Premium Essay


In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ursh76
Words 1985
Pages 8
Within this assignment, there will be a critical evaluation of three different perspectives from the psychological approaches within psychology. The Humanistic approach being the first to be evaluated with a brief description then the Cognitive approach is described and evaluated. The last approach to be described and evaluated was the Behaviourist. Three approaches will have pros and cons within the evaluation given
Humanism is a psychological approach that emphasises on the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behaviour not only through the eyes of the observer, but also through the eyes of the person doing the behaviour. Yet, they also believe that an individual’s behaviour is connected to their inner feelings. However, the Humanistic approach was developed as a rebellion against what some psychologists saw as limitations of the behaviourist and psychodynamics approaches within psychology. Therefore, this approach is often called the “third force” in psychology after psychoanalysis and behaviourism. One of the leading humanistic psychologist, Carl Rogers, was trained as a psychoanalyst and a leading therapist (Saul McLeod, 2007). Humanistic psychologists believe, that people have free will and are capable of choosing their own actions, although they may not realise this. They also take the view that people also have a tendency towards growth and fulfilment of their own potential (Sammons, 2011)
The humanistic approach promotes a positive image of human being and the human condition the apparent lack of objectivity in the humanistic methods is a significant criticism of this approach. Other approaches would regard their method as unscientific, vague and open to bias and there attempt to alter the way other peoples view of perceiving the world is misguided and meaningless. Humanistic psychologists would reject these criticisms because…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hunger Games and Social Psyhcology

...“The Hunger Games” is a book written by Suzanne Collins that was also turned into a movie. The story follows the main character Katniss Everdeen as she participates in the deathly and horrible contest called the Hunger Games. The story is about a fictional county that is broken up and segregated into twelve districts and a capital. The people in the twelve districts are nothing less than mules for the capital and its people. Years prior there was a civil war that caused devastation to the districts and caused the Capital to create the Hunger Games as a reminder to all that the Capital rules with absolute power. The Hunger Games are an annual event that causes one boy and one girl from each district to be selected to fight in an area to the death until one lone tribute remains. It is barbaric and nothing less than a way to promote fear and regulation over the people of the districts. The game and the events involved throughout the movie are consumed with social psychology, kin selection, reciprocity and flight and fight are just a few social psychology concepts that are present in the movie. Katniss does in fact go on to win the games and it was made possible by her use of several social psychology concepts. In the early scenes of the movie they show that Katniss is very much the head of her family and that she is the one that makes sure her family has food. In addition to that, she has been the force keeping her mother and sister alive and well since the untimely death of...

Words: 1820 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Personality Psyhcology

...Almost everyday we describe and assess the personalities of the people around us. Whether we realize it or not, these daily musings on how and why people behave as they do are similar to what personality psychologists do. While our informal assessments of personality tend to focus more on individuals, personality psychologists instead use conceptions of personality that can apply to everyone. Personality research has led to the development of a number of theories that help explain how and why certain personality traits develop. Definitions of Personality While there are many different theories of personality, the first step is to understand exactly what is meant by the term personality. The word personality itself stems from the Latin word persona, which referred to a theatrical mask work by performers in order to either project different roles or disguise their identities. A brief definition would be that personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique. In addition to this, personality arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. Some other definitions of personality: •"Personality refers to individuals' characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms -- hidden or not -- behind those patterns. This definition means that among their colleagues in other subfields of psychology, those psychologists who......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ahshs Hajs

...CV Eleanor Birkitt 2 Johns Crescent, Wrenthorpe, Wakefield, WF2 0NT 01924 367998/07732371173 Qualifications English Language Gcse C English Literature Gcse C Media Gcse C Drama Btec A Art Btec C Psyhcology Gcse C Ict Gcse A Science Gcse C Geography- B These were achieved at Outwood Grange Acamedy 2013, I am returning to do A levels at the Academy September 2013. Studying Media which I am predicted a B, Geography which I am predicted a B and English Lit which I am predicted a C. Life Experiences I am involved in the school choir, in which we attend events and shows and competitions. We have performed around England and around the world. In the choir we work as a team and there is lots of different people and personalities within the group so I am used to being around different people and also get along well with them. As part of our drama qualification we had to perform drama within the community, this involved going to old people’s homes and to junior schools to perform. I have had experience with different people so I know how to communicate well with them. I regularly attend open mic nights where I sing, and have busked several times in busy towns, to gain experience. This has also helped gain confidence, as now I am a very confident person. I have a regular babysitting job; I look after two children aged four and two, which I enjoy very much. I enjoy music, concerts, films, reading, I regularly help my mum at home looking after my brother and picking......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Discuss Research Into Privation

...attachment on through their early, critical years. Such as in the Harlow and Harlow(1962) study found the monkeys isolated from their mother but reared with peers were reasonably well adjusted. There is other evidence that at least some individuals, in some circumstances, can and do recover. The study of the Romanian orphans, undertaken by Rutter et al (2007) showed that such children could recover, although earlier adoptions were associated with more positive outcomes than later adoptions. However, a study by Triseliotis (1984) examined about 40 adults who had been adopted in late childhood. They all appear to have recovered well even after the late adoption. Overall is it difficult to conduct well-controlled studies in this area of psyhcology and many cases the children have experienced more than isolation, such as abuse etc. which can cause problems interpreting the data. But privation, it seems can only be reversed if given the right circumstances, such as the age when the child is offered good emotional care for example. Most studies are often study cases which can’t be generalised to a population when it only occurs to one person. Study cases also can not be repeated to check the findings and can also be criticized for its ecological validity as many could argue that the science is being out before the care of the child....

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Project Management

...shortcomings of the previous system. The importance of the new payroll system is to solve many of these shortcoming of the existing system as well as reduce cost for the organization as a whole. Dusheng, C., & Zhongming, W. (2014). The effects of Human Resource attributions on employee outcomes during organizational change. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal 42(9), 1431-1443 Musich, P. (2002). Payroll Back In-house. Eweek, 19(40), 19. Reinersten, D. (1999). Solving the PERT mystery. Electronic Design, 47(8), 64 Storseth, F. (2006). Changes at work and employee reactions: Organizational elements, job insecurity, and short-term stress as predictors for employee health and safety. Scandinavian Journal of Psyhcology, 47(6), 541-550 Tenhiaia, A., & Lount, R. B. (2013). Affective reactions to a pay system reform and their impact on employee behavior. Jounral of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 86(1), 100-118....

Words: 4011 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Dfddd Dfadf

...of Televised Violence on Aggression,” Handbook of Children and the Media, eds. D. Singer and J. Singer (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2001), 223–268. 14 For summaries of these studies, see Bushman and Huesmann, 2001; Victor Strasburger and Barbara Wilson, ”Media Violence,” Children, Adolescents & the Media (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2002), 73–116; W. James Potter, On Media Violence (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1999). 15 Albert Bandura, Dorothea Ross, and Sheila Ross, “Transmission of Aggression through Imitation of Aggressive Models,” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 63 (1961): 575–582; Albert Bandura, Dorothea Ross, and Sheila Ross, “Imitation of Film-Mediated Aggressive Models,” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psyhcology 66 (1963) 3–11; Albert Bandura, Dorothea Ross, and Sheila Ross, “Vicarious Reinforcement and Imitative Learning,” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67 (1963) 601–607. 16 Ronald S. Drabman and Margaret Hanratty Thomas, “Does Media Violence Increase Children’s Toleration of Real-Life Aggression?” Developmental Psychology 10 (1974): 418–421; Ronald S. Drabman and Margaret Hanratty Thomas, “Does Watching Violence on Television Cause Apathy?” Pediatrics 57 (1976): 329–331. 17 Aletha Huston-Stein and L.K. Friedrich, “Television Content and Young Children’s Social Behavior,” Television and Social Behavior, Volume II, Television and Social Learning, eds. J. Murray, E. Rubinstein, and G. Comstock (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government......

Words: 3396 - Pages: 14