Unethical Issues

In: Business and Management

Submitted By AugustRush
Words 1459
Pages 6
Unethical Health Issues
When an infant is born premature, whether he or she is extremely premature, diagnosed with some sort of significant physiologic complication or just destine to be born earlier than expected ethical issues may require immediate attention. The ethical issues of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) may vary, depending on the development of the infant. Death can occur in as little as a few minutes to a few days. This gives the parents, physicians, and nursing staff very little time to make critical decisions. This paper will discuss the current ethical health care issue surrounding the NICU, the levels of NICU care and how the four ethical principles relate to the NICU.
Levels of NICU Care
NICU is designed to care for infants who require special care they would not receive in a regular nursery. The NICU is divided into three levels: Level I NICU - Basic Care, Level II NICU - Specialty Care, and Level III NICU - Subspecialty Care.
Basic Care nurseries are required to have special equipment needed to perform neonatal resuscitation, the ability to assess healthy newborn infants, provide postnatal care, and stabilize ailing newborns. Basic Care nurseries cannot care for infants requiring respiratory support or other intensive care.
Level II or Specialty Care nurseries provide care to moderately ill infants (who are expect to recover rapidly), and recovering level III infants in addition to basic care. Special Care nurseries can provide care for infants older than 32 weeks gestation, infants who cannot stay warm on their own requiring an incubator, infants with mild health issues such as jaundice or apnea, and infants requiring nasogastric or orogastric tube feeding. A nasogastric tube is a thin flexible tube, which is inserted in the nose and travels down the esophagus into the stomach (Morrissette, 2011). An orogastric tube…...

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