Reader Response - Teenage Drinking

In: English and Literature

Submitted By liav
Words 729
Pages 3
21, Writtle Road,

15th November 2014
Dear Mr. Richardson,
With regard to your recently published articles by McCartney and Farquharson, I would like to compare and contrast the articles as well as incorporate my argument.
According to your statistics, over sixty five per cent of children have consumed harmful amounts of alcohol by adult standards by the age of fifteen and a large proportion are likely to have been drunk at least once in the last four weeks. This is appalling. Much less than half a century ago this would have been unheard of. Nowadays, it is common practice for a parent or guardian to purchase alcohol for their son or daughters’ consumption at the next house party. Although there are still mixed opinions on underage drinking, a much larger proportion are supportive of it.
Farquharson’s responds to the Donaldson’s - the Chief Medical Officer - thesis with shock. He asks “Does he really believe that 17-year-olds, who are allowed to drive a car on their own and have children on their own, shouldn’t be able to drink without mummy or daddy standing over them counting the empty WKD bottles?” He believes that drinking is just another responsibility, that if you can legally drive a car and have children, you should be able to drink on your own too. On the other hand, a counter argument says that drinking is more damaging than any of those things. Alcohol is a drug. In America, more than five thousand underage drinkers per year from alcohol overdose, with 190,000 being sent to accident and emergency.
However, he does not mention that children and teenagers are much more educated on having children and driving a car than drinking alcohol. For example, before you get you licence you must take many driving lessons and thoroughly know your theory before you can even consider taking a test. This preparation give the…...

Similar Documents

Scada and Gis for Drinking Water Distribution System Monitoring and Response

...Position Paper for Beyond SCADA: Networked Embedded Control for Cyber Physical Systems workshop SCADA and GIS for drinking water distribution system monitoring and response: critical gaps Shannon L. Isovitsch1 and Jeanne M. VanBriesen2 SCADA is frequently used to manage and control drinking water treatment systems. In this application, SCADA systems perform remote monitoring and operations control along with data management and storage. SCADA systems often serve the joint purposes of operational information and regulatory compliance data management, The most important challenge in the advancement of SCADA systems in the drinking water industry is the need for monitoring and control throughout the distribution system, rather than only at the treatment plant and water sources. This will require integrating existing SCADA systems with numerical distribution system models to enable better model calibration and demand estimation, simulation of past events for analysis, and simulation of emergency situations for response training. We anticipate this integration will highlight the need for spatial as well as temporal data storage and analysis through GIS, and the need for the expansion of SCADA systems to track water quality as well as quantity. SCADA systems at a water utility are currently used to monitor flows and pressures at the treatment plant and associated water sources. Water quality monitoring is often performed by grab sampling to meet regulatory requirements. While......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4


...Introduction to Literature (ADI1303A) Reader-response approach was the best way to look at The Story of an Hour. I connected on different levels with the story of a woman who fell out of love with her husband. The short story is written with two tones one of somber and one of joy. The writer goes between the two and shows how one event can span different emotions. The Story of an Hour is a wonderfully written short story that spoke to me. The two completely different tones of the piece drew me in. The story begins with a somber mood as the lady of the home is being told about the death of her husband. “She did not hear the story as many women have heard the same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance.” The tone in this sentence can be seen as somber, but it my also have a happy undertone. The loss of your soul mate should be a sad event, but perhaps that may not always be the case. As the story goes on the tone changes to one of elation as Mrs. Mallard begins to realize she is free from her husband. She begins to imagine her life without the burden of pretending to be in love with him. She makes her way down the stairs only to find her husband waiting at the end. Her heart condition gets the best of her and she dies on the spot. The last sentence brings the tone full circle and back to somber. The drama in this short story grabbed my attention, the tones changed fast. Reader-response approach looks at how a reader will connect with a......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Reader Response of Araby

...Brittany Charpentier 18 October 2011 Reader Response Criticism of James Joyce’s “Araby” Though there are many different theories to interpret the short story “Araby” I have chosen a reader response theory known as transactional reader response. In doing so I hope to show the connection between text and reader and how our emotions and state of mind directly reflect on how we interpret works of literature. In transactional reader response theory, presented by both Louise Rosenblatt and Wolfgang Iser, I will be using the text of “Araby” as my blueprint to guide me to my conclusions and how I interpret the text. According to Iser the text provides readers with two kinds of meanings determinate and indeterminate: “Determinate meaning refers to what might be called the facts of the text, certain events in the plot or physical descriptions clearly provided by the words on the page. In indeterminate meaning or indeterminacy, refers to “gaps” in the text – such as actions that are not clearly explained or seem to have multiple explanations…” (Tyson 174) By using both indeterminate and determinate meanings within the blueprint of “Araby” I will construct and describe the reading process I undertake. In the beginning of the blueprint we are introduced to the narrator’s surroundings in which he lives. He describes the street he lives on as isolated and goes on to include telling of the previous owner of the house being a deceased priest. The surroundings of the narrator and......

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Teenage Drinking

...and “Don’t Make Teen Drinking Easier” by Joseph A Califano are articles on opposite sides of the teen drinking debate. While Reid has experience living abroad and seeing teen drinking in a real world scenario, Califano has experience as the founder and chairman of the National Center of Addiction and Substance abuse. While both had some good points, the question remains, what are we (as a nation/parents) trying to prevent? Is it the dangers of binge drinking or lifelong alcohol problems? While Califano’s argument was more about lifelong alcohol problems, he had more facts and statistics to back up his argument. Califano’s argument was more credible and more thought out, perhaps because it was precisely a rebuttal to Reid’s. Let’s look at both essays. Reid’s article was published first and his tone is one of a fatherly concern. He has children and looks at teen drinking with the eyes of a father. He states that he has raised kids in three environments, Tokyo, London, and Colorado. He sees the problem of teen drinking due to the fact that it is done in secret. He asserts that American teens look at drinking as “pregaming”. The goal of this is to get drunk. He maintains that teens abroad don’t have a tendency to do this because they don’t have to hide drinking. It is simply not needed because it is legal to drink there. Reid uses a logical fallacy we call “begging the question”. He claims that the US drinking age of 21 is the cause of teenage binge drinking in America;......

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Reader Response: the Lottery

...Reader Response #2: The Lottery “The Lottery” is a short story written by Shirley Jackson and published in 1948. The title of the story initially leads readers to believe the story is going to be about someone winning some kind of prize. Even the opening of the story seems to protest any foul play or cruel behavior. What the reader is introduced to is a seemingly friendly gathering of a small village community, members all gathered around anxiously awaiting their drawing for the lottery. The village members all chatter amongst one another in a tone that kind neighbors would take with one another. To the surprise of the reader, the story provides a shocking twist. The story is not about someone winning a prize. Instead the story reveals that the lottery is a barbaric and inhumane practice in which the person who is drawn is subsequently stoned to death by the member of the community. Upon first reading the story, I sat there shocked staring at the book, not fathoming what I had read. I ended up going back to the beginning and reading it again. It was after my second time reading the story that the dark, yet brilliant mind of the author finally mesmerized me. From what I gather, Jackson was obviously trying to portray humanity’s ability to be cruel toward their fellow man. The author also pointed out that we are drawn toward such graphic dramatizations because of the pointless inhumanity and violence that we are so inexplicably capable of. Although we do not go around......

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Teenage Pregnancy

...Earned 3. Depression 4. Social Isolation 5. Limited Job Opportunities D. Transition Sentence IV. Many Problems Arise When Teenagers Raise Babies A. The Majority of Teen Moms Are Unmarried and Undereducated 1. Lower Income a. Lack of Nutrition b. Difficulty Obtaining Childcare c. Decreased Options of Continuing Education 2. High Rates of Poverty a. Unsafe Feeling b. Lowself Esteem c. Lowself Efficiency B. Transition Sentence V. Teenage Mothers Tend To Have Poor Prenatal Care A. Mothers and Unborn Childern Suffer From Malnutrition 1. Lack of Information 2. Lack of Money B. Teenagers Tend to Slack on Prenatal Doctors Visits 1. Less Screening for Potential Problems 2. Less Preparation and Counseling C. Mothers Do Not Receive Counseling on the Actual Birthing Process D. Important Information on Appropriate Behavior for the Mother Is not Received 1. Smoking 2. Drinking 3. Drugs E. Transition Sentence VI. Conclusion Now i just need a Introductory Paragraph. Which I have no idea how to start. My teacher told me to turn it in to a story and entertain the reader....

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Rose for Emily Reader Response

...A Rose for Emily Reader Response Essay All men and women are created equal and deserve fair treatment from the opposite sex. However, since the beginning of history, sexual equality has not been a virtue that was closely followed. Men tend to falsely assume that since they are physically more capable than women, they are inherently also more important. Obviously that is not the case and this sexism tends to create a powerful barrier between males and females. Thankfully, modern day culture has vastly diminished the discrimination of women while resorting to more politically correct viewpoints. Though in the early 1900s when “A Rose for Emily” was set, the Deep South still considered women as major inferiorities to men, which is made evident in “A Rose for Emily.” I disagree with William Faulkner and how he utilizes his short story “A Rose for Emily” to portray his view that women are second-class citizens. “When Miss Emily Grierson died, our whole town went to her funeral: the men through a sort of respectful affection for a fallen monument, the women mostly out of curiosity to see the inside of her house…” (Faulkner, 217). Here in the very first paragraph of the story I quickly became aware of the writer’s intention to go out of the way to present the idea that women are of less moral value than men. Faulkner could have simply stated, “When Miss Emily Grierson died, our whole town went to her funeral,” but he decided instead to elaborate and give the specific reason for......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Reader Response

...S. McDonald Professor Williams ENC 1102 12 January 2011 Reader Response 1 The first time I read “The Cranes” by Peter Meinke, it appeared to be nothing more than a story about an elderly couple sitting in their car at the Gulf of Mexico reflecting on their lives together. However, the second time I read the short story, I began to pick up on the author’s symbolism. It wasn’t until I read the story for a third time that I realized the couple was committing suicide. I truly enjoyed this story. There is so much more to it than I originally thought. The initial shock of realizing that the husband and wife were taking their own lives was quite disturbing to me. However, I was greatly comforted by the couple’s sense of humor in these final moments of their lives. They were so completely at ease with one another. The author uses descriptions of three different kinds of birds to convey an image of how the couple must view themselves and the world around them at this point in their lives. “Along the marshy shore two tall stately birds, staring motionless toward the Gulf, towered the bobbing egrets and scurrying plovers.” (Meyer 621) The first clue the author gives that there is more to the story than there first appears to be is the mention of the shower curtain on the front seat. “the shower curtain spread over the front seat crackled and hissed.” (Meyer 622) The next clue is when the wife questions if they are......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

Reader Response

...Reader Response for story “Boys and Girls” I was inspired after reading the story “Boys and Girls”, although I am a male, but I still can feel the emotion of the character in the story, because the story “Boys and Girls” happened in 1960-1970s, however, the gender discrimination is more serious at that time in China. I was born in big city in China, and I am only child in the family. Even I am a boy; I already realized the gender difference and discrimination. I think in China lots of women have similar story just like the girl in the “Boys and Girls”. China is a traditional country; when I was a little boy, children are usually raised by the elders in the family before they go to primary school, because parents are very busy, they need to work every day. I was raised by my grandparents too, I am only child in the family so I cannot feel gender discrimination in that time, until I got on the primary school, my best friend in class is came from countryside, his situation and living environment is very different with me. He was raised with his older sister in his grandparent’s house; he could feel his grandparents treat he better than his sister. They grandparents usually offer he the better food and clothes than his older sister. When he made mistakes they would not blame he much but not his sister. And his older sister’s mother dislikes him and his mother, he was confused, till his mother told his, his aunt is jealous......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Readers Response Journal

...The Violence in Beloved Beloved is filled with violence, but it’s relevant in making the story what it is. In order to make and emphasize her point and affect the reader, Morrison laces her main character’s timeline with violence, vulgarity, and sadness. It’s probably one of the most affective instruments the author uses in my opinion. She manipulates the readers feelings and expectations by insinuating flashbacks within her story without warning, all the while providing the reader the necessary information on how her main character, Sethe, had gotten to where she is in present day. Violence plays a huge role in the storyline and the emotional aspect that’s portrayed to the reader. When the speaker describes the tree embedded into Sethe’s back, and how she got it, the description allows the reader to really understand how badly she and the others were treated and be made aware of the circumstances that she had to live in. As the author describes the gruesome injustice done to Sethe by the inhumane man that had brutally beaten her to the point of her back being torn, it makes the reader feel sorry for Sethe. The symbolism behind the tree truly is literary genius. The author was able to take a traumatic event, a horrific one at that, and manage to symbolize it as something as peaceful and simple as a tree. By the author providing violence within her storyline, the violence proves to be more affective in terms of moving the audience. When Sethe prostitutes herself in order...

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Reader Response

...“An American Childhood” Reader’s Response Many details in Annie Dillard’s “An American Childhood” suggest that the author is retelling the events of an early childhood experience from the viewpoints of herself as an adult. Ms. Dillard’s essay uncovers the differences between how adults and children view the world and seek happiness. However, there are a couple points to this essay. It seems as though, one of the author’s main points was to convey the message that some of the simplest moments in her life were also the happiest and most memorable. For example, she says, “I got in trouble throwing snowballs, and have seldom been happier since”. Also, I noticed that the author seemed to be motivated to inspire readers to chase life’s experiences passionately until one is satisfied. In the essay the author uses two rhetorical modes: narration and description. Ms. Dillard uses narration to describe her perspective of what it was like to be a child in America. In addition to using narration she also describes the intricate details of that particular winter day “Six inches of new snow had just fallen. We were standing up to our boot tops in snow on a front yard trafficked Reynolds Street slowly and evenly; they were targets all but wrapped in red ribbons, cream puffs.” (91). In relation to the unit theme: The shaping of Identity this writing piece uses an autobiographical narrative and flashback writing techniques to portray the American Childhood. Ms. Dillard’s perspective of...

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Readers Response to the Change in Ontological Levels in Metafiction

...Readers Response to the Change in Ontological Levels in Metafiction In works of metafiction, literary works address the devices of fiction to uncover the fictional illusion. Sometimes these works have a voice interacting within the world or review a contemplation of thought. Some works utilize different scenarios to emphasize metafiction such as; a reader reading a literary work, an author writing a literary work, or a narrator intentionally exposing him or herself as the author of the story. These works could also address the specific conventions of story, such as title, character conventions, paragraphing or plots. The various ways of creating a metafictional work is meant to capture the reader by making them aware that the story being told is made up, preventing a connection to their reality. One must question how do readers respond to the metafictional work? Can this response change when a different media is being used? These questions must be evaluated first in order for the metafictional to be comprehended in the second reaction. After the reader has had time to pose certain questions it will help them understand the work of leiterature. Using reader’s reactions to Beckett’s “A Text for Nothing, Number 4,” “The Magic Poker” by Robert Coover and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando , we can evaluate the responses to these works and acceptance of the evident fictional world. In the first round of reading Samuel Beckett’s “A Text for Nothing, Number 4,” the reader might start off......

Words: 3057 - Pages: 13

Reader-Response to John Updike’s “a&P”

... Reader-Response to John Updike’s “A&P” “Sammy, you don’t want to do this to your Mom and Dad,” he tells me. It’s true, I don’t. But it seems to me that once you begin a gesture it’s fatal not to go through with it (323). This statement made by Sammy after quitting his job, was made towards the end of John Updike’s story “A&P”. Sammy had quit his job, a job that his parents helped him to get. Sammy opened up a whole new world; a world that I don’t think Sammy was ready for. He made a quick and irrational decision, rather if it affected his life or not we would never know. One could make the assumption that yes he was affected, because he possibly brought shame to his parents. With it being a small town word gets around fast a there is a chance that Sammy wouldn’t be able to find a job any other place because of how he had quit he job prior. Sammy labeled the people whom were in the store as “sheep pushing their carts down the aisle” (321), as in how people were expected to act in society, being constrained, unable to be yourself. Sammy was different; he was an adolescent male who was just trying to find his way through life. A life where he wasn’t familiar with, he was socially inept and lacked a good education as you can tell from the language he used. Life was just about to change for Sammy. John Updike’s story teaches us that we don’t always have to have good reasons for the choices we make. Some of the choices we make are strictly based on our feelings and......

Words: 1029 - Pages: 5

Summary Response Almy Alphabet Soup: My Life as a Reader

...“Alphabet Soup: My Life as a Reader”, withstood that exact problem. Imagine at a young age looking at b, d, p, and q. Now imagine not seeing a distinction between the four letters. That’s frustrating isn’t it? As Mr. Almy states, “One of the first things I learned in school was that I was stupid. Really Stupid.” (1). John was faced with an issue that did not make school pleasant for a young assertive boy and his family, which really was not in a good state of mind already. So, put yourself into John’s shoes. Try to understand the difficult times of his adolescence. School was not always unpleasant to John. He said, “When I first started going to school it was fun.” (1). Of course he was talking about the recess part of school. “Playing outside on the jungle gym, wrestling outside in the mud, and if you liked girls then you chased them around and pull their hair.” (1). That was always the best part of school, until that screeching bell rang and turned everyone into little learning robots, which meant back to work again. John never considered being the class genius, but the time came where the teacher began to teach the alphabet. She wrote the letters up on the board, and she asked the class to define what the letter is. Well, the letter A was easy, so was B, and C. He was delighted to get those right, but when that letter D came around he was astonished. John said, “I made it all the way through the letters a, b, and c, and then my glory days as a reader came to a halt......

Words: 988 - Pages: 4

Readers Response - Araby

...Readers Response - Araby Awe, young love. It’s exciting and thrilling, yet it can be exceptionally disappointing and unfulfilling. Araby is the name of the bazaar in which the main character of the story is going to so he can buy his young love, Mangan's sister, a gift. He is obsessed with the girl and even waits and watches for her out his window before they leave for school in the mornings. Once the girl exits her house he follows very swiftly and rushes past her, not knowing if he will ever utter a word to her. The girl ends up approaching him one day and asks if he is going to this bazaar ‘Araby’. She is sad to say that she cannot go, so he offers to bring her something back from it. He arrives late to the bazaar due to his uncle's tardiness, and doesn't make a purchase because the proprietors are beginning to pack up their wares. This leaves the young man irritated and exasperated. I recall having a handful of crushes on boys when I was in junior high school. I attended a weekly youth group where one named Matt would come to every other week on Wednesdays. I figured out he couldn't come to youth group every time, so I made sure that I was at every single one that I knew he would be at. I also discovered that he would come with a group from Boys Town, so he quickly obtained a bad boy rap. I think he liked me too because he would always smile at me and sit by me. One day when youth group was about to begin, I went to sit in a chair directly in front of him.......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2