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Week 3 Individual

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Psychological Testing in the Workplace
Tamara Walker
PSY 435
October 17, 2011
Christopher Reid

Psychological Testing in the Workplace
With companies faced with an increasingly competitive business environment, employers are turning to I/O psychologists for employment testing as a way to improve his or her work environment. In a survey recently taken, 40% of Fortune 100 companies stated that his or her employment selection systems included some form of psychological testing by an I/O psychologist (Shaffer & Schmidt, 1999). A similar survey that was taken by the American Management Association showed 44% of its responding applicants used testing to select his or her potential employees (Shaffer & Schmidt, 1999). While the most commonly used form of psychological testing in the workplace is the cognitive ability tests, personality tests are also being used more and more frequently.
Psychological Tests
A psychological test is a series of standardized problems or questions that assess a certain individual characteristic. Tests are commonly used to assess many KSAOs, including knowledge, skill, ability, attitudes, interests, and personality (Spector, 2008). There are three types of psychological tests used in the workplace to help differentiate between those used for pre-employment or retention. Essentially pre-employment is called the "recruiting radar." These tests are ability tests, personality tests, and emotional intelligence tests (Spector, 2008).
Ability tests
Ability tests are the ability or aptitude with the capacity to do or learn to do a particular task (Spector, 2008). Ability tests have been split into many subcategories such as cognitive ability tests, which is an IQ or also known as an intelligence test, or a test of general cognitive ability. Cognitive tests are also done on an individual that focus on the mathematical or verbal…...

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