have taken place in the wake of important transformations in human civilizations and ecology. It is therefore feasible to propose that diseases succeed and fail in response to humanity's advances. Natural selection is unable to provide us with perfect protection against all pathogens, because they tend to evolve much faster than humans do. E. coli, for example, with its rapid rates of reproduction, has as much opportunity for mutation and selection in one day as humanity gets in a millennium. And our defenses, whether natural or artificial, make for potent selection forces. Pathogens either quickly evolve a counter defense or become extinct. Diseases such as AIDS, Ebola, Polio have shown their wrath and humans have sought to find cures and treatment options. By definition, disease is essentially “a disorder of structure or function that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affect a specific location (not just from a physical injury)” (WHO, 2007). The true boundaries and limitations of disease remain elusive. Healthcare specialists and researchers use “normal” conditions as their basis in order to......

Words: 2793 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases

...Infectious Diseases Conditions Plague Cause: Yersina pestis ------------------------------------------------- Treatment: Streptomycin (aminoglycoside) and Ciprofloxacin (Fluoroquinolone) ------------------------------------------------- CNS INFECTIONS Meningitis New born cause: Group B streptococcus, Gram-negative enterics, Listeria monocytogenes 2-24 months’ cause: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria Meningitidis, Haemophilus Influenzae 2-50 years causes: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis 50+ causes: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Gram-negative enterics Meningococcal Meningitis Cause: Neisseria meningitidis – gram-negative Treatment: * Penicillin/Ampicillin (beta-lactam) * (Chloramphenicol can be substituted in history of penicillin hypersensitivity) * Close contacts – Rifampicin 2 days * Vaccines for prophylaxis – not for serogroup B, sialic acid is identical to the human form Pneumococcal Meningitis Cause: Streptococcus pneumoniae – gram-positive Treatment: * Cefotaxime (3rd generation cephalosporin/beta lactam) – 10-14 days * (If resistance to Cefotaxime – Vancomycin (tricyclic glycopeptide) and Rifampicin) * Adjunctive treatment with Dexamethasone Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis Cause: Haemophilus influenzae – gram-negative Treatment: * H. influenzae vaccine is available * Cefotaxime (3rd gen cephalosporin/beta lactam) * Adjunctive......

Words: 5531 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases

... | |Infectious Diseases | | | | | African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness as many call it is a parasitic disease that can be contracted by either human or animals. The disease is transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be found all over Africa but the ones contaminated with the disease are found in region of sub-Saharan Africa. The disease has been said to have been in Africa since way back in the 14th century and one of the first epidemics that was recorded happened in 1901 in which a "devastating epidemic had erupted in Uganda, killing more than 250,000 people, about two-thirds of the population in the affected lake-shore areas" (CDC). According to the World Health Organization the disease covers 36 countries and 60 million people. The majority of the affected population live in remote areas of sub-Saharan Africa with little access to health care clinics which is why in these rural area the disease often goes untreated and misdiagnosed. The distribution of African......

Words: 4427 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Chronic and Infectious Diseases

...Chronic and Infectious Diseases Chronic and infectious diseases are diseases life threatening. A chronic diseases are non-communicable illnesses prolonged in duration, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and arthritis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). However, an infectious disease or communicable disease is contagious and caused by a biological agent, such as a virus, bacterium, or parasite also known as pathogens (The Metro Health System, 2002-2012). There are some diseases, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Characteristics of a chronic disease, examining the relationship between a healthy nutritional diet, and cardiovascular disease, the effects of chronic, and infectious diseases, how exercise affects the immune system, and consumer awareness are the focus of this paper. Characteristics of a Chronic Disease Chronic diseases are often hard to detect because the disease spread slowly. According to UCLA Center for Neurovisceral Sciences and Women's Health (n.d.), “chronic illnesses also have multiple causes varying over time, including heredity, lifestyle factors, exposure to environmental factors and physiological factors” (Chronic Illness). Individuals who smoke cigarettes put him or her at risk of several types of chronic illnesses. “Cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for lower......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4