Reducing It Cost

In: Business and Management

Submitted By thonda99
Words 725
Pages 3
Milestone 1
Reducing IT costs at The Learning Tree
Tiffany Davis
Managerial Applications of Information Technology
Professor Beacom

The business problem to be solved is how to reduce IT costs, and improve the data management department of The Learning Tree.
Company Background
The Learning Tree, Inc. is a non-profit organization that exists to provide a warm and loving environment with individualized, empirically validated services and supports to persons with significant educational, medical, and behavioral challenges; helping them develop and maintain a quality of life enjoyed by non-disabled members of their family and community. Three parents of children with multiple disabilities approached Pat Murphy and Jerre Brimer, two educators who had worked with their children as team teachers in the public school setting, and asked them to help establish a school environment that would nurture, challenge, and provide individualized instruction. They sought a school that could not only provide educational services, but also 24-hour care on a year-round basis so that consistency could be established and systematic data based programming could be more adequately implemented. As a result, The Learning Tree, Inc. was incorporated in 1983. The organization maintains three residential schools in Alabama - Mobile, Jacksonville, and Tallassee - for children with autism spectrum disorders and other intellectual disabilities. In addition, it operates The Little Tree Preschools in Mobile, Jacksonville, and Auburn and a consulting program for public schools and other organizations. Beginning in August 2009, the organization will open Woody’s Song, a program offering non-residential services for elementary-aged students. Our services are supervised and provided by a variety of professionals including certified teachers, psychologists, Board Certified Behavior Analysts,…...

Similar Documents

Reducing Falls

...Effects of Physical Restraints in Reducing Falls PICOT paper Larisa Myers Nova Southeastern University Effects of Physical Restraints in Reducing Falls Physical restraints are described as equipment attached to a patient’s body that limits movement. Physical restraints are commonly used in an adult medical facility to prevent patient’s falls or injuries, interference with clinical therapies, and protect patient from harming themselves or others (Kope et al., 2012). However, there is great debate whether or not physical restraints prevent falls. Evidence-based research can be used to expedite the recognition of adults at risks for physical restraints use and assists nurses to find alternative methods (Kope et al., 2012). Background Physical restraints are a common practice in industrialized countries (Kope et al., 2010). Older adults, who are confused, psychotic, and demented, have the greatest risk for being restrained in medical facilities (Kope et al., 2012). Physical restraints include hand mitts, waist belts, and wrist restraints to prevent body movements. The most common misconception among nurses is that restraints prevent falls or injuries (Kope et al., 2012). Data Bases and Key Terms The data base used to research effects of physical restraints in reducing injuries was CINAHL.......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

Reducing Turnover

...RESEARCH RESULTS REDUCING TURNOVER R E A L I Z AT I O N R E S U LT S : ACROSS A SAMPLE OF 35 CLIENTS, DDI SOLUTIONS REDUCED TURNOVER BY AN AV E R A G E O F 4 8 P E R C E N T. F O R M O S T CLIENTS, DDI CAN OFFER REDUCTIONS IN TURNOVER RANGING FROM 2 2 TO 7 4 P E R C E N T. I N A N O R G A N I Z AT I O N OF 10,000 PEOPLE WITH 10 PERCENT TURNOVER, DDI’S S Y S T E M S C A N S AV E ABOUT $4.3 MILLION . 1 4. Biographical Data Requesting information about candidates’ life experiences (e.g., family, hobbies, attitudes) that correlate with job performance. 5. Motivational Fit Inventories Measuring candidates’ preferences for the job, the organization, and location qualities. The cost of replacing a non-management employee has been estimated to be approximately 30 percent of that employee’s annual salary. Replacement costs for managers can approach 50 percent of salary. For an organization with 10,000 employees and managers, this replacement cost can total $12.6 million per year2. Employees leave an organization for many reasons, but two common causes are the quality of the selection system and the quality of leadership. LEADERSHIP QUALITY A recent DDI study revealed that two of the top factors driving retention are the quality of the relationship a person has with his or her supervisor or manager and the amount of meaningful work4. There are many things that an organization can do to improve these factors. Some solutions directly improve leaders’ skills, while others......

Words: 2066 - Pages: 9

Reducing Sugar

...Reducing Sugars Purpose: To better understand the biochemical composition of reducing sugars through qualitative observations and to determine if there is any presence of reducing sugars in the solution. Scientific Hypothesis: When reacting with Benedict’s reagent, reducing sugars will turn from blue to green, orange, or red-brown. Null Hypothesis: Reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars will not react with Benedict’s reagent. Predictions: 1. If water reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will not change color 2. If glucose reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will turn red-brown 3. If sucrose reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will not change colors 4. If maltose reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will turn orange 5. If starch reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will not change colors 6. If glycogen reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will not change colors 7. If whole milk reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will turn red-brown 8. If skim milk reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will not change colors 9. If corn oil reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will turn red-brown 10. If glycerol reacts with Benedicts reagent, then the solution will turn red-brown Rationales: 1. Water does not have an aldehyde group that is free to react with the Copper in Benedicts. 2. Glucose has a free aldehyde group that reacts with the copper in......

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Reducing Airline Fuel Consumption and Cost

...Reducing Airline Fuel Consumption and Cost Fuel costs have become a major percentage of total airline operating costs. Fuel accounts for roughly 40% of total operating expenses and for U.S. carriers it totaled $47.3 billion last year (Grose, 2013). In an attempt to reduce such high costs, airlines have implemented a variety of fuel saving strategies. Weight Reduction Weight reduction is a major concern for airline fuel savings. Every aspect of aircraft design is looked at from a weight/safety standpoint. Below are a few of the most novel approaches to weight reduction that airlines have implemented in the past few years. Phasing Out Paper In 2011, United and Continental pilots began using 1.5lb iPads as electronic flight bags to replace the traditional 38lb paper flight manuals. The projected fuel savings was calculated to be 326,000 gallons of jet fuel for a savings of $1.2 million per year (United Continental Holdings Inc., 2011). This year, American Airlines received regulatory approval for flight attendants to swap out their 5lb paper manuals for 1lb Samsung tablets for a fuel savings of $650,000 per year (Dastin, 2014). While there is a large upfront capital cost for the purchase of thousands of tablets, this is offset by no longer having to print millions of sheets of paper each year for manuals. As for in-flight magazines, Singapore Airlines has been experimenting with providing digitized content for its three magazines on long-haul flights....

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Reducing Risk

...Assessment 1- Reducing Risk, Company: R.M Williams Functional RM Williams clothes and boots are steeped in history and the company has been trading since 1932 and has coined itself as “The Bush Outfitter”. Their functionality has always been core to their business. RM Williams is unique as they manufacture, distribute and retail their products and brand. They have been Australian designed and made, with high quality materials and great cuts. At the launch of Regional Express Airlines (or REX as it is known), the staff, Pilots, and flight attendants all wore RM Williams clothing and footwear. This moved RM Williams from just country clothing consumed by country people to clothing consumed by business people, and a business. Not only was the airlines bringing country people to the cities, it was bringing their fashion too. Perhaps RM Williams was expanding their target market from predominantly rural and country people to city people, and further segmentation to the urban young professional. The target market shift may have been due to economic forces – RM Williams looking for more stability from a city market, not just from people from the land, who had good seasons and bad. What was once a utilitarian need being met, may now be a hedonic need being met – or both. Physical The distribution of RM Williams clothing and boots has also changed with the times. From its humble beginnings of a mail order business, to only in a limited amount of stores and presence in......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5


...AFFECT COST. ECONOMIES OF SCALE When more units of a good or service can be produced on a larger scale with less input costs, then economies of scale are achieved. Economic growth is achieved when economies of scale is realized, this then implies that as a company grows and production units increase, the company will have a better chance to decrease its costs. There economies of scale are the cost advantages that a company obtains due to expansion, which leads to unit cost reduction as the scale of operations increase. There are two sources of economies of scale: internal and external economies. Internal economies are specific to a company while external economies of scale are beneficial to all the entire industry. Internal economies of scale include the following: 1. Labour economies- Increased of labour is a major source of labour economies. The extent of division of labour is preconditioned by the scale of output. As output increases and the labour force grow, a greater degree of specialization, with all its advantages, may become possible. 2. Technical Economies- Technical economies of scale occur when a business invests in new technology and is able to increase production. As a result, production costs per unit will fall. For example: a) Economies of superior technique: * Firms can use high technique and capital goods. * Firms can install high quality machine and capital goods. * Using these, will result in more efficiency, reducing the......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Reducing the Use of Antibiotics

...Biology Debate Paper BIO-L02 Proposition: Reducing the Use of Antibiotics Antibiotics are created using natural substances which bacteria secrete to kill other bacteria when forced to compete for limited nutrients. The first antibiotic, Penicillin, was discovered in the 1928 by Alexander Fleming and began being mass produced by the 1940’s. Within the same decade, resistant strains of bacteria began to appear. (1) Since then, 18 dangerous drug-resistant superbugs have been discovered (according to the CDC). A bacterium is referred to as a ‘superbug’ if it carries several resistant genes within its DNA. (2) Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics primarily through two ways: by mutation or by horizontal gene transfer, in which bacteria share resistant genes with other bacteria essentially swapping out portions of their DNA for mutated sections. Antibiotics kill bacteria by binding to the cells protein so that the protein cannot function properly, hindering the bacteria from growing and reproducing. If the bacteria contains mutated portions of DNA, the antibiotic cannot bind to the altered protein and the bacteria won’t be affected. Due to natural selection, the bacteria that survived, the mutated bacteria, will be left to grow and reproduce and all that will remain will be the antibiotic resistant bacteria. (1) There continues to be an increase in antibiotic resistant bacteria due to a variety of reasons, mainly the over-prescription of antibiotics,......

Words: 1549 - Pages: 7

Reducing Abortion

...Reducing the Number of Abortions in Society Reducing the Number of Abortions in Society Michelle Donaldson Breckinridge School of Nursing-Student Should we reduce abortions in the world and literally control the rights of women to decide for themselves? This is the question I will discuss in this paper, one that I feel is very important to the betterment of society in regards to human kind as a whole. Is it a choice that should be the right of the pregnant woman, or is it a choice that should be made by our society, thus taking away a basic human right to control a woman’s self and body. We shall see. Abortion is, as simply put on the website, “In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost” (, 2013). Now, as one can tell, this is a rather generic definition for abortion. It encompasses abortions of all types, whether it be natural or human induced. That being said, abortion by the medical industry absolutely carries with it many ethical and moral conundrums. Is it right for the individual to decide whether or not a child should be born, and is it ethical for the medical institutions to be a participant in the abortion process? These questions have sparked a very adamant debate in recent years and in fact have spread into a very volatile situation for both sides. We......

Words: 1629 - Pages: 7

Reducing Crime

...Reducing Crime Despite the enormous volume of criminological writing and debate which has taken place throughout the nineteenth and twentieth century, the resulting theories which have emerged have tended to each focus too heavily on one particular aspect of crime and its control and as such, have proved to be incomplete approaches to our understanding of crime and its reduction; the focus of these being on the victim or on the offender, on the social reaction to crime or on the criminal behaviour itself [Young, 1995, p 102], but never sufficiently all inclusive. As a result, the criminal justice system, in reliance on this partial criminology, has introduced penal measures which have proved completely ineffective in reducing crime. I shall demonstrate my argument with a discussion of post World War II criminology and penology, and provide practical examples of how partial criminology has lead to a failure in crime reduction [by 'partial criminology', I refer to criminological theories which have focussed and relied too heavily on one particular aspect of crime and have as a result, failed to help its reduction]. I shall then conclude this essay by discussing some of the more recent criminological approaches which have emerged in the latter decades of the twentieth century, and discuss how these writings and debate might have paved the way for a brighter future in terms of effective crime control. From the latter part of the 1950's to the early 70's, the study of deviance...

Words: 2251 - Pages: 10

Reducing Rehospitalizations in Skilled Nursing Facilities Increases the Quality of Care Residents Receive and Decreases Unnecessary Health Care Cost

...Reducing Rehospitalizations in Skilled Nursing Facilities Increases the Quality of Care Residents Receive and Decreases Unnecessary Health Care Cost Nurses have the power to increase positive patient outcomes by implementing changes in their practice based on the evidence found in the nursing literature. Utilizing evidence-based practice (EBP) increases nurses job satisfaction, increases communication across the interdisciplinary team, enables nurses to provide their patients with high-quality care and decreases health care cost. The purpose of this paper is to describe why readmissions from nursing homes (NHs) is a nurse practice problem, nurse practice changes to reduce hospitalizations in NHs, evidence found in the nursing literature that supports the change in nursing practice and how to evaluate the change in practice after implementation of interventions. The Problem Residents in NHs continue to experience potentially avoidable 30-day readmissions to hospitals. Rahman, Foster, Grabowski, Zinn, & Mor (2013) define 30-day readmissions as when the resident is readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital to NHs and avoidable readmissions as conditions that can be managed safely and efficiently in NHs instead of the resident being transferred to the hospital (p. 1901) There are more than 1.6 million Americans living in NHs in the United States and 23.5% of these Americans experience readmission to the hospital within 30 days of......

Words: 2557 - Pages: 11

Reducing Emissions

...Running head: REDUCING EMISSIONS Policies in Reducing Emissions Centoria Robertson AIU Online Abstract A policy maker can have concerns with the effects of the amounts of gases and particulates that are being released into the environment. Their concern turns into wanting a resolution to correct the issue. There are many government policies and systems created for resolving problems like a local power plant emitting gases and particulates into the air. This paper will discuss a policy that can be effective in correcting the problem and benefits from it. Title of Paper When it comes to the local power plant and the pollution emitted into the air, there are many policies that can be set forth to reduce the amount of emissions. One policy that can be very effective in reducing the pollution at a local power plant is the government setting a cap on how much pollution can be emitted into the air. International Emissions Trading Association (IETA) states “the cap and trade system is the best means to establish a quantifiable, legally enforceable limit on emissions…” (IETA, 2014). This result is the cheapest and the most beneficial to the economy. What is the Solution? If the government could set a cap on how much pollution that can be emitted into the air this would be great for the environment. It would reduce the amount of emissions and global emissions reductions will move faster. The cap and trade system allows the private sector the flexibility to reduce...

Words: 562 - Pages: 3

Reducing Health Care Cost

...CONTROLLING HEALTH CARE COSTS WHILE PROMOTING THE BEST POSSIBLE HEALTH OUTCOMES American College of Physicians A White Paper 2009 Controlling Health Care Costs While Promoting the Best Possible Health Outcomes Summary of Position Paper Approved by the ACP Board of Regents, September 2009 What are the Major Drivers of Health Care Costs? Major drivers of health care costs include: inappropriate utilization especially of advanced medical technology, lack of patient involvement in decision-making, payment system distortions that encourage over-use, high prices for health care services, a health care workforce that is not aligned with national needs, excessive administrative costs, medical liability and defensive medicine, more Americans with declining health status and chronic disease, and demographic changes including an increase in elderly persons. This paper addresses each of these drivers of health care costs and provides recommendations for controlling them. Why Do We Need to Control Health Care Costs? Improvements in health care have the ability to provide opportunities for all people to live better, healthier lives. However, the rate of increase in U.S. spending on health care continues to exceed economic growth at an unsustainable pace. The rate of growth in health care spending is the single most important factor undermining the nation’s long-term fiscal condition. Why Should Controlling Health Care Costs be Linked to Promoting Good Health Outcomes? Increasing......

Words: 26901 - Pages: 108

Organzing Cost- Reducing Program

...Organizing a Cost- Reduction program The Bottom Line * You need a multidisciplinary team to attain significant cost- reduction. Support from the top helps greatly. * Encounter resistance to the cost reduction effort * There are risks associated with cost – reduction opportunities * Meet at least once a week * Maintain an action plan to create and sustain reduction momentum. * Someone who writes well and is good in capturing details should take notes and publish meeting minutes no later than one day after each meeting. The meeting minutes should be sent to the chief executive, the team members, and the head of each department. Doing this keep others in the loop, and it keeps the effort alive. * The meeting minutes should include “living” task list. Team members should provide input regarding the status of each task in the meeting, and the person preparing the meeting minutes should update the task list to show current status. * The team members should discuss cost- reduction ideas in a free- flowing manner. The ideas may come from the team members or from others in the company. All of the ideas should be captured on a paper. After discussing all of the ideas, the team should decide if each idea should be pursued. If the team thinks an idea has a merit, in most cases it will go to the affected department manager. Key Questions: 1.) Do we have a cost – reduction effort in place? 2.) Do we have cost – reduction targets? 3.) How do we identify and......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Reducing Rehospitalizations

...Reducing Rehospitalizations Elizabeth A Goebel Drexel University Reducing Rehospitalizations Change has become a major buzz word in nursing; everything is changing on a daily basis. If it isn’t the evolution in technology, changes in the reimbursement process, it is introducing new initiatives to reduce rehospitalizations and ultimately improve patient outcomes. Hospitals are under tremendous pressure to reduce their avoidable rehospitalization rates. In October 2012, hospitals started being penalized for having higher readmission rates. Jenks estimates that readmissions within thirty days of discharge cost Medicare more than seventeen billion dollars annually (Jenks, Williams, and Coleman, 2009). There is no doubt that readmissions following a hospitalization are very costly. This issue is critical in nursing today because skyrocketing costs can affect salaries and poor outcomes can be blamed on poor care. The quest for better outcomes proves to be a collaborative effort between hospitals, physicians, case managers, therapists, social workers and caregivers. In May of 2008 St Luke’s Hospital in Cedar Rapids, Iowa implemented a transitions in care program. They understood that the hand off from hospital to home was not working effectively. They focused on being sure that the patient as well as the care givers understood the patients diagnosis, plan of care and plan for follow up care with their doctors. They used the “teach back” method, by having the......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Society Gets What It Pays for and the Cost of Reducing Social Risk Is Regulation, Leading to Higher Taxes and Higher Prices.” Critically Discuss This Statement.

...Reducing social risk is to assist individuals, households, and communities better manage risk, and to provide support to the critically poor. As a result of economic and political liberalization, globalization among other forces, households tend to face more risks now than in the past. Due to increase risks faced and decreased ability to manage risks, many poor and near-poor households are expressing anxiety about their perceived vulnerability. Government regulation can usually reduce social risk. A successful society can be achieved by taxing higher rates and many of the governments are practicing it today. The funds received from the tax are channeled back to the economy through subsidies and loans to the poor. The effectiveness of such schemes depends on a lot of factors including the level of transparency and accountability in government, the sustainability of the project and the existing political environment. For example, in Sweden, paying high taxes is considered to be a benefit. Swedes' personal income tax can be as little as 29 per cent of their pay, but most people (anyone earning over £32,000) will pay between 49 and 60 per cent through a combination of local government and state income tax. Taxpayers get back what they pay for through various situations such as free education – public and private and free health and dental care for under 18s. There are also child allowance of £ 1,080 a year per child and can enjoy parental leave lasting 480 days as 390......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2