Systematic Review of Nursing Handover

In: Science

Submitted By najwahchua
Words 9191
Pages 37
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

1.0 INTRODUCTION
A handover is defined as “the act of moving power or responsibility from one person or group to another (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English 2005)”. In healthcare and clinical context, the term “handover” applies to the transferring of a patient’s information between two health care providers, when the patient receives care in a different location, or when another healthcare provider is responsible of the patient (ACSQHC 2005).

The American word “handoff” also signifies the same meaning. Nursing handovers are often being described as a ritual, which stemmed from the medical concept preliminarily in the 1880s, whereby the nursing sister would direct the nurses on duty after hearing reports from the night shift nurses and the doctors’ rounds (Walsh and Ford 1989). The repetitive characteristic of the traditional handover does not encourage nurses to think critically or share different views, therefore depicted as a “ritual” (Kerr et al 2011).

1.1 BACKGROUND OFTHE STUDY
The aim of a nursing shift handover is to precisely inform the patient’s general condition, care plan, treatment and expectations in a timely manner (Runy 2008). The process, if made without a systematic standardized method, would lead to errors and jeopardizes patient’s safety (ACSQHC 2010). Reported adverse events from handovers include unnecessary procedure and investigations, delayed diagnosis or treatments, prolonged hospitalization, increased cost, and dissatisfied patients (Patterson and Wears 2010).

Therefore The Joint Commission (2009) and the WHO (2008) have emphasized on the necessity for organizations to develop standard operational procedures for handover. In view of different requirements and settings, every organization should establish its own method to handover effectively (Runy 2008). As a guideline, the…...

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