Thesaurus Model

In: English and Literature

Submitted By samtsui
Words 774
Pages 4
In this part of the essay, I will attempt to structure a lexical field diagram for theterms given, followed by a general description of how the field is arranged and someproblems of Semantic Field Theory.Regarding the role of paradigmatic semantic relations in the mental lexicon, twotheories of meaning have been developed. The first one is dictionary approaches whichmentions that mental lexicon is like a dictionary where meanings of words arecomponentially represented in the mind. The approaches also suggest that semanticrelations are not required to be represented in the lexicon. On the contrary, thesaurusapproaches propose that semantic relations are represented in the lexicon and thatlexical items are linked to one another to indicate which words are synonyms, antonymsand hyponyms of which words.One thesaurus-type approach is Semantic Field Theory which presents the lexicon tobe internally structured by paradigmatic relations especially synonymy, contrast andhyponymy. The theory involves a range of related vocabulary, for example, the givenvocabulary items are related to family relationship. Relations between the items can beillustrated using a box diagram. Figure 1 (Appendix 1) follows the box diagram style inrepresenting the semantic field of English family relationship nouns. The field in Figure 1 represents contrast relations or antonyms among the lexical itemsof family on the horizontal axis. When two lexemes on the same levels are separated bya line, they contrast with each other, and transitively, with other words in the same row.Therefore,offspring, sibling, cousin,and parent make up a contrast as well as son,daughter, brother, sister, cousin, nephew, niece, uncle, aunt, father,and mother. In some cases, some lexemes boxes may occupy more than one level. However, this casedoes not appear in Figure 1.The vertical axis from the bottom up appears to…...

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