Unison Case Study

In: Business and Management

Submitted By RachelSotolongo
Words 561
Pages 3
1. Describe the stages of the business cycle.
The stages of the business cycle are; boom, downturn, recession and recovery.
• Boom - the boom stage is a period of time during which sales of a product or business activity increases very rapidly. During the boom the economy grows, jobs are plentiful and the market brings high returns to investors.
• Downturn - the downturn stage is a slowdown in economic activity. When there is a high level of inflation in a boom, it can lead to a recession.
• Recession – the recession stage is a period of general economic decline that last longer than a few months. It is visible in industrial production, employment, real income and wholesale retail trade; this stage begins just after the economy reaches a peak of activity and ends as the economy reaches its trough.
• Recovery – the recovery stage is a time when the economy becomes stronger and there is an upturn in the business cycle’ more jobs are created and more goods and services are supplied by business; unemployment begins to fall and very cautiously consumer spending starts to increase.

2. Explain how recession affects low-income families.
Recession is a tragedy for low-income families. Unemployment takes center stage while the families dealing with the recession suffer. Job loss affects the stability of families and individual. With unemployment rates running extremely high during a recession, individuals and families struggle to find work to pay the bills each month. Reduced income leads to reduced entertainment, dinning and extracurricular activity expenses; people cut back on extras during a recession, so many families must make drastic changes to their pre-recession lifestyle. Recession also affects the education; many families cannot afford to send their children to college during a recession. Furthermore, the college experience changes for students who do…...

Similar Documents

Case Study

...University of Phoenix Material Case Study Analysis Paper Prepare a 1,400 to 1,750-word case study analysis paper based on the University of Phoenix Material, “Case Study for Student Analysis,” located in Week Two of the COMM/215 page. Below is a detailed description explaining how to prepare a case study analysis paper. _____________________________________________________________________________ Typically written in narrative form, a case sets forth, in a factual manner, the events and organizational circumstances surrounding a particular managerial situation. Placing the reader at the scene of the action, the real events presented provide an opportunity to help evaluate alternative courses of action. Case analysis is used in academics to help you demonstrate your ability to evaluate situations critically, to apply concepts you have learned in a class, to solve problems, and to communicate your findings and conclusions. The purpose of this exercise is to introduce you to case studies and the analysis process, and to a proper format for writing the case study analysis report. Try not to worry about trying to find the "right answer" to a case. Usually, there is no single right answer. Most cases are intentionally ambiguous and can be viewed from many different perspectives. Several feasible solutions are usually available to any give case. The best solution is the one you can best support with thoughtful analysis, logical arguments, and substantiating evidence from......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Case Study Case Study Case Study

...This case study is an excellent example of how different types of parties can be brought together in a large scale transaction and how the original energy of those early meetings can be lost over time. I imagine that when Anthony Athanas was purchasing those old piers back in the 1960s many, if not all, of his colleagues, friends, and family members told him that he was off his rocker. I’m sure Athanas was looking at this land as his family’s ticket to financial prosperity and somewhat of a legacy that he could leave to his descendants for years and years to come. One of the items I wish the case would have divulged is the amount of money that Athanas had invested in the properties. For me this information would have given an insight to his net worth and how much he had riding on this investment. I assume it was substantial given his actions later in the process. Twenty years later Athanas’ dreams came true and all those naysayers were more than likely green with envy. The amount of pride Athanas’ had in his investment at that moment had to have been insurmountable. Being approached by a big time real estate development company and their extremely wealthy client, Hyatt Corporation, must have made Athanas feel larger than life and made him feel like something he isn’t, which is a developer himself. The case doesn’t give much insight into whether Athanas had any representation or anyone consulting him throughout the process. From the beginning, I saw this as matchup...

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Case Study

...Yin (2005) suggested that researchers should decide whether to do single-case or multiple-case studies and chose to keep the case holistic or have embedded sub-cases. This two-by-two combination can produce four basic designs for case studies. When selecting a case for a case study, researchers often use information-oriented sampling , as opposed to random sampling [3]. This is because an average case is often not the richest in information. Extreme or atypical cases reveal more information because they activate more basic mechanisms and more actors in the situation studied. In addition, from both an understanding-oriented and an action-oriented perspective, it is often more important to clarify the deeper causes behind a given problem and its consequences than to describe the symptoms of the problem and how frequently they occur. Random samples emphasizing representativeness will seldom be able to produce this kind of insight; it is more appropriate to select some few cases chosen for their validity. But this isnt always the case. Three types of information-oriented cases may be distinguished: Extreme or deviant cases Critical cases Paradigmatic cases. [edit]Critical case A critical case can be defined as having strategic importance in relation to the general problem. For example, an occupational medicine clinic wanted to investigate whether people working with organic solvents suffered brain damage. Instead of choosing a representative sample among all those......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Case Study

...Select a case study from the University of Phoenix Material: Young and Middle Adulthood Case Studies located on the student website. Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper describing the influence the experiences have made on the person’s development. Address the following in your paper: Discuss the family, social, and intimate relationships of the person in the case study. Identify any role changes that have occurred. Explain the immediate and future effect of healthy or unhealthy habits practiced by this person. Include at least two peer-reviewed resources. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. University of Phoenix Material Young and Middle Adulthood Case Studies Read the following case studies in order to complete the Week Three Individual Assignment. Case Study 1: Jackson Jackson is a 25-year old male who has recently been admitted to a substance abuse program in Chicago, Illinois. He has been arrested several times for possession of a controlled substance but has not served any time in jail. He grew up in a single-parent household with his mother, Tina. Tina, 45, is employed as a high school teacher; his biological father is not involved in his life. Tina’s boyfriend, Michael, often attempts to serve as a father figure to Jackson. Jackson went to college immediately after high school, focused on a degree in chemistry. In high school, he was a good student who earned A’s and B’s in most courses. After a car accident, a slight head......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2


...www.thetimes100.co.uk Negotiation and representation at work Curriculum Topics • Trade Unions • Representation at work • External factors • Negotiation Introduction Trade unions play a key role in protecting the interests of their members. This includes making sure good quality training opportunities are provided for their members. Training enables workers to gain qualifications and progress within their careers. UNISON is Britain and Europe’s largest public sector trade union. It has more than 1.3 million members with over 75,000 members under the age of 27. UNISON members work in a range of sectors including local government, health, police and education. UNISON is involved with issues such as: • raising its members’ pay • achieving safe, secure working conditions • protecting job security • influencing decisions in the workplace. UNISON has also been closely involved in the introduction of apprenticeship schemes within the public sector. An apprenticeship is a nationally recognised training programme combining real work with learning and training. The training takes place both on-the-job and off-the-job. On-the-job training takes place at work. Off-the-job training takes place away from the workplace, e.g. at college. At one time craft and technical apprenticeships, such as joinery, were common in public authorities. These have significantly reduced over the last 20 years. As a result, many public service employers are now faced with an ageing workforce, skill...

Words: 2502 - Pages: 11

Case Study

...A Case Study by any Other Name Cathy Foster Liberty University   A Case Study by any other Name Researchers have different methods of observing their subjects. Among the most popular is the case study. Case studies are used a lot in psychology and one of the most famous psychologists that used case studies to detail the private lives of his patients was Sigmund Freud. What is a Case Study? “A case study is an observational method that provides a description of an individual” (Cozby & Bates, 2012). During a case study the individual is usually a person however that’s not always the situation. The case study can also be a setting, which can include a school, business, or neighborhood. A naturalistic observational study can sometimes be called a case study and these two studies can overlap (Cozby & Bates, 2012). Researchers report information from the individual or other situation, which is from a “real-life context and is in a truthful and unbiased manner” (Amerson, 2011). What are some Reasons for Using a Case Study Approach? There are different types of case studies. One reason to use a case study is when a researcher needs to explain the life of an individual. When an important historical figure’s life needs explaining this is called psychobiography (Cozby & Bates, 2012). The case study approach help answer the “how”, “what”, and “why” questions (Crowe, 2011). What are Some Advantages and Disadvantages to the Case Study Approach? Some......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Case Study

...they become the ad. It’s a notion that disturbs some people, especially as Facebook continues to challenge social norms about privacy and use of personal data. Zuckerberg believes that these new, more personal forms of marketing are the only way advertisers can adapt to the increasingly social nature of the Internet. On average, users spend more than six and a half hours a month on Facebook, significantly more time than they spend on other major sites—mostly because they are so engrossed in communicating with their friends. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. What are the privacy issues associated with Facebook ads? 2. How are Facebook ads different from that of its online rivals’ ads? 3. What are the challenges faced by Facebook ads? CASE 6-2* WENTWORTH INDUSTRIAL CLEANING SUPPLIES OVERVIEW Wentworth Industrial Cleaning Supplies (WICS), located in Lincoln, Nebraska, is experiencing a slowdown in growth; sales of all WICS products have leveled off far below the volume expected by management. Although total sales volume has increased for the industry, WICS’s share of this growth has not kept pace. J. Randall Griffith, vice president of marketing, has been directed to determine what factors are stunting growth and to institute a program that will facilitate further expansion. WICS is a division of Wentworth International, competing in the janitorial maintenance chemical market. According to trade association estimates, the total market is roughly $2.5 billion......

Words: 5869 - Pages: 24

Case Study

...The Case Study Approach Linda P. Williams Liberty University Online Author Note Linda P. Williams, Department of Psychology, Liberty University Online Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Linda P. Williams, Department of Psychology, Liberty University Online, 1971 University Blvd, Lynchburg, VA 24515, E-mail: lwilliams91@liberty.edu The Case Study Approach Introduction At some point during the pursuit of a degree psychology, the time comes when a student must learn various research techniques. One of the many approaches is case study, which this paper will focus on. Areas of discussion include reasons for using a case study, advantages/disadvantages to the approach, and ways acquire information to perform a case study. The essence of a case study A case study is used to offer a mental accounting of a person, school, neighborhood, business, or group of individuals over the course of time, way of research. It is sometimes referred to as naturalistic observation, but does not always follow the same protocol. Mental accounting is done by means of observation of various behavior or mind sets operating in their natural environment. This is noteworthy, especially when participants have a distinct disorder worthy of being studied to further the cause of research and development. Depending on the purpose of the investigation, the case study may present the individual’s history, symptoms, characteristic behaviors, reactions to......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Case Study

...CASE STUDY PAPER __________________ __________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course Team Leadership, Empowerment, and Group Dynamics in Organization LSOL 3304 ___________________ By November 6, 2014 INTRODUCTION Highly effective teams have common characteristics; they are all working towards the same goal, they work in unison, and they understand the purpose of the team. This paper will address the case study, define the purpose of the team, the problem they are experiencing, and a specific strategy that describes what the leader of the team should do in order to solve the problem. TEAM’S PURPOSE This team was created to put together Information for its clients, information that is vital to the productivity of the company that the owner Tim is running. The purpose of every team is to work together for one common purpose, when this does not occur confusion arises and efficiency decreases. This software firm exists to make Tim’s company run smoothly, when this does not happen it creates a ripple effect. THE PROBLEM Due to the change that the company was experiencing Tim’s small business information system was being run by a new team. Due to this new team handling Tim’s business he noticed mistakes were being made, as time went by the mistakes increased. more and more mistakes were being committed by this new team and eventually Tim went to speak to the leader of the team to see what could be done in order to......

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Case Study; Situational Leadership

...GROUP 6 You Decide| Case Study Prepared by: Administrative Office Management P4112 Ang Cabuena Cristobal Serrano 1. Would your leadership style be the same for working with your staff and the sales associates? 2. If you answer yes, explain what the style you would use and why. If you answer no, explain what style you would use with each party and why? Yes, we chose situational leadership style. Situational leadership is based upon combining levels of directive behavior and supportive behavior. You can think of directive behavior as an order and supportive behavior as providing support or guidance. It focuses on four major different leadership behaviors based on the levels of directive and supportive behavior: * Telling is where the leader demonstrates high directive behavior and low supportive behavior * Selling is where the leader demonstrates high directive behavior and high supportive behavior * Participating is where the leader demonstrates low directive behavior and high supportive behavior * Delegating is where the leader demonstrates low directive behavior and low supportive behavior We will first arrange the role of each staff and further instruction regarding from the work, resulting for more effective and organized work. Making the sales agents handle the signs instalment, coordinating open house showing and dealing with clients with the leader’s support. Assisting by rental property manager for......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Case Study

...Case Study Complete Case History The patient in this case study reports being ‘sick with flu’ for 8 days. She has been vomiting, and cannot keep any liquids or food down. She also reports that she has been using antacids to help calm the nausea. After fainting at home, she was taken to the local hospital, severely dehydrated. Upon looking at her arterial blood gas result, it would appear that this patient would be suffering from metabolic alkalosis. This patient’s pH is greater than 7.45 (normal: 7.35-7.45) and her bicarbonate (HCO3) is greater than 26 (normal 22-26). Blood gases indicate that case study patient is suffering from hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis. Focused Assessment The case study patient reports being “sick with flu” for eight days. She reports vomiting several times a day and taking more the recommended dose of antacids. She reports that she fainted today at home and came to the hospital. The case study patient reports that this all started approximately eight days ago. The case study patient also reported taking excess amounts of antacids. Ingesting large amounts of this medication can cause metabolic alkalosis. When antacids are taken in large doses, the ions are unable to bind, and therefor the bicarbonate is reabsorbed and causes alkalosis (Lehne, 2013). Renal and Respiratory systems response Hypochloremic Metabolic alkalosis occurs when there is an acid loss due to prolonged vomiting which causes a decrease in the extracellular...

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Case Studies

...Case studies Name: Tutor: Course: Institution: Date: Flying to the Auto Bailout on a Private Jet Basic problems In this case study, there is wastage of resources. The CEOs of the nation's three largest automobiles uses private jets to attend the corporate public relations congress. This is wastage of resources since they are using private jets to travel when their companies are struggling to stay afloat. Ignorance is another basic problem evident in this case study. These CEOs are very ignorant. They attend the corporate public relation congress in Washington unprepared and thus appear to know nothing about their problems. The three companies, GM, Ford and Chrysler, lack the concepts of public relations. The main issues American economy is melting down. Most of the workers are losing their jobs since the companies cannot handle many workers anymore. The companies have got inadequate cash. Bankruptcy is another main issue experienced in this case study. The General Motors Company and the Chrysler can no longer pay their debts. Key decisions * According to the case study, the leaders have to come up with a new public relations strategy. * The CEOs should correct any mistakes they have made before such as using private jets to travel. * Introduce innovation in products * The auto industry of the US should promote its products. * Ensure transparency in business operations. SWOT analysis Strengths * Availability of resources for the......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Case Study

...ASSIGNMENT GUIDANCE – NRSG258 ASSESSMENT 1: CASE STUDY Dear students here are some guidelines to assist you in writing Assessment 1: Case Study. If, after reading through these, you still have questions please post on the relevant forum. If you are still unsure then please contact your campus specific lecturer to arrange to discuss your assignment. We ask that you bring these guidelines to any meeting and highlight the areas about which you are still unsure. In this case study you do not need an introduction or conclusion for this case study of 1500 WORDS ± 10% due by midnight 8th April Turnitin. Just answer the questions. Turnitin is located in your campus specific block. Although we suggest you do your background reading in the current textbooks for basic information, the case study also requires you to find current literature/research/articles to support your discussion throughout the case study. Do NOT use Better Health Channel, WedMed, dictionaries, encyclopaedias etc. These are NOT suitable academic sources. If you use these you will not meet the criteria for this question and you will lose marks. You must follow the APA referencing format as directed by ACU in your case study and in your reference list. The Library website has examples of how to do this referencing and you can find the correct format at the end of your lectures and tutorials as well as in the free Student Study Guide. This essay should have approximately 10 relevant sources.......

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5

Case Study

...innovation * Changes in technology incentives 2. Give four examples of other external factors not featured in the case study. There are few more factors which affects business than PEST analysis factors. Few of them are as below: (1) ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS : Environmental factors itself suggest that it is related with nature. This is also important factors which influence firm's business. No one can predict that what will happen in future because future is unpredictable. This environmental factor affects specially industry such as tourism, farming, and insurance. Environmental factors involves, * Change in weather * Change in climate * Flood * Earthquake * Drought (2) LEGAL FACTORS: This legal factor includes discrimination law, consumer law, antitrust law, employment law and health & safety law. These factors company must have to follow otherwise it has to be fine. It also influence how firm operates, its costs and demand of its products. So this is brief introduction about the factors which affects the firm's business and it cannot be control by firm. We can understand this all factors in part 2 with the help of case study of different companies. * Product regulations * Employment regulations * Competitive regulations * Patent infringements * Health and safety regulations Case Study : Use of PEST analysis at UNISON Q1. Explain the purpose and benefits of PEST analysis? Answer: Since the PEST analysis is a useful strategic tool......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3


...- Case Study 1. Synopsis of the Case study UNISON is Britain and Europe’s biggest trade union that represents the 1.3 million strong workforce. The case study explains in the details, the analysis of the PEST analysis of the Migrant Workers Participation Project that is being run by them in U.K now. As a part of EU, U.K allows immigration of workforce from all E.U countries except Romania and Bulgaria. UNISON intends to enroll these immigrants as a part of their organization, so that they are aware of the laws and regulations of the country. The immigrants would come to know through this about their legally allowed working hours, taxes etc., which otherwise they wouldn’t have asked their employees, fearing losing their jobs. They also intend to help migrant workers overcome issues in various different ways, e.g. producing workers’ rights leaflets in 11 different languages. It also intends to enlighten the employers about the issue and help them in communicating to their immigrant worker population. This is being done as the immigrant population has benefited the U.K economy by adding workforce in various fields, which were otherwise being done by the ageing U.K population. This has also benefitted U.K because of the greater work ethic, which the immigrants bring along. 2. Explain the purpose and benefits of PEST analysis. The purpose of the PEST analysis is to analyze the external environment surrounding the migrant workers. It helps them analyze the issues,......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3