Free Essay

The Roles of “Nature” and “Nurture” with Regard to the Interpretation and Evaluation of Sensory Data

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By clabona
Words 580
Pages 3
Three reasons I believing in the accuracy of sensory information are as followed. 1. Whenever you touch something hot or cold, the sense of touch and feelings detects it and sends a message to the brain, and in response you react and remove your hand from that hot or cold object that you have touched. 2. Your sense of sight helps you see and thus respond accordingly. When you see something dangerous you response by moving away from it and similarly when you see some vehicle coming your way, you wait to cross the busy street. 3. Sense of taste helps you to decide whether the food is eatable or not. Sensory organs in the tongue helps us to decide what we like and what we do not when it comes to tasting food.
Three factors contributing to the accuracy of sensory data.
1. Your sense of touch is found all over your body. This is because your sense of touch originates in the bottom layer of your skin called the dermis. The dermis is filled with many tiny nerve endings which give you information about the things with which your body comes in contact. They do this by carrying the information to the spinal cord, which sends messages to the brain where the feeling are registered. The nerve endings in your skin can tell you if something is hot or cold. They can also feel if something is hurting you. Your body has about twenty different types of nerve endings that all send messages to your brain. However, the most common receptors are heat, cold, pain, and pressure or touch receptors. Pain receptors are probably the most important for your safety because they can protect you by warning your brain that your body is hurt.

2. Your sense of sight from the moment you wake up in the morning to the time you go to sleep at night, your eyes are acting like a video camera. Everything you look at is then sent to your brain for processing and storage much like a video cassette. When light rays pass through your pupil, the muscle called the iris colored ring makes the size of the pupil change depending on the amount of light that's available. You may have noticed this with your own eye if you have looked at it closely in a mirror. If there is too much light, your pupil will shrink to limit the number of light rays that enter. Likewise, if there is very little light available, the pupil will enlarge to let in as many light. Rays as it can. Just behind the pupil is the lens and it focuses the image through a jelly-like substance called the vitreous humor onto the back surface of the eyeball, called the retina or the all mighty eye.
3. Your sense of taste we have almost 10,000 taste buds inside our mouths; even on the roofs of our mouths quite amazing. Our buds probably play the most important part in helping us enjoy the many flavors of food. Your taste buds can recognize four basic kinds of tastes: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. The salty/sweet taste buds are located near the front of your tongue; the sour taste buds line the sides of your tongue; and the bitter taste buds are found at the very back of your tongue. But everyone's tastes are different in fact, your tastes will change as you get older.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Sensory Perceptions

...Sensory Perceptions Patsy M. Mendoza Professor Dena Hurst Critical Thinking 210 April 18, 2013 Provide at least three reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information. Senses are reliable tools but at times they often fail to transmit accurate data to the brain. When a person is ill, drowsy, or exhausted the senses tend to be less efficient. For infants, sensing will usually occur before a thought but for adults, it occurs simultaneously while engaging in thoughts. Adults usually depend on their senses in almost everything they do from thinking before doing something to not thinking and doing things that come naturally to them. Perception comes between simple sensation and complex cognitive behavior (human nervous system, 2013). Perception is so automatic to individuals that they hardly realize that what they are seeing and hearing is only an interpretation (human nervous system, 2013). Three reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information is discernment, elucidation, and awareness. Discernment is the ability to judge well (The Free Dictionary, 2013). Discernment generates one’s experience of the world around them and allows them to respond inside his or her surroundings. Elucidation is a communication method intended to clarify or explain that serves to make the explanation clear (The Free Dictionary, 2013). Finally awareness; awareness is defined as having knowledge and cognitive response to a......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sensory

...Week 2 Assignment 1 Submission . If you are using the Blackboard Mobile Learn IOS App, please click "View in Browser." Students, please view the "Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment" in the Student Center. Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center. Click the link above to submit your assignment. Assignment 1: "Sensory Perceptions" Can you really trust your senses and the interpretation of sensory data to give you an accurate view of the world? Describe and discuss the accuracy and the weaknesses of the human senses as they pertain to thinking in general and to your own thinking in particular. Write a two to three (2–3) page (approximately 500–750 word) paper that addresses the following: 1.Provide at least three (3) reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information. 2.Identify and describe at least three (3) factors contributing to the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory data. 3.Discuss the roles of “nature” and “nurture” with regard to the interpretation and evaluation of sensory data. 4.Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Your textbook may count as one (1) source. At least one (1) of your sources must be obtained from the collection of databases accessible from the Learning Resources Center Web page. The format of the paper is to be as follows: •Typed, double-spaced, Times New Roman font (size 12), one-inch margins on all sides, APA format. •In addition to the two to three......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sensory Perceptions

...SENSORY PERCEPTIONS PHILOSOPHY 21O: CRITICAL THINKING Instructor: Dr. Keith Langner Strayer University By Rayshawn J. 7/13/2013 Can we really trust our senses and the interpretation of sensory data to give us an accurate view of the world? It’s a topic that remains open for debate. In order to come up with an answer I will need to take a closer look into the accuracy and weaknesses of the human senses as they pertain to thinking in general and to my own thinking in particular. There are several reasons for believing in the accuracy of sensory information, which I will disclose with you. Also, I shall identify and describe at least three factors that contribute to the accuracy of sensory data. It will also be important to discuss the roles of nature and nurture in regards to the interpretation and evaluation of sensory data. Accomplishing all of this will offer a more definitive view about our human senses, and if our interpretation of sensory data really allows a true view of the world. One of the main reasons for believing in the accuracy of our sensory information is because of how powerful our senses are. “Our senses act like lenses, amplifiers, particle detectors, and pressure and heat gauges” (Kirby & Goodpaster, 2007). Through our sense of sight, we have the ability to detect light as far as twenty miles away. We’re also able to distinguish a specific color out of millions of other colors. Our sense of smell is very acute as well. ......

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Nature or Nurture

...Nature or Nurture? Personality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual. It is the sound total o the multi-dimensionality of an individual. It is the sounding of one’s upbringing as a person. Personality is the reflection of how we are cared by our family, friends, government, society, etc. There are two factors that affect personality. These are nature and nurture. Many of us would try to look deep into ourselves and try to answer these following questions. Which is the most significant, nature or nurture? Which of the two most change my personality as a whole? What am I really? Nature is the genetic or biological component of an individual. This means that a person’s nature comes from its predecessors and the attitudes comes from its parents. Genes play a greater role in determining key personality traits like social skills and learning ability than the way we are brought up by our parents. Genetics were most influential on people's sense of self-control and also affected their social and learning abilities and their sense of purpose. Nurture is the social and environmental factors that affect the individual. This means that the environment affects how a person thinks and do. There are many people in this world wherein they where affected by the changes in society. Maybe it is because it is needed so that they can fit in or maybe they need it to be socially compatible with others. Behavior can be......

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nature/ Nurture

...are the basis of our lives and as we grow the environment influences how our genes react and program our brains. “Genes are designed to take their cues from nurture. The more we lift the lid on the genome, the more vulnerable to experience genes appear to be. Ridley explains easily that genes are not puppet masters pulling the strings of our behavior (a common misunderstanding), but are puppets at the mercy of our behavior” (Mysterud). Nature vs. Nurture is still an ongoing controversy that psychologist cannot come to an agreement on. Nature deals with the inheritable factors while Nurture deals with the environmental factors that we grow up around in. Nature via Nurture by Matt Ridley explains that nature and nurture are both important factors that make a person who they are and who they become. Genes are the nature part of the human beings where we learn, how we think, and how we act. Ridley writes: Spradling 4 “Human nature is indeed a combination of Darwin’s universals, Galton’s heredity, James’s instincts, De Vries’s genes, Pavlov’s reflexes, Watson’s associations, Kraepelin’s history, Freud’s formative experience, Boas’s culture, Durkheim’s division of labor, Piaget’s development and Lorenz’s imprinting. You can find all these things going on in the human mind. No account of human nature would be complete without them all” (p. 6). Ridley is a science journalist who has written The Red Queen (1993) and the best-selling book the Genome (1999)...

Words: 1536 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Nature-Nurture

...Point / Nature-Nurture Nature versus nurture is an issue that has been hotly debated for many generations. Because my family life was so disconjointed I have often wondered on what side of the argument my own personality formed. The thought that the way I am is because of genetics has always been a concept I struggle to accept as I lean more on the nature side of the argument as I see my personality formed more by the happenings in my life. I have recently met a few of my siblings for the very first time and found that we couldn’t be more different than if we were unrelated completely. Some professionals air on the side of nature some on nurture and some believe it is a complete combination of them both. Of the people who believe in nature, they believe that we are who we are because of our genetic makeup, while those who believe in nurture believe it is all in the experiences we have had in our lives, and last but not least the professionals that believe in the balance of the two believe that we have some hard wired elements to our personality while others are learned by our experiences. Pro-nature is based off of inherited traits that a person is born with. Pro-nurture means a person can develop traits through experience and one’s environment. Pro-nature perspectives concentrate on the genetic information with claims of that a person with certain genetics will be better than the next and come out on top.......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sensory Perception

...Assignment 1: Sensory Perceptions Name PHI 210219VA013-114-001: Critical Thinking Professor: Professor name., Ph.D Strayer University January 28, 2014 1. Provide at least three (3) reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information. Sensory perception can be defined as receipt through the power of physical awareness, hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, touching, and comprehensible upon transfer to reason. I believe in the accuracy of sensory information but our sensory perception can be misleading. Sensory perception is a part of our daily life and everyone approaches and perceives things differently. This old phrase or saying has been stated for centuries, "we can't always believe what we see." This falls into the first cause which is an interpretation. Everyone interpret things differently, even though we could be watching, feeling, and hearing, the same event or occurrence. This leads right into my second point which is sight perception. The senses of sight teach the mind to see everything that is visual directly in front of us and to detect movement in our peripheral vision. With that being said, we have taught ourselves that what is recognize as one thing may not be identified as the same thing by another person. One of the most notable disagreements would be colors. Due to the fact that there are so many......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Nature or Nurture

...Essay: Is it that each person’s attitude nature or nurture? Some people believe that the attitude of each individual depends in our environment, they develop what they see. And some of them believe that the attitude of a person is nature or what we call inborn attitude. But if you ask me if where of the two I believe, I’ll choose NURTURE because every person have a talent but this talent is not enough we need to develop more, that talent need a proper guidance of their guardian, trainer and etc. to make that talents perfect to the eye of other people. In this situation big possible that this person has a talent but need to develop. I have a childhood friend, she’s a girl who’s name Lea, actually she has a boyfriend but the time has come their relationship was end. The girl cried, got hurt, she didn’t know what she’s doing. Two years later after she’s moved on, she became a Lesbian as a childhood friend I asked her why did you do that? Why did you choose to become a Lesbian? She answered, because first I can’t accept that me and my boyfriend was broke up, so I thought wisely that if I’m become a Lesbian I didn’t get hurt again like before. So I think it’s good to me and I did. Second, I saw many Lesbians that their always happy with their love one’s so I just go with there. Anyway I think one of the reasons why some people adopt the attitude to their environment was from the parents or guardians if they guide seriously their kids they can’t adopt the......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sensory Data

...question is “can you really trust your senses and the interpretation of sensory data to give you an accurate view of the world?” We use our senses in everything that we do. We use our eyes to see, our nose to smell, our ears to hear and our tongues to taste. Those senses communicate with our brains by sending tiny amounts of chemical substances called neurotransmitters across a synapse , the microscopic space between” adjacent” neurons. Many factors like proper rest, medication, and ones mental state come into play when considering the trust of your senses. For example, someone who has not gotten the proper amount of rest, their ability to perceive and interpret their senses may not be as sharp as someone who is well rested and alert. Although each of them may be looking at the same thing, the rested individual will probably notice numerous details that the weary person will not. Next, several medications cause side effects that can weaken senses such as taste and sight. If you see a muffin that you eat on a regular basis, you already know what it tastes like, however, that same muffin may taste completely different if you are taking a medication that has diluted your capability to taste. The same thing applies for those who have an obstruction to the ear; they may have trouble hearing things at a higher frequency than someone who has not. These issues can cause doubt in the accuracy of your senses and the interpretation of sensory data. Chapter 4 of Thinking (in text......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nature Nurture

...mean the same thing but do they? Think about it, you were born into this world a tiny little baby with no ideas, or preferences, but as you grew you developed a personal identity, but did it really develop or was it in you to begin with. Such questions are what leads to the great debate of nature vs nurture. If you believe you were born already with a personality, then you take the side of nature. on the other hand if you believe that your personality developed based on influences in your life beginning when you were a child then you believe in nurture. Two totally different theories, both which are believed to make us who we are. Nature, the more scientific theory of the two, is the belief that hereditary traits found in our genes make us who we are, believable but not very convincing when we consider the theory of nurture. Human beings learn new things everyday, as soon as we come in to the world, our learning process begins. As a newborn baby, we slowly learn and adapt in order to survive in a new environment which is unlike that of our mothers wombs, our first environment in which we first grew, adapted to and developed in. The home environment parents and siblings play a huge role in determining personality. Influences from outside the family are also very important to the development of ones personality. But everything starts at home. One can't enjoy snowboarding or claim to like it, until one tries it, without the experience its impossible to say......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nature and Nurture

...Nature and nurture are the two factors that determine human personality. First, the genetic code of a human being, which is unique and based on hereditary and other factors, will be an indicator of personality. For example, some very young babies will already clearly be "shy" or "extroverted". However, the personality of a baby will be vastly modified by a child's upbringing, and the way they are nurtured by his or her mother and father, or legal guardian. Nature • One example of the way nature affects a baby is brain disorders who are inherited, and which will affect personality. For example, psychological problems related to brain chemistry, such as schizophrenia, are believed to have a strong genetic component. These diseases will be present as mutated genes in a baby, and, over time, they will create behaviour problems that may manifest themselves as a child grows into adulthood. However, the way a child handles their genetic difficulties will be affected by the child's upbringing. Nurture • A child with a genetic disorder that affects personality will handle things better when they are loved, hugged, and well taken care of in the formative years. From babyhood, children require affection, warmth, intellectual stimulation, and respect in order to develop to their best possible potential. Children who lack nurturing in the formative years will suffer from issues, such as poor self-esteem, that affect their ability to socialize and make friends. Children who are...

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nature and Nurture

...What is the nature versus nurture controversy? In your opinion, is nature or nurture a more important determinant in human behavior? Why? Provide support for your answer. As we all know, nature is the biological genetics which individuals inherited from their parents, and nurture is known as the environment in which we're raised. The nature-nurture controversy is a classic research between behavioral psychologists in which they did find “the source of the creation of human personality” (Genes and behavior, “n.d.”), including physical and behavioral traits, and given out a question: “What is the main influence on human - their genetics or their environment?” (Nature vs. Nurture Examples. “n.d.”). It's commonly known that people have a few particular physical traits as their parents by sharing the same DNA. But where do people find their interest for other behaviors like the preference of reading specific kinds of book, or their natural abilities? That's what the nature versus nurture controversy tackles (What does "nature versus nurture" mean?, “n.d."). Some scientist claim that nature plays an important role in this issue. For example, in a theory of attachment, Bowlby shows us the “views the bond between mother and child as being an innate process that ensures survival” (“Bowlby, J., 1969”). In addition, Chomsky also claims that “language is gained through the use of an innate language acquisition device” (“Chomsky, N.,1965”). However, other scientists opposed that......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nature Nurture

...The historical debate regarding nature and nurture has been going on for years and is still unresolved. Many theorists believe what we have inherited and our genes, makes us the way we are and how we develop. Other theorists believe it is the way we are brought up and our experiences, that make us the way we are and how we develop. Physical The way we look can be argued to be mainly due to nature. The genes we inherit from our parents make the basis of we look. For example, people often say ‘Don’t you look like your father/mother?’ Genetic inheritance can determine our eye colour, whether we have straight or curly hair or how tall we will be. We can also inherit certain disease which can seriously impact on our health. However, we can make decisions on how we look and change our appearance. There are many different cosmetic procedures available to alter our appearance. How we live our life and the choices we make can also have an impact on how we look. For example, eating junk food and not exercising can lead to obesity. The environment we are brought up in and the experiences we have, can influence our health which contributes to physical development. An example of how nature and nurture affect our physical development is; we may carry genes that increase our risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but if we eat a healthy diet and get sufficient exercise, we may not develop the disease. The genes for characteristics we inherit are called genotypes. The actual express of these...

Words: 1285 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Nature vs Nurture

...D1: Evaluate how nature and nurture may affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for two stages of the development of the individual. Therefore you should select two stages, not necessarily in sequence. In order to evaluate you must consider the extent to which both nature and nurture influence the development of the individual. You could conclude by deciding which, if either, is the most influential. You should refer to research evidence in your evaluation. 50+ years Subject A is an elder lady who lives at home with her son and three grandchildren. She also has dementia; a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with: memory loss, thinking speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement. In her situation, nature can have a negative effect on her physical development due to her disorder meaning that she can’t do much for herself. Things like cooking, showering or going shopping influences her development negatively as she can’t do anything herself. As dementia is something that is inherited, it may have been developed from her parents or something that runs in her family therefore it is hard to overcome which are the physical effects on her development. Intellectually, due to old age or just getting older, developing something like dementia, is also seen as a nurture. Someone else in the family may have had dementia which therefore increased the chance of someone else......

Words: 856 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nature and Nurture of Evaluation of Sensory

...mid-sized markets, targeting populations of less than 100,000that have few other entertainment options. Carmike’s average ticket price in 2007 was $5.89, but at $3.05, their average concession revenue per patron is the highest among the majors. The different approaches of the companies are reflected in the cost of fixed assets per screens. These costs result from decisions made on how to serve customers, such as the level of technology and finish of the theater- digital projection and marble floors cost more than traditional projections and a carpeted lobby. Despite multi- and megaplex facilities, Regals’s cost per screen is the hightst at $430.00. Carmike, the rural operator, is the lowest at $206,000. Cinemark is in the middle at $367,000. Data is not available for AMC, but cost are thought to be near or above those of Regal. ( Hitt, Ireland &Hoskisson, 2011 page 220) Describe the financial considerations that affect the profitability of major move theater business. There are three primary sources of revenue for exhibitors: box office receipts, concessions, and advertising. Managers have low discretion; their ability to influence revenues and expenses is limited. Operating margins among exhibitors average a slim 10 percent. This is before significant expenses such a facility and labor costs. The result is marginal or negative net income. Overall, the business of exhibitors is best describe as loss leadership on movies; the firms make money selling......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5