Renaissance Art

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Tuscanimac
Words 1193
Pages 5
Renaissance Art
American InterContinental University

Abstract Following the Middle Ages, Europe saw a great revival in the interest of classical learning and in the interest of ancient Greece and Rome. From this came the discovery of new technologies, new continents through exploration, and the emergence of the arts of philosophy, literature, and art. From this time came some of the most world renowned pieces of art, many of which are still on display today, with two such pieces being “The Arnolfini Portrait” by Jan Van Eyck and “Giorgione” by Giorgio da Castelfranco.

Renaissance Art From roughly 1400 to 1600 Europe experienced a rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman culture and with this rediscovery came wealth, both in the monetary fashion and in the art sense. With increasing trade, the discovery of new continents, and new inventions such as the printing press, there was also an increase in the arts. This increase brought about some of the most well known literature, philosophy, and art that is still studied and admired today. Although there are more well known names in the field of art such as DaVinci and Michelangelo there were many more that still have their art on display today such as Jan Van Eyck and Giorgio da Castelfranco. Giorgio da Castelfranco created a painted entitled “Judith” in the year 1504 and is one of many portraits that depicts the scene of Judith of Holofernes from the Biblical legend of Judith. The tale states that the widow Judith makes herself appealing to an army general, Holofernes, and in the end beheads him with his own sword while he lies inebriated in his bed. With the death of their leader, the Assyrians are overwhelmed and split which leads many to believe that the Judith’s actions saved Israel. This piece by Castelfranco is a two dimensional, representational piece that is an oil on…...

Similar Documents

Renaissance Arts

...Fatima Haidar AP European History Essay Everyone has a way to express themselves whether it's in writing or in arts such as music, dance, or drawing. During the Renaissance the arts were encouraged. The Renaissance was expressed through Italian art by incorporating religion, science, and math. They made self-portraits and wrote autobiographies. The Renaissance was more secular then the middle Ages, but they were still very religious. Although the Middle Ages wasn't secular, nevertheless during the Renaissance period ideas were expressed in the Italian art because religion was embraced, people valued learning, knowledge, education, self-confidence and secularism grew. Religious artwork such as the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo combines art, religion, science, and faith. It also contains a true connection between God and humans. The Old and New Testaments play a significant role in the painting, in the picture you see God reaching towards Adams' hand and there are angels all around God. It depicts God separated from light and darkness. The Sistine Chapel is a really good picture to use to prove that religion still played a huge role during the Renaissance period. Education also played a role in the artwork contributed during the Renaissance. The Vitruvian Man and The School of Athens are two perfect examples. The Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci not only symbolizes art but it brings math and science into the painting. Leonardo, like most artists of his time, shared this......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Renaissance

...The Renaissance in Italy and Europe The French word Renaissance means “rebirth” and is the period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages. It relates mostly to the growth of artistic and intellectual creativity which is also used by artists and thinkers to recover and apply the ancient learning and standards of Greece and Rome. The Renaissance was basically an intellectual and also cultural movement that imparted some sort of intellectual quality which made it one of the most important events in universal history. This movement was carried on between the fourteenth century and the sixteenth century. The Renaissance was believed to be restricted to Italy somewhere during the late 15th century. This great movement made a huge and advance difference in the world today and also back in the days. It brought major contrasts with civilization in Europe during this time period. This has become of my interest not only because it is one of the world’s most known events, but also because it is a movement that benefited and contributed intellectual developments in most parts of the world today. It is most commonly known that one of the reasons the Renaissance period took place was because theology was rejected by the Middle Ages and was taken over by science. The outlook and institutions of the Middle Ages disintegrated and conspicuous modern forms, like science, emerged. Because of the different levels in society during the time of this intellectual movement,......

Words: 2071 - Pages: 9

Renaissance

...Renaissance The first important painter of the Renaissance was Giotto di Bondone In 1334, Giotto was appointed chief architect in Florence, where he remained until his death in 133Therefore, as the city-states of Italy began to develop great wealth during the early fifteenth century, architects and sculptors rose to fame and power. In 1401, Florence held a competition to choose the artist to design and sculpt a pair of bronze doors for the Baptistry, a church honoring St. Paul the Baptist. The Italian Renaissance is divided into three major phases: Early, High, and Late Renaissance. The Early Renaissance was lead by sculptor Donatello, architect Filippo Brunelleschi, and painter Masaccio. They began the movement on the foundations that development and progress was integral to the evolution and survival of the arts. They found their inspiration form antiquity, creating realistic figures that portrayed personality and behavior. They focused on the laws of proportion for architecture, the human body, and space. The term Early Renaissance encompasses most 15th century art. The High Renaissance sought to create a generalized style of art that focused on drama, physical presence, and balance. The major artists of this period were Leonardo Da Vinci, Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian. The period lasted only a short time from 1495 to 1520. The Late Renaissance was put into motion by the sack of Rome in 1527, forcing artists to relocate to other artistic centers in......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

The Relationships Between Middle Ages and Renaissance Historical Art Periods

...of Rome and that time (Hanawalt, 1998). This period was later replaced by the Renaissance period and has been described as a period of rebirth where ancient techniques were revived and new ones developed leading to more success in the art industry. Artists were inspired by the recovery of Greco-Roman heritage from the East and the importation of Byzantine examples to the West (Zirpolo, 2008). This essay discusses the relationship between the Middle Ages and Renaissance historical art periods. The Middle Ages was considered a period of ignorance, barbarism and superstition (Hanawalt, 1998). This period was called the dark ages due to the negative practices involved, but Scholars saw the period differently stating that the history was a continuous process from biblical times to their time. Most of them wrote about battles, feudalism, crusades, manorialism, kings and emperors, rise of towns, Universities and churches (Hanawalt, 1998). Representations of art during this period were modestly scaled with little creativity because artists did their work collectively and mainly for religious purposes. There was no competition in the art industry and traditional techniques were used to design objects. Art was used to spread religion in Europe and throughout other parts of the world and was viewed as a mere utilitarian object which did not have much value. The Renaissance was a historical art period that led to the abandonment of the Middle Ages practice (Zirpolo, 2008)....

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5

The Renaissance & Baroque Arts

...The Renaissance & Baroque Arts The Renaissance, also known as the period of “rebirth”, directly followed the Middle Ages. Some considered the Renaissance period as a bridge from the “Dark Ages” to the modern era or the “light”. This period in history lasted about four centuries—late 13th century to the early 17th century— featuring “a revival of classical art, literature, philosophy, architecture, and learning” and introduced some of “the finest artists and intellectual achievements in the history of the Western humanities” such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo Buonarroti (MindEdge, 2013). Renaissance art is traced back to Italy where artists and scholars looked to the ancient Greco-Roman culture for inspiration by reviving the language, values, and traditions that were lost after “the fall of the Roman Empire in the sixth century” (A&E Television Networks, LLC, 2013). Furthermore, Renaissance artists added individuality to their works through portraying “beauty and mystery of the natural world” (A&E Television Networks, LLC, 2013). Most of the art produced during this time showcased religious imagery, completed mostly as Catholic Mass altarpieces. Artists around these times were sponsored by patrons of the arts such as The Catholic Church and affluent families such as the Medici family in Florence. Political permanence, growing wealth, and technological advancements are some of the social conditions that may have contributed to the arts of the Renaissance......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Renaissance Art

...will be focussing on the comparison between two paintings from the Renaissance period. The two paintings that will be discussed are The Birth of Venus by Sandro Boticelli and The Feast of the Gods by Giovanni Bellini. The comparison will be mainly based on the form of work that includes elements such as materials used, technique and colors, and also on the interpretations of the artwork. We will first look at Boticelli’s The Birth of Venus. It is probably considered to be Boticelli’s most famous piece of artwork. The painting is believed to have been produced between the periods of 1485-1486 (wikipaintings.org, 2013), making it from the Middle Ages Renaissance. He started the painting after being commissioned by the Medici family of Florence, Lorenzo di Pierfrencesco de Medici to be specific (Italian-renaissance-art.com, 2013). The painting portrays the birth of the goddess Venus, emerging from the sea as a fully grown women and being afloat on a seashell. The painting also shows a couple symbolizing the wing blowing her towards the shore. Venus is also seen to be greeted by a woman who seems to represent the spring. The painting is now displayed in Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. The Feast of the Gods by Giovanni Bellini was Bellini’s last great painting (Kren & Marx, 2013). It is among the very few paintings that he worked on canvas. The Feast of the Gods was completed in 1514 (National Gallery of Art, 2013) after being commissioned by the Duke of Ferrara......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Art Appreciation: Renaissance Art

...As we move into the “Renaissance” period, artists of the fifteenth-century represented a variety of textures, shapes, and spaces that they experienced around them in their lives. They developed a style of painting called “linear perspective” which would allow them to reflect simulations of three-dimensional forms arranged in space. This would give the painting a depth and realism not seen until now in the different eras. There was a heavy emphasis placed on the realistic portrait-like paintings giving a life-like sense to the images. This Humanist style of painting placed great value on science reason, and the individual while keeping an unwavering religious faith style. One of the techniques developed in Northern Europe was “oil painting”, unlike the Italian artist, the northern artists painted in oil on canvas. Oil paint takes much longer to dry allowing the painter time to easily make changes. The long drying process would allow the paint to dry smooth erasing the brush strokes. More importantly, oil paint is translucent when applied in thin layers, known as glazes. This method of built up glazes would let the light penetrate to the lower layers and then reflect back which would create the appearance of an interior glow, giving viewers the illusion that they were looking at real objects rather than painted imitations. Italian artists favored tempera, the method of suspending powered pigments in oils like linseed or sometimes walnut. One large difference from the......

Words: 890 - Pages: 4

Renaissance Art

...Shannon Wilds Renaissance Art- Unit 4 HUMA205-1403A-05 AIU Online The Renaissance was a time to give new life to art, music, science, etc. It was unlike any other era, in the fact that artist were going beyond their boundaries to depict a beautiful masterpiece. Michelangelo’s piece named David, to represent the biblical hero, was the first piece like itself since the Greeks. This sculptor captured the eye of many and the general populations were in awe at powerful expression that David had. Another piece that brought upon a new perspective is The Holy Trinity. This painting accurately defines space within a painting, giving it somewhat of a three dimensional look. When looking at the painting, viewers can grasp why it was named The Holy Trinity. At the top we see God, the Holy Father. Then we see Jesus, the son of God. Then between them, a dove to represent The Holy Spirit; thus creating The Holy Trinity. Other characters in this painting are at different levels giving the viewer the perspective of the three dimensions. Another similar work of art is Leonardo’s The Last Supper. This painting also portrays a third dimension. In the center, Christ is shown with his arms outstretched in a gesture of acceptance, his image a stable triangle. Michelangelo’s sculpture, David, is an empowering symbol of courage, civic duty, and freedom from tyranny for Florence. The image of David has been done multiple times but never with such power and grace as Michelangelo’s piece. The......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Renaissance

...The Renaissance was a time of rebirth and changes in the lives of many people and many people’s views on how humanity functioned. After the calamitous 14th Century in which many people were murdered through wars, or die naturally by plague, the survivors started to look at the world in a whole new way. The philosophies of many people had changed after such near death experiences and the Renaissance blossomed from the Renaissance. The Medici family were catalyst to the Renaissance as the were patrons of the arts. Art was a crucial part of the renaissance as this changed the method in which people viewed life greatly and so created many new methods in portraying the mind of the artist. Two such great sculptors of the Renaissance were Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi and Michelangelo did Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni. Michelanglo and David are most famous for creating the sculptures of David from the High and Low Renaissance respectively. The sculptures’ of Donatello and Michelangelo are both drastically different, evidenced by the influences of their respective Patrons, the time period that the sculptures depicted and the symbolism behind each sculpture. The influences of the two sculptures are important to find out how the final result of each Sculpture was. Donatello’s David was commissioned by the Medici family, at the time it was thought out of the ordinary for a member or a group of government to commission a piece of art. The fact that the Medici commissioned this artwork...

Words: 2446 - Pages: 10

Renaissance

...Lovepreet Kaur Mr. Crowe AP European History The Renaissance-1 Textbook: pg. 338 to mid 343 16 January 2014 1. Why did the Renaissance first begin in Italy? The Renaissance first began in Italy because Italy had better resources. Anyone was able to go to Italy in search for a fresh start while bringing new ideas people never questioned. 2. Why was Florence at the heart of the Italian Renaissance? Florence was at the heart of the Italian Renaissance because it was started from Florence, and it was one of the wealthiest cities with significant power. The Medici family helped Florence become a cultural center for meetings or discussions about art. 3. What role did the Medici family play in the Renaissance Florence? The Medici family showed special interests for arts and literature, so they financed numerous art creations and get-togethers for the benefit of Florence. 4. Regarding humanism: -What are the characteristics of humanism? How is it different from medieval scholasticism? from nominalism? The characteristics of humanism include learning, anatomy, realism, reason, nature, youth, individualism, and perspective. Scholasticism was more orientated towards philosophers or theologians and it failed to offer moral guidance, however, humanism was about direct sources such as the bible or Latin/Greek classics. Nominalism is considered to believe that abstract or general terms are real, while humanism prefers human views. -Why is Petrarch......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Renaissance

...Italian Renaissance v. Northern Renaissance Christopher Garrett University of Phoenix Renaissance comes from the Latin renasci, which means to be born, or rebirth or revival (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2014). The Renaissance was an era that influenced countries for over 200 years, and transformed culture and religion. Starting toward the end of the 13th century, the renaissance was an integral part of developing countries in both north Europe and Italy. These renaissance periods are the Italian and the Northern renaissance. Even though both renaissances had similarities and made an impact within European countries, they both had differences as well that made them each unique. The Italian Renaissance began at the end of the 13th century and lasted until the beginning of the 1600’s. This period could be considered the transition period between the Middle ages and medieval period to modern Europe. During the Italian Renaissance, humanists labeled the “rebirth” as the Dark Ages. The Italian Renaissance focused more on the common man and everyday realities of life, which heavily influenced the culture and art (Beougher, 2010). The Northern Renaissance was influenced by Italian Renaissance; however, the northern movement carried different characteristics and strengths and affected European countries outside of Italy. During the Northern Renaissance, the north held onto the Gothic art and architecture. The north also had fewer centers of free commerce, unlike in......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Renaissance Art History

...leave the church, just want to reform the parts of the church that they don’t like, why it’s called the Reformation Martin Luther: 95 Thesis, sale of indulgences, buy your way into heaven; and simony, could pay for clergy positions; the clergy was very wealthy; he felt faith was personal; trouble: we don’t need the Pope or all these rituals, or the 7 sacraments except for 2 or them; he said Pope Leo X was the anti-Christ; we don’t need the trappings of the church  finds the Lutherans John Calvin  Presbyterians John Wesley  someone else Protestants are saying that there is too much attention on the Saints, on Legends, and should only be art from the actual Bible 1563: Councils of Trent, the Counter Reformation, this is the Catholic church defending its actions against the Protestants; did not back down and just added to it and the art of Saints; and said the Saints are important for two reasons—*(1) didactic, to teach, especially people that cannot read & (2) to inspire people to devotion, and these are the two reasons that have been there all along, but were actually stated at the Council. Did not back down on its imagery, but did clean up its act on some other things Baroque is a total outgrowth of the Counter Reformation Titian, Madonna and Child with a Female Saint and the Infant St. John the Baptist, 1530’s, Kimbell Titian, “Venus” of Urbino, 1538, Uffizi, Florence, Italy For Duke of Urbino Would have been scandalous because you would not paint a girl......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

The Renaissance

...The Renaissance was destined to happen. It happened for many reasons. Many new inventions and changes accrued during the time that people cherish now. One of the effects of the renaissance is the art. It brought art from looking like elementary school work to college level professionals. It created three different types of beautiful storytelling pieces. The first type of art is classical. This type of art shows importance of leaders or gods with little background and no sense of perspective. Then there is medieval art. This teaches religion to those who can’t read and the important figures are larger. Lastly, there is the Renaissance type of art. It shows both religious and non-religious pictures that are very detailed and colorful. The renaissance also helped people become more individualized and more into secular thought. Without religion forcing them down, the people became free with their thinking. They had an increase of books and knowledge. Even a book on how to be a king and how to gain political power to keep, it was a book done in this period, which would have not have been published in medieval times. Also, without religion suppressing them they became materialist, wanting many things. Leading into wanting the finer things in life, but if that did not change us we would have the desire to get anything, thinking it’s a sin. Philosophy also changed during the Renaissance. Many books depicted animals, as well as plants and minerals. Artists such as......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Renaissance Art

...Characteristics of the Renaissance? In very simple terms, the Italian Renaissance re-established Western art according to the principles of classical Greek art, especially Greek sculpture and painting, which provided much of the basis for the Grand Tour, and which remained unchallenged until Pablo Picasso and Cubism. From the early 14th century, in their search for a new set of artistic values and a response to the courtly International Gothic style, Italian artists and thinkers became inspired by the ideas and forms of ancient Greece and Rome. This was perfectly in tune with their desire to create a universal, even noble, form of art which could express the new and more confident mood of the times. Renaissance Philosophy of Humanism Above all, Renaissance art was driven by the new notion of "Humanism," a philosophy which had been the foundation for many of the achievements (eg. democracy) of pagan ancient Greece. Humanism downplayed religious and secular dogma and instead attached the greatest importance to the dignity and worth of the individual. Effect of Humanism on Art In the visual arts, humanism stood for (1) the emergence of the individual figure, in place of stereotyped, or symbolic figures. (2) Greater realism and consequent attention to detail, as reflected in the development of linear perspective and the increasing realism of human faces and bodies; this new approach helps to explain why classical sculpture was so revered, and why Byzantine art fell out of......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6

Renaissance

...The Classical and Renaissance art periods are two of the most important and celebrated art periods in our history. The two periods were alike in many ways with only a few differences setting them apart. In the end, the Renaissance was a “rebirth” of the Classical art style, architecture and beliefs. The Classical period was a time of spectacular architecture, philosophical pondering, and human development; taking place between 500 – 323 BC, Ancient Greece enjoyed wealth and power. The arts, literature, and drama thrived. The Classical Period made world changing discoveries in medicine, mathematics, physics, and astronomy. The city of Athens, one of the most powerful and influential cities in the Classical period introduced the world to Democracy and has shaped today’s western governments. Some of the philosophers of the Classical Period have become the most well known philosophers know to man today and have had influence on Western thought and civilization. To this day the teachings of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle are still pondered today. Classical art focused mainly on five forms: architecture, sculpture, pottery, painting, and music. Ancient Greece was dominated by religion. This resulted in the temples being big and beautiful. The Classical period brought change in the style of sculptures. The Greeks believed in humanism and their art displayed this. The Greeks took great pride in the importance of the individual in society in the forms of art, philosophy and......

Words: 1628 - Pages: 7