Railroads, Industrial Revolution

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cullenj94
Words 4794
Pages 20
Economic Impact of the Railroad: Portugal vs. Europe

Cullen Jones
Econ 30423
Dr. Lovett
December 3, 2013

Railroads first came around in the early 19th century. It is common knowledge that the railroad helped the economy and the people living in that time; but to what extent? This paper will examine the railroad in greater detail to determine how revolutionary the invention actually was. An intricate railway system helped make shipping more economical as well as changed population habits. Sources indicate that these changes could have affected the economy of a country. The railroad became prominent in different countries at different rates and at different times. This paper will also discuss this and try to find any repercussions of a delayed start to the widespread use of the rail road. There is some evidence to support that the railroad affected a countries current economic standing. A primary country that will be observed is Portugal. The statistics and information on Portugal is relevant to what is being discussed. Portugal will be compared to countries like the United Kingdom and Spain to see how each was affected by the railroad. There are a significant amount of difference between the railroad, including how they took on the process of building a system and how that affected the country as a whole.

Economic Impact of the Railroad: Portugal vs. Europe
Cullen Jones
Railroads first came around in the early 19th century. It is common knowledge that the railroad helped the economy and the people living in that time; but to what extent? This paper will examine the railroad in greater detail to determine how revolutionary the invention actually was. An intricate railway system helped make shipping more economical as well as changed population habits. Sources indicate that these changes could have affected the economy of a country. The railroad became…...

Similar Documents

Industrial Revolution

...Industrial Revolution – A step to new era The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured goods and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes. The Industrial Revolution began over 200 years ago. It changed the way in which many products, including cloth and textiles, were manufactured. It is called a "revolution" beacuse the changes it caused were great and sudden. It greatly affected the way people lived and worked. This revolution helped to bring about the modern world we know today in many ways. The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of production in which machines replaced tools and steam and other energy sources replaced human or animal power. The Industrial......

Words: 1010 - Pages: 5

Industrial Revolution

...The rise of the industrial revolution One event that left a big impact in history and now at days was the industrial revolution of u.s.a from 1750-1850 the industrial revolution took place during this time many drastic changes occurred such as changes in agriculture manufacturing mining transportation and technology in the following I will tell you what happened before during and after the rise of the industrial revolution Before, the rise in the industrial revolution manufacturing was normally done locally in homes with hands no machines and no mass production. when all that changed was in the 17th century in England when they use the power of rivers and streams to bullied mills and factories for textiles soon a guy named Samuel stole the ideas and got on a ship and brought the ideas to the u.s.a. transportation was limited before the industrial revolution the only transportation people knew of was carriages with horses, or trains. Before the industrial revolution 2 types of mining excised drift mines and bell mines both were small scale coal mines. Technology was not advanced before the rise of the industrial revolution but all that was about to change During the industrial revolution, industrlazation took a big turn and improved a lot when Samuel arrived with the plans of the mills many factories were built on water power many soon people started moving from their farms to the cities to work in the textile, furniture, ETC.factories factories meant pollution and......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

The Industrial Revolution

...The Industrial Revolution [pic] The Industrial Revolution may be defined as the application of power-driven machinery to manufacturing. It had its beginning in remote times, and is still continuing in some places. In the eighteenth century all of western Europe began to industrialize rapidly, but in England the process was most highly accelerated. England's head start may be attributed to the emergence of a number of simultaneous factors. Britain had burned up her magnificent oak forests in its fireplaces, but large deposits of coal were still available for industrial fuel. There was an abundant labor supply to mine coal and iron, and to man the factories. From the old commercial empire there remained a fleet, and England still possessed colonies to furnish raw materials and act as captive markets for manufactured goods. Tobacco merchants of Glasgow and tea merchants of London and Bristol had capital to invest and the technical know-how derived from the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. Last, but not least important, the insularity of England saved industrial development from being interrupted by war. Soon all western Europe was more or less industrialized, and the coming of electricity and cheap steel after 1850 further speeded the process. I. The Agricultural Revolution The English countryside was transformed between 1760 and 1830 as the open-field system of cultivation gave way to compact farms and enclosed fields. The rotation of nitrogen-fixing and...

Words: 2853 - Pages: 12

Industrial Revolution

...Why Did The Industrial Revolution Happen First in Britain? The industrial Revolution began in Great Britain almost 250 years ago, in the 1760s. Within a half century it started to spread, first to northwestern Europe and the newly formed United States. The Industrial Revolution consisted of the application of new sources of power to the production process, achieved with transmission equipment necessary to apply this power to manufacturing which involved an increased scale of human organization that facilitated specialization and coordination at pre-industrial levels groupings rarely contemplated. The key invention in Europe’s industrial revolution was the steam engine, which harnessed the energy potential of coal. Later, the industrial revolution also used electric and internal combustion motors and petroleum as well as coal. This revolution, progressively introduced steam or other power to the production process and steadily increased the proportion of the process accomplished by equipment without direct human guidance. The organizational facet of the industrial revolution was initially symbolized by the factory, but the organizational principles spread beyond the factory itself. The two central features of industrialization were the revolution in technology and organization of production, which yielded one clear result of a great increase in the total of goods and individual worker’s output. The revolutionary quality of industrialization is particularly obvious in the......

Words: 3415 - Pages: 14

Industrial Revolution

...The Industrial Revolution and its Impact The Industrial Revolution has been viewed as one of the most influential events to occur in the history of modern society.  The invention of new machinery items reduced manual labor. Tasks were performed more efficiently causing increased output of products or work performed in less time. The impact of the Industrial Revolution on the world was that it catapulted the world economy into an almost frenzy like state in which people had access to a much wider variety of goods and services offered to them by businesses.  The impact that this event had on the worker’s life was not necessarily a good or bad thing, however.  With the advent of new, more efficient technology, workers were able to more easily accomplish certain tasks that would have taken them a much longer time to complete before the Industrial Revolution, however there were some serious negative side effects of such a quick influx of technology.  With such new practices and ideas put into the workplace, many workers were expected to be as efficient as the new ways of producing a product or service, and as a result, their health and safety were often overlooked.  The Industrial Revolution has had lasting effects on the entire population in almost every facet of our lives, as both consumers and workers, and will always be remembered as one of the driving forces behind the way in which the modern economies of the world have been achieved by developed nations. Life would be......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Industrial Revolution

...Prior to the industrial revolution United States mainly struggled maintaining stable flow in its economics and politics. Despite all U.S. had gone through, this part of world was always attractive to Europeans and Europe encouraged Americans to absorb the rules of new era that required industrial revolution. Although industrialization started in United States by early 19th century, but total industrial revolution took place since Civil War ended; and it started booming by the beginning of 20th century. Three major aspects of industrialization during 1865 and 1920 that influenced U.S. society, economy, and politics. Consider issues such as geography, entrepreneurship, legislative representation, etc. In terms of its aspects, many aspects of industrialization can be identified. Among those, innovations & technology, capitalism and labor unions were the most important and obvious aspects of this revolutionized era. * Innovations & technology Well educated people who had observed an industrial change in Western Europe were so enthusiastic about applying the same in the States. These people were mainly from north eastern part of the country, because universities were established in this part of the country earlier than any other part. Incandescent light bulb was revolutionary innovation which had a direct impact on all areas of industry. Thomas Edison was the genius behind this innovation, whose idea made it possible to work for longer hours, even after sunset in...

Words: 1550 - Pages: 7

Industrial Revolution

...Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution transformed the way Europeans and Americans thought, lived, and worked. It brought new ideas that spurred movements across the lands, changing not only individuals, but societies and nations. Factories were built, imperialism became prominent, transportation was transformed, economies shifted, laws were reformed, and education improved all during this tumultuous time. After the Industrial Revolution, life around the world changed. The revolution first started making its impact as factories were being built all around Britain. Before, a family would all work together by hand to make textiles at their own, leisurely pace in a comfortable setting. This changed when machines were implemented, expediting work; but they were expensive and bulky, so they had to be located in one place where people would commute to: a factory. As a result of factory work, attitudes toward work changed negatively, but speed and efficiency was increased, and many more textiles could be produced. Eventually, the United States saw the potential in industrializing and it stole factory ideas from the successful factories in Britain by posing as investors. The United States then set up its own prosperous factories that particularly thrived in New England because it had the factors of production: land, labor, and capital. Overtime, Lowell, Massachusetts became the leading center of textiles—the commodity American industry was based on. The factories......

Words: 1908 - Pages: 8

Industrial Revolution

... The Industrial Revolution started around 1750. It began in Britain and it spread throughout the World. England was known as “the world’s workshop” because at that point in time, England was the major manufacturing center of the World. It took about ten years for the Industrial Revolution to spread to other places. It spread to America. The Industrial Revolution was favorable to the American colonies by bringing the factory system to America, supplying more employment which increased urban growth, and raising the national economy. Americans developed and profited from a variety of inventions that produced goods and materials faster and cheaper. The Industrial Revolution was an ongoing effort over many decades to increase production by using machines rather than the power of humans or animals. Groups of spinners and weavers gradually began working together in buildings known as mills, usually located on a stream or river, using the power of flowing water to run their tools. The British inventions took an immense impact on the American Industrial Revolution. Inventions like the spinning jenny, the water frame, and the power loom helped mechanize the processes of spinning and weaving cloth. An invention that played an important part in the revolution was the steam engine. The creation of the steam engine was credited to James Watt. James Watt developed the first practical steam engine in Britain between 1765 and 1785. The steam engine made it possible to pump water......

Words: 947 - Pages: 4

Industrial Revolution

...Assignment 1.1: Industrialization after the Civil War Thesis and Outline Crystal Nix Strayer University May14 , 2015 The Industrial Revolution changed America in a major way. The Revolution affected government and people’s way of life as a whole. After the Civil War was the period of industrialization. It was the period where industrial cities were built, many jobs were created, and certain people gained a great amount of wealth. It was an important time in history where African Americans and women gained equal rights and there were many advancements in technology. Society, economy, and politics were three signifigant aspects that were changed by industrialization after the Civil War. Before this era most Americans worked for themselves on farms or owned businesses. Soon people began leaving farms to move into cities to work in factories. Assembly lines were introduced during this era. They made it possible to mass produce products. These jobs were usually monotonous and dangerous. On an assembly each worker was responsible for specific part of the product. They no longer had the freedom or working for themselves. Employers hired unskilled labor which most of the time were women and children. Americans now were working for someone else and were working long hours for little pay and treated miserably, which led to horrible working conditions. Iron and steel had become big business during this time. The economy had grown due to the new industries that......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Industrial Revolution

...would you think of? Economical, Political, or Societal? Actually, although people believe that most reforms or progress is for the benevolence of all three of these elements equally, revolutions such as the Industrial Revolution are more driven towards the success of the economics. The industrial revolution itself caused a massive uprising of ideas based on engineering for the sole purpose of convenience, and made a huge gap between the rich, the middle, and the poor, and classified the middle and the poor as the working classes and most of the topics went to the working class. However, this is more unlikely to be a political progress since the convenience and affordable factor all went to boost England’s economy and have the society afford them for cheaper. The progress of the Industrial Revolution was based on socioeconomic reasons because, due to the Industrial revolution, England’s economy increased, rate of employment for unemployed workers increased because of the ability to mass produce products using the newly invented machines to create a better economy for corporations, and a lot of products could be produced in cheap prices because mass production was possible and this increased the standard of living to modernization. Another example of socioeconomic progress is the French Revolution. The French revolutionists and poor social class strived to change the social class division by killing aristocrats and women’s march of Versailles also indicated a strive for a......

Words: 1787 - Pages: 8

Industrial Revolution

...the industrial movement during that time period. Steel was so popular then because it made new technology that people had never seen used. It made new railroads that were durable and went further. The main founder of steel was Andrew Carnegie. He was the one who invented steel and led the way for all of the other railroad companies to start advancing their rails and stretching them across America. “Steel mills are perhaps the quintessential example of late nineteenth century industrialization because of their importance to the American economy and because of their dependence upon mechanization.” This Statement backs up everything that was previously stated. This one sentence shows how steel was the number one material in that time. It also shows how important steel was to the advancement of everything else. The second chapter speaks about labor unions and their effects on the industry. It speaks about the way that the unions started and what their ultimate goal for workers in America was. It also speaks about the many different unions and how their approaches were similar and different to other groups. The first group it speaks about is the Knights of Labor. It speaks about how they began and their downfall after their first few months together. The group was large and ready to many things but they had stopped growing because they stopped accepting applications for the simple fact that they couldn’t process the ones they already had. They also attacked Gould’s railroad......

Words: 1385 - Pages: 6

Industrial Revolution

...Looking Back at the Industrial Revolution AnnLouise Fuller Argosy University SCI 201 – Ecology and Environmental Sustainability Module 1, Assignment 3 Instructor Tamara Allen February 13, 2016 Look Back at the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution is a very broad subject. The industrialization of society was a process that took place over several years. The revolution started in the mid-1700s, and the impact is still visible in the 20th century. The Industrial Revolution defined in our textbook, Essential environment: The science behind the stories (3rd edition), is, "The shift in the mid-1700s from rural life, animal-powered agriculture, and manufacturing by craftsmen to an urban society powered by fossil fuels such as coal and crude oil." (Withgott & Brennan, 2009). The resources mentioned in that quote are the biggest issue, in my opinion, that came from the era. Three of the most environmentally negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution are the use of nonrenewable resources, the human population growth, and the changes to people's lifestyles. Our textbook states, "Resources such as mineral ores and crude oil are in finite supply and are formed much more slowly than we use them. These are known as nonrenewable natural resources. Once we deplete them, they are no longer available" (Withgott & Brennan, 2009). Prior to the revolution, society used renewable resources which replenished themselves over days, months, and years. Eric......

Words: 1598 - Pages: 7

Industrial Revolution

...in several parts of the world. These changes resulted from the development of industrialization. The term Industrial Revolution refers both to the changes that occurred and to the period itself. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain during the 1700s. It started spreading to other parts of Europe and to North America in the early 1800s. By the mid-1800s, industrialization had become widespread in Western Europe and the northeastern United States. The Industrial Revolution created an enormous increase in the production of many kinds of goods. Some of this increase in production resulted from the introduction of power-driven machinery and the development of factory organization. Before the revolution, manufacturing was done by hand or simple machines. Most people worked at home in rural areas. A few worked in shops in towns as part of associations called guilds. The Industrial Revolution eventually took manufacturing out of the home and workshop. Power-driven machines replaced handwork, and factories developed as the best way of bringing together the machines and the workers to operate them. As the Industrial Revolution grew, private investors and financial institutions were needed to provide money for the further expansion of industrialization. Financiers and banks thus became as important as industrialists and factories in the growth of the revolution. For the first time in European history, wealthy business leaders called capitalists took over the......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Industrial Revolution

...Abstract The second U.S. Industrial Revolution had a great impact on American lives. This assignment will discuss two positive and two negative effects of industrialization in the United States. I will also discuss whether industrialization was beneficial or deter mental to the lives of Americans and the history of the United States. Industrialization in America The second Industrial Revolution was also known as the Technological Revolution and followed the first Industrial Revolution. France, Germany, and the United States were the main countries involved in the second revolution. Historians wanted an industrial system. This meant they needed a “set of arraignments or processes – whether of extraction, production, transportation, distribution, or finance – organized to make the whole industrial order function smoothly.” (Davidson, Stoff , DeLay, Heyman, & Lytle, 2011) To gain the industrial system they desired new technology needed to be invented. One of these inventions came in the form of communications. “In the early 1840’s newspapers were the form of communication” however it took too long for newspapers to reach people. From New York to Indiana, it took 10 days to get there and if by ship, it took three months to arrive in San Francisco. This was a great disadvantage for the new industrial order. Transportation had been greatly improved, but without communication, materials or goods needed would have to wait until the......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

The Industrial Revolution

...INDIVIDUAL PROJECT | HIST105-1203B-11 U.S.HISTORY | | JESSICA GLESMER | 8/5/2012 | It is the age of the Industrial Revolution. Taking a step back in time, we see how large materials are transported. How roads started out and were made. We see how electricity is controlled to make lights works and cable cars move. We also see the challenges there were faced and are still faced today because of the Industrial Revolution. | The Industrial Revolution began in the United Kingdom in 1750. It continues today, but not to the extent that it did back then. The growth spurt from back then lasted 100 years. This growth impacted almost every single aspect of the American lifestyle as we know it today. While there are many positive aspects of this revolution, two stood out more than all the others. The first one that stood out was how much transportation was expanded. The second was the significance of harnessing electricity, and the impact it has had on America. During the Industrial Revolution, things started to get noticed. One big this was how would materials be transported from point A to point B. Well, there was one of three options on how materials could be moved. There was the choice of water, roads or railroads. Transporting materials was important in the United States and people were starting to head west. At the beginning there were no roads, or railroads. Just streams and rivers, but the people didn’t have an easy way to travel east to west. During this......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4