The Role of Corporate Sector and Ngos in Addressing the Environmental Concerns in Pakistan

In: Social Issues

Submitted By urgreat
Words 1288
Pages 6
THE ROLE OF CORPORATE SECTOR AND NGOs IN ADDRESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS IN PAKISTAN

The environment in Pakistan has been degrading alarmingly over the past few decades. Pakistan faces a number of environmental issues like deforestation, water, air, land and noise pollution, depletion of water resources, destruction of arable land of to name a few. The consequences of these issues, as we know from the past, can be devastating. One major issue that every sector needs to address is the depletion of forests and rampant deforestation in the country.
Forests in Pakistan are mostly found in mountainous regions of the north and west, with a few mangrove forests along the coastal line of Arabian Sea. Due to an increased demand for wood, forests have been cut down brutally at an average rate of 0.5% of the forest area per annum according to official records (The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy).
The corporate sector in Pakistan has played a two-sided role when addressing environmental issues in Pakistan. Where the industrial sector pollutes the environment and disturbs the natural balance of the ecosystem, it also tries to come across as an eco-friendly sector of the society. There are a number of factories which do not consider proper waste disposal procedures and dump untreated wastes into the environment polluting the environment.
Organizations in the corporate sector need to maintain a positive image in the public mind. To show that they too care about the environment, they hold awareness campaigns and turn the common man’s attention to these issues. These corporations also hold donation campaigns; some also allocate a part of their annual funds specifically to take up environmental issues.
Honda Motors has a big share of the auto industry in the country and they have played a positive role towards a better environment. They have tried to produce…...

Similar Documents

Role of Ngos in Bangladesh

...Role of NGOs in Bangladesh In all spheres of development, NGOs are reported to have created a landmark in the history of Bangladesh. NGOs as the proper alternative organizations have the vision of imagination, flexibility, autonomy, creativity, innovative machinery, experience resources and strategies of executing programmers including non formal constructive education. NGOs have different projects towards development. Doubtlessly to say, the NGOs with their constructive efforts have been promoting development strategies by creating unique changes in the field of socioeconomic progress in Bangladesh since her independence. Most of the endeavors made by the NGOs mainly targeted to achieve overall development of the country by meeting pragmatically or practically. The NGOs have their constructive mission in developing the country. They touch the fundamental elements of socio economic development of a country. If human resources are not properly used, it will be gradual inactive and useless for the country bringing no utility. The most important NGO innovation has been in the way they reach the poor. A group-based or target group mobilization strategy underpins virtually all development NGO programs aimed at service-delivery. Such an approach serves to fulfill not only the goal of economic improvement through direct targeting and beneficiary participation, but also that of social and institutional development through strengthening the organizing capacity of the poor to be......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Identify Areas of Environmental Concerns

...1. Identify areas of environmental concerns. 2. Identify mission-related environmental risks. 3. Identify potential effects of environmental factors on missions and operations. One the first environmental concerns are the tactical refueling on the small roads. This offers the chance to have a Haz-Mat contamination. To offset the risk of this I will implement the use of drip pans, and other absorbent material. If there is a spill I will apply the clean up steps set forth in TC3-34.489 and FM-3-100.4. I would protect my self, stop the flow, contain the spill, report the spill, clean the spill and replace the cleaning equipment and supplies. If this happened on an unprotected surface I would dig out the contaminated earth and store it until I was able to dispose of it in the proper manner. Once at Anatuvak I would start making all the preparations needed to store the HW and HM that would be at our site. With the unit conducting normal operations pest control, latrines, mess operations, and medical-waste disposal are things that will have to be planed and have made to comply with all FM’s AR’s and local law. Some of the mission related risks to the environment are the use of pyrotechnics and starting a fire. Conducting daily operations means that there will be the use of materials that have to be handled in the correct manner, oil, fuel, and any of the cooking supplies and any kind of maintenance supplies that will go with setting up and conducing daily operations. Being......

Words: 3393 - Pages: 14

Corporate Governance Role of the Media

...The Corporate Governance Role of the Media Alexander Dyck* Harvard Business School And Luigi Zingales University of Chicago May 2002 Abstract Do media play any role in corporate governance? In this paper we argue that media pressure corporate managers and directors to behave in ways that are “socially acceptable”. Sometimes this coincides with shareholders’ value maximization, others not. We provide both anecdotal and systematic evidence that media affect companies’ policy toward the environment and the amount of corporate resources that are diverted to the sole advantage of controlling shareholders. Our results have important consequences for the focus of the corporate governance debate and for the feasibility of reforms aimed at improving corporate governance around the world. * We thank Mehmet Beceren for assistance in preparing the data and Rakhesh Khurana, Jay Lorsch,, Forest Reinhardt, Richard Vietor, Andy Zelleke and seminar participants at Harvard Business School for helpful comments on an earlier draft. Alexander Dyck gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Division of Research of Harvard Business School and Luigi Zingales from the George Stigler Center at the University of Chicago. In April 1992 the Wall Street Journal published a strange ad. It was a full-page picture of a silhouette of the Board of Directors of Sears Roebuck with the title: the “non-performing assets of Sears”. The ad, paid by shareholder activist Robert Monks, exposed all the......

Words: 14215 - Pages: 57

Corporate Responsibility

...Jonathan P. Doh and Terrence R. Guay GLOBALIZATION AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: HOW NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS INFLUENCE LABOR AND ENVIRONMENTAL CODES OF CONDUCT Abstract • Concerns over the potential negative spillovers from globalization have resulted in increasing demands for multinational corporations (MNCs) to adhere to international standards and codes of responsibility. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have been important advocates for development and adoption of these standards and codes. • In this paper, we provide a brief review of the emergence of NGOs and their influence on debates about globalization, and a specific assessment of NGO efforts to promote stronger labor and environmental policies of multinational corporations. • We examine the role of NGOs in development and enforcement of twelve international agreements and codes of conduct addressing labor issues and environmental practices. We use findings from these cases and insights from international business and other managerial theory to develop propositions that explain the circumstances under which NGOs have more or less influence in developing and enforcing international codes. Key Results • We suggest NGOs will achieve the greatest impact on codes of conduct when: 1) they intervene early in the code development process; 2) they forge transnational coalitions with other organizations, including other NGOs, MNCs, and governments; 3) codes are devised......

Words: 9703 - Pages: 39

Role of Media in Improving Corporate Governance. Environmental Concerns and Corporate Governance

...COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Vehari Department Of Management Sciences Report Title: Topics: Role of Media in improving corporate governance. Environmental concerns and corporate governance CSR of any organization Prepared for: Mr.Sohail Tahir Prepared by: Altaf-Hussain (FA11-MBA-004/VHR) M.Sajjad (FA11-MBA-011/VHR) The Media Role in Corporate Governance Improvement What is media? Communication channels through which news, entertainment, education, data, or promotional messages are disseminated Types of Media Print Media Electronic Media Importance of media Media is the most powerful tool of communication. It helps promoting the right things on right time. It gives a real exposure to the mass audience about what is right or wrong. Even though media is linked with spreading fake news like a fire, but on the safe side, it helps a lot to inform us about the realities as well. "The world is moving towards progress in every walk of life. But when we look towards societies, it feels as if some thing is still missing. Money, power, lust, etc., is the wish of every human being to attain. But we can't deny this fact that we all are bounded with loads of social problems, which are hard nuts to crack. Social issues are matters which directly or indirectly affect many or all members of a society and are considered to be problems, controversies related to moral values, or both. Social issues include poverty, violence, corruption, bribery,......

Words: 4648 - Pages: 19

Sea Level Rise: Impact on Bangladesh and Role of Ngos

...Bangladeshi local NGOs and their documents in related sea level rise. Sea level rise: Impacts on Bangladesh and the role of NGOs Introduction: climate change is one of the most raising issues in contemporary world. Global warming is an important cause if climate change. The temperature of the world is increasing day by day. As a result the ice of arctic areas is melting. And this is raising the sea level. Though the temperature is increasing equally all over the world but all the countries of the world are not equally affected by this global warming. Usually costal areas, islands, and lower lands are mostly affected by this sea level rise. They are flooded badly each year because of this sea level rise. Global warming not only affects the environmental life but also they affect the political economic and infrastructural basis. Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries of sea level rise. As it is a costal and lower land, so here lives and properties are at a severe risk. One of the island of Bangladesh, named South Talpatti Island has already sank because of sea level rise. NGOs role is very important for Bangladesh. NGOs can play vital role in many ways. NGOs can supply knowledge and information through research which is essential for making strategy and action plan for Bangladesh Government. INGOs and NGOs can provide logistical support to the Bangladesh government of Bangladesh in negotiating forums. NGOs can......

Words: 6252 - Pages: 26

Corporate Social Responsibility: a Comparative Study on Fmcg Sector

...Assignment On: “Corporate Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study on FMCG Sector.” SUBMITTED TO: Sabrina Hoque Chowdhury Lecturer, UIU School of Business & Economics SUBMITTED BY: Group : A Section : NQ School of Business & Economics, UIU DATE OF SUBMISSION: 31-03-2013 United International University Group Details: NAME | ID | PERCENTAGE | Jobayda Akter | | 20% | Tumpa Datta | | 20% | Farhad Hossain | | 20% | Md. Mesbahul Islam | | 20% | Md. Naymur Rahman | | 20% | Table of Contents: No. | Name of Topic | Page No. | 1. | Introduction | 4 - 5 | 2. | CSR impact on Economy of Bangladesh | 5 - 6 | 3. | Sector overview | 7 - 7 | 4. | Company overview | 8 - 18 | 5. | Comparison | 19 - 19 | 6. | Recommendations | 19 - 20 | 7. | Conclusions | 20 - 20 | Introduction: History: CSR is about how companies manage the business processes to produce an overall positive impact on society. The phrase Corporate Social Responsibility was coined in 1953 with the publication of Bowen's 'Social Responsibility of Businessmen', which posed the question 'what responsibilities to society can business people be reasonably expected to assume?. Writing on the subject in the 1960s expanded the definition, suggesting that beyond legal obligations companies had certain responsibilities to society20. In 1984, the celebrated management consultant Peter Drucker wrote about the imperative to turn social problems into economic......

Words: 7464 - Pages: 30

Manual Corporate Govrnance Pakistan

...Manual of Corporate Governance SEC Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan This manual is for reference only and does not constitute any legal requirement on companies, their officers, directors or auditors. This manual may be used for guidance and compliance must be ensured with the provisions of applicable laws and regulations. CONTENTS I. II. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE? (i) The Background (ii) Definition of Corporate Governance (iii) The Benefits of Corporate Governance (iv) The Pakistani Corporation (v) The Origins of Corporate Governance in Pakistan THE NEED FOR CORPORATE GOVERNANCE THE STAKEHOLDERS (i) General (ii) Shareholders (iii) Directors (iv) Employees (v) Creditors PROMOTING REFORM AND SHAREHOLDER ACTIVISM ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DIRECTORS AND MANAGERS (i) Directors and Managers Distinguished (ii) Appointment and Proceedings of Directors (iii) Fiduciary Duties (iv) Powers and Responsibilities of Directors (v) Liability of Directors (vi) Executive and the Non-executive Directors (vii) The CEO 1 3 3 4 7 8 10 12 17 17 19 20 20 21 22 26 26 26 32 38 42 42 45 III. IV. V. VI. (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) The Company Secretary The CFO Internal Control System Reporting Requirements 47 49 49 50 VII. SCRUTINIZING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - WHAT EVERY DIRECTOR SHOULD KNOW (i) General (ii) Liability of Directors (iii) Preparation of Financial Statements (iv) Tools for Directors' Review (v) How to Prevent Misleading and......

Words: 8905 - Pages: 36

Telecom Sector of Pakistan

...Telecom Sector Prepared for: Ms. Rizwana Hameed Lecturer of Consumer Behavior Prepared by: Saba Mahfooz (159) Tamour Nawaz (164) Rizwan Bashir Goraya (167) Tuba Shahid (173) Shomail Khan (179) IB&M - University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore 16th December, 2014 Contribution to Report Name of Group Member | Contribution To Report | Tuba Shahid | * Questionnaire Building * Questionnaire Filling * Data Collection * Report Making * Recommendations * Conclusion | Saba Mahfooz | * Data Collection * Questionnaire Filling | Shomail Dilawar | * Questionnaire Filling | Tamour Bajwa | * Question Filling * Data Entry Into SPSS | Rizwan Bashir Goraya | * Data Analysis * Questionnaire Filling * SWOT Analysis * Data Entry Into SPSS * Histograms Of All Segments * Data Evaluation * Compiling of the Final-Report | Acknowledgment All the admirations are for the Allah Who created us and gave us wisdom to accomplish the tasks that none of other creatures can, and who gave us opportunity to get the education to understand his nature more clearly. We would like to thank Miss Rizwana Hameed for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information and invested his full effort in guiding us in achieving the goal. Abstract Telecom industry, collection of all the industries and companies providing phone service, data or entertainment to consumers and businesses, is...

Words: 10940 - Pages: 44

Corporate Environmental and Social Management

...CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT Unit 46 Assignment Table of Contents Introduction............................................................................................................................ 2 I. The development of global, European and national policies relating to sustainability. 2 1. Changing attitudes of public, politicians and businesses to the environment since 1945 .................................................................................................................................... 2 2. Brundtland definition of ‘sustainable development’ .................................................. 4 3. The international and UK policies to sustainable development since Earth Summit of 1992 ................................................................................................................................ 4 4. Triple bottom line........................................................................................................ 5 II. The commercial case for considering social and environmental matters in business management .......................................................................................................................... 6 1. 2. 3. Stakeholders and how they impact on business policies ........................................... 6 Is adopting CSR policies cost-saving? .......................................................................... 7 Primark Ethical Trading ................................

Words: 7353 - Pages: 30

Corporate Social & Environmental Reporting Fiji

...opasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfgh jklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvb AF301 ACCOUNTING THEORY nmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwer & APPLICATIONS tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzx Group Seminar Report cvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmq TOPIC:2 – CORPORATE SOCIAL wertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuio & ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING pasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghj klzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbn mqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwerty uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrty uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdzxcvbnm STUDENT NAME MELISA SINGH ASHVINI SAHAYAM SHABINA FARNAAZ SHANEEL PRASAD KRITHNEEL SINGH TOTORIAL DAY / TIME TUTORS NAME GROUP MEMBERS STUDENT ID NUMBER S11066108 S11065177 S11065043 S11065627 S11065615 THURSDAY 8 – 10AM MISS FAZEENA HUSSAIN TABLE OF CONTENTS DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY ........................................................................................... 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .............................................................................................................. 4 IMPORTANCE OF ACCOUNTING FOR SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ......... 5 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 6 THEORETICAL UNDERPINNING......

Words: 12904 - Pages: 52

Role of Ngo in Bd

...ROLE OF NGO IN POVERTY REDUCTION OF BANGLADESH BASED ON A 2013 SURVEY OF NGO ACTIVITIES IN BANGLADESH ROLE OF NGO IN POVERTY REDUCTION OF BANGLADESH BASED ON A 2013 SURVEY OF NGO ACTIVITIES IN BANGLADESH Prepared for Ms. Kohinoor Biswas Assistant Professor Department of Business Administration East West University, Dhaka. Prepared by Muhammad Kawsar Khan ID: 2011-1-10-411 Section: 02 April 17, 2014 April 17, 2014 Ms. Kohinoor Biswas Assistant Professor Department of Business Administration East West University Subject: Submission of assignment on Role of NGO in Poverty Reduction of Bangladesh Dear Madam, This is a great pleasure for us to submit an assignment on ‘Role of NGO in Poverty Reduction of Bangladesh’. We considered your remarks and instructions very carefully while preparing this report. We have tried to visualize all the areas related to this topic. We also used your lecture to fulfill your requirements. We would like to express our heartiest gratitude to you for your tiresome efforts for us which provided us the opportunity to prepare this report. We have tried our level best to present this assignment according to the vital standard and requirements. While preparing this report we have enriched our knowledge a lot about role of NGO in poverty reduction in Bangladesh. We appreciate this opportunity to demonstrate ore educational and analytical skills. Thank you. Sincerely yours, Muhammad Kawsar Khan ...

Words: 6827 - Pages: 28

Setting the Pace: Getting Started in Ngo Corporate Governance

...Setting the pace and getting started in NGO Corporate governance. An Assessment of corporate governance for Non Governmental Organizations in Zimbabwe By Lasford Flackson lasyflackson@gmail.com .Tel:+263773931949 Table of contents Introduction Chapter one An overview of corporate governance The evolution of governance Development of corporate governance Approaches to corporate governance Chapter two Adaptation and adoption of corporate governance Ngo sector in Zimbabwe Requirements for NGO operation in Zimbabwe Guiding principles for good corporate governance Chapter three Conclusion and Recommendations 2 Introduction The collective problem of business today is increasingly attributed to the failure of corporate governance. This means that far too many boards are failing to execute their duties responsibly, both collectively and individually. Despite increasing awareness, there is a general lack of understanding of the principles of effective corporate governance in most quarters. The study sought to assess corporate governance issues and challenges for non governmental organisations. The study takes a point of departure in explaining how non governmental organisations can adapt and adopt effective corporate governance practices viz- a- viz, how NGOs can adapt and adopt to corporate governance. Several non governmental organisations do not observe good corporate governance and this to the collapse of many. There are no set rules ...

Words: 10898 - Pages: 44

Role of Corporate Sector in Education Through Csr

...What should be the role of Corporate Sector in addressing issues of marginalized children given that Corporate have a mandate to run profitable business? In general, the term ‘marginalization’ describes the overt actions or tendencies of human societies, where people who they perceive to undesirable or without useful function, are excluded, i.e., marginalized. These people, who are marginalized, from a GROUP or COMMUNITY for their protection and integration and are known as ‘marginalized groups’. This limits their opportunities and means for survival. Peter Leonard defines marginality as, “being outside the mainstream of productive activity and/or social reproductive activity”. Usually a minority group has the following characteristics: 1) It suffers from discrimination and subordination. 2) They have physical and/or cultural traits that set them apart, and which are disapproved of, by a dominant group. 3) They share a sense of collective identity and common burdens. 4) They have shared social rules about who belongs, and who does not. 5) They have a tendency to marry within the group. Thus, marginalization is a complex as well as shifting phenomenon linked to social status. Problems faced by Marginalized Children are: Child mortality and morbidity are caused and compounded by poverty, their sex and caste position in society. All these have consequences on their nutrition intake, access to healthcare, environment and education. Poverty has a direct...

Words: 1176 - Pages: 5

Ngos

...also influenced the development of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as a response to the recent increases in private investment (Teegen, 2003). Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) consist of citizens’ groups that are organized on a local, national or international level (Bendell, 2000; van Tulder, 2001). There are generally, three types of NGOs, these are: (1) advocacy NGOs who are primarily tasked with the promotion of the governments or in international for the groups who do not have the capacity to do so; (2) operational NGOs, which primarily deals with the provision of goods and services to the clients who are in need; and lastly, (3) hybrid NGOs or those who perform both tasks previously mentioned (Ghauri, 2003; Vormedal, 2008). It is in this regard that NGOs are popularly known as those groups which are organized based on a certain issue (Ghauri, 2003; van Tulder, 2001). Most of the common objectives behind the establishment of the NGOs are the protection of human rights and that of the environment (Baur, 2011; Betsill & Correll, 2001; Teegen, 2003). To support the said goals, NGOs are also given the task of reviewing official agreements in order to achieve their most common goals (Bendell, 2000). Usually, these Non-Governmental Organizations are given the primary task of aiding the development of the low income economies (Baur, 2011; Cho & Kim, 2010). As such, it has been the primary task of these NGOs to work at the grass roots level in the hopes of positively......

Words: 18528 - Pages: 75