What Is Apartheid ?

In: English and Literature

Submitted By NinaShar
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What is apartheid?
The word apartheid means ”to keep apart” in Afrikaan, which is the language, that most of the white people in South Africa speaks.
Apartheid is a racist ideology, and the goal is to separate the different races, and to give the white people all the power in the society.
The apartheid ideology was developed in South Africa for hundreds of years ago, but it wasn’t a part of politics before 1948.
In apartheid, you split the population into four groups.
The black
The colored
The white
The Asian.
And it is your appearance that decides which group you belong to.
Where did it exist?
Apartheid existed in South Africa from 1948-1994. And in that period, the white people had better conditions than the black, the colored and the Asian. It was especially the black people that were dealing with oppression.
Apartheid didn’t only exist in South Africa. It was also introduced in Namibia and Rhodesia, in the same period as in South Africa.
But even though South Africa is a democratic state today, there are still a lot of conflicts between the black and white people. Besides that, the black people still got way worse conditions than the white people, even though the two groups have the same rights.
Opinions:
One person, who was strongly against apartheid, is Nelson Mandela.
He wanted a democratic and open society, where everyone lives together in harmony and with equal rights. Nelson Mandela was willing to do whatever he could to carry out his dreams, even if it meant, he would have to die.

Background:
Nelson Mandela was born in 1918, in a village in South Africa.
In 1942 Nelson Mandela became a member of ANC, which is a party of black people, who is against apartheid.
In 1944 Nelson Mandela and 4 other men formed the ANC Youth League. The ANC Youth League organized a lot of non-violent demonstrations and stuff like that.
But in 1960 ANC…...

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