Role of Public Participation in Eia

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Submitted By Crebo
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Question 8 Explain the role of ‘Public Participation’ in environmental assessment. Give example.
The public means one or more natural or legal persons and in accordance with national legislation or practice, their associations, organizations or groups (Aarhus, 1998). According to Nicola H. and Christoper W. (2004) stated that public participation is a fundamental component of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process. EIA should consist consultation and participation. Another reliable resource also define the concept of EIA, according to Ciaran O. (2009) stated public participation is defined here as any form of interaction between government and corporate actors and the public that occurs as part of EIA processes. Meanwhile, another understanding regarding to public participation is necessary for minimizing or avoiding public controversy, confrontation and delay also can making a positive contribution to the EIA process (Clark, 1994). According to Clark (1994) suggested the role of public participant in EIA has very serious responsibility to carry out such as helping to integrate economic, social and environmental objectives for example move towards more sustainable development by acting as a device to strengthen and increase public awareness of the delicate balance between economic and environmental trade-offs. The role of public participant in EIA consider as huge scope to be discuss but it responsibility should be understand by many level. In the participation as input for decision makers, it can be explain into four (4) different scope as mention below; i. Public participation as provision of information
The public will involve in EIA as receiver (recipients) of information with decision makers providing the public with the information of proposed projects or activities and their expected impact on particular groups and localities. Some…...

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