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Rawls’s and Nozick’s Theory on Distributive Justice

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This essay will compare and then contrast two distributive justice theories.
First this essay will demonstrate how Rawls’s theory will affect the society and its structure in terms of basic social institutions, wealth distribution and major economic limits and opportunities. Then, the essay will demonstrate the same for Nozick’s theory on distributive justice. I will then describe, in which society I would prefer to live in and why.

In my understanding John Rawls bases his theory on the veil of ignorance. It’s an imaginative situation that puts all rational people together and lets them make decisions on the justice structure of society without being effected by power or any other influences coming from other people. Having that in mind, all people under the veil of ignorance make decisions with out knowing the results, what place they will take in society and what advantage or privilege that person would have. Based on this, Rawls states that all people will choose two basic but main principles. First is the principle of liberty and freedom. Under which all people have the same rights to the maximum freedom. And secondly Rawls states, that it’s ok to have inequality, as long as those who are better of will somehow benefit those who are least well of. This according to Rawls will minimize the maximum, allowing to “close the gap”. (Shaw, Barry, & Sansbury, 2009) This will be possible according to Rawls as all rational, self-interested people will seek to maximize the minimum to be better of. They do not want to gamble with their or their children’s future. (Shaw et al. 2009)

Nozicks theory on distributive justice is based on minimum government intervention because it enforces yours and mine violation of liberty or freedom. In his theory Government is only there to protect against force, fraud and theft. As well as to enforce contracts…...

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