Free Essay

Study Habits

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mahalmo
Words 3992
Pages 16
COMMUNICATION AND EVALUATION IN PLANNING

I. COMMUNICATION IN EDUCATIONAL PLANNING

INTRODUCTION

Educational planning is as old as state education, that is, much older than economic planning. Until comparatively recent times, however, educational planning was haphazard rather than deliberate, a matter for local rather than central government, concern with individual educational systems, and no effort was ever made to state the objectives that planning was supposed to satisfy. The Second World War change all that: the post-war explosion in the demand for education, the new interest in central economic planning, the obsession in growth rates with both developed and developing countries combined to promote a new attitude to the administration of education. Educational planning by the State with the purpose of promoting economic objectives is now as universally approved as economic planning itself.

Consider the curious predicament of an educational planner who consults the fast-growing literature on the economics of education for guidance in making policy decisions. On the one hand, he is told to gear the expansion of the educational system to quantitative forecast of the demand for highly-qualified manpower. On the other hand, he is urged to project what id quaintly called.

I.I GENERAL PRINCIPLES

The issue of communication has been a subject of interest and curiosity ever since the beginnings of human society. It took centuries to explore the working mechanisms of communication, to systemize communication and to give it a framework so to speak. Furthermore, communication tools and new tasks appeared on the scene, including e-government. In order to utilise the most up-to-date communication possibilities, we have to get acquainted with the general basic rules that drive an govern communication.
The limits and boundaries of communication are not firmly set, they are expandable, and they should be expanded, too. This science is not finished, there are no theses, there are no rules carved in stone, but every new practice that stands the test of thesis-synthesis-antithesis can widen and extent our knowledge. The tools of communication get wider and take new shapes daily, the development of IT and telecommunication create new challenges for the users to face, and if they wish to use them efficiently, they need to increase their knowledge on communication on the daily basis.
On top of that, development involves change, new ways of doing things. Will people have the confidence to make a project work? Will they acquire the new knowledge and skills they need? How can barriers of illiteracy be overcome? Communication media and techniques can be powerful tools to advise people about new ideas and methods, to encourage adoption of those ideas and methods, and to improve training overall.

A decisive role can be played by communication in promoting human development in today's new climate of social change. As the world moves towards greater democracy, decentralization and the market economy, conditions are becoming more favourable for people to start steering their own course of change. But it is vital to stimulate their awareness, participation and capabilities. Communication skills and technology are central to this task, but at present are often underutilized. Policies are needed that encourage effective planning and implementation of communication programmes.
Communication is a two-way process of giving and receiving information through any number of channels. Whether one is speaking informally to a colleague, addressing a conference or meeting, writing a newsletter article or formal report, the following basic principles apply: * Know your audience. * Know your purpose. * Know your topic. * Anticipate objections. * Present a rounded picture. * Achieve credibility with your audience. * Follow through on what you say. * Communicate a little at a time. * Present information in several ways. * Develop a practical, useful way to get feedback. * Use multiple communication techniques.
Communication is complex. When listening to or reading someone else's message, we often filter what's being said through a screen of our own opinions. One of the major barriers to communication is our own ideas and opinions.
There's an old communications game, telegraph, that's played in a circle. A message is whispered around from person to person. What the exercise usually proves is how profoundly the message changes as it passes through the distortion of each person's inner "filter."
Principles of Effective Persuasion
Whether making a formal presentation at a meeting or writing a report or fact sheet, the following principles hold. * Do not oversell or overstate your case. Make effective use of understatement. * Outline the topic you are trying to cover into two parts. The first part should give broad background information, while the second part provides a detailed summary. * Persuasion depends on clarity and simplicity. Avoid the use of jargon and buzz words. * Be prepared to back up claims or facts immediately. * Incorporate major anticipated objections into your program or presentation. * Address all relevant aspects of a topic, especially those that may affect the functioning of an organization. * Use graphics and audiovisuals appropriately. * Consider ways to get meaningful input from people. Find out what they think about the innovation or change.
Planning Stages is divided into three stages: 1. Plan Formulation * the stages of strategic management that involves the planning and decision making that lead to the establishment of the organization’s goal and of a specific strategic plan.

2. Plan Implementation * The stage of strategic management that involves the use of managerial and organizational tools to direct resources toward achieving strategic outcome.

3. Plan Evaluation * Evaluation and implementation should simultaneously be undertaken to diagnose the status of the plan.

General Rules on Communication
Mankind was created in such a way that he be capable of transmitting his thoughts, feelings, emotions, wishes and requests to another person, and be capable of receiving and decoding such messages. The process whereby people receive and send messages is called communication. Just to be complete we must also say that the development of technology made it possible for us to communicate not only with people, but also with machines.
The term “communication” comes from Latin: Communitas = community, communicative Communicatio = making public, transmitting thoughts Communication is transmitting information and meaning from one person to another. This can happen between two people, between one person and several persons, or in the wider scene between organisations. By definition, just transmitting information is not yet communication because an important element – the reception and understanding of the message – is missing. Thus the main difference between news and information is that information is a communication tool that is fulfilled only if the sender and the recipient are synchronised (meaning that there is understanding between them).
Communication assumes a higher level of intellectual activity and also some organisation activities, though it cannot be considered exclusively as human activity. We have seen a number of examples to communication between animals or even plants, and in our modern era between people and machines, or between people and the virtual world.

Some General Rules on Communication 1. Personal or impersonal communication should refer both to action and rationale. 2. To achieve goals, points of appeal in communication vary among different group of people; to some prestige and authority; to others, cold logic and still to some others, the challenge of involvement or participation. 3. When messages are complex, the conference type of communication process is effective. 4. Vertical communication should be two-way-down-up and up-down. If higher echelons recognize the importance of reliable feedback and encourage subordinates to be analytical and critical on the plans, distortions will be minimized. 5. The importance of horizontal communication should be recognized and built into an organization. 6. Feedback should be broad-based and should yield information from various sources favorable or unfavorable to the views of decision makers. This is a very important part of communication because it can reduce the possibility of distortion of both the sent and received messages. This turns one-way communication to two-way communication, giving a chance to the reactions of the recipient.
On the other hand, as opposed to certain other interpretations, we have to accept that feedback, even if it is not always clear, is always present and working between the coder and the decoder. Based on feedback we can decide whether communication reached its purpose or not, do we perhaps need some more additional information or not. Face-to-face communication makes direct feedback possible (verbal or nonverbal), but in other cases indirect feedback (e.g.: drop in production, lack of discipline) indicate the failure of communication.
Feedback should be obtained from all relevant groups such as: * Those who are ultimately affected, like teachers or students. * Those who are part of the machinery/agency formulating or implementing the plan. * Those who are directly or indirectly concerned such as parents, other educators, politicians, social leaders and others.

An important element of taking in information. Emotional charge could play an important role here too, because if the information is too hasty, premature or of a rejecting-pejorative nature, the listener can make a value judgement even before listening to the whole message, taking it out of context, or simply switching off before all the information necessary to judge it is given. Reception is often characterised by selective attention. The point is that we try to take out of the message all that is positive information for us. At the same time we try to avoid whatever may threaten us and does not support our security and ideas, or whatever is incompatible with our preconceived idea of the truth. Here we need to refer to the role of the personal filter again. So, resistance can lead to re-interpretation or rejection in connection with the so called “discordant information”.
Regarding the above, the psychological and mechanical forces that could be the barriers to communication may play a very important role. These factors are certainly the major barriers to communication aimed at changing people’s minds and opinions. Ambiguous situations cause stress and anxiety in people. Most people want stable situations and try to preserve them, therefore they reject and revaluate any contrary information, or they simply disregard it.
If we want successful communication when trying to communicate something in order to change people’s (of group of people's) minds or behaviour, we have to consider the expectable reaction and motivations of people with the necessary empathy when giving them information.
Efficient communication is often hindered also by how people see certain sources of information regarding their content or form. As for the content of information, people usually prefer the ones with which they can identify and which support their own views, and also those which best correspond to their own situations, education, age, and emotional attitudes. One of the reasons for this is that it is easier for them to understand. This affects greatly the selection of information sources. Often we see that people tend to judge the information-carrying media upon formalities. For instance: when they are given brochures, the feel underestimated. The same could happen with certain announcements and pieces of news: we feel they are just “empty propaganda” or “blah-blah”, etc

I.2 PLANNING AS A PROCESS OF CONTINUING CONSULTATION

Planning is the legal framework and process by which the future of cities, towns and the countryside is decided upon and controlled. Development is controlled at a local level by the Local Authority’s Planning Department. Consultation is an important part of the Planning process in that it helps ensure that projects can demonstrate they are in the public interest.

The First Draft of the Plan
The first draft of your plan will be primarily organizing everything you’ve already compiled according to the structure provided by your guide. The first draft of the plan is generally an elaboration and logical arrangement of decisions made by the planning committee. It was observed that the language of the draft seemed to advocate the precautionary principle, rather than remaining informative and neutral. This raised the question of whether or not it would be appropriate to openly favour use of the precautionary principle. One member questioned the need to remain neutral. However, the view was also expressed that it would be possible and preferable to remain neutral while still pointing to certain areas in which the precautionary principle would be useful. It was also acknowledged that it is difficult to defend the blanket application of the precautionary principle in all fields and in all contexts. One speaker observed that the first draft does indeed already indicate some areas in which the precautionary principle would be of use.
Objectives of the first Draft * To achieve a measure of internal consistency among the different programs and projects conspiring the plan. * To indicate through systematic costing and cost-analysis the adequacy of available resources. * To suggest an order priority by project. * To analyze cost/benefit ratios, cost-effectiveness and economic feasibility of the whole plan and of specific projects included in the plan.

The Second draft of the Plan
It will embody the revised strategies and policies. The second draft will be the basis for: * Professional criticism by statutory, advisory and operational boards within the DECS * Discussion with agencies controlling various aspects of education * Consultation with representatives of institutional administrators, parents, teachers, student organizations and others * Negotiations with Central Planning Organization (NEDA) and the specialized major committees within its board as well as private agencies * Assessment of political reactions

Your first draft will have lots of holes and inconsistencies. In the second draft, you will eliminate them so that the plan reads well and appears to be complete. In terms of effort, this draft will be the most intense. You will need to go to many sources of secondary market research to compile market statistics and do competitive analysis. You will go through the financial forecasting process in excruciating detail. The resultant numbers look reasonable and attractive, and reflect a need for an appropriate amount of capital.
This is a lot of hard work. It takes a lot of time. You will be proud of your work product. It reads well. It makes a compelling case. It contains what it should, where it should, according to your business planning guide. Varying Public Reaction
Expanding a limited empirical base on effects of risk comparisons, a pilot experiment explored how varying elements of such comparisons might influence public response. So that one should not become disappointed, feel lukewarm and discourage with the with the public or lose faith in the effectiveness of consulting them.

Third Draft of the Plan

PLAN EVALUATION

First, we'll consider "what is a program?" Typically, organizations work from their mission to identify several overall goals which must be reached to accomplish their mission. In nonprofits, each of these goals often becomes a program. Nonprofit programs are organized methods to provide certain related services to constituents, e.g., clients, customers, patients, etc. Programs must be evaluated to decide if the programs are indeed useful to constituents. In a for-profit, a program is often a one-time effort to produce a new product or line of products.

So, still, what is program evaluation? Program evaluation is carefully collecting information about a program or some aspect of a program in order to make necessary decisions about the program. Program evaluation can include any or a variety of at least 35 different types of evaluation, such as for needs assessments, accreditation, cost/benefit analysis, effectiveness, efficiency, formative, summative, goal-based, process, outcomes, etc. The type of evaluation you undertake to improve your programs depends on what you want to learn about the program. Don't worry about what type of evaluation you need or are doing -- worry about what you need to know to make the program decisions you need to make, and worry about how you can accurately collect and understand that information.

An evaluation plan is a written document that states the objectives of the evaluation, the questions that will be answered, the information that will be collected to answer these questions, and when collection of information will begin and end. You can think of the evaluation plan as the instructions for the evaluation. This plan can be used to guide you through each step of the evaluation process because it details the practices and procedures for successfully conducting your evaluation. lan evaluation consists of two main steps---verification and rating. Plan verification involves determining whether or not a plan is capable of meeting the design specification. The main research issue in plan verification is determining the achievable manufacturing accuracy and comparing it with the design tolerances and surface finishes. Plan rating involves assigning a merit to the plan. If alternative plans exist, ratings are used to select the best plan.

Why is evaluation important in the Educational Enterprises?
While it is widely claimed that Enterprise Education has substantial positive impacts on participants, teachers and schools, these claims are generally anecdotal and based on experience, rather than robust data. Despite extensive investment in Enterprise Education by many governments around the world, the evidence base is somewhat patchy, with only a few scientifically grounded studies of impact.
This evaluation is an important step in understanding the impact of the Department’s funding for Enterprise Education. It is crucial that the Department understands the range of activities provided and their effectiveness, especially in terms of the valued added by these funds. Here, the results from the research present a national picture of provision including use of funds and the impact for pupils as well as potential longer-term benefits for the economy.

Features of a Plan Evaluation Process 1. Relevance – the plan evaluation process applies criteria valid for the measurement of the plan’s objectives. 2. Credibility – the same process is convincing and is not charge with biases. 3. Timeliness – evaluation should continue throughout the implementation of a plan, and its results should be available when decisions have to be taken. 4. Efficiency – the evaluation should aim the minimizing its own cost and and maximizing its output.

TYPES OF PLAN EVALUATION
There are at least three types of plan evaluation. The summative evaluation, performance evaluation and the evaluation done on a continuing program.

The Summative Evaluation assess program outcomes or impacts. To determine the relationship of different factors to outcomes, similar to formative evaluations, some information used in summative evaluations is collected early in the life of a program (e.g., baseline data, test scores). Unlike formative evaluations, however, a portion of the information is collected after the program has been completely implemented and adequate time has passed to expect outcomes to occur. In terms of evaluating educational technology, a summative evaluation might ask if teacher technology skills improved as a result of a professional development activity, if teachers are using technology to a greater extent in their instruction, or if technology improved student motivation or performance.

Some advantages of summative evaluations include: * They can, if designed correctly, provide evidence for a cause-and-effect relationship. * They assess long-term effects. * They provide data on impacts. * They can provide data on change across time.

The Evaluation Performance is a system for faculty evaluation is presented that suggests a performance middle ground appropriate to the realities of teaching while promoting the values associated with performance-based evaluation: measurability, objectivity, integration of performance with recognition and compensation, flexibility in application, discrimination among performance levels, and greater emphasis on achievement and motivation.

Issues in Program Evaluation 1. Program objectives and inputs to be evaluated. 2. Priority setting of several objectives 3. The need for local persons to be present when participation in program evaluation is discussed. 4. The technical design of the evaluation 5. The evaluation process. 6. The usefulness of the evaluation
Who are involved In the Evaluation of Plan?
In general the more people involved the better. That way you get more informed and diverse opinions about the program you’re gathering information on. Deciding who is appropriate to involve in your program evaluation is an important part of the planning and generally involves balancing what is feasible (what you have time and resources for) and what is best.

The Expert-Driven Approach
In the expert-driven approach to program evaluation, one or more outside evaluators are given full responsibility for conducting the evaluation including: defining evaluation objectives; designing the evaluation methodology; collecting and analyzing information; and formulating their own conclusions and recommendations about the program. Many people believe that the use of outside evaluators assures that the evaluation will be more “objective.”
In many cases, however, when responsibility for program evaluation is delegated to outside evaluation “specialists” they adopt a top-down, doctor-patient relationship with program staff. Often program staff is excluded from the process and the aura of secrecy which this creates, can make them feel suspicious and uncomfortable. The use of sophisticated data collection and analysis techniques reinforces the idea that the program must depend on an evaluation expert to carry out the exercise. Frequently, evaluation results are not easily understood by program personnel, nor readily applicable to their work. All of these factors can contribute to program staff’s disinterest and even alienation from an evaluation activity. In more traditional approaches to evaluation, evaluation “experts” often reject the involvement of program staff in the evaluation of their own programs. In many cases, when responsibility is delegated to evaluation experts to define the orientation of an evaluation, program staff resents being excluded and, therefore, either ignores or criticizes “the evaluators’ findings and recommendations.”

The Participatory Approach
In a participatory approach to program evaluation, an evaluation coordinator, often from outside the program or organization, works in partnership with program “stakeholders” in all phases of the evaluation process. Program stakeholders are those individuals who have a stake in how the evaluation comes out. They are persons who will later make decisions and use the information generated by the evaluation. Exactly who the program stakeholders are will vary from one situation, or evaluation, to another. In each instance evaluation planners will have to decide who the appropriate stakeholders are and to what extent some or all of them should be involved. Involving a larger rather than smaller number of people is not necessarily better. Also, it is important to remember that not all stakeholders will be interested or able to participate in this time-consuming exercise.

In a participatory approach the evaluation coordinator collaborates with program “stakeholders” to define the evaluation objectives, to develop the evaluation methodology, to collect and interpret information and to develop conclusions and recommendations. In this approach, the evaluation coordinator’s role is not only to structure and facilitate each step in the evaluation process but also to contribute as a full member of the evaluation team. In the participatory approach, the role of the stakeholders is: to share their experiences working with the program; to participate in collecting additional information about program implementation; to work with the evaluation team to analyze both the data collected and the experiences described; and to formulate conclusions about the program strategy and outcomes. In this approach, it is assumed that the quality of the evaluation will be better if the results reflect both the subjective perspective of program implementers and the more objective perspective of an outside evaluator. A participatory evaluation is based on the assumption that the stakeholders’ involvement will help ensure that the evaluation addresses the appropriate issues and will give them a sense of ownership over the evaluation results. It has been shown that stakeholder involvement also leads to greater use of evaluation results by program decision-makers and implementers. In addition, the participatory approach constitutes a learning experience for the program stakeholders who are involved. It reinforces their skills in program evaluation. In addition, it increases their understanding of their own program strategy, its strengths and weaknesses. Another benefit of the participatory evaluation is that the interactive evaluation process itself can contribute to improved communication between program actors who are working at different levels of program implementation.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...229 EFFECTIVE STUDY HABITS IN EDUCATIONAL SECTOR: COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS. OGBODO, Rosemary Ochanya PhD Continuous Education FCT College of Education Zuba. Abuja email: rosemaryochanyaogbodo@yahoo.com Abstract The problem most students have that contributes to their poor performance in tests and examination is lack of proper study habit. For an excellent performance, there is need for the student to form good study habit. A student, who wants to study well, needs to choose a suitable place for his studies. Where to study is as important as what to study and how to go about studying. Productive study habits require learners to prepare personal time-table for themselves allocating a certain length of time for a particular subject, depending on how difficult each subject is. Different methods of studying are well explained here. Key Words: Counselling, Study habits, Reading habits, Education Introduction In School, high academic performance has been attributed to students‟ effective study habits. This is the reason why the teacher tries to adopt many techniques to help the students to learn. There will be a brief explanation of the topic, followed by the need for planning effective study habit programme. A description of the typology of study habits will be supported by recommendation for techniques of effective study habits. The counsellor‟s role in the formation of study habits will form the concluding section. The learner‟s Dictionary has defined study as a “mental effort......

Words: 3526 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Study Habits

...Different study habits of freshmen students in Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Research paper Presented to the College of Liberal Arts Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila In Partial Fulfilment Of the requirement for English 102 by Crisostomo, Jestine A. Tamayo, Joshua Untalan, Kane Errol TABLE OF CONTENTS Biographical Data Acknowledgment Table of Contents Abstract I. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Statement of the Problem 1.2 Importance of the Study 1.3 Scope and Limitation of the Study 1.4 Definition of Terms II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE III. METHODOLOGY A. Research design B. Research locale, sample and sampling technique C. Instrument D. Statistical analysis IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Chapter I INTRODUCTION Study habits are the ways that you study - the habits that you have formed during your school years. Good study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working every day. Bad study habits include skipping class, not doing your work, watching TV or playing video games instead of studying, and losing your work. It means you are not distracted by anything. Basically it means that you are doing the best you can to get the grades you want. Study Habit of every student is one of the most important factors that affect his or her understanding regarding a certain subject. It means, if a student possesses poor study habits,......

Words: 3047 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...Determinants of the Study Habits in Science Among High School Students of Columban College Barretto By: Christine May A. Torres Cristianne T. Fajardo A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirement for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education Major in General Science April 2006 Approval Sheet This Thesis entitled Determinants of the Study Habits in Science Among High School Students of Columban College Barretto prepared and submitted by Christine May A. Torres and Cristianne T. Fajardo in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education Major in General Science, has been examined and is recommended for the acceptance and approval. ___________________ Dr. Eric A. Matriano Supervisor/ Professor ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to extend our deepest gratitude and appreciation to those people who have plays significantly in the pursuance of this research without the help of these following people this research would have been in vain. To Dr. Eric A. Matriano, thank you for being such an inspiring adviser who have shared so much knowledge and wisdom. Thank you for the patience and time you provide us. To Dr. Lolita B. Regalario, our college dean, thank you very much for the word of wisdom. To our professors in Science subject, Dr. Dave Bueno, Mrs. Josh Santos and Ms.......

Words: 14399 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...student’s study techniques or simply “study habits” on how he/she will comprehend the topics discussed by his/her instructors. Based on the statement above, we can say that study habits play an important role in a student’s academic performance. “Study habits are the ways that you study – the habits that you have formed during your school years. It is one of the most important factors that affect his/her understanding regarding a certain subject. It can be good ones or bad ones. Good study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working every day. Bad study habits include skipping class, not doing your work, watching TV or playing video games instead of studying, and losing your work. It means you are not distracted by anything; you have a certain place to go where it is quiet everyday where you study and do homework the manner with which you consistently use to study for school or college.” Therefore, if a student possesses bad study habits, he/she has a greater chance of getting failing grades compared to a student who has good study habits. No one wants to get failing grades. All students definitely want to get a passing grade in all of their subjects. Some even aim for excellent grades. In the world of employment, educational attainment is a must but that may not be enough. Many companies prefer those applicants with an educational attainment combined with good academic performance. So, the students must study......

Words: 5514 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Study Habit

...* introduction Study habits are the ways that you study - the habits that you have formed during your school years. Study habits can be good ones, or bad ones. Good study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working every day. Bad study habits include skipping class, not doing your work, watching TV or playing video games instead of studying, and losing your work. It means you are not distracted by anything, you have a certain place to go where it is quiet everyday where you study and do homework. Basically it means that you are doing the best you can to get the grades you want. It means you are not distracted by anything, you have a certain place to go where it is quiet everyday where you study and do homework. The manner with which you consistently use to study for school or college or even for next day lesson plans if you're a teacher. Study Habit of every student is one of the most important factors that affect his or her understanding regarding a certain subject. It means, if a student possesses poor study habits, she has a greater chance of getting failing grades, if compare to a students who has a good study habit. But “habit” as it was defined from the Introduction to Psychology, means “a learned, or fixed way of behaving to satisfy a given motive”. By this definition alone, we can say that the person involves is the one making or forming his own habit. Maybe, habits can be affected by outside......

Words: 2290 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...& STUDIES The review of related literature for this study focuses on the factors affecting the study habits of high school students. The review focuses on identifying different factors that affect or cause changes in a student’s study habits. The chapter begins with a definition of study habits, followed by the significance, factors that affect study habits – student’s attitude, teachers, parents, etc. – and ways on how to improve one’s study habit. The research outcomes germane to study habits and a matching relation to grades, participation in class, and academic. DEFINITION OF STUDY HABITS According to Romeo M. Losare Jr. (2009) study habits simply mean how a pupil manages his/ her time in such a way that he/she can review and study regularly. He also said that Study habits are the ways that you study - the habits that you have formed during your school years. Study habits can be good ones, or bad ones. Good study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working every day. Bad study habits include skipping class, not doing your work, watching TV or playing video games instead of studying, and losing your work. Zenaida Honggang (2009) stated that study habits are flexible. It is anytime, anywhere learning. It is also anchored on by teaching on life skills beyond obtaining information. Richard J. Field (2006) agrees with the book Council for Exceptional Children (2005) which stated that study habits......

Words: 5696 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...Many experiences and studies found out that several factors of this study could absolutely change and affect the grades of the students. Not a single factor can definitely pointed out as a predicting grade. It has been interplay of so many factors – gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parent’s educational attainment, social status, number of siblings, birth order, etc. In fact, almost all of existing environmental and personal factors are a variable of academic performance. In this research study, focus is on the effect of study habits in the academic performance of students, specifically the second year BS Accountancy students. BS Accountancy is one of the toughest courses in the world. It is extremely specialized: the curriculum requires study sufficient for professional practice (often at the major-level) in financial accounting, management accounting, auditing, and taxation. The curriculum also includes general coverage of management and business mathematics, and intermediate coursework in business law and economics. Thus, in order for them to fulfill the requirement of the curriculum, accounting students needs to have a proper time management and study habits. Study habits, defined as the regular tendencies and practices that one depicts during the process of gaining information through learning. Studying itself was not that easy. It requires strategies and techniques to have a very effective study habits. There is no required study habit for everyone; it......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Study Habits

...How can we improve our study habits? Everyone has the experience students, starting from kindergarten to high school or university. For most people, it’s not hard to become a student, but becoming a student who has great grades is not easy. You must want to know what causing this difference. The answer is good study habits. In the process of schooling, many students actually don’t have good study habits. If you want to have a good score, the good study habits can help you more likely to achieve your goals. Improving our study habits can occur in three stages: developing learning habits, using four study skills and understanding the benefits of good habits. First of all, students should develop a way of learning. In fact, most of them don't realize that they don’t have completed good study habits. The article “Why ‘good’ study habit may be bad for learning” (2010) talks, "Clear a quiet work space. Stick to a homework schedule. Set goals. Set boundaries. Do not bribe." But this approach to home studying may be the result of "sketchy education research" and, as such, completely wrong.” This article shows us that our traditional sense of learning habit is not correct. Consequently, you might ask what good study habits are. The good study habits including setting a regular time to study that fits in with the student's family schedule; removing distractions; gathering necessary supplies; recording assignments in an assignment book or on a calendar; note-taking and organizing for......

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM INTRODUCTION Study Habit is a behavior in studying which is done by frequent repletion. It can develop one’s skills in studying which is very important among young individuals, especially on students in order to retain information learned in the present for their future benefits. It is also in which the student will make the same repetition so it will be easy to them for their studies. As they say, childhood years is the best time to start training an individual to study so that as he grows older, he will be able to do it habitually which is essential for his academic performance. Academic Performance indicates a student’s performance in different subject areas; on how active a student attends and participates in every school work and activities (such as examinations, quizzes, oral recitation, extracurricular activities, etc. ); how well he or she can meet the standards set out by the institution itself. Furthermore, it is the ability to study and remember facts; being able to study effectively and see how yourself in relation to facts; and being able to communicate your knowledge verbally or down on pape. The academic performance of a student is partly based on his or her study habits. According to the study of University of California (2007) when a student has an effective and good study habits, he or she can excel academically. http://www.scribd.com/doc/11822201/university-of-california/dialogue (retrived: Jan 22, 2014) The extent of......

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Study Habits

...Common Study Habits Among Students in the Tertiary Level In: People Common Study Habits Among Students in the Tertiary Level ABSTRACT The study investigated the common study habits among students in the tertiary level using school like St. Nicolas College as a case study. Thirty (30) students were given a questionnaire from different department and year level in the area. The instrument utilized for the study was a questionnaire named “Common Study Habits among Students in the Tertiary Level”. A hypotheses were tested and the result showed that some students like to get up early in the morning and study; most will say that late night studying is most productive, the preparations of students for their upcoming examinations. Data was analyzed using percentage. Based on the findings, students perform well in school simply because they have a good study habits. In some cases, students do not know where to begin, do not fully understand the material, are not motivated by it, or feel that there was too much work given to them with too little time to complete or study it. INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Research on the correlation between study habit and students in tertiary level has studied to find out the other possible effective study habits of a student. What are study habits? Study habits are the ways that you study - the habits that you have formed during your school years. Study habits can be good ones, or bad ones. Good study habits include being......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Study Habits

...motivation. It requires constant check-ups. It requires maintenance. Successful studying comes with your firm decision to succeed in doing it. Usually, you study because you need to (and sometimes you don’t even when you need to), but it’ll be better if you study because you really want to. When you don’t have to force yourself, only motivate. Adding desire to do studying is like adding a special ingredient to a dish. The dish will come out more delicious & more nutritious. You can’t gain any negative effect on studying. Having pimples and dark circles under your eyes don’t count. There are a lot of factors that affect the good study habits of students. In addition, these factors usually affect teenagers the most since during teenager years a person go through something called “the stage storm”. We can all expect lots of little things that compete with the student’s attention and attention to studying. Technology today is one of the greatest factors that affect the study habits of students. The time they spend on playing online games and posting to social media sites should have been invested to more productive activities. Of course it is not wrong to do those things but to do them excessively is. We can also trace a student’s poor study habits during her younger years. If his/her study habits are not developed well during preschool & elementary days, there’s a greater tendency for her to be uninterested in studying. Family problems, especially financial......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Study habits are the behaviors use when preparing for tests or learning academic material. Students have their own habitual practices that they used to help them study and learn. Good study habits can help students achieve and/or maintain good grades. Study habit of every student is one of the most important factors that affect his or her understanding regarding a certain subject. It means, if a student possesses poor study habits, she has a greater chance of getting failing grades, if compare to a student who has a good study habit. In this study, the students will know the better techniques and discipline on having a proper study habits, therefore their academic status will improve and they will have a chance to have a high grades. Statement of the problem The study aimed to know the Study Habits of the CBE students in TIP-QC. Specifically it sought answers to the following questions; 1. What is the profile of respondents? 2. Social economic status 1.1 Age; 1.2 Gender; 1.3 Civil status; 3. What is their learning materials available at home / learning facilities available at home? 4. What is the nature of relationship between students study habit and their family background? Assumption This study is conducted based on the following assumptions: 1.) That the students will set aside their study; 2.) That the students will be aware to their study habits; Importance of the Study Students.......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Study Habits

...ready to fail. Relationship between Study habit and Education has been proven since day 1. Since, study habit refers to the method or technique used by a certain student that effectively helps him or her in anchoring him or her on his studies. Given with this definition good study habit can literally mean a positive result on academic performance while inefficiency in study habit usually leads to academic failure. Several types of study habits, and several methods but this is all about their effectiveness in helping each student. Background of the study Study habit has a great effect in achieving a degree. A Good Study Habit is the key and this research aims to understand it in a deeper and more informative way. The study was conducted inside the Dr. Carlos S. Lanting College. With 49 respondents that answered survey questionnaires confidentially it shows a result that answers the questions formulated by the researchers. References had been gotten from internet and book from the Library of the Dr. Carlos S. Lanting College and also from other researchers particularly the students who’s currently in their 1st-3rd year. The researchers aim to investigate what appears to be one of the most helpful habits in studying. Statement of the problem This research aims to answer what is the most helpful or effective study habit of DCLC – BS Marine Engineering students to pass their courses. Specifically, this study sought to answer the following......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Study Habits

...STUDY HABITS OF THE GRADE-V AND GRADE-VI STUDENTS IN BALUARTE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, SCHOOL YEAR 2012-2013 A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the School of Education of Xavier University (Ateneo de Cagayan) Cagayan de Oro City In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Subject Educ 4: Introduction to Educational Research with Action Research Presented by: Amora, Sharicka Anne Veronica P. Bonote, Paulyn Y. Dupende, Dan Anthony M. Lopez, Conie Grace D. Retes, Hazel Mae P. Salapang, Junelyn March 16, 2013 APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled “STUDY HABITS OF THE GRADE-V AND GRADE-VI STUDENTS IN BALUARTE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, SCHOOL YEAR 2012-2013” prepared and submitted by Sharicka Anne P. Veronica Amora, Paulyn Y. Bonote, Dan Anthony M. Dupende, Conie Grace D. Lopez, Hazel Mae P. Retes and Junelyn Salapang in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the subject Educ 4: Introduction to Educational Research with Action Research, has been examined and is recommended for Oral Examination. Ms. Charity Rose B. Absin Adviser ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ PANEL OF EXAMINERS Approved by the committee on Oral Examination with a grade of......

Words: 18611 - Pages: 75

Premium Essay

Study Habit

...INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE & BIOLOGY 1560–8530/2002/04–3–370–371 http://www.ijab.org Relationship of Study Habits with Educational Achievements AISHA RIAZ, ASMA KIRAN AND NIAZ H. MALIK Division of Education and Extension, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad–38040, Pakistan ABSTRACT Study implies investigation for the mastery of facts, ideas or procedures that are yet unknown or only partially known to the individuals. A number of factors are associated with this cause, out of which the effectiveness of study habits occupies a pivotal place. In order to check the influence of study habits on the learning out comes of the students, a survey was conducted in the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad by interviewing all the 150 B.Sc. and M.Sc. Home Economics students. The results indicate a strong impact of study habits on the educational performance of learners. Key Words: Educational achievements; Schedule of study; Study habits INTRODUCTION The low understanding level accompanied by discouraging achievements of the students has become cause of great concern of our country and has bothered badly the educationists, parents, government and even the foreign countries at the eve of evaluating our students’ knowledge. The educationists have made a number of systematic efforts to find out the causes of deterioration and suggested remedies thereof. Almost all the commissions and education policies including 1999-2000 have not only acknowledged the......

Words: 1207 - Pages: 5