Free Essay


In: Film and Music

Submitted By thelobsterboy
Words 561
Pages 3
History of Jazz

Swing. A new evolution of music was developing during the 1930s. What was developing was possibly the most notable styles, movements and sub-genres to evolve out of Jazz, the unmistakable Swing. This new style was about more than just the music and great musicians, it was a reaction to a pivotal time in America’s history, it was a cultural phenomenon, it made people get up and dance.

This was an important musical movement for this country, most notable the younger generation, in that it was a welcome distraction to the war that was engulfing all of our resources and attention, along with what was going on in our own backyards; the Great Depression. The danceability of swing was a great stress reliever and a way to have some much needed fun.

One thing that makes Swing an experience is the size of the majority of the bands performing this music at that time. And due to the general size of these bands, it was dubbed the Big Band Era. These bands relied on complex scores of standards and new original material alike. Any improvisation was reserved for a soloist, since 10-20 musicians attempting to improvise all at once could be quite a fiasco. This new evolution of Jazz also added something new to the musical mix, and that new ingredient were lyrics. The more consistent musical arrangements and performances, along with the addition of lyrics, made Swing more relatable for larger audiences and therefore became popular amongst those that may have been turned off by other forms of Jazz, as some Jazz can be seen as more for the artist that the masses.

The size of the bands weren’t the only thing separating Swing from other Jazz iterations. Generally, these new ensembles were comprised of piano, bass, guitar, drums and any number of sections of various horns, both woodwinds and brass. With these new possible combinations, Swing bands were capable of creating a greater array of of sounds and arrangements than other previous Jazz movements. These new instrument arrangements and predetermined compositions led to the main reason Swing was so popular; it had a constant rhythm.

There were a few band leaders that had a profound impact on Swing and the Big Band Era, such as Count Basie, Jimmy Lunceford and Duke Ellington. Without great writers/arrangers working with these musicians that were beyond proficient in improvisation and being masters of their instruments, Swing very well may not have become the sensationally popular form of music it ultimately became. It was the near perfect mixture of standard rhythms, driving beats and just enough fun improvisation to keep thing fresh for each performance. These are what made Swing fun and danceable.

While Jazz was always the backbone and main ingredient to all of the subsequent musical evolutions such as Cool Jazz, Bop, and Free Jazz, Swing was the one form of music that was for the common audience to enjoy and become engrossed in. Swing penetrated and propagated concert venues, dance halls and what proved to be the method that really popularized the genre; the radio. So much of what we hear even to this day can be traced to most notably the Big Band Era, but also to all of the innovations that occurred within the father genres of Jazz.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Fragonard the Swing

...The Swing | Relatable Symbols of Then and Now | | Symbolism and allegory have always been prevalent themes in art, but before the 18th century, they appeared in western art mainly existed in religious, history, and philosophical painting. During the 18th century this changed as the art world shifted towards more secular subjects and settings. Jean- Honoré Fragonard in his 1766 painting The Swing (figure 1) uses symbolism and allegory to convey a scene of eroticism, scandal, and hidden meaning. Even though it was painted 250 years ago, these hidden meanings are still understandable and relevant today. Jean Honoré Fragonard was born at Grasse on April 5, 1732 where he lived until 15 years of age. His father, Francois Fragonard, went to live in Paris soon after his son’s 15th birthday where it was decided that his son should earn his living as a junior clerk in a notary’s office. This was not a suitable career for Honoré who was perpetually drawing and showed considerable artistic aptitude. The notary that he worked for advised the family to send their son to study under some painter saying, "For he will do far more good in copying pictures than he has ever done in transcribing deeds." Fragonard’s mother first took him to Francois Boucher, who was now at the height of his career. The great artist however was not in the habit of receiving amateur pupils and sent him to study under Chardin for 6 months. Fragonard made little progress, and Chardin informed his......

Words: 2619 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay


...stronger than two and four: In jazz, at least since the Swing Era, beats two and four - the "offbeats" - often feel stronger than one and three: All four beats are still played, but beats two and four are accented slightly. This is sometimes referred to as a four-beat rhythm. When two and four are accented especially heavily, it is sometimes called a "backbeat" rhythm: The early jazz musicians often strongly accented beats one and three, however, with bassists and drummers playing almost entirely on these two beats, and pianists or guitarists supplying chords on the offbeats: This is referred to as a "two-beat" rhythm. Modern jazz musicians will often use a more subtle two-beat feel at the beginning of a performance, such as while playing the theme, and then switch to a four-beat rhythm for the solos. Swing When people discuss rhythm in jazz, they almost invariably deal with the concept of swing. Whereas syncopaton has to do with surprise, swing has to do with the creation of forward momentum, a drive that makes you want to dance to the music. At the most basic level, swing is usually described in terms of the length of eighth notes. If you divide each beat exactly in half, the results are called straight eighth notes: In swing eighth notes, the first part of each beat is a little longer than the second: Sometimes this is described by saying that the beat is really subdivided into three parts, and swing eighth notes are the first and third parts of the......

Words: 1299 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Awt vs Swing

...WT AWT vs. Swing AWT vs. Swing For this assignment, it has been requested the author write a review of the advantages and disadvantages of AWT (Abstract Window Toolkit) vs. Swing in writing a Java program. AWT is a portable GUI library for standalone applications or applets with an advantage of speed in it’s use of native peers and performance. Additionally most web browsers support AWT so the applets designed will have greater ease in use and design and AWT components look similar to the operating system in which they run on. Swing uses a set of GUI components built upon AWT technology and gives it something of a “plug and play” feel and is implemented entirely in the Java programming language. Having pure Java design, it has a greater range of behavior and not limited by the native peers that AWT uses. Additionally it has a wider range of features like icons and pop up tools. Another thought, and this is opinion, is that Sun puts more interest into swing and makes it a more robust program for it’s web based uses. The look and feel with it’s pluggable abilities lets a user design a single set of GUI applications that look similar to the native OS it is running on. Some disadvantages of AWT are the third party development and it’s smaller set of components that are available and the components typically do not support icon and tool tips. With swing, the general overall performance is slower and buggier than AWT, as this author has learned firsthand in writing with......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...A Brief History of Swing Dance Swing is a very energetic and unique dance. It can be simple or complex, but you can be assured it's always fun. There are many different styles or versions of it, each with distinct characteristics. As its name implies, it is known for its swings, lifts and spins that can sometimes be quite complicated. It's a quick dance that requires a considerable degree of physical fitness. In this article we'll take a quick look at its history. The history of swing begins with the history of Lindy hop. Lindy hop originated in the late 1920s in New York and reached huge popularity in the 30s and 40s. It has its roots in the Charleston and Foxtrot and was danced to what was at a time called jazz music. Jazz music was also known as swing music and the dances danced to it became known as swing dances. Lindy hop got its name after Charles Lindbergh, the famous aviator. It is still danced today. In general, the term swing refers to a group of dances that were developed in the 20s, 30s and 40s of the last century. With the rising popularity of jazz music many different forms of dances like Lindy hop evolved: Jitterbug, Balboa, East coast and West coast swing, Boogie-woogie, Collegiate Shag, St. Louis Shag, and Imperial Swing, just to name a few. Although originally danced to the swing style of jazz music, you can dance to a wide variety of music styles, from country and pop to rock and roll. As music changed from the 1920s so did the dances. Rock and roll......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...How pendulum length affects the time of swing AIM: To find the relationship between the length of a simple pendulum and the period of swing Hypothesis: The longer the length of a simple pendulum, the longer will be the period of oscillation Materials: Retort stand, pendulum mass, clamp, ruler, stop watch and string Method: Functional Diagram Procedure * Set up retort stand and other equipment * Decide angle of swing (40o) * Measure length by metre ruler * Measure length of pendulum (20cm) * Measure the time of 4 swings * Average the time taken of 4 swings * Change the length of pendulum to (30cm) * Measure period of 4 swings * Average the time taken of 4 swings * Change the length of pendulum to (40cm) * Measure the time taken of 4 swings * Average the time taken 4 swings For safety (nothing important) A. Average the 4 swings B. Repeat the experiment as often as possible Results (See assignment book) Conclusion There is a relationship between the pendulum length and the period of time taken for the pendulum to swing. When the length of the string is increased, the value of the period also increases. When the length of the string is decreases, the period also decreases. The length of pendulum does change the duration of the swing. Discussion A. To improve the experiment the angle (40o) has to be the same, the length of pendulum has to......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Perfect Golf Swing

...athlete. I watched him for hours that day, and I would watch him for years to come as he practiced, trying to find the perfect swing. The perfect golf swing is thought to be unattainable to many in the golfing world. I spent my childhood playing on a driving range, watching my uncle hit ball after ball. He is a PGA-certified professional who has made it his life's work to find the perfect swing. I cannot inform you on the perfect golf swing because I have never witnessed it, although I can explain the fundamentals of golf. There are four components which make up the golf swing, stance and posture, the grip, the backswing, and the follow through. By breaking golf into these four components, I will be able to verbally illustrate the most fundamentally sound swing possible. When done correctly the golf swing has the fluidity of sand in an hourglass, combined with the power of a coiled spring. It is truly a beautiful thing to witness when refined to this level. The proper stance and posture enable a golfer to be perfectly balanced and poised throughout the swing. Only when this occurs will his legs, arms, and body be able to carry out their assignments correctly. Many golfers make the error of assuming the stance is only to line up the body to the target. The stance is also the step in which the golfer sets up so his body will be balanced throughout the swing. The first phase of the stance is the placing of your feet. The feet should be shoulder width apart for the......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Pe Portfilio

... Swing Dance Swing dance is a lively style of social dancing in which a dancer often lifts, spins and flips his or her partner. Considered both hip and cool, swing dancing is a favorite among social dancers of all ages. is most commonly known as a group of dances that developed with the swing style of jazz music in the 1920s-1950s, The best known of these dances is the Lindy Hop, a popular partner dance that originated in Harlem in 1927 and is still danced today. Swing dance was not always used as a general blanket term for a group of dances. Into the 1920s and 1930s every major city had their own way to dance, based on regional roots, and influences. Today there are swing-dance scenes in many countries. Swing Dances: The term "swing" refers to a variety of unique partner dances. • Lindy Hop: Perhaps the most popular swing dance, this dance originated in Harlem. • East Coast Swing: Seen often on club or tavern dance floors, this dance was influenced by the Foxtrot. • West Coast Swing: A slotted dance in which the follower travels back and forth along a rectangle, or slot. • Jitterbug: An umbrella term generally referring to swing dancing. • Jive: Jive is a fast-paced variation of the Jitterbug. • Boogie-woogie: This dance is usually danced to rock music or blues. • Carolina Shag: A dance performed to beach music. Swing Music: Many musicians say......

Words: 1605 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

My Embarrassing Moment

...Forms of Swing In many scenes outside the United States, the term "swing dancing" is used to refer to one, or all, of the following swing era dances: Lindy Hop, Charleston, Shag, and Balboa. This group is often extended to include West Coast Swing, East Coast Swing, Hand Dancing, Jive, Rock and Roll, elden Jive, and other dances developed in the 1940s and later. A strong tradition of social and competitive boogie woogie and Rock 'n' Roll in Europe add these dances to their local swing dance cultures Early forms from the 1930s and 1940s * Lindy Hop evolved in the late 1920s and early 1930s out of the Partnered Charleston. It is characterized by an 8-count circular basic or "swing out" and has an emphasis on improvisation and the ability to easily adapt to include other steps in 8-count and 6-count rhythms. It has been danced to many different styles of music with blues or jazz rhythm (with the exception of jazz waltzes), as well as non-traditional styles of music such as hip hop. Lindy-Hop is characterized by tricks and high-flying arieal movements.] Lindy Hop got its name in 1927 when a reporter visiting New York's Savoy Ballroom asked a swing dancer what kind of dance they were doing. Because Charles Lindbergh had just made his news-making solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, the dancer replied, "the Lindy-Hop." The name stuck. * Balboa is an 8-count dance that emphasizes a strong partner connection and quick footwork. A product of Southern California's crowded......

Words: 2123 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Should Texas Become a Swing State

...Government Essay 1 Texas becoming a swing state is an idea that is very scary to the Republican Party. The whole state of Texas has a strong Republican background and does not have a very strong Democratic supporting. This all could change because four of Texas’s major cities like Houston, Dallas, Austin, and San Antonio all voted for Obama. A worry for Republicans is that the 4.3 million new residents that have moved into Texas cities have been Latino, black, and Asian. These groups of people are more Democratic and were the ones that voted for Obama. If Texas did become a swing state there would be no chance of another Republican likely ever wining a Presidential election. It would almost be like the Republican Party would not exist and become something of the past. Republicans should not have to worry right now because the Hispanic population only accounts for some of the votes and a lot of them are not registered to vote. Also we should not assume that all the Hispanics are going to vote Democratic. The Republican candidates have been smart enough to know how important the Hispanic community is and works hard to get their votes and have been successful. The Republican candidates have been receiving about 35% of the Hispanic vote which is really good for Republicans and the state. As of right now Republicans have almost 75% of the white vote and it will probably stay that way for quite some time. Texas definitely could become a swing state in the next few elections......

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Candle Swing

...St. Michael’s College Basic Education Department Brgy. San Miguel, Iligan City S.Y: 2014-2015 CANDLE SWING Members: Bagamaspad, Maegan D. Cariño, Aaron Joefferson R. Cantoja, Christian Dominic G. Heolin, John Paul M. Layug, Manuel Kent M. Maminta, Alyssa Mae D. Suzon, Patrick Miguel B. Tan, Hilary Marie Vien C. Villamor, Rom Timothy Marro S. Table of Contents Acknowledgement ........................................................................................ xi CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. About the project ........................................................................................ 1 B. Statement of the problem ........................................................................... 2 C. Null Hypothesis ........................................................................................... 2 D. Scope and Limitation .................................................................................. 2 E. Significance of the Study ............................................................................ 3 F. Definition of Terms ....................................................................................... 3 CHAPTER II Review of Related Literature ........................................................................... 4 CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY A. Materials .................................................................................................... 8 B. Procedure .......................................

Words: 2463 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Swing from a Different Perspective

...Alexander Francis ENG 200 November 4, 2013 Prof. Hamann, Erika Thesis: WWII was critical to the degree at which swing influenced the development of American identity; not only through recognition of social inequalities, but furthering the development of a musical identity that still influences the modern sounds of our ever-changing culture. Why Swing Swung What separates you from others can appropriately be deemed as a series of conflict’s, conflict is critical to the development of identity; without conflict the unconscious perception of us, them, we or they would not exist. Humans being naturally prone to argument create a cultural identity designed around the conflicts in which a number of people are affected, in turn allowing people to identify with each other through common grounds; unintentionally creating a communication barrier between them and us. This model although small demonstrates how groups are formed, and can be projected upon the development of a musical identity within America during the Second World War. Possibly seen as the largest conflict in recorded history, World War II set the boundaries for numerous identities; creating a conscious affiliation of differences, people now identified themselves through stereotypes that otherwise would not have developed. Most of these conflicts or stereotypes would happen to be woven inside the United States due to propaganda: a necessary war tool developed to instill a feeling of pride and ensure a feeling......

Words: 1525 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Holy Grail Strategy

...Portfolio and Account for Equities & Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Find last Swing High Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Find last Swing Low Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Buy and Sell Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Equity Backtest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Index Backtest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 CL2 Future Backtest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 NQ Future Backtest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Portfolio Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 ANZ Analysis (Holy Grail vs. Buy & Hold) 41 1 Conclusion 49 Further Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Possible Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 References 50 2 Holy Grail Strategy The Holy Grail trading strategy is a swing trading strategy, which finds application in any markets and any time frame. The strategy is......

Words: 1719 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Correct and Proper Golf Setup and Swing

...The Correct and Proper Golf Setup and Swing While there are many factors in determining the outcome of a golf shot, setting up the proper golf stance is the foundation upon which all other mechanics are built. The proper stance is made up of multiple factors. The entire outcome of the shot depends on setting up properly. There are three elements that comprise the proper golf stance: grip, stance, and body placement. Your grip must be firm with hands in their proper places. The stance is crucial to making your weight shift correctly. The golfers' body placement must be comfortable, with all elements in their proper places. The proper golf starting position allows for the perfect golf shot. The stance detailed below is for a right-handed person. Your hands must be placed in on the end of the club creating a grip. The backside of the left hand should be placed two fingers below the end of the club. The right hand should be directly below the left with both thumbs pointing down the shaft towards the club head. It should be held like you are shaking hands with someone. Next, lock the right pinky finger with the left index finger, so that your hands are locked together. The left wrist should always be slightly bent outwards. The golfer should squeeze the club lightly, good grip strength is one that can hold the club, yet does not feel as though you are choking it. It would be adequate to say that your grip should be loose enough not to hurt an animal but tight enough as to keep......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Swing vs Steady

...a)Swing: Sales: 5000 Price per unit: $10 Variable Cost per unit: $2.5 Fixed Cost: $35000 Current Profit: $ 2500 New Price per additional unit: 0 New Contribution Margin = New Price per unit – Variable cost per unit =$8.5-$2.5 =$6 New Sales unit @40% additional sales= 5000*40%= 2000 Additional profit @40% additional Sales = Additional Sales* New Contribution Margin =2000*6 =$12000 New Sales unit @20% additional sales= 5000*20%= 1000 Additional profit @20% additional Sales = Additional Sales* New Contribution Margin =1000*6 =$6000 Steady: Sales: 5000 Price per unit: $10 Variable Cost per unit: $5.5 Fixed Cost: $35000 Current Profit: $ 2500 New Price per additional unit: $8.5 New Contribution Margin = New Price per unit – Variable cost per unit =$8.5-$5.5 =$3 New Sales unit @40% additional sales= 5000*40%= 2000 Additional profit @40% additional Sales = Additional Sales* New Contribution Margin =2000*3 =$6000 New Sales unit @20% additional sales= 5000*20%= 1000 Additional profit @20% additional Sales = Additional Sales* New Contribution Margin =1000*3 =$3000 Both the companies should enter the market as they are realizing additional profits by charging a lower price for the new market. b)Swing : ∆P =-1.5 CM= Price- Variable Cost= $10-$2.5 =$7.5 % Break-even sales change= -∆P/(CM + ∆P) = 1.5/(7.5-1.5) = 25% % Break-even sales change in units =5000*25% =1250 Total Break-even sales=5000+1250= 6250 Change in Profit for 40% increase in sales=......

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...The Swing How do you like to go up in a swing,  Up in the air so blue?  Oh, I do think it the pleasantest thing  Ever a child can do!  Up in the air and over the wall,  Till I can see so wide,  River and trees and cattle and all  Over the countryside--  Till I look down on the garden green,  Down on the roof so brown--  Up in the air I go flying again,  Up in the air and down!  Robert Louis Stevenson Because I Could Not Stop for Death( personification) Top of Form Because I could not stop for Death, He kindly stopped for me; The carriage held but just ourselves And Immortality. We slowly drove, he knew no haste, And I had put away My labour, and my leisure too, For his civility. We passed the school where children played, Their lessons scarcely done; We passed the fields of gazing grain, We passed the setting sun. We paused before a house that seemed A swelling of the ground; The roof was scarcely visible, The cornice but a mound. Since then 'tis centuries; but each Feels shorter than the day I first surmised the horses' heads Were toward eternity. The poem by Emily Dickinson "Because I could not stop for Death" is know to be one of the best poems in English. Every image extends and intensifies each other. But there are some pro and cons in this poem. The poem helps us to characterize and bring death down to a more personal level. It shows a different perspective of death that the more popular views of death being brutal......

Words: 1659 - Pages: 7