Societal Views

In: Social Issues

Submitted By wintteis298
Words 466
Pages 2
Societal Views

Both of the sociological perspectives help view society, each one has many similarities and differences. These two theories are the functionalist theory, and the conflict theory. The functionalist theory is an organized society with people that hold the same basic values and morals. The conflict theory is a concept that social is controlled and manipulated by powerful groups. Ultimate control of everything is based on money, wealth, and economic societal power. The two take very different approaches to understanding what society is like.
The functionalist theory was created by Robert Merton and Emilie Durkheim. The perspective views society as a combination of institutions, functions that create societal equality, stability and harmony. This means all the functions rely on each other; if one function changes, then so will all the others. This theory is based on natural science itself that’s positivism. This means if there are many problems they blame parts of society. The conflict theory was a perspective that emphasized inequality. Karl Marx was popular for developing this theory. He wanted capitalists to use their power by harbouring resources, and manipulate institutions like religion. Furthermore, thus alienates all the workers. This theory is limited to individuals and cannot observe wider societal situations. Conflict theory is highly undeveloped. If any problems arise this theory blames the entire system.
Both functionalism and conflict theory has in common and is that they both look at society on the “micro level” meaning both look at the bigger picture. Both functionalism and the conflict theory understand societies larger elements such as institutions. Functionalism thinks institutions create equality, stability and harmony. Whereas, the conflict theory believes institutions are used for capitalists to manipulate each other.…...

Similar Documents

Cross-Societal Comparison Report

...Cross-Societal Comparison Report Introduction This cross-societal report will discuss the comparisons between the Italian family structure and the Australian family structure in regards to the gender division of household labor, family authority and paid employment and education. This report looks at literature about the two cultures from a Euro/Western point of view and does not touch on the indigenous cultures of their countries. 1. Household labor division 1.1 The Italian household’s, labor division. It is generally deemed that Italians have large families with many children. In Italy when a child is born the mother or woman of the home will re-organise her life to accommodate the new arrival. Palomba and Sabbadini (1994, as cited in Hennon & Wilson, 2008) calculated that the arrival of each child will add an extra hour a day to the responsibilities of the mother. The more children an Italian family has the less time the mother has for her own basic needs. It is customary that the Italian woman reduces her hours of paid work to accommodate the needs of the family and the tasks of running a home. Instead of sharing the workload the Italian family man will increase his work commitments to accommodate the growth of the family and the loss of income (ibid). The young Italian male is raised in an environment where there are real differences in what each gender is expected to do to contribute to the home. The Italian male would not be expected to help out with ......

Words: 1546 - Pages: 7

Societal Norms vs. Change

...Name: Course: Date: Instructor: Societal Norms vs. Change People tend to stick to what they know, what has been normal and passed down to them from generations and apply these things to their own lives. Communities are simply afraid of change and afraid of the way it may affect their ways of living for the worst. Change will always affect different people and communities differently, whether it is positively or negatively. Following old traditions within small communities has both costs and benefits. The question is whether or not change could overcome both the benefits and costs of following old traditions within the community. According to Nancy Scheper-Hughes, an anthropologist and the author of The Anthropological Looking Glass, communities, such as small villages from Ireland like Ballybran, need to accept change to be able to learn the more modern ways of looking at situations. Scheper-Hughes critiques the Irish villager’s ways of living and, whether or not she actually noticed, compares this village to American way of living. Villages such as Ballybran may have a different way of living, but this does not necessarily mean it should be looked at as uncivilized or the wrong way, though change may have been a wise choice for the villagers, which Scheper-Hughes was trying to imply. Furthermore, Maxine Hong Kingston, the author of No Name Woman, emphasizes on the risks and effects of change when born into such a strict community such as a woman born into Chinese......

Words: 1891 - Pages: 8


...perform Hajj. These associations hand out the money to those who deserve it and who have never performed Hajj before. Dr. Ugail An-Nashmi, Dean of Shari'ah faculty: University of Kuwait, states, “An important principle of Islam is that everything belongs to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.” He describes zakah as “ both "purification" and "growth." He further writes, “Our possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need and for the society in general. Each Muslim calculates his or her own zakah individually. This involves the annual payment of a fortieth of one's capital, excluding such items as primary residence, car and professional tools.” This pilgrimage, Hajj, has made a societal impact for the world’s largest religious function. The economic, cultural, and political importance of this major annual gathering of Muslims from around the world has further increased with the advent of telecommunications and transport technologies (Hajj). Modern technology has been employed to facilitate the Hajj. A sophisticated broadcasting network has been installed to cope with the requirements of the Hajj. The safety and comfort of the Hajjis has become a major concern for the authorities, necessitated by their sheer volume in recent years. The newly laid floor tiles were made of specially developed heat-resistant marble, and to further ensure the comfort of worshippers the whole structure is cooled by one of the world's......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Societal Marketing

...MARKETING PRICIPLES AND CONCEPTS SOCIETAL MARKETING Effective internal marketing must be matched by a strong sense of social responsibility. Companies need to evaluate whether they are truly practicing ethical and socially responsible marketing. Several forces are driving companies to practice a higher level of corporate social responsibility: rising customer expectations, changing employee expectations, government legislation and pressure, investor interest in social criteria, and changing business procurement practices. The societal marketing concept holds that the organization's task is to determine the needs, wants, and interests of target markets and to deliver the desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently than competitors in a way that preserves or enhances the consumer's and the society's well-being. The societal marketing concept calls upon marketers to build social and ethical considerations into their marketing practices. They must balance and juggle the often conflicting criteria of company profits, consumer want satisfaction, and public interest. The societal marketing concept is an enlightened marketing concept that holds that a company should make good marketing decisions by considering consumers' wants, the company's requirements, and society's long-term interests. (It is closely linked with the principles of corporate social responsibility and of sustainable development). The concept has an emphasis on social responsibility and...

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Societal Expectations

...Societal expectations for acceptance. The way individuals choose to carry themselves in everyday life is affected by societal expectations. These societal expectations are sort of an unofficial guideline by which individuals live their lives. Whether it’s gender roles or just wanting to be accepted by others, people feel the need to “live” according to these guidelines. As time progresses so do the “guidelines” and if the individuals cannot keep up with these norms, they can be left behind or deemed as an outcast. Gender roles seem to be the most common. From the day a child is born societal norms are placed on them. For example a young boy’s room will be probably be blue and filled with sports items, while a young girls room will be pink and be filled with dolls and a play kitchen set. These small details, along with expectations, begin to shape their role in society. “Barbie Q” by Sandra Cisneros is a perfect example of societal expectations. In this short story Cisneros introduces two young girls who are playing with their Barbie dolls. The girls go into great detail when describing their dolls and the outfits the dolls are wearing. One can conclude that the girls are poor when the main character tells the reader that they only have one outfit for their dolls. They even had to make a dress from a sock because they could not afford other outfits. This is further illustrated when the girls begin describing how they will play with the dolls.......

Words: 1789 - Pages: 8


...pproaches to interpreting quantum theory have been further explored and developed,[7][8][9] becoming quite popular. MWI is one of many multiverse hypotheses in physics and philosophy. It is currently considered a mainstream interpretation along with the other decoherence interpretations, the Copenhagen interpretation,[10] and deterministic interpretations such as the Bohmian mechanics. Before many-worlds, reality had always been viewed as a single unfolding history. Many-worlds, however, views reality as a many-branched tree, wherein every possible quantum outcome is realised.[11] Many-worlds claims to reconcile the observation of non-deterministic events, such as the random radioactive decay, with the fully deterministic equations of quantum physics. In many-worlds, the subjective appearance of wavefunction collapse is explained by the mechanism of quantum decoherence, which resolves all of the correlation paradoxes of quantum theory, such as the EPR paradox[12][13] and Schrödinger's cat,[1] since every possible outcome of every event defines or exists in its own "history" or "world". In lay terms, the hypothesis states there is a very large–perhaps infinite[14]–number of universes, and everything that could possibly have happened in our past, but did not, has occurred in the past of some other universe or universes. Quantum mechanics Introduction Glossary · History Background Bra–ket notation Classical mechanics Hamiltonian Interference Old quantum theory Fundamental......

Words: 381 - Pages: 2

Organizational and Societal Relations

...Running Head: ORGANIZATIONA AND SOCIETAL RELATIONS Organizational and Societal Relations Nijema Brown University of Phoenix Organizational and Societal Relations Public relations deal’s with both organizational and societal relations functions, which has two elements each, media and employee relations (organizational function) and community relations and social responsibility (societal relations) which, describes the make-up of the functions. This paper is an analysis or how the two functions organizational and societal relations can pose as issues in an organization and ways to address the issue to the public. Functions of Public Relations Public relations have two functions, which are organizational and societal. The organizational function deals with what a company is supposed to do as an organization, while societal function is all about what the public expects from an organization and how an organization communicates and build relationships with the public. Two main elements of organizational function are media and employee relations. Two main elements or the societal function are community relations and social responsibility. Organizational Functions Media Relations Media relations are significantly important to public relations because it is the main way organizations communicate with the public. “The public finds most of its information about a company through the media” (Functions of Public Relations). Different media outlets such as......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Personal and Societal Values

...How Personal and Societal values can influence decision HCS350 As nurses we strongly believed that culture and religion have a significant effect on ethical decision-making. Health and medical care are strongly rooted in cultural and religious beliefs. Patients from other cultures and religion may find it difficult to accept the ethical decisions made in our culture. Leininger’s (1991) Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory of nursing emphasizes the importance of communication between nurses and patients to ensure that there is not a lack of humanity involved in nursing care (Ludwig & Silva, 2000). The theory also notes that when nurses care for international and culturally diverse patients, there is more likely to be communications disconnect (Ludwig & Silva, 2000). It is very important for nurses to be aware of our own cultural and religious values as well as biocultural differences in how the patient perceives the exam, responses to drugs, and healthcare practices (Ludwig & Silva, 2000). Ethical problems can arise over differences in how people of other religious view such things as withholding or withdrawing life support, restricting the resources given to elderly patients, and others (Hattar-Pollara, n.d.). We have to respect everybody beliefs and different ways they worship in their religions. Many times their religion and beliefs are completely different from what we are used to see. We need to understand how the patient’s culture and......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Effects of Societal Ideals

...Stephanie Baeth Ms. Hanigan Honors English II March 10, 2014 Effects of Societal Ideals During the Great Depression, one of the most devastating times in United States history, Americans searched desperately for the root cause of their crisis. They blamed banks, the government, Wall Street, major corporations, and even the weather. While many individuals were busy pointing fingers, John Steinbeck created a master-piece, known as The Grapes of Wrath. His book encapsulates the true foundation of the suffering: the inhumanity and carelessness that lies within people. Not only does the novel present the cause of the challenges faced, but it also provides a solution. The ideals of unity, compassion, and help for one another give insight to how change can be achieved. Steinbeck encompasses the hurtful and helpful ideals of society through generalized characters in intercalary chapter 15, which are also apparent in the specific characters from the Joad chapters. Al, a major character from the chapter, represents disregard and selfishness—traits that the California townsperson displays to the Joad family as well. While Al does not directly contribute to the suffering of the poor, he indirectly increases the pain they feel. He is “no contact” and “moody” (ch.15; 209), which presents his disinterested personality and annoyance with reality. Al has the capability of reaching out to others, but “he never speaks” (ch.15; 209). This portrays him as the bystander; he is well......

Words: 1654 - Pages: 7

Societal Views on Mental Illness

...Societal Views of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adults with Psychiatric Disability Angela Cramer Southern New Hampshire University PCMH600 Portfolio Assignment #1 1/28/2014 Societal Views of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adults with Psychiatric Disability In trying to gain a better understanding of societal views on people who experience emotional and behavioral problems because of psychiatric disabilities, I spoke with family, friends, acquaintances and past co-workers. In addition, I read peer reviewed articles to add to both my personal experiences and the conversations. I also read newspaper articles and more closely paid attention to the comments being made by those around me. Using this information, along with my own personal assumptions, I will examine how society views mental illness, the people who have to suffer with them, their families and the process of treatment. Societal Views on the Definitions, Causes and Beliefs about Recovery from Mental Illness/Psychiatric Disability and Severe Emotional and Behavioral Problems Although quality and effectiveness have improved in the mental health field over the last half a century many people who would benefit still do not participate or stay engaged in services. Stigma is one of several reasons why people who suffer from mental illness do not actively participate in services. (Corrigan, P., 2014). Many of the people I spoke with could......

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Market Respinsiveness to Societal Interest

...Journal of Macromarketing Market Responsiveness to Societal Interests Tracy L. Gonzalez-Padron and Robert W. Nason Journal of Macromarketing 2009 29: 392 DOI: 10.1177/0276146709344954 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: On behalf of: Macromarketing Society Additional services and information for Journal of Macromarketing can be found at: Email Alerts: Subscriptions: Reprints: Permissions: Citations: Downloaded from by Celia McKoy on September 15, 2010 Market Responsiveness to Societal Interests Tracy L. Gonzalez-Padron1 and Robert W. Nason2 Journal of Macromarketing 29(4) 392-405 ª The Author(s) 2009 Reprints and permission: http://www. DOI: 10.1177/0276146709344954 Abstract The authors provide evidence that firms can enhance their own objectives by internalizing the objectives of most stakeholder groups. This suggests that society’s objectives, as defined by stakeholders to the firm, can be augmented by the self-interest motivation at the heart of a market system. Specifically examined was the impact of stakeholder responsiveness on......

Words: 11381 - Pages: 46

Societal Marketing

...SOCIETAL MARKETING Societal marketing is a type of marketing concept which holds that a company must make excellent marketing decisions which considers the consumers wants, the company’s requirements and well being and society’s long term interests. It is closely linked with the principles of CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR). This concept strongly emphasizes on the company’s or organisation’s social responsibility and suggests that the company must not only dwell on the customers and company’s needs and wants but rather deliver value to the customers in a way that maintains or improves the society’s overall well being. It is a known fact among many leading companies and organisations that being socially responsible, which translates to practicing corporate social responsibility, enhances the corporate image among major stakeholders. Ethical and socially responsible practices are simply good and sensible business practices which not only result in a positive image but ultimately high sales. A good example of a Kenyan based company which practices societal marketing concept is Brookside Dairy Limited. They offer the widest selection of fresh milk products processed in Kenya which includes farm fresh products, long life products, cultured products and cream products. The company recognizes that corporate social responsibility is an integral part of the environment in which they operate. The environment encompasses the communities, employees, shareholders and customers...

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Military and Societal Values

...Military and Societal Values 2799 words (8 double-spaced pages) Colonel Malham M. Wakin, in his evening address, asks whether Plato's claim that "knowledge is virtue" is true. Much contemporary experience suggests otherwise. To some extent, such an observation could apply to the military as well. Col Wakin argues that we do have some basic knowledge about human conduct, but that we live in a highly pluralistic society in which some practices reject that basic knowledge. Nonetheless, even though we draw members of the military from that pluralistic society, the uniqueness of the military function will always keep its leading practitioners apart from the mainstream of civilian society. The military profession swears to defend the values, the lifestyle that incorporates the minimal conditions for human dignity. After examining the convergence of the values that are functionally necessary for the military and those that we know are fundamental to social existence, he concludes that a competent military profession can serve as a moral anchor for its parent society. I Many years ago when I learned I was going to have the opportunity to study philosophy at the graduate level, I was tremendously excited. What a wonderful opportunity this would be, I thought, to sit at the feet of Socrates and be enlightened by those who studied the crucial problems of human existence. I expected that senior philosophy professors would be marvelous role models in their personal lives and I......

Words: 2823 - Pages: 12

Confucius and Aryans' Societal Effects

...distinct impacts. A lot of the more prominent of these are the effects of his views and beliefs on family. Confucius believed firmly in the family being the basis of society. He taught that every person had and should stick to his or her definitive role. According to this, younger generations should revere their elders, as should children their parents, wives their husbands, and subjects their rulers. He stressed filial piety, which is still exemplified in Chinese culture today. Young Chinese are still taught the importance of obeying and respecting their parents, ancestors, and elders. Elderly Chinese are most cared for by the younger members of their family, in acts of repayment and sacred duty. These definitive roles were included not only in Confucius’ teachings about family, but also those on the structure of society. In his ideal society, “everyone was devoted to fulfilling his or her role” (McKay, Ebry, Beck, Crowston, Wiesner-Hanks. Understanding World Societies A Brief History Volume 1: To 1600. 2012. Print. Pg. 91). Per this philosophy, people should work hard at what they do, whatever it is. This would start to pave the way for China to be a strong and structured country and society. Since his teachings encouraged the rise of educated people, Confucius’ ideas had an advantageous and lasting impact, valuing intellect and talent over social status. Although differing on views of social hierarchies, the Aryan peoples’ beliefs came to shape......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3


...Your view on yourself: You are down-to-earth and people like you because you are so straightforward. You are an efficient problem solver because you will listen to both sides of an argument before making a decision that usually appeals to both parties. The type of girlfriend/boyfriend you are looking for: You like serious, smart and determined people. You don't judge a book by its cover, so good-looking people aren't necessarily your style. This makes you an attractive person in many people's eyes. Your readiness to commit to a relationship: You prefer to get to know a person very well before deciding whether you will commit to the relationship. The seriousness of your love: Your have very sensible tactics when approaching the opposite sex. In many ways people find your straightforwardness attractive, so you will find yourself with plenty of dates. Your views on education Education is very important in life. You want to study hard and learn as much as you can. The right job for you: You have plenty of dream jobs but have little chance of doing any of them if you don't focus on something in particular. You need to choose something and go for it to be happy and achieve success. How do you view success: You are confident that you will be successful in your chosen career and nothing will stop you from trying. What are you most afraid of: You are afraid of things that you cannot control. Sometimes you show your anger to cover up how you feel. Who is your true......

Words: 298 - Pages: 2