Respiratory Syncytial Virus

In: Other Topics

Submitted By bkennelly
Words 1629
Pages 7

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Breanna Kennelly

Apollo College

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) causes acute respiratory tract infection in patients of all ages and is one of the most popular diseases of childhood. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, which manifests primarily as bronchiolitis and/or viral pneumonia, is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract (LRT) infection in infants and young children. RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lungs) and pneumonia in children under one year of age in the United States. During the first year of life, most infants are infected with the virus. Most RSV infected children encounter symptoms in the upper respiratory tract and 20% to 30% develop lower respiratory tract disease with their first infection ( Certain conditions such as preterm birth, heart and lung disease and immunodeficiency increase the risk for severe RSV tract illness. RSV bronchiolitis could likely be related with short or long term complications including recurrent wheezing and oddity in pulmonary function. It is not uncommon for re-infection with RSV to occur throughout life. The virus presents similar to other respiratory infections and the common cold with symptoms including cough, wheezing, retractions, rales, tachypnea, shortness of breath, fever (usually low-grade), cyanosis, and runny nose. In very young infants sepsis like presentation, apneic episodes, irritability, lethargy and difficulty breathing may be symptoms of infection. Otitis Media has been associated in up to 40% of children either being viral and/or bacterial. Additionally, assessment of the infant’s hydration status (e.g., skin turgor, capillary refill, mucous membranes) is an important part of the physical examination of the infant with…...

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