Reproductive Technology

In: Film and Music

Submitted By monay521
Words 5438
Pages 22
Baby Mama
1 hour 39 minutes
Rated: PG-13
Genre: Comedy
Released: April 25, 2008
Directed by Michael McCullers
Distributor: Universal Studios

Technology is defined in the dictionary as “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment.” Technology has maneuvered its way into the world’s simplest form of living, and has even presented itself in the genre of films writings as well. Today not only is technology used in the production of these films, but in many cases it has made itself part of the plot. Film writers have amplified, stretched, or even created many types of technology to draw their plot lines around, and the movie Baby Mama does just that. Baby Mama is a film that presents something as serious as reproduction and the technologies involved in that, and make it hilarious and understandable to your average audience.
Baby mama is a romantic comedy film released in 2008. It was written and directed by first time director Michael McCullers, staring Tina Fey, Amy Poehler, and Greg Kinnear. The main character in the film is Tina Fey’s character, Kate. Kate is an intelligent single 37 year old woman who’s desperately looking to have a child. She attempts adoption but fails due to the fact that she is a single mother. She then picks a sperm donor and tries in-vitro fertilization nine times but does not manage to get pregnant; she finds out that her chances of conceiving a child is slim to none due to the unusual shape of her uterus. With the devastating news she decides to go through an agency for a surrogate mom. For $100,000 the agency finds a match name Angie (Amy Poehler). Angie is a working class high-school dropout. She’s similar to a child, with no sense of responsibility, eats junk food all day, and is very immature. This juvenile personality of…...

Similar Documents

Reproductive Rights

...Representative Rush Holt is one of many New Jersey candidates running for the U.S. House of Representatives. In the controversial issue involving reproductive rights, Rep. Holt is pro-choice in the matter. Representative Holt has a strong belief that the government should not get involved with women's health care decisions when they have the capability to make their own. Holt has shown such vast support of the health and reproductive rights of women. Organizations that provide women with information on family planning are vastly supported by Holt. He cosponsors the Freedom of Choice Act that recognizes a woman's right to take the necessary precautions under particular circumstances. Ultimately, Rep. Holt is in great support of the legislation that will provide women with the necessary coverage of prescribed contraceptives and services such as a women's health clinic. President Barack Obama stands as strong supporter of women's reproductive rights. Obama sides with Representative Holt as he is pro-choice in the issue as well. He believes women have a right to choose. As a supporter of Planned Parenthood, Barack Obama fought against Republican attempts to defund the organization. In 2009, Obama overturned the global gag rule which ended the ban on U.S. funding for international family planning services. Obama is also an advocate for federal funding sexual education services for teens. Back in April 2007, President Obama had been approached with a question about late term......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Reproductive System

...Functions of Reproductive System ❑ Procreate species ❑ Manufacture important hormones ❑ Pleasure Stages of Life ← Embryologically, males and females start out “sexually indifferent” ← Gonads, ducts and externally identical structures ← At 5 weeks gestation changes start to take place ← Puberty: reproductive organs grow to adult size and reproduction becomes possible ← Between 10 and 15 ← Influence of rising levels of gonadal hormones ← Testosterone in males ← Estrogen in females I. Male Reproductive System: Structure ← Scrotum ← Function: Protects the testes, epididymis, and spermatic cord ← Holds testes away from body ← Temperature: 1° below body temperature ← Lined with serous membrane that secrets fluid ← Testes move freely ← Penis ← Function ← Deliver sperms to female ← Urination ← Shaft ← Erectile tissues surround urethra ← Glans ← Cone-shaped structure on end of penis ← Prepuce (foreskin) ← Skin covering in uncircumcised males ← Epididymis ← Sits on top of each testis ← Receives spermatids from seminiferous tubules ← Spermatids become sperm cells ← Vas deferens ← Tube......

Words: 2072 - Pages: 9

Reproductive Health

...“Arming the youth with information,” one of the goals of the Reproductive Health Bill. In line with one of the two targets of Goal 5 - Improving Maternal Health - of the eight Millennium Development Goals which is achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015. To achieve its goals, the bill provides for mandatory reproductive health education and that it be taught in "an age-appropriate manner... by adequately trained teachers starting from Grade 5 up to Fourth Year High School." As Iloilo Representative Janette Garin, author of the Reproductive Health Care Act says, “It’s very difficult to live in a society where we will be hypocritical and pretend that nothing is happening. But as early as grade 4 and 3, children, especially those in public schools, already have girlfriends and boyfriends.” Defined by United Nations (UN) on ICPD 1994, 'Reproductive health' is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and...not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and processes.” Considering the fact that we are a Christian nation, some people and religious groups find this topic very sensitive to be discussed among youngsters. In this regard, Filipino mothers have the “you-will-learn-when-you-are-old-enough” attitude. As with this, the researchers have come up to a study that would determine the knowledge regarding reproductive health of the high school freshmen’s considering the......

Words: 13910 - Pages: 56

Gay Parenting and Assisted Reproductive Techniques:

...Research Paper Gay Parenting and Assisted Reproductive Techniques: A Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Introduction Gay rights have become a prevalent issue within the last decade. In the United States, gay marriage has been legalized in five states. With this has come a flurry of accompanying issues that must be addressed, this includes gay and lesbian fertility rights. Many gay and lesbian couples undergo assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) in order to have children. In the United States, fertility clinics are privatized, this means, among other things, that doctors have the right to pick and choose whom they take on as patients. There is no guarantee for gay couples seeking fertility treatment; many couples trying to have a baby are turned away based on how a doctor feels about same sex families. As it stands, no physician or hospital receiving government funding can discriminate against a patient based on his or her race, color, religion or national origin (Appel, 2006). It goes against the human rights of the potential patient to discriminate against them based on their sexual orientation. How do anti gay legislation further conceptualize the idea the nuclear family? Using a Symbolic Interactionist perspective, this paper looks at how gay and lesbian families use family symbols and rituals as strategies to negotiate family identity in interactions with families of origin, social network members, and community institutions, as well as challenge......

Words: 2393 - Pages: 10

Male Reproductive

...| MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM | | | | 10/24/2014 | Contents Vasectomy 3 BPH – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia 4 ED – Erectile Dysfunction 6 Andropause 7 Gynecomastia 8 PSA Testing 9 Peyronie’s Disease 10 Diphallia 12 Cryptorchidism 13 Orchiopexy 14 Prostate Cancer 15 STD’s 17 a) Chlamydia 17 b) Gonorrhea 18 c) Syphilis 19 d) Herpes Genitalis 20 Paternity Test 21 Viagra (sildenafil) 22 Circumcision 23 Vasectomy * A vasectomy is the surgical procedure performed on men in which the vas deferens (the tubes that carry the sperm from the testicles to the seminal vesicles) are cut, ties or cauterized. * The semen no longer contains sperm after the tubes are cut, so conception cannot occur. The testicles continue to produce sperm, but they die and are absorbed by the body. * There are 4 types of vasectomies: * Traditional vasectomy – the doctor will make an incision on the scrotum, allowing access to the vas deferens, which will then be cut. * No-scalpel vasectomy – the doctor cut the vas deferens via a small hole on the scrotum. * Clip vasectomy – small clamps are used to block the vas deferens instead of severing it. * Laser vasectomy – the vase deferens are cut and cauterized with a surgical laser * The vasectomy procedure prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates. The man will still produce semen, but will be sperm free. * Vasectomies may be reversed,......

Words: 4252 - Pages: 18

Reproductive System Notes

...early in fetal development * Testosterone is related to aggression in animals Female Reproduction * Ovary * 2 ovaries, one on either side of the uterus * Follicle= egg + granulosa cell (follicle cell) * Granulosa cells make hormones estrogen and progesterone * Figure 46.12 * When a female is born all of her eggs are arrested in prophase of meiosis 1 * Every month about 13 eggs begin to continue meiosis . * When the egg is ovulated it goes all the way to metaphase 2 then stops * Break down of cyclin allows meiosis to complete * Uterus * Lining is called endometrium * Functional layer: layer that comes of during menstruation * Vagina * Opening to female reproductive tract * Clitoris * Has spongy tissue that fills with blod during arousal * Menstrual cycle * Only occurs in humans, apes, and old world monkeys * Other animals have an estrus cycle * These animals are only receptive to males when they are at the right point of their estrus cycle * Not always monthly * 2 parts: ovarian cycle and uterine cycle * Hormone involvement * Hypothalamus releases GRH to anterior pituitary causing it to release FSH and LH * Average cycle is 28 days * Ovarian cycle * FSH causes primary oocyte to start developing (Day 0) * Follicle grows- follicular stage * Around day 14, LH, FSH and estradiol......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

The Social and Ethical Implications of Assisted Reproductive Technologies

...luxury item only available to the elite few. The reality is that assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have been helping infertile couples have children since 1978.1 The methods of in vitro fertilization, it's variants, and the other ART procedures are ways for persons that would otherwise have no hope of conception to conceive and, in a rapidly growing percentage of cases, give birth to healthy babies. As the technology has developed, the quality and range of assistance has developed as well. At present, the means of assisted reproduction and the capabilities of these procedures has grown at a somewhat dizzying pace. However, thought to the repercussions of the applications of ART are being disregarded to some extent while the public's knowledge and the understanding of embryologists and geneticists surges forward. It is possible given consideration to things such as the morality of these techniques, the unexplored alternative uses of these procedures, and the potential impact they posses that further development is unnecessary and possibly dangerous. As of 1995, 20,000 babies had been born as a result of ART treatments.2 Since then, many women and couples have sought the services of IVF clinics all over the world with hopes of the miracle of conception. These people are usually ones who suffer from some sort of condition that renders them infertile or sterile. Women are usually afflicted by a reproductive disorder, such as endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes,......

Words: 2475 - Pages: 10

The Four Principles of Ethics in New Reproductive Technology

...The Four Principles of Ethics in New Reproductive Technology Jamie Cormier Health Care Ethics Baker College January 14, 2014 How can the principles of ethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice) assist in finding a middle ground on new reproductive technologies? The principles of ethics can assist in finding a middle ground on reproductive technologies by forcing the healthcare provider to consider first the patient and their well-being above all else, yet keeping in consideration the benefits and morality of the care they are giving. More often than not, there are more than two sides to every argument, especially when it comes to the latest reproductive technologies. “To obtain justifiable resolutions of these complex issues, it is necessary to have an ethical framework. Science alone cannot resolve these questions.” (Strong, 1997, p.3) Reproductive technology is moving forward at a high rate, and with that advancement comes great debate on what is ethical, moral, just, and beneficial to the parties involved. Applying the principles of ethics to reproductive technologies can guide health professionals toward the best possible outcome. There are multitudes of people who want desperately to have a child that is genetically their own, but cannot by the natural method, so they consult fertility specialists and reproductive health professionals and utilize an expanse of resources and technology in order to have a child or children. In......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Reproductive System

...REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM FUNCTIONS ➢ The major function of the reproductive system is to make sure that the human species survives. ➢ It is not necessary for every human being to produce children, but in order to continue our human species, at least some people have to have children. ➢ The four main functions of the human reproductive system are: • To produce egg and sperm cells, • To transport and sustain these cells, • To nurture the developing offspring, and • To produce hormones. MAJOR ORGANS ➢ In the human reproductive system, the major organs include the external genitalia and many internal organs including gonads producing gametes and hormones. ➢ These hormones are needed in the maturing of the human reproductive system, the development of sexual characteristics, and the importance in regulating the normal physiology of the human reproductive system. ➢ In the males, the major organ of the reproductive system is the penis, and in the females it is the vagina. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Female External Reproductive Organs A female's external part of the reproductive organs is called the vulva, meaning “covering.” The vulva is located between the legs and covers the opening to the vagina and other reproductive organs located inside the body. Female Internal Reproductive Organs The female has four internal reproductive organs: • the vagina, • uterus, •......

Words: 2628 - Pages: 11

Modern Assisted Reproductive Techniques

...Modern Assisted Reproductive Techniques Recently, the amount of people who are unable to conceive naturally have begun to increase. Therefore these couples have begun to look for other methods so that they can become parents. A lot of these procedures that can increase the chances of a couple becoming pregnant are subsets of a very common procedure known as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Most alternative treatments that are used as means to conceive are related to IVF or use in vitro fertilization as a part of their own treatments. Over the last century, the ways that people are able to conceive have changed drastically from just naturally conceiving. While there are multiple new methods of conceiving with medical assistance, there are many people who believe that using these unnatural means to get pregnant are morally wrong or that they are unsafe and damaging to everyone involved. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) One of the more common medical procedures that couples undergo in order to have a better chance at conceiving, is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). The Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority states, “IVF… [is] the fertilization of an egg (or eggs) outside [of] the body. Typically those who lean towards IVF treatment have been diagnosed with unexplainable fertility, have a blockage in their fallopian tubes, other methods of conception have not been successful, or if the patient is using preserved sperm or eggs. There are six steps in IVF treatment: the doctor......

Words: 1479 - Pages: 6

Reproductive System

...Human Reproductive System The reproductive system or genital system is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of reproduction. Many non-living substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to the reproductive system. Unlike most organ systems, the sexes of differentiated species often have significant differences. These differences allow for a combination of genetic material between two individuals, which allows for the possibility of greater genetic fitness of the offspring. The major organs of the reproductive system includes, the external genitalia as well as a number of internal organs including the gamete producing gonads . Diseases of the human reproductive system are very common and widespread, particularly communicable sexually transmitted diseases. Most other vertebrate animals have generally similar reproductive systems consisting of gonads, ducts, and openings. However, there is a great diversity of physical adaptations as well as reproductive strategies in every group of vertebrates. Human reproductive system Human reproduction takes place as internal fertilization by sexual intercourse. During this process, the erect penis of the male is inserted into the female's vagina until the male ejaculates semen, which contains sperm, into the female's vagina. The sperm then travels through the vagina and cervix into the uterus or fallopian tubes for fertilization of the ovum. Upon......

Words: 2594 - Pages: 11

Human Reproductive System

...Human Reproductive System Medical Administrative Assistant Module C Sary Metellus Content 01. Reproduction 02. Female Reproduction What it Does Good and Bad 03. Male Reproduction What it Does Good and Bad 04. Fertilization 05. References Human Reproduction System Hi, my name is Sary Metellus and I am doing an essay on the Human Reproductive System, Male and Female. “All living things reproduce.” (Steven Dowshen, Femal Reproductive System, 2010) That’s a pretty interesting saying. Both male and female reproductions are very important to produce a new individual – a child, baby. Now I’m writing about the female system like the organs unlike the males which are hung out, the females are inside the body. The female’s internal reproductive organs are the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The vagina is the inside the body which is connected to the vulva and that is the outside covering. It’s a muscular hollow tube, which connects the opening to the uterus. It’s muscular so it can contract and expand, which helps with delivering a baby or using a tampon. The cervix is the neck, which has strong thick walls, and it is the opening to the uterus. The uterus is shaped like an upside-down pear and is very strong, it is the part where it will hold the baby and grow the baby in it. The uterus is connected to the fallopian tube which connects to the ovaries. There are two oval-shaped ovaries, one on each side of......

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

Reproductive Organs

...Essay: Male and Female Reproductive System Do you know how you were born? Do you know how you came to be? The reproductive system is the system that made that all possible. Without the reproductive system you wouldn’t have been born. In order to produce offspring, the male and female reproductive systems have to be different. Each system has different parts, problems and care. Each system have different purposes, the male reproductive system’s function is to produce sperm, while the female reproductive system’s function is to produce ova, store ova and house a fertilized egg. The male reproductive system is divided into two categories: internal and external reproductive organs. External organs are outside the body and internal organs are inside the body. The external reproductive organs are the penis, testes, scrotum, epididymis, and somniferous tubules, which are in the testes. The penis allows liquid waste and semen to leave the body. The testes, which are comprised of somniferous tubules, produce sperm. Sperm mixes with seminal fluids to produce semen. Semen is released through the penis and sperm in the seminal fluid has the ability to fertilize an egg. The scrotum protects and holds the testes and epididymis. The epididymis stores sperm. It also allows them to mature The internal reproductive organs are the vas deferens, seminal vesicles, Cowper’s gland, and the prostate gland. The vas deferens extends from each epididymis. They allow the sperm to leave the......

Words: 4360 - Pages: 18

Human Reproductive System

...The reproductive system or genital system is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of reproduction. Many non-living substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to the reproductive system. Unlike most organ systems, the sexes of differentiated species often have significant differences. These differences allow for a combination of genetic material between two individuals, which allows for the possibility of greater genetic fitness of the offspring. The major organs of the reproductive system includes, the external genitalia as well as a number of internal organs including the gamete producing gonads . Diseases of the human reproductive system are very common and widespread, particularly communicable sexually transmitted diseases. Most other vertebrate animals have generally similar reproductive systems consisting of gonads, ducts, and openings. However, there is a great diversity of physical adaptations as well as reproductive strategies in every group of vertebrates. Human reproductive system Human reproduction takes place as internal fertilization by sexual intercourse. During this process, the erect penis of the male is inserted into the female's vagina until the male ejaculates semen, which contains sperm, into the female's vagina. The sperm then travels through the vagina and cervix into the uterus or fallopian tubes for fertilization of the ovum. Upon successful fertilization and......

Words: 2591 - Pages: 11

Reproductive Health Bill

...Reproductive Health Bill IV. Background and Exposition The Reproductive Health Bill was first proposed in 1998 by Edcel Lagman of Albay. The said bill aims to improve and promote all methods of family planning, both natural and modern, to help our country’s dilemma regarding the continued growth of our population. The RH Bill gives information to family planning. It will improve maternal, infant and child health and nutrition. It promotes breast feeding. Then abortion will remain illegal and it is punishable by law but post-abortion complications will be given medical aid. It also contains prevention of reproductive tract infections like HIV/AIDS, STD, etc; treatment of breast and reproductive tract cancers, and prevention and treatment of infertility. It has elimination of violence against women and also education of sexuality and reproductive health. It includes male involvement and participation in the reproductive health and lastly education of reproductive health for the youth. For several reasons this bill has been an issue in our country for years. It has its pros and cons. Some say it is advantageous because it will really help in the country’s problem, the never ending growth of population that eventually leads to the country’s unchanging state of poverty. Some say it is a no no because of its very ill effects, immorality and sinful act. While, others have no idea what it is nor have any concern about what is happening around them which is really unfortunate.......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2