Premium Essay

To What Extent Do the Groupings of Nations Benefit Their Populations

In: People

Submitted By ctully1
Words 1315
Pages 6
Most of the world’s nations belong to groups, groups that give certain benefits to their members and their people. Member countries of groups benefit from economic policies and/or social policies. Groups like the EU (European Union) and the UN (United Nations) offer their members Economic, trade related benefits and social benefits like freer movement of people between member countries. There are both advantages and disadvantages for citizens of member countries as well as their governments. The offered policies have a direct effect on the population of a country and often help their country move forward and develop at a quicker rate.

The EU is a grouping that includes most European countries, the point of which is to offer member countries free trade as a result of being part of a single market trade organisation. This means that, because goods don’t have to travel over economic boarders, otherwise existing trade tariffs do not have to be paid by countries trading with each other. This is an economic benefit to being a member of the EU. This makes it much more cost effective for businesses that trade in physical goods, to trade with other EU members. Such benefits have attracted foreign companies like Japans, Toyota motor company to move their production lines to EU member countries like the UK. They do this so that they can easily move people, products and money around Europe. This brings about big benefits for the population of a country as a TNC like Toyota will employ thousands of people to work on their assembly lines and more advanced job opportunities for graduates, for example. Large TNC’s that offer products like cars trade huge amounts of produce, so avoiding tariffs can save TNC’s a huge amount of money over smaller businesses. It is these large companies that employ the most people so luring them into EU countries with the promise of cheaper trade is…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

To What Extent Is Negative Heritage a Benefit to Society

...8-week Pre-sessional Research Essay 15th August 2012 To What Extent is Negative Heritage a Benefit to Society? UCL Language Centre Student: QIFAN WANG Tutor: MARK BAILEY Date: 16/08/2012 Word count: 1854 words Introduction Cultural heritage, including monuments, groups of buildings and sites, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science(1972, UNESCO Convention World Heritage), is inherited from past generations, maintained in the contemporary era and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. While seemingly uncontroversial and due to its significant position and profoundly influential value, human beings are exploring ancient civilization and preserving cultural heritage. However, we should recognize that not all heritage represents a positive memory , the uncritical interpretation of heritage is indeed omit negative factors of the past. In order to distinguish heritage more thoroughly, we use the term “negative heritage” which is defined as sites that may be interpreted by a group as commemorating conflict, trauma and disaster (Rico 2010), more specifically, Meskell deems that negative heritage is a conflicting site that becomes the repository of negative memory in the collective imaginary (Meskell 2002, 558). Unlike other heritage which can win widespread appreciation and permanent admiration, negative heritage refers to death, wars, religious conflicts and culture clashes. Controversies of...

Words: 2163 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do You Agree with the View That the Uk Economy Would Benefit If the Euro Were to Be Adopted at Some Point in the Future

...of recession, strength seems to come in numbers. Hence the UK could benefit from an adoption of the Euro. The most controversial issue is that the European Central Bank (ECB) will take over monetary policy if the UK were to join the 17-countries strong zone. The problem with this is the ‘one size doesn’t fit all’ dilemma that would make British interest rates the same as the Eurozone, by increasing it to ensure a low inflation rate, which is a priority in the ECB. Arguably, in the UK, this is at the expense of promoting economic growth and spending since the Bank of England tolerates a higher rate of inflation of 2% with a margin of ¬¬+- 1% because their priority is to avoid a double-dip recession. The interest rates in interest would cause a decrease in the marginal propensity to consume as well as increase loan debts, shown in the diagram with an inward shift in AD, as consumption and investment falls. Although there is also a decrease in Imports, it is marginally smaller than consumption (that accounts for 65% of Aggregate Demand). This leads to a fall in Real National Output, which accounts for growth as well as the price level. On the other hand, the UK could benefit from the European Single Market, since the Treasury’s official assessment of its five economic tests acknowledged that EMU membership for the UK could enhance productivity by increasing trade flows between the UK and other EU nations and boost investment and stimulate competition in product markets.......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To What Extent Can the 1920s Be Considered Successful Years for the League of Nations

...To What Extent can the 1920s be considered successful years for the League of Nations? Fiona Murray The 1920s was the key decade for anticipating whether or not the ideas of the League of Nations and collective security would work in the post war world. The Leagues main aim was to prevent another World War breaking out and to keep peace between nations. On first sight it appears that the league essentially failed as World War 2 started in 1939 however it did have quite a number of successes during the twenties which kept peace. On the other hand, there were a lot of conflicts that the League failed to intervene in, thus not providing the security for countries it was supposed to offer. This essay will study both the successes and the failures of the League of Nations in the twenties and come to a conclusion if these were overall successful years for it. There were many conflicts between European countries during the century after the First World War and the League of Nations was designed to prevent these leading to an unjust outcome. However on many occasions it failed to do so. One such case was the argument between Germany and Poland over the state of Upper Silesia in the early 1920s. The League council was meant to come to the final conclusion of the fate of Silesia after a tight draw from a plebiscite. The council decided that the majority of the state would remain in Poland which was hugely unfair towards Germany. This was obviously France’s heavy influence as they......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do You Agree That One-to-One Marketing Will Replace Traditional Market Segmentation Methods

...To what extent do you agree that one-to-one marketing will replace traditional market segmentation methods. Market segmentation may be defined as the identification of individuals or organizations with similar characteristics that have significant implications for the determination of marketing strategy. Its object is to identify groups of customers with similar requirements so that they can be served effectively while being of a sufficient size for the product or service to be supplied efficiently. Traditional segmentation methods have been based around identifying a sizeable group of the potential market within similar needs and characteristics. The Internet and advanced technology allow for segmentation strategies to be taken a step further, to a level of individual attention; and one-to-one marketing approach which permits businesses to customize offerings on the basis of individual requirements is developed. However, although new technology has changed the shopping behavior of many customers to an extent, traditional segmentation methods still play an important role in marketing strategy. One to one marketing is more likely to act as a complement of traditional segmentation method at present. Market diversity is increasing in both business and consumer markets and is generating market fragmentation. (importance of customer rentention) Consequently, mass marketing and segment marketing may become less effective and efficient. One-to-one marketing, therefore, is greatly......

Words: 2890 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

To What Extent Do the Classical Arguments Make It Believable to Have Faith in God?

... In arguing the existence of God, there are numerous teachings and arguments, some more rational than others, the classical arguments being the most well known to all. The claim in all these arguments uses a non-religious approach to logically reason the existence of God, rather than argue on the premise of faith to obtain a rational belief; a belief reasoning as justification. The classical arguments are divided into what is considered empirical and rational arguments, with every individual finding their own reasoning to relate to them. In this essay, I will explore the extent of how the classical arguments can proves God existence, and why some people counter-argue they cannot. The first of the classical arguments being Anselm’s Ontological argument, an argument attempting to prove God’s existence through abstract reasoning alone. The argument is entirely a priori as it does not include real evidence or anything factual, seeking to demonstrate that God exists based on the concept of God alone. The outline of the argument is that because we have an idea of God, an idea of a being which no greater can be thought, therefore God must exist. The argument relates to three concepts: the concept of God, perfection and of existence. The three concepts associate with one another, arguing that perfection is part of the concept of God, and that perfection entails existence, therefore the concept of God entails God’s existence. Anselm’s argument is set on the basis of a conception......

Words: 2038 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

To What Extent Do Urban Areas Modify Their Climate

...To what extent do urban areas modify their climates? (40 marks) Urban areas climate is often significantly different to the surrounding rural areas, this is why urban areas are often described as having their own “micro climate” the differences in urban climates are due to number of different factors. Urban areas often experience a phenomenon known as a heat island, this is a zone of hot air around and above an urban area which has higher temperatures than the surrounding rural areas consequently cities tend to be warmer than rural areas and the temperature becomes lower progressively as you move towards the rural area with the highest temperatures being in the city centre. Heat islands form due to a variety of factors which are present within cities and not commonly found in rural areas, firstly building material such as concrete and tarmac absorb large quantities of heat during the day, due to their dark colours, and when temperatures are cooler, at night, the heat is released gradually warming up the surrounding area, this is why the effects of the heat island are more visible at night time because the city remains warm whilst the rural areas are much cooler. There are a large amount of buildings with glass windows within the urban areas, these have a high reflective capacity and reflect heat towards the streets were it is absorbed. Another factor influencing towards to the heat island formation is the heat energy being emitted from industry due to the combustion of......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do Referendums Strengthen Democracy?

...To what extent do referendums strengthen democracy in the UK? Democracy is defined in Greek as government by the people. Referendums are undermining of the authority given to the people through a representative. The use of referendums in the UK allows for an increased participation from the electorate. This encourages direct democracy and therefore strengthens the basic principle of a democratic governing body. However, participation is a key part of the strengthening of democracy. In recent years we have seen a growth in the number of referendums held in the UK. Referendums are usually held to conclude on an important issue, such as devolution and issues regarding the changing of a constitutional law. It has become increasingly problematic that there has been a decline in the turn-out for referendums, a clear example of this is the Welsh national; assembly referendum held in 2011. The turnout for the Welsh national assembly referendum was 33%, with a 65% voting in favour of further devolved powers for the assembly. Although the vote was a majority decision 67% of the electorate did not vote, which undermines the result and therefore democracy is weakened without active participation by the electorate. As mentioned, the Welsh assembly referendum resulted in 67% of the electorate not voting, which means that these individuals will still get a devolved set of powers. Therefore unless you have a 100% turnout a referendum will forever be undemocratic. This can be......

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Was the Canadian Government Treatment of the First Nation of the Prairies Justified

...To What Extent was the Canadian Government Treatment of the First Nation of the Prairies Justified The rights of the Natives did not truly recognized by the government. Since white people came to this territory, they did no consider the Natives as a part of the residents. However, it was the Natives who were the first to live and develop on this land. The Canadian government had signed treaties with the Natives and moved them to the prairies, where the crops could hardly grow on. They also forced Natives’ children to go to residential schools. However, Canada was just formed and needed money. Although the government of baby Canada needed land to build a railway with minimal amount of money, it could have achieved it without the cruel treatments to the Natives. One of the treatments was the numbered treaties. After the governments signed the treaties with the Natives, they obtained large area of land with very low price. The government promised that they would give Natives a part of the land and agriculture tools. However, the tool, supplies, animals, and instruction guaranteed by the treaties proved inadequate. For instant, the seeds were sent too late in the year and farmers were not allowed to use threshing machines. The Natives had no ways to plant crops under these harsh conditions even they were successful famers. The soil was also very barren on the prairies, which could not compare to the fertile lands around the Great Lakes. The land had not been fully cleared......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

To What Extent Do Conservatives Believe in Traditon and Continuity

...To what extent do conservatives believe in tradition and continuity? * Tradition refers to ideas, practices or institutions that have endured over time and been inherited from earlier periods. Its very nature creates continuity between the past, present and future. The very name ‘conservatism’ suggests that followers of the ideology believe in the maintenance of tradition and the preservation of continuity. * There are certainly numerous examples in which it is evident that conservatives believe in tradition and continuity; its very development was based on preserving the pre-Puritan traditions. * Despite it being a fundamental part of the ideology, however, history dictates that conservatives have on numerous occasions abandoned such belief in favour of realistic pragmatism, * Such as Disraeli’s identification of the Two Nations and the Conservative government of 1950, following the establishment of the National Health Service in 1946, chose to maintain this popular institution regardless of conservatives originally favouring the traditional method of private healthcare. * It can even be argued that such pragmatism has created a modern Conservative party that bares little, if no resemblance of, conservative ideology; whereas tradition conservatives stressed on tradition, the New Right and modern conservatism has rejected this notion. * The belief in tradition and continuity was given great importance by traditional conservatives. The original......

Words: 959 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To What Extent Is Population Growth More of a Problem Than Resource Growth

...To what extent is population growth more of a problem than resource growth? To ensure a good quality of life for future generations they need to have easily accessible bacic resources like water, food and fuel, however at the current rates of resource use, some suggest we many have run out of oil and gas by 2050. For example the institute of Mechanical Engineers predicts that in the future oil extaction will become more difficult and that by 2040 we will only be able to produce 20% of our current oil output, while population continues to grow 75million per year. So what is the answer and how much of a problem is population growth and resource usage? That is what I aim to clear up in this essay. The ideas put forward by Robert Malthus in the late 18th century suggested that as time goes on, sooner or later population will exceed Earth’s carrying capacity and thus the Earth’s resources will not be able to provide a sufficient standard of life to all its inhabitants. This is because human population grows geometrically while resource numbers grow arithmetically. Therefore Malthus suggests that people should delay marriages, reduce fertility rates and also that some should not marry at all and therefore abstain from sexual intercourse. However Malthus’ theory has been vulnerable to a lot of scrutinizing because many feel his ideas have now been proved wrong. For example since his lifetime the population has doubled and life expectancy is now at 68 and the World seems to be......

Words: 726 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do Liberals Disagree over Freedom

...To what extent do liberals disagree over freedom? (15) Liberals believe that each human being is an individual who is rational. Therefore implying that each individual should have freedom. However the extent to this freedom causes a divide within liberals, as shown by Isiah Berlin who distinguished between ‘negative’ liberty and ‘positive’ liberty. Liberals disagree over the extent and nature of freedom. ‘Negative’ liberty supported by classic liberals implies that individuals should be free from constraint, free from external restriction and a lack of interference allowing for freedom of choice therefore a need for the rolling back of the state. This firm belief in individualism-as humans are rational, leads to the classic liberal belief that individuals can flourish without state intervention as human beings are self-interested creatures who are self-reliant and therefore create an atomistic society. This freedom supported by classic liberals allows individuals to act as they wish whatever the consequences as the consequences can’t be said to limit freedom (as that would be against their belief of complete freedom) but are bad luck, not caused by the state therefore the objects that interfere with the classic liberals ideas of freedom include state legislations not natural occurrences that can’t be stopped. Therefore they believe in the silence of the laws to ensure freedom. Modern liberals on the other hand who believe in ‘positive’ freedom have a different idea of......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Extent Do Liberals Support Democracy

...To what extent do liberals support democracy (45 marks) Democracy is the ultimate political form of ideological liberalism. It refers to the ideal form of state, and is common to both classical and modern liberals. In the 19th century, liberals often saw democracy as threatening or dangerous. Political theorists such as Plato and Aristotle viewed democracy as being a system of rule at the expense of wisdom and property. The principle that the will of the majority should prevail over the minority may have negative effects. In Northern Ireland, a very divided religious country, if the 51% get their way, the other 49% will be in outrage. Democracy thus comes down to the rule of the 51%, as French politician Alexis De Tocqueville described it, ‘tyranny of the masses’. Individual and minority can be crushed in the name of the people. Another reason why liberals are wary of democracy is it gives a voice to the uneducated, ignorant and property less. Robert Lowe saw democracy as a potential threat. Linking rationality with education, he wanted to restrict democratic rights to those qualified to use them. This echoes the views of J.S Mills who believed political wisdom was unequally distributed, and so educated people should get more votes. Examples of this was in the UK when up until 1948 certain ‘educated’ people were allowed more than one vote. The Spanish social thinker Ortega y Gass in his book ‘The revolt of the Masses’ warned that the arrival of mass democracy had......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do Pressure Groups Undermine Democracy?

...To what extent do pressure groups undermine democracy? Pressure groups can play an important part in the way policies and proposals are brought into action in the UK government. As well as providing a vehicle for the peoples’ views they also have the potential to undermine the democracy of a government. Firstly, to clarify the definition of a pressure group, it is a formal or informal association whose purpose is to put forward the views and interests of a specific part of society, typically operating on a small range of issues. They aim to influence the decisions made by government. Secondly, democracy (from dēmos kratos - Greek for rule by the people) can take many different forms and is harder to define. Full democracy is understood as the fair representation in government of all citizens. In a democratic government the people vote in order to represent their views on an issue. Pressure groups have been seen to undermine this system of government in many ways but the also can enhance democracy in many ways. Some aspects of pressure groups are considered to undermine the nature of democracy. Disproportionate influence is an issue that many argue subverts democracy. This is where some pressure groups have more political influence than their issue may warrant. Some sectional groups appear to have a larger influence in government than others with a larger demographic. This is considered to be undemocratic, as it is not fair in the way it represents the people......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

To What Extent Do Conservatives Believe in Tradition and Continuity

...terms of tradition has caused conflict within conservatism as the New Right – the neoliberals and neoconservatives, have avoided placing any importance of tradition and continuity needed in society thus showing tradition and continuity is less followed by conservatives now. Traditional conservatives support and defend the idea of tradition and continuity on many different grounds. For example, tradition provides a basis of religious faith that is shaped by God who is the creator of the Earth. This therefore means that traditional institutions provide natural law – tradition is seen as having accumulated wisdom from the past, these institutions and practices has been able to be “tested by time” and therefore they should be preserved for the benefit of those living now and for future generations. This means that society is based on a relationship between those who are living, those who are dead and those who are to be born – the dead always has the upper hand over society as they are the “democracy of the dead” – providing a structure for the present society to follow. Tradition and continuity also delivers a sense of identity for individuals and society as a whole, having established practices and customs that people are able to recognise creates a sense of stability and reassurance. Individuals have a sense of “rootedness”, change would lead to a journey into the unknown that creates insecurity and indecision. This links on with the view of humans beings and their......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

To What Extent Do Pressure Groups Undermine Democracy

...To What Extent do Pressure Groups Undermine Democracy A pressure group in a group that doesn’t hold candidates for election into parliament but still aim to influence legislation passed by government that takes their aims and objectives into consideration. It can be argued that Pressure groups are undemocratic due to the leaders and all members being unelected. However pressure groups have higher and ever increasing participation levels than political parties, meaning that membership to a pressure group may be the contemporary method of being involved in politics. It can be argued that Pressure Groups are a positive thing for democracy because of the extent to which they inform the public on important issues through their campaigning for members or signatures, having the public more informed and knowledgeable on issues such as climate change or immigration is beneficial due to the fact that they will understand parties policies better and be more confident in who they vote for. On the other hand Pressure Groups can be criticised due to them only informing the public of their biased, one-sided opinion which could be viewed as misinformation. Cause/promotional groups that are involved in issues such as climate change or wildlife preservation can be viewed as democratic because their objective aren’t solely for the benefit of its own members but also the wider community. Though this is democratic, some pressure groups such as financial groups would be better funded and have...

Words: 864 - Pages: 4