Premium Essay

Role of the School Counsellor

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By divyasrivastava9
Words 5565
Pages 23
Divya Srivastava

THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELLOR
School counselling is a branch of applied psychology that deals with problems or behaviours that interfere with the academic progress or social acceptance of children in the school system. School counsellors assess cognitive functioning and identify mental retardation, giftedness, developmental delays, instructional difficulties, and learning disabilities. They recommend educational programs; assess behavioural and emotional problems, and support parents and teachers. They also deal with the full spectrum of social problems including family violence, peer interactions, substance abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and the influences of these problems on school functioning. School counsellors act as a screening and referral resource for a wide range of medical, social, and emotional disorders that interfere with academic functioning. In general, school counsellors study behaviour, protect and promote mental health, and apply the principles of psychology to improve school adjustment and learning. Specific services, however, depend on the competencies of the school counsellor and the needs of the particular school system being served (Koe, 1991). For instance, the school where I was placed for my field-work had a school counsellor who also had to fulfil the role of a special educator and a remedial teacher as and when the need arose. School counsellors are employed for the purpose of providing specialized support for students with exceptional needs. They act as a link between the school, the home, the community and other agencies to help the student function effectively and achieve their fullest potential. The school counsellor is expected to carry out certain duties and responsibilities – they provide direct counselling services to students; participate in the identification and planning process with regard to the unmet…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in the Teaching and Learning of Literature in English in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo West

...CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Information dissemination is an old as man’s ability to communicate meaningfully and intelligently among people to differentiate human beings from animals. There had been some existed channels of making meaningful transfer of information in form, facets and useful ideas through diverse kinds of tangible and intangible media. Since most of these early channels of communication were predominantly physical, they came with lots of problems and difficulties. Imagine in the olden days when teaching learning and communication were carried out through crude means. This research work would extensively examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT), up to the present age that can be called modern ICT age. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The word is growing digital every second in time with the evolution of new ideas radically transforming every facet of human endeavors and lives generally. There is a great potential for significant improvement our lives as a result of the new technological advancement will depend entirely on the spread with which we adapt to it. Oxford advanced learners dictionary: Information is fact or details about something while technology is the scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry. In the word of Hornby (1982), information is the giving of knowledge or news while technology is defined as the study mastering and utilization of manufacturing and industrial methods, systematic application of......

Words: 9555 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in the Teaching and Learning of Literature in English in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo West

...CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Information dissemination is an old as man’s ability to communicate meaningfully and intelligently among people to differentiate human beings from animals. There had been some existed channels of making meaningful transfer of information in form, facets and useful ideas through diverse kinds of tangible and intangible media. Since most of these early channels of communication were predominantly physical, they came with lots of problems and difficulties. Imagine in the olden days when teaching learning and communication were carried out through crude means. This research work would extensively examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT), up to the present age that can be called modern ICT age. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The word is growing digital every second in time with the evolution of new ideas radically transforming every facet of human endeavors and lives generally. There is a great potential for significant improvement our lives as a result of the new technological advancement will depend entirely on the spread with which we adapt to it. Oxford advanced learners dictionary: Information is fact or details about something while technology is the scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry. In the word of Hornby (1982), information is the giving of knowledge or news while technology is defined as the study mastering and utilization of manufacturing and industrial methods, systematic application of......

Words: 9555 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in the Teaching and Learning of Literature in English in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo West

...CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Information dissemination is an old as man’s ability to communicate meaningfully and intelligently among people to differentiate human beings from animals. There had been some existed channels of making meaningful transfer of information in form, facets and useful ideas through diverse kinds of tangible and intangible media. Since most of these early channels of communication were predominantly physical, they came with lots of problems and difficulties. Imagine in the olden days when teaching learning and communication were carried out through crude means. This research work would extensively examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT), up to the present age that can be called modern ICT age. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The word is growing digital every second in time with the evolution of new ideas radically transforming every facet of human endeavors and lives generally. There is a great potential for significant improvement our lives as a result of the new technological advancement will depend entirely on the spread with which we adapt to it. Oxford advanced learners dictionary: Information is fact or details about something while technology is the scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry. In the word of Hornby (1982), information is the giving of knowledge or news while technology is defined as the study mastering and utilization of manufacturing and industrial methods, systematic application of......

Words: 9555 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Roles of College Guidance Counselors in Calabarzon: Implications to Guidance Program and School Administration

...THE ROLES OF COLLEGE GUIDANCE COUNSELORS IN CALABARZON: IMPLICATIONS TO GUIDANCE PROGRAM AND SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION M. H. A. SEMIRA Batangas State University Gov. Pablo Borbon Campus I, Rizal Avenue, Batangas City ABSTRACT The study was undertaken to identify and assess the roles of college guidance counselors in CALABARZON and its implications to the schools guidance program and school administration. According to Erford (2003), the transformative roles of school counselors were leaders, advocates, collaborators, counselors and coordinators and data utilizers. Likewise, Kuhn (2004) explained that better understanding of the roles of guidance counselors diminished some of the misconceptions and confusions of the counselors’ roles. The above-mentioned roles were reflective of the American culture that is why the present study utilized the guidance counselors’ roles presented by De Jesus (2006) which was based on Philippine context. Findings revealed that the guidance counselors highly recognized their roles as counselor, coordinator, consultant, conductor of activities, and change agent. Thus, they were contributory to the effective implementation of the guidance programs in every college or university in the region under study. INTRODUCTION The roles of school counselors have changed dramatically over time. As the 20th century began, school counselors did not exist. Instead teachers were using few minutes of their day to provide students with......

Words: 5245 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Role of Community

...surveys, is that delinquent behaviour must be the concern of the entire community, not just dismissed as a problem to be handled by local schools, churches, police courts or professional agencies. It should be recognized as their problem by the citizens of a community even when their own children are not remotely involved. But in many big cities in the world, the very word community is a mockery and without true meaning. Most urban centres are not communities in any real sense of the word. Therefore, in just such an instance, a beginning must be made at the very level where delinquency occurs-on the block, in a neighbourhood, in a district. The very lack of a community, a word which implies a mutual association of interest, must be changed. Why is it so important that the community itself should become so deeply involved in preventing and controlling delinquency? The answer is this: not even the most perceptive or skilled outsider can achieve as much as the people of a community who, together, want to improve it. There is much common sense in the axiom that the better the community is, in all ways, the less is the probability of any form of delinquency. Perhaps only the people who live in a community can honestly assess its strength, know its shortcomings and make the necessary improvements. The health needs, the housing problems, the school situation, the physical resources and the recreational facilities of any community are all local factors that can influence delinquency.......

Words: 8434 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Public Schools Play a Key Role

...Response on-Public schools play a key role Public schools is also refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. It may also refer to public institutions of post-secondary education  funded and overseen by the government from around the world. In Malaysia however it is also the most important steps of education for majority of the students in Malaysia. It is the genesis for most of the knowledge, experience, education obtained by the students. Which is why it plays a key role in student development. For that itself to happen the public schools must retain the key traits that makes a public school such a nice place to learn for the students. And here are some of the reasons why? Firstly, the subjects available for the students must be limited in both the primary and secondary school. Which is five for the primary school for example: English, Malay, Science ,Geography & Mathematics. Whereas in secondary school subjects from primary schools must be carried on to secondary schools including the extra two subjects that must be emphasized which is History and Living Skills. All those subjects will allow the students to chase after their preferred occupation in the near future and become the next leader for tomorrow. Secondly, teachers also plays a important role in public schools because without them the students will have no source of knowledge to learn and absorb. The teachers......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Role of Parents and Schools

...ROLE OF PARENTS AND SCHOOLS Chris Steininger Institution Affiliation Course Title Date Parents and schools play basic and vital roles in the growth and development of children in all aspects of their lives in the society. They are essential in the formation and shaping of character, the determination of virtue and in the end they are the basis for the existence of emotionally, spiritually, physically stable society. Right from the day a child is born, the kind of bond that is formed between it and its parents forms the basis to character development. The interaction between mother and child helps the child learn each and every basic element of both survival and acceptance into the systems that guide the existence of society ( Hunt; et al, 2010). Parents in the basic sense are their children’s first teachers. Through all the activities they are engaged in together as the child develops up to the pre-school level, parents help the child participate in cooking, cleaning and gardening, the child is slowly eased into the world of learning. The parents also provide the link to formal education by actively participating in their children’s schooling activities and thus making an easy transition for the children into the formal learning structures. Schools are charged with the huge role of moulding their charges from the moment they are enrolled with no or little formal education into a productive person in the society. This is a mammoth task which...

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Administrator's Role in School Culture

...The Administrator’s Role in School Culture NAME Grand Canyon University: UNV 501 04/24/2013 The Administrator’s Role in School Culture “School culture has been described as being similar to the air we breathe. No one notices it unless it becomes foul” (Freiberg, 1998). Culture within schools can create an environment where learning is positive, or it can put serious constraints on the school’s ability to function. Whether you work in a school, in a doctor’s office, or in a major company, employees prefer to work in an environment that is engaging and fulfilling. How does a principal create an environment conducive to learning in today’s society? After reading my articles and reflecting on my own experience, a principal’s role and responsibility in a school is multifaceted. A principal must guarantee classroom instruction is aligned to state standards, design instruction that promotes student success in the 21st century, maintain improvements on the campus, develop meaningful partnerships with all stakeholders; all while developing a culture where everyone feels appreciated. An effective principal has many roles and responsibilities while creating an environment that encourages learning and is engaging for students, teachers and staff. Without a doubt, a principal must embrace all of these roles and responsibilities as they are important factors in leading a school to produce positive results. However, creating a positive culture in school is imperative in......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Roles

...for me. MDE- What struck me most in researching this topic was the relative ease with which someone could find themselves diagnosed with MDE under current DSM-IV guidelines. Possibly without them having awareness of their impending path and journey into mental health difficulties. I was impacted by BPD in regards to its more challenging behaviours to the therapist, who may be dealing with a client existing between borderline and psychotic worlds. I will explore the application of two theoretical approaches, namely humanistic and cognitive behavioural in relation to these mental health disorders. I will also demonstrate the importance of cultural difference in relation to understanding mental health issues and I will highlight the role risk assessment plays in the provision of supports for clients and the therapists. I will also demonstrate the importance of supervision and record keeping and I will conclude the essay with a brief summary of my key learning, including my understanding of limitations and challenges facing me within the psychotherapeutic relationship. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY A helpful understanding of what pathology is and one that I agree with was suggested by Stirling, who contributed that psychopathology is, ‘The scientific study of abnormal behaviour. As such it differs from both clinical psychology and psychiatry which respectively focus on behavioural and medical management of mental disorders’ Stirling J, 2013 ,p.1. This commentary gives......

Words: 2652 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Educator in a Pastoral Role

.......6 SECTION TWO: GUIDANCE FOR TINA 2.1 Definition of counselling........................................................................................7 2.2 Differentiation between counselling and support for learning problems.............8 2.3 Phenomenon of child trauma and its effects..........................................................9 2.4 Differentiation between parental involvement and parental counselling...........10 2.5 Learning intervention program.......................................................................... 2.6 Guidelines taken into account............................................................................ INTRODUCTION SECTION ONE: BACKGROUND One of the most important roles of an educator In a school is to assist learners pastorally (Best, Lang, Lodge, Wattkins 1995: 63). Each year in South Africa approximately five million children experience some form of traumatic experience. More than two million of these are victims of physical and/or sexual abuse. Millions more are living in terrorizing atmosphere of domestic violence. Natural disasters, car accidents, life threatening medical conditions, painful procedures, exposure to community violence all can have traumatic impact on the child (Perry 2003:3). A wise man called Laurell K. Hamilton once said: “There are wounds that never show on the body that are deeper and more hurtful than anything that bleeds”. But how does a child deals with such hurtful events? In this......

Words: 3282 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Counselling in Schools

...THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELLOR AND HIS FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY. By Dr. Adeyemi Idowu ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept of roles and functions in counselling and in so doing the writer highlights the expected roles of counsellors and their functions in Nigerian Schools. GENERAL BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF STUDY Guidance and Counselling, as an educational service and academic discipline, has received much more public attention in Nigeria than any other field of education in the last one or two decades. Speeches have been made by various public officers in education (both Federal , and State), educationists, and private individuals alike, and all have addressed the need to revamp Nigeria's educational system with a more productive and functional type that incorporates guidance and counselling. In a landmark address delivered at the 1976 launching ceremony of the Counselling Association of Nigeria (CAN), Colonel (Dr.) Ahmadu All, then Federal Commissioner of Education, stated, inter alia: Guidance and counselling is an educational innovation that enjoys my full support. Any educational system will be deficient without educational guidance. Our students' need to be helped by personal counselling, career education and vocational guidance to discover their talents, aptitudes and to make intelligent career decisions, (pp. 1-2) The Federal. Government of Nigeria also endorsed its total commitment and support to the guidance and counselling......

Words: 5145 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

School

...2016 AGAINST SCHOOL Guide Questions! 1. What reason did Gatto's students give when asked why they were bored ? Gatto's students reasons was that the work was stupid , that it ain't make no sense and that they already knew it. In fact they wanted to be doing something real not just be sitting around . Additionally the student said teachers didn't seem to know much about their subject and clearly weren't interesting in learning more about the students life's 2 . What was the reason did the teachers give when asked why they were bored ? The teachers reason for why the students were bored cause lounge can vouch for the low energy the whining the dispirited attitudes to be found there. 3 . What was Gatto's grandfather's perspective on boredom? Gatto's grandfather perspective about boredom was that he was never to use that term in his presence again . Including if he was bored it was his fault and non ones else's. 4 . What happened to Gatto when he tried to help his students break out it the teapot boredom? When Gatto tried to help break the trap of being bored he found it futile to challenge the official notion that boredom and childishness was also the natural state of affairs in the classroom. For instance I often had defy custom and bend the law to help the kind break out of the trap of bored. 5 . What does Gatto feel that schools should "encourage " to improve the quality......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Educator in a Pastoral Role

...The educator in a pastoral role Registration period: Semester 2, 2015 Student surname │ number: Mennell │ 50918818 TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ASSIGNMENT RUBRIC 1 1 SECTION 1: BACKGROUND 2 2 SECTION 2: GUIDANCE FOR MARY 5 2.1 Concepts 5 2.2 Phenomenon of child trauma, and the effects of trauma on Mary’s life 6 2.2.1 Phenomenon of child trauma 6 2.2.2 Effects of trauma on Mary’s life 7 2.3 Parental involvement and parental counselling 8 2.4 An individual and learning intervention program for Mary 9 2.4.1 Important guidelines to take into account 9 2.4.2 Reference to the problems in terms of Mary’s subjects 9 2.4.3 Reporting the abuse, involving support services, and involving Mary’s mother 9 SOURCES CONSULTED 11 ASSIGNMENT RUBRIC According to Best, Lang, Lodge and Watkins (1995:63), one of the most important roles of an educator in a school is to assist learners pastorally. (See your study guide, p. 2) Read the following scenario: “I felt like nothing made sense… .” I am Mary. When I was 11 years old, my mum’s new boyfriend moved in with us. I thought it would be good for mum cos she had a drinking problem and was depressed, and I thought it would make her feel better having him there. At first he was ok and bought me presents, but then mostly he ignored me. Then after a few months he started doing things that made me nervous, like when I was ...

Words: 4970 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

The Influence of the School Media Specialist’s Role on Students’ Attitudes and Performance in the Research Process

...of the School Media Specialist’s Role on Students’ Attitudes and Performance in the Research Process Abstract Many high school students at all achievement levels fail in the research process due to the frustration and anxiety that arise from their inability to efficiently locate and manipulate resources. This frustration causes them to perform poorly and in some cases to abandon the process. At the same time, the media specialist’s training and expertise are under-used by both teachers and students. All classes of male and female 11th grade students of all ability levels will be subjected to two different styles of bibliographic instruction prior to beginning their research papers. At the time the assignment is given they will be given a questionnaire that measures their attitudes at various stages of the process. A correlation between attitudes and grades is hypothesized. The conclusion drawn from such a correlation is that an active bibliographic instruction role reduces students’ frustration and anxiety in the research process and thus, positively influences grades. Introduction To address the problem of failure in the high school research paper process, the method of bibliographic instruction is one of several factors that can reasonably be examined. If BI is, indeed, a relevant factor, it may then be postulated to extend its influence to other areas that may have a contributory role in......

Words: 3106 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

The Needs for Guidance and Counselling Insecondary Schools

...important issue in our schools system. Since then, guidance and counseling has been a regular topic in our dailies conferences and seminars. For example, Nnadi (1984). Stressed its importance in our educational system and the priority that should be given to it in out schools because of its usefulness in transition in the various stages of education. Also, Nwabuisi (1984), emphasized on the necessity of proper guidance programme in schools if the current national policy on education is to have the desired impact. Perhaps, Durojaiye's (1972), Stand on the issue of guidance and counseling in our schools was one of the factors that influenced the formulation of the aspect of the new national policy on education that deals with guidance programme in schools today. Taking into consideration, our rapid educational and economic growth, he emphasized on the need for guidance and counseling in our educational policy. In his words; "We can see that the need for guidance and counseling in Nigeria becomes increasingly pressing as economic and educational strides are being made in the country. Each student needs to be helped to strengthen his abilities to make nice choices and to face problems encountered in society. Those who fall by the way side because of physical, intellectual or emotional inadequacy particularly need guidance"(p.72). In the above statement, Durojaiye points out clearly the fact that guidance and counseling is very important in our schools as it helps students......

Words: 9927 - Pages: 40