Research Paper: Native American Gaming in the U.S.

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Wallie89
Words 1683
Pages 7
Native American Gaming in the U.S.
Sarah E. Wall
TM 378
University of Southern Mississippi

The casino industry is a large industry in the U.S. According to Business Insider, the gaming industry in the U.S. is worth over $240 billion dollars (Pierceall, 2014). In 2013, it employed nearly 1.7 million people (Pierceall, 2014). Gaming, gambling, is what the casino industry is made of. Gambling is to make a prediction of an uncertain outcome and the back the decision with money (Hashimoto & Fenich, 2007). Gaming was a tradition amongst the Native Americans long before the arrival of Christopher Columbus. Native American Gaming is still a huge part of gaming in the U.S. today.
History of Native American Gaming: Long before the ships of Columbus brought playing cards to North America, the indigenous people engaged in gambling activities (“Native American Gaming”, n.d.). According to History of Native American Gaming, 2009: “Gaming is not new to Native Americans. In fact, it has been a part of our culture since the beginning of time.”
Stewart Culin’s Games of North America Indians classifies the hundreds of Native games into two categories. These categories include (“Native American Gaming, n.d.):
1) Games of chance, including dice games and guessing games
2) Games of dexterity, encompassing archery, javelin and darts, shooting, ball games, and racing games
These categories were found among all of the North American tribes when the Europeans invaded the North American continent. Games that involved guessing typically consisted of sticks that one person would hold in his/her hands behind their backs. Then another person would try to guess which hand the most sticks was in or which hand held a stick with a special marking. Other guessing games involved having to find a hidden object such as a stone or a ball that might be placed into one of…...

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