Sumbal

In: Business and Management

Submitted By waqasrazapak
Words 1366
Pages 6
Extension and Revision of the von Baeyer System for Naming Polycyclic Compounds (Including Bicyclic Compounds)
(IUPAC Recommendations 1999)

Synopsis, Preamble, VB-1 to VB-5

Contents of Section
Synopsis
Preamble
VB-1 Definitions and Terminology
VB-2 Main Ring
VB-3 Naming Hydrocarbon Bicylic Systems
VB-4 Numbering of Bicyclic Systems
VB-5 Main Bridge
References for this Section
[pic]
Synopsis
These recommendations document the von Baeyer system for naming polycyclic ring systems described in Rules A-31, A-32 and B-14 of the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F and H, 1979 and R-2.4.2 of A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, 1993 and extend the system to cover more complex cases. It provides guidance on the naming of ring systems which previously the rules did not cover. The method is to identify the main ring and main bridge which provide the basic bicyclic system and to number these atoms. Then all further bridges, whether or not they include additional atoms, are identified by indicating not only the number of atoms but also the two atoms to which the bridge is attached. The final name also indicates the number of rings and the total number of skeletal atoms in the ring system. Heteroatoms, unsaturation and substituents are indicated in the usual way.
Preamble
This system of naming polycyclic compounds was first developed for bicyclic compounds by von Baeyer (ref 1) and was extended to tricyclic systems by Buchner and Weigand (ref 2). Von Baeyer nomenclature was adopted by Patterson (ref 3) in his work for IUPAC on ring nomenclature which was used in the Ring Index (ref 4) and by the Chemical Abstracts Service Index Guide, Appendix IV, ¶ 155, 161, 184 (ref 5). IUPAC extended von Baeyer nomenclature in the current rules, see rules A-31, A-32 (hydrocarbons), B-14 (heterocyclic compounds) plus examples in B-6.1,…...

Similar Documents

Bba-Honors

...BBA MERIT LIST FOR BBA(Hons) Program FALL 2012 SEMESTER Ref No Name 1 ABDUL REHMAN 2 HESHAM NAEEM 3 SUMBAL EJAZ 4 MUHAMMAD ZAIN AKRAM 6 HAMMAD SHAHID 7 AWAIS-UL-HASSAN EJAZ 8 HASHIR ALI 9 MUHAMMAD SAAD SALEEM 10 NOUMAN FARRUKH 14 FARA SHABBIR 15 MUHAMMAD AHMAD LODHI 16 WAJID TALAL 17 MOHAMMAD SHAKIR KHAN 19 MOHSIN RIAZ 24 MAAZ NAZAR 25 MUHAMMAD SALMAN KHAN 27 ALI MAQSOOD 28 SEHBA FAYYAZ 30 SANA YAHYA 31 MUHAMMAD KAMRAN MANZOOR 32 HAFIZ JHANZAB ANJUM 33 ASLAM IRSHAD 34 MUHAMMAD SOHAIB ANWER 35 MUHAMMAD KHURRAM SAEED 42 HAMMAD SADDIQUE 43 SAAD DANIYAL MUSSADIQ 50 ABDUL WALEED BUTT 51 ZUBAIR TANVEER 52 SAJID KHALID 53 SULAIMAN DAWOOD 54 HUNAIN FAISAL 55 TAMOOR SADIQ 56 MUHAMMAD ABEER AZMAT 57 MUHAMMAD BILAL SAJJAD 58 HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ASHIR 61 MUHAMMAD MURAD NAWAZ 64 NAYAB MAZHAR 65 FAIZAN KHALID 66 ARBAAZ ALI KHAN 67 MUHAMMAD UZAIR UL HASSAN 68 KHISAL IFTIKHAR 70 HAMZA KHALID BUTT 74 FAREEHA NADEEM 75 ABAD HAYEE 78 NAMRA SOHAIL 79 ABEER JALEEL DAR 80 MUHAMMAD KHIZER ASHFAQ 81 USAMA AKMAL 85 TALAL QASIM 89 MUHAMMAD JUNAID 90 MUHAMMAD SAJID 92 MAHNOOR MURTAZA 93 YAMAN SHARIF 96 RASHID IQBAL 97 KHATIJA SHAFIQ 98 AMMAR 99 USMAN AZAM 101 SAYED MUHAMMAD ANAS ZAIDI 103 ABDUL RAHEEM QAZI 104 WAQAS NADEEM 107 AREEBA WASEEM 112 HAMID ALI 113 AYESHA SATTAR 115 JAHNZEB IQBAL 117 AIMAN 118 HUSSNAIN SAFDAR 120 DURRAB NADEEM 122 IRFAN SHAHID 125 SABA BAQAI 126 MUHAMMAD FARRUKH NAWAZ 127 ABDUL HASEEB 128 MUHAMMAD SOHAIB......

Words: 3090 - Pages: 13

Paper on Marketing

...Arshad Muhammad Farhan Younas Muhammad Waseem Hafiz Attiqur Rehman Asif ALI Muhammad Muddsar Iqbal Muhammad Arshad Muhammad Younas Muhammad Nasir Nasir Abbas Khalid Pervez Muhammad Sagheer BISE F.Sc B.Com DVM F.Sc FSc Do Annual Annual Semester Annual Annual 690/1100 0.66 2011-ag-2564 2011-ag-3778 2011-ag-1360 2010-ag-2434 2009-ag-3259 2011-ag-3872 Morning Evening evening Morning Morning Evening 64 percent MBA Regular 60% DVM 73 61 B.Sc 1st B.Sc 1st B.Sc hons B. Sc. (Hons.) 1st DVM 8th M.Sc RS B.Sc(Hons) HND 1ST Semester Munib Sajid Umar Farooq Sajid Mehmood Allah Ditta BISE F.Sc Do Annual 2.98 0.68 70 70 72% 72.545 2009-ag-2061 2011-ag-3596 Morning Morning Aleem Raza HAMZA JAMEEL SUMBAL NIAZ Ayesha Ashraf Hammad Shafiq Muhammad Sarwar M.JAMEEL NIAZ AHMED Ashraf Mehmood Muhammad Shafiq Bsc DVM 6th M.Sc RS F.Sc (Pre-Med) F.Sc.(pre Med.) Smester semester SEMESTER Annual ANNUAL 3.51 Bsc 6th M M F F M 2009-ag-2607 2008-ag-2877 2010-AG-91 2011-ag-4073 2011-ag-4236 Morning MORNING MORNING Morning Evening Majid sufyan Faisal Nadeem KASHIF SHOAIB ALI AHMAD SABIR Misbah Hayat Bhati hafiz wahab ullah AMIR MUNIR Sarmad Mattu Rao Qasim Ali Mahboob Alam Karamat Ali MUHAMMAD SHOAIB MIR SAIF ULLAH Muhammad Hayat Bhatti ansar mahmood M UNIR Ch.Saleem Mattu Rao Mukhtar Ahmad B. Sc. (Hons.) B.Sc.((Hons.) F.SC. b.com BSC 2rd DVM 2nd bsc F.Sc semester Semester ANNUAL Semester Semester Semester......

Words: 32408 - Pages: 130

Chemistrt

...Upper Siran TABLE 2 Wild Plants Available with the Traditional Healers in Local Markets Botanical & (local name) Abutilon indicum (Kangi) Acacia modesta (Phulai) Acacia nilotica (Kikar) Achillea millefolium (Birangesif) Achyranthes aspera (Lainda) Aconitum heteropyllum (Patris) Acorus calamus (Warch) Adiantum capillus-veneris (Pershosha) Amaranthus viridis (Gunyar) Artemisia maritimia (Dugchao) Arundu donax (Nari/Tanda) Aesculus indica (Bankhore) Anethum sowa (Jangli soya) Aloevera (Kanwar) Apium graveolens (Amund) Artemisia absinthium (Chaw) Asparagus officinalis (Shahghandal/ Nanoor) Asparagus adsendens (Safid muesli) Asparagus racemosus (Shahghandal/Nanoor) Atropa belladonna (Cheela lubar) Bauhinia variegate (Kalyari) Berberis lyceum (Sumbal) Bergenia ligulata (But pewa) Boerhavia diffusa (Itsit) Bombax ceiba (Sambal) Calotropis procera (Aak) Cannabis sativa (Bhang) Capparris Spinosa (Karir) Carum carvi (Kango) Ethnomedicinal uses 93 Downloaded By: [University of Leicester] At: 19:20 3 April 2009 Expectorant, diuretic, oral contraceptive, abortifacient, anti-asthmatic Dental cavities, rheumatism, snake bite, diuretic, hemostat Cardiotonic, diuretic, skin diseases Toothache, tonic, dysentery Rheumatism, opthalmia Purgative, toothache, emetic, specific for guinea worms, rheumatism Tonic, astringent, febrifuge, hepatic, laxative, menorrhagia Demulcent, expectorant, diuretic, tonic, emmenagogue, febrifuge Emollient, scorpion sting & snake bite. Leaf decoction used to treat......

Words: 4308 - Pages: 18

Management

... | |M. R. Mehkari |Acting President & Chief Executive | |Brig (R) Muhammad Shiraz Baig |Director | |Brig (R) Asmat Ullah Khan Niazi |Director | |Brig (R) Muhammad Bashir Baz |Director | |Brig (R) Shaukat Mahmood Chaudhari |Director | |Zafar Alam Khan Sumbal |Director | |Muhammad Najam Ali |Director | |Muhammad Afzal Munif |Director | |Tariq lqbal Khan Director |(NIT Nominee) | |A. J. Mubbashar |Company Secretary | 3. Audit Committee |Brig (R) Asmat Ullah Khan......

Words: 5787 - Pages: 24

Water Poor Community

...instances available to everyone and they are easy to be accomplished to maintain or improve the quality of the water sources, such as put trash into a trash can instead of littering, do not pollute the river and sea, dispose of hazardous materials correctly, minimize the use of chemical or unnatural fertilizers and so forth. With these methods, the quality of the water is maintained and improved gradually within the positive actions by individuals. In conclusion, water is a crucial component that keeps a human alive although there are still a lot of people in the world are lacking access of purified and nutritious water. Despite, there are still ways to save them from this crisis of mortality. References: * Sadia Jabeen, Qaisar Mahmood, Sumbal Tariq, Bahadar Nawab and Noor Elahi. Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad. 2011. Health Impact Caused by Poor Water and Sanitation in District Abbottabad. Department of Pharmacology, Ayub Medical College. Abbottabad, Pakistan (www.ayubmed.edu.pk/JAMC/23-1/Sadia.pdf). * Al Bawaba (Middle East) Ltd. 2013. 334 Million People in Sub-Sahara Africa Lack Access to Clean Water – Wateraid http://search.proquest.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/1319516573?accountid=10382 * AmberAfshan. 2013. Effects of Lack of Clean Drinking Water on People of Pakistan http://www.studymode.com/essays/Effects-Of-Lack-Of-Clean-Drinking-1486436.html * Carolyn O'Neil, MS, RD. 2011. How......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Impacts of Using Day Care Facility on Children Due to Maternal Employment

...Impacts of using day care facility on children due to maternal employment Methods of Business Research Submitted by Sumbal Syed MBA 14 14-1220 Research Title: Impacts of using day care facility on children due to maternal employment. Introduction In the past few years there has been an increase in trend for women to be pursuing a career, and hence, working mothers are bound to use daycare facilities to assist them in managing their children along with other responsibilities. These children therefore get a divided share of family/home atmosphere as being part of bringing up. As part of this research project, I shall study the impact of day care facility on the children of working mothers. Keywords: Maternal employment, Working mothers, impacts of external child care, daycare facility, child care, career oriented mothers, physiological health factors, personality development. Problem statement Our problem statement shall primarily be “The effect of using day care facility on child care due to maternal employment.” In simpler words, we shall study the impact of the use of day care facilities by working mothers and its effects upon the upbringing of children. Objectives There is a need to identify if this increasing trend is beneficial for the children in the long run or not. Thus, basic objective of the research shall be to conduct a study and conclude the following: 1. Identify their mental and physiological health factors affecting the......

Words: 7775 - Pages: 32

Gordon Biersch Brewing Company

...Bahria university Karachi campus Business plan Art on wheel Group members: Anjali Pinjani Aqsa Rajput Hina Kumari Samia Irshad Sumbal Saleem TABLE OF CONTENTS Description of Business: 3 1.0 Executive Summary 3 Business Idea: 6 Type of Organization 7 Marketing and sales strategy 7 Key success factors: 8 Short-term business goals: 8 Long-term business goals: 8 Mission 9 Vision 9 Socially responsible organization. 10 4.0 Opportunity Analysis & Research 10 Target customer: 11 4.1 Industry Analysis 11 Future Outlook and Trends 12 Market Segmentation 12 Industry and Market Forecast 13 4.2 Environmental Analysis 13 SWOT Analysis 13 Competitive Analysis 14 Analysis of Competitors 14 5.1 Products/Services 17 Products 17 2.2 Services 19 Meeting customer needs: 20 Pricing 21 Type of Payment 21 5.3 Promotion 22 Publicity for your organization 25 Public Relations & Publicity 25 Distribution 26 Access routes : 26 6.0 Management & Operations 27 6.1 Management Team 27 6.2 Research & Development 29 6.3 Facilities 30 Machinery and Equipment 30 Technology Utilization 30 Inventory, Production, & Quality Assurance 30 Production process 30 Production-distribution channel 31 Flow of Orders 31 7.0 Financial Analysis & Projections 34 Record keeping system. 34 7.1 Sources & Uses of Capital 34 Cash reserve & start-up capital: 35 Sources of financing 36 Bootstrap......

Words: 10031 - Pages: 41

Internship Report

...any competitor with respect to pricing of services, profit rates and / or marketing policies, which may adversely affect the Bank’s business. • Employees must not accept gifts, business entertainment or other benefits from a customer or a supplier / vendor, which appear or may appear to compromise commercial or business relationship. • Employees must remain alert and vigilant with respect to frauds, thefts or illegal activities committed within the Bank premises. Chapter 2: Corporate Information: Director’s profile: ❖ Lt. Gen. Nadeem Taj Chairman/Executive Director ❖ Lt. Gen. (R) Imtiaz Hussain Executive Director ❖ Maj. Gen. (R) Saeed Ahmed Khan Executive Director ❖ Mr. Zafar Alam Khan Sumbal Executive Director ❖ Mr. Muhammad Riyazul Haque Non-Executive Independent Director ❖ Mr. Shahid Mahmud Non-Executive Independent Director ❖ Mr. Ali Noormahomed Rattansey, FCA Non-Executive Independent Director ❖ Dr. Bashir Ahmad Khan Non-Executive Independent Director ❖ Mr. Wazir Ali Khoja (NIT Nominee) Non-Executive Independent Director ❖ Mr. M. R. Mehkari President/Chief Executive Audit Committee: ❖ Dr. Bashir Ahmad Khan Chairman ❖ Mr. Ali Noormahomed Rattansey, FCA Member ❖ Mr. Wazir Ali Khoja Member Auditor: ❖ KPMG Taseer Hadi & Co Chartered Accountants Legal advisor: ❖ Rizvi, Isa, Afridi & Angell Registrar & Share Transfer Office ❖ M/s THK......

Words: 11795 - Pages: 48