Theory of Knowledge

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By tomastriginer
Words 1742
Pages 7
"Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks; but an accumulation of facts is no more science than a pile of bricks is a house."

Henri Poincare, a French physicist and mathematician from the XIX century once stated the following in relation to natural sciences "Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks; but an accumulation of facts is no more science than a pile of bricks is a house." Poincare is getting his point across through the usage of a metaphor. This metaphor explains two things. Firstly, it states that science is constructed of realities, something which might be considered to be obvious. And secondly, it determines that these realities are required to be used and combined in a specific way in order to be able to make sense of them and to build science. This can be exemplified by referring to the metaphor used by Poincare, the bricks have to be placed in a certain way in order for them to be able to form a house, otherwise, if they are randomly placed they will just form a mound of bricks. Science is defined as the knowledge attained through study or practice (Science Made Simple). This can be related to reasoning, as in concrete, inductive reasoning, which goes from the particular to the general. Additionally, perception also plays an important role in science if we consider that science contains observations. Moreover, mathematics, is an additional area of knowledge which is inextricably linked to science. Natural Science would not be viable without mathematics, in fact, scientists often refer to mathematics as the language of science.

The natural sciences use reason to function. From the definition of science stated above, one could argue that scientists only use inductive reasoning as it goes from the particular to the general and science is based on observations. However, it is a fact that Scientists also use…...

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