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Research Critique, Part 1: Nursing Attrition

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Research Critique, Part 1: Nursing Attrition
Grand Canyon University: Nursing 433V

The Problem Statement
This study seeks to know the reasons why nurses are leaving clinical nursing. The current and future nursing shortage is a huge concern. This study was done because the author feels that there is very little research pertaining to nursing attrition. And this is important to know and understand. Because knowledge and change can occur when it becomes known what the factors are that influence nurses to vacate clinical nursing. The bulk of this study was interviews with nurses who were no longer considered to be nursing in a clinical setting. The nursing workforce projections in the U.S indicate that the shortage of nursing could go above 500,000 RNs by 2025 (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2010; Cipriano, 2006; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2002). The rate of vacancy was greater than 8% in 2008 (AACN, 2010). It seems astonishing to know that 30-50% of new nurses choose to either find a different position or they decided to no longer practice as a clinical nurse within their first 3 years after graduating from nursing school (AACN, 2003; Aiken, Clarke, Sloane, Sochalski, & Silber, 2002; Cipriano, 2006; Cowin & Hengsberger-Sims, 2006). This is an important study because by knowing and understanding the reasons for nurses leaving the clinical field of nursing, we can work towards making improvements, and develop better nursing-retention strategies.
The Purpose and Research Questions This study was founded on the idea of identifying the causes for RNs to decide to leave their job as a clinical nurse. The question posed for this study was: “What is the experience of RNs who leave clinical nursing?” The purpose and research questions do relate to the problem being addressed. Qualitative,…...

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