Premium Essay

Unit 21: Dementia (P4)

In: Social Issues

Submitted By faraicute
Words 352
Pages 2
Describe the effects of dementia on the individual’s quality of life health and risk of abuse
Some effects that dementia may have on individuals quality of life may be their cognitive skills the individual may have difficulty in recognising people and places this may also affect family members because they expect the individual to know who they are it may be upsetting for them if they don’t remember them. Remembering where they live and difficulty in finding their way home this puts the individual with dementia in a very vulnerable position because people may take advantage of the fact that they don’t know their way home and abuse them. Individuals may also get easily confused and muddled up this can become frustrating for them and if they have to do something they may lose motivation to perform the task in hand. Poor concentration, attention and easily distracted this may also take away their motivation as well. Individuals with dementia also have difficulty in learning new things this is not good because you do need to keep your brain stimulated by learning new things.
Individuals with dementia may getting abused for example if someone knows that you have dementia they will look at you and think that you have mental impairment so they may be excluded in discussions about their care because their views and preferences are not seen as valid or perceived because of their dementia instead don’t have preferences being taken into account. When this happens the individual with dementia is protected by the mental health act. Individuals with dementia can live well with a high quality of life for many years following diagnosis if they have the right care and support that is available to them. But they also risk abuse due to failure to deliver the services and support that people with dementia need to have a high quality of life. Health and social care professionals have…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Unit 2 P4

...Unit 2 P4 Name: Jos van der Giezen Class: IBS 1B Teacher: Mr. Bruining Date: 12-11-2013 Introduction I am going to tell something about the finance at V&D. But at first, what is V&D? V&D is a big warehouse with a lot of stuff, from clothing to food&drinks. It is known in Holland because it is very cheap. Or they are doing something wrong. V&D has a lot of investment went in Holland. Most of the emporiums are in the big city’s. Task 6 First of all, V&D has shares. With shares they get stakeholders and shareholders. You can get money out of that. To start, you need a budget. The starting budget of V&D came from a few investors. V&D borrowed money from people that believed V&D can do good. When de company became bigger, they were able to pay their investors back and pay more and more employees. The company became bigger and bigger, now it is one of the biggest department stores in Holland. Now almost all the income comes from customers. Of course there is money from shareholders an stakeholders, the shares issue is the money V&D makes with it. V&D buys products and sells it with profit to customers, because they are so big, it is less likely that something is going wrong. But something did go wrong in June 2013 something big went wrong, over 15 Million euros lost. Because of that, they had to fire over 200 people and close one store. Probably you think ‘what is one store’ that store had 190 employees, 190 people lost their job and......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

P4 &M2 Unit 38

...(P4) Explain how both fiscal and monetary policy decisions have affected a selected business In this part of my assignment I will be explaining the use of fiscal and monetary policy and how these policies affect global/international organisation. The organisation I have chosen to refer to in this part of my assignment is Microsoft. Microsoft is an American multinational software corporation headquartered in, Washington that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services related to computing including Laptops, computers, Xbox 360 and Xbox one. The company was famously founded by Bill Gates in 1975. Microsoft is the world's largest software maker measured by revenues and so far has made $77 billion up to now in 2013 alone. Fiscal policy Fiscal policy is the use of government expenditure and taxation to try to influence the level of economic activity. The varied use of raised and lowered fiscal policies can have a number of effects on customers, public sector organisations such as the NHS and Police and private limited organisations such as Tesco and Microsoft. Below I will describe how different fiscal policies will directly affect Microsoft and its customers. Cuts in income tax If the government fiscal committee decide to cut income tax then this has a direct effect on organisations because it means Microsoft will gain more disposable income and capital spending as some of their revenue income which would go to government is being......

Words: 2013 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Unit 5 P4

... Explain the physiology of two named body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body (P4) • Energy laws To begin with in this task I am going to talking about the body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body. Firstly, there are two different laws of energy. The first law of thermodynamic is also known as the conservation of energy and this law states that energy can be transformed but it can’t be created or destroyed. The second law of energy is known as the transformation of energy and this may not be of use or be capable of being measured. • Forms of energy There are several forms of energy that exist and the most common form is chemical energy, this form of energy is the chemical bond which joins atoms or molecules with one another, when a new bond is made between two atoms, energy is needed for its formation and it is usually in the form of heat, even though light and electrical energy can be used. Also, when the bond is broken and the atoms are released the energy that was in the bond will also be released. The other forms of energy are light, heat, sound, electrical and nuclear. • Energy metabolism Energy is not just need for muscular activity and movement but it is also to circulate blood, lymph and tissue fluids throughout the body, it is also needed for breathing and taking in oxygen, for making new cells for growth and repair, to transmit nerve impulses so we can respond to changes within the environment, and to also build complex......

Words: 3702 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Unit 05-Lo2-P4

...UNIT 05 LO2- P4 Explain the physiology of two names body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body. Our body requires energy so the body functions. This energy mainly comes from carbohydrates and fats that we take as food. Carbohydrates are decayed into glucose, glucose is soluble in blood. It is transported by the blood cells to various parts of the body where it reacts with oxygen in a series of steps producing carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and energy. The burning of food in the cells results in the free of energy is called respiration. Carbon dioxide and water, which are formed during respiration, are transferred through various organs of the body. The energy released in respiration fulfils the energy needs of the body. Aerobic Respiration Aerobic respiration is the process that takes place in presence of oxygen. Aerobic respiration break down molecules to get hold of bio-chemical energy and has oxygen. Molecules used by cells in aerobic respiration are glucose, amino acids and fatty acids. Glucose + Oxygen →Energy + Carbon dioxide + Water The aerobic respiration is an energy making process. During the process of aerobic respiration as many as 38 molecules of ATP are produced for every molecule of glucose that is utilized. Aerobic respiration process breaks down a single glucose molecule to yield 38 units of the energy storing ATP molecules. Anaerobic respiration. The term anaerobic means without air, which takes place without oxygen.......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 24 P4&P5

...Unit 24: P4 & P5 P4 - Describe the importance of referral to other organisations. P5 - Describe potential boundary issues that could occur in a helping relationship. The referral to other organisations means to see whether the patient needs counselling at all or needs another professional for their problems, such as a psychologist, doctor, hypnotist or doctor etc. It is important to refer the client to other organisations because they may need help from different medical service sectors, for example the client may have an eating disorder therefor they are obese and they end up seeing a counsellor about their problem, which doesn’t make much sense, this is why the referral system is crucial so instead of the client going to the wrong service, they can go to a physiotherapist and help them overcome their obesity. There are many protocols assessed before giving a client a referral, they make sure the urgency of referral is determined by several factors such as; level of risk involved, wishes of client, immediate nature of the demands for the service and wishes of clients family, friends guardians etc. They also have to make sure that the certain type of service they refer the client to will benefit them and help them rehabilitate themselves to get over their problems. In conclusion it is important that the client gets referred to the proper professional to help them with their dilemma, however the client is entitled to know what kind of professional they are being......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Unit 21 P1P2M1

...Nutrients The Daily Intake Guide features Energy + 4 Key Nutrients: Fat, Saturated Fat, Sugars, Sodium (salt) Additional Nutrients: Protein, Carbohydrates, Fibre, Vitamins & Minerals Recommended Daily Amounts Made Easy | | Women | Men | Calories (Kcals) | 2000 | 2500 | Total fat | 70g | 95g | Saturated fat | 20g | 30g | Unsaturated fats | 50g | 60g | Carbohydrates | 300g | 300g | Protein | 45g | 55g | Fruit and Veg | At least 5 portions | At least 5 portions | Salt (sodium) | 5g max (2g sodium) | 7g max (2.8g sodium) | Fluids (ideally Water but also includes squash, fruit juices, milk, tea and coffee etc.) | 6 – 8 glasses (1.2 litres) | 6 – 8 glasses (1.2 litres) | Alcohol | 2-3 units max (but no more than 14 units in a week) | 3-4 units max (but no more than 21 units in a week) | RDI: Recommended Daily Intake - The amounts sufficient, or more than sufficient, for the nutritional needs of practically all healthy persons in a population. (Food as actually eaten). Reference Nutrient intakes How are nutritional requirements estimated? It is difficult to be specific about individual energy and nutrient requirements as they will vary depending on age, gender, and activity levels. However, guidelines have been produced for groups within the population by the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food and Nutrition......

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

P4 for Unit 6

...P4, M2, D2 for Unit 6 I have made some progress regarding my action plan. I have attended a university open day and completed my personal statement for my UCAS application. My first action plan was to get distinctions in all my assignments. So far I have achieved 4 distinctions and will continue on working hard to achieve my goal. In order to achieve distinctions in the rest of the year I am going to create myself a time table which enables me to manage time effectively, therefore managing my time so I am able to complete all distinction criteria and get them handed in on time. This will help me to be more responsible and organised. To ensure that all my assignments are completed to the best of my ability I will need to attend all my sessions so that I do not miss any important information, take down brief key notes so that I can include everything which I have been taught in my assignments. I will make sure that my assignments are presentable by making sure that they include a front cover, page numbers and a reference page so they are aware from where I got my information from. During the study of my BTEC Health and Social Care programme I have gained knowledge. I have learnt to research topics and gather lots of information from different resources in order to complete my assignments. These will both be valuable skills when I go to university. Setting my own action plan has helped me to apply for university. I have realised how determined I am to finish my BTEC......

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Unit 12 Internet Marketing P4

...Unit 12- Internet marketing P4 - Arlindo Gusson Group 3 Opportunities offered to the businesses by internet marketing In this assignment, I am expected to fully describe the opportunities offered by internet marketing to Tesco. I will be covering the following points: * Greater access to customers and markets * Greater availability to customers of services and product * The marketing mix In this assignment, I am expected to fully describe the opportunities offered by internet marketing to Tesco. I will be covering the following points: * Greater access to customers and markets * Greater availability to customers of services and product * The marketing mix is an electronic commerce website operated by Tesco and it is known as being the world’s largest online grocery retailer. Tesco has operated on the internet since 1994 but they only started online shopping in 1997 and the website ( was formally launched in 2000. Website is the world's most active online supermarket .Tesco online widely operates with over 270 stores around the UK, covering 96% of the online retail market. Estimated more than one million households nationwide using the online service, the company has a strong platform to further develop this revenue stream. Tesco has become the undisputed king of online grocery retailing with revenues of more......

Words: 3748 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Unit 2 P4 M2 D1

...IVY OMOROGHOMWAN UNIT 2 P4 M2 D1 P4 Sex discrimination act 1975: this applies to men and women to promote anti discriminatory practice by making sure that both genders should be treated equally in employment, education and not the same. Without this act men and women may be deprived of certain jobs and choices. Mental capacity act 2005: this act helps to protect people who are unable to makes decision, example of this is people with dementia, learning difficulties and mental problem. This act ensures that that people with mental capacity get treated fairly and in their best interest. It promotes anti discriminatory practice making sure that someone with the disability to learn can get the same choices as any other person would. Disability discrimination act 2005 this act helps to stop discrimination which is aimed at the disabled example of this is when a disabled person is unable to go to a certain place or school because there isn't access for a disabled person example there's not lift or ramp in the building. This act makes it illegal to do things like that without a justified reason. Disability is not only physical, there other type of disability such as mental disability which is under the disability act but only if the mental illness affect the person's everyday life. This helps to promote anti discriminatory practice by making sure that all public sectors review their plans, procedure and practice so it can also be in favour of the disabled.......

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Unit 36 P4

...Unit 36, P4 Legal aspects and physical resources As my business is starting up there are several legal statuses that I can have which are; Legal Aspects; * My legal status: Sole trader * Legal liability: Unlimited liability * Trading terms and conditions: Being owner of the business this means that I can do as I wish and go against the terms and conditions which I have set for my business, for example of a term would be the closure of the shop at 9pm A sole trader owned company is a business which is owned just by one person. There are several disadvantages and advantages when being a sole trader. Being a sole trader will mean that a lot of the businesses work will be on one person’s shoulders. This means there will be a lot of pressure and stress on the single person. Having privacy within a company is highly important, being a sole trader means that you have full control of the business and its financial incomes, this means that other companies don’t have access to your information. Also there are fewer legal restrictions so this will allow the business to be more flexible. However, hours are generally longer and working alone may mean that they will need more acquired skills for their business. Also there is no obligation when it comes to sharing profits. I have chosen to be a sole trader because as my business is small I feel like it would cause less complications then if I was to start as a partnership. Partnership A Partnership is where a......

Words: 1340 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

P4 Ad P5 Unit Business

...| P4 and P5: Draw up plans to assess the design of the website. | Mr Morgan | | Phillips.Kieran | | | Purpose The purpose of this website is to be largely promotional and raise the status of Monmouth and the surrounding areas as a destination for overseas visitors. In achieving this, the website is designed to be informational, educational and to encourage tourists to visit and stay in the area. Availability and Accessibility Starting with the basic, yet key aspect of usability, I will be discussing the availability and accessibility of the site. If people try to access the website and it doesn’t work — for whatever reason –the website becomes worthless. An example is server uptime, it’s important to ensure the possible or current visitors don’t get an error trying to load the site therefore it will be wise to invest in good hosting which will be done. Another example is broken links, it is essential to double check that there are no dead links on the site. Another key aspect to consider is Mobile responsiveness, ensuring that the site can handle different screen sizes and slow connections. Clarity The second key aspect to usability is clarity. If you distract or confuse your visitors, they will either need more time to find what they came for, or they might forget their initial goal all together. Either way, they will not experience the website as user-friendly or chances are that they will leave dissatisfied and with no intention of coming back....

Words: 1222 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 11 P4 P5

...Unit 11 Task 2 In this essay I will be outlining key legislations and regulations which govern safeguarding adults work. Legislation is a law or set of laws suggested by a government. Regulations are rules that then have to be following that coincide with the regulations that are set. I will also be outlining working strategies and procedures used in health and social care to reduce the risk of abuse. Care Act 2014 Before the care act came into place people had different rights for different types of care. So the care act 2014 made it simpler. It ensures that service user’s personal budget was recognised by law to give more rights and prevent abuse. It helps reduce risk of service users suffer from financial abuse and from discriminatory abuse. They should protect adults at risk of all types of abuse. Equality Act 2010 The Equality Act 2010 legally protects people from discrimination in the workplace and in wider society. It replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single Act, making the law easier to understand and strengthening protection in some situations. It sets out the different ways in which it’s unlawful to treat someone. The equality act protects you from harassment which is when you are subjected to unwanted behaviour that makes you feel intimidated, humiliated, or degraded, or that creates a hostile environment, because of your age or another protected characteristic. For example, if a nurse repeatedly made jokes about your age, which were......

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Unit 4 P4

...Unit 4 : P4 Over the Christmas holidays, which was a good opportunity for me to see whether the disengagement theory or whether the activity theory has a bigger affect on Elaine and her Husband. They say that as individuals get older, they are expected to physically decline , which increases the likelihood of them excluding themselves from society, however this wasn’t the case for Elaine and her husband. Throughout their life, they have experienced factors from both the social disengagement theory and the activity theory, which I will be explaining . I also asked a few questions to Elaine and her husband Jim regarding their daily life: 1. How much physical activity do you take part in daily? They both answered by saying they start their day with a morning jog to the gym which lasts a duration of 20 minutes to the gym and then they have an hour workout session and a jog back home. Personally this shows that both individuals are very active as they take part in physical actives to ensure that they are fit and maintaining a healthy diet, and this shows that the activity theory is proven to make sure individuals are happy when taking part in physical activity and they both said that they feel fresh and relaxed when exercising , and it’s must do everyday. 2. How do you feel about getting old and have you experienced any change physically? Jim said he hasn’t thought of getting old as he physically feels the same however he has experienced a problem with his skin as it has......

Words: 834 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Unit 39 P4

...P4 describe how the monetary environment affectsA business that operate internationally. | An exchange rate is the price for which one currency is worth converted into another rate. The exchange rate is determined by the supply and demand conditions of relevant currencies in the market transaction of currency exchanges occur in the foreign exchange markets. For example, currently, the £1 is worth $1.67 which means that at this stage, the pound is stronger than the dollar. Businesses should ensure that they frequently check the exchange rates to see if any changes to their prices need to be made or if the exchange rate benefits them. If Iron Bru were to export a large amount of products to a country such as Germany or Poland, there will be an exchange rate applied which can then increase or decrease the amount of money the company would have to pay. The exchange rate occurs when a demand for the supply of goods is applied when making a transition. UK – Pounds | USA - Dollars | £1.00 | 1.20 | | Why may language be a barrier in selling IRN BRU in Germany? Give some examples of where language as caused difficulties in business. (Analysis)When exporting and importing to and from different countries, companies may find that communication problems will occur, mainly due to the fact that English may not be the first language spoken In that particular country. Iron Bru are a British manufactured company which means that when selling their products to countries where......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

P4 Unit 2

...P4: Explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice. In this task ill be explaining how national initiatives in regards to the anti-discriminatory practice. Human Rights Act 1998, 2000 The human rights act includes all standard human rights such as, dignity, freedom, respect and the right to a good quality of life. The purpose of the human rights act is to give individuals the right to take any legal action if any of their human rights are violated such as being treated differently on the base of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation or vulnerability; therefore they have the power to take action against any persons or organization. The human rights act promotes anti-discriminatory practice because it ensures that we have rights and that these rights are satisfied, it also means that if these rights aren’t met, it also ensures that individuals are given the opportunity to take legal action. For instance in a care home, the human rights act makes sure that service users are able to take action against their service providers if they feel that their rights aren’t being met, or even family members can do so on their behalf if they feel that their rights are being violated or restricted in any shape, way or form. Race Relations Act 2000 This act makes it illegal to treat a person differently because they’re of a less favorable race. This act also includes that it’s unlawful to treat a person not only on their skin colour alone but also......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3