Watson's Job Aid

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Watson Job Aid

When asked many nurses will say, they entered the profession of nursing because they had a desire to care for others. To most people, caring would seem a fundamental concept in nursing practice, taking place each time a nurse makes contact with a patient. However with changes in today’s health care environment, some nurses have developed an indifferent attitude when caring for patients. Changes such as increased patient loads, longer hours, and higher acuity patients have led to nurse burnout, which in turn can lead to a high level of depersonalization of patients (dos Santos, Alves, & Rodrigues, 2009). Patients are treated with disrespect or as objects of medical interventions as nurses’ ability to empathize wanes under the increased stress. Unfortunately, this series of events proves detrimental to healing and health promotion, by alienating clients and families.
The following matrix was developed as a job aid to provide guidelines for client care in the adult medical daycare environment and is based on the transpersonal caring theory developed by Dr. Jean Watson. Dr. Watson ‘s theory strives to address such issues as depersonalization and disconnectedness by reintroducing ethics and love into nursing, two elements essential for healing. Dr. Watson implies that clients can experience greater positive outcomes by tapping into an already present value system, by increasing compliance, and participation in health promotion activities.
Dr. Watson’s approach focuses on the whole client rather than parts. Her approach is holistic, encompassing spiritual, physical, and emotional needs of both the client and the caregivers, and it divided into 10 groups called carative processes or “caritas.” These carative processes not only provide for basic physical human needs but Dr. Watson’s theory also includes provisions for valuation and support, learning…...

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