Policy Alternatives for Hunger in the Us

In: Social Issues

Submitted By aciscool
Words 2588
Pages 11
A Quiet and Dangerous Threat:
Addressing Hunger in the United States Through Policy Alternatives

When someone asks you the question “What public problems persist in the United States today?” you probably would think of crime rates, homelessness, or illegal immigration. But there is one that many people fail to remember because for a majority, it does not affect them. However, for others, it's the very struggle they face everyday. This public problem is hunger, a situation that has continually been very apparent around the world and more specifically in the United States. According to research from the national food bank organization “Feeding America,” one in six Americans face hunger each day. With this statistic there is also data collected in 2014 in which states that forty-eight million Americans are facing hunger and “food insecurity,” or the lack of access at times to provide food to all members of the family. While we recognize that the United States holds a vast majority of millions of people, the problem is not so much in the lack of food, but rather due to the presence of poverty. After the 2008 recession, more than fifteen percent of the United States population lives in poverty and as a result, struggle to provide the necessary supplements, costs and expenses. These are serious numbers and hunger has put many lives at stake. We as humanity understand the importance and simply the need for food, as it is what allows us to survive, grow, and work efficiently in our societies so that it too may prosper. The questions surrounding what we can do to help combat growing hunger issues ranges from the awareness of hunger to major changes in the administration of both federal food programs and policies alike. As we further discuss the detrimental impact of hunger on the lives of Americans, we will also observe policy alternatives that could be the very key to…...

Similar Documents

Alternative Working Capital Policies

...I. Introduction – Bill II. Alternative Working Capital Policies – Alicia Alternative Working Capital Policy In the months illustrated Lawrence Sports struggled with working capital management. Lawrence Sports must work closely with its clients and lenders to manage cash flow not only to manage working capital but to grow into a viable company. Lifland (2011) says, “The efficient management of these assets includes maintaining adequate product levels, monitoring of appropriate credit/payment terms, and mitigating any situation where the servicing of the working capital may significantly constrain the firm’s cash position. Lawrence Sports must implement alternative working capital policies to effectively monitor working capital in the short term to include lending, monitor working capital monthly, negotiating short-term and implementing supplier agreements to negotiate client payment strategies. Most importantly, Lawrence Sports must more closely monitor working capital to evaluate cash flow and profitability. Lawrence Sports must maintain adequate cash to decrease loan requirements. Monthly monitoring of working capital can assist managers in making effective financial decisions. In monitoring working capital, management may also evaluate appropriate policies to increase profitability and reducing costs. Lawrence Sports currently holds an automatic credit line with the bank that will provide credit within $50,000 balance each month. Monthly short-term loans involve......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Us Foreign Policy

...US Foreign Policy The officially stated aims of the foreign policy of the United States, as declared by the United States Department of State and United States Agency for International Department is “to create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community.” Moreover, the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs states as some of its jurisdictional goals: "export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard American business abroad; International commodity agreements; international education; and protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation." So through all this, what Americans are trying to say is that they want to make the world a better place but not without putting their interests first. Therefore, I believe that this policy is far from being great as they want it to be. One of the main issues is that the presidency is overburdened and more than that has too much authority. Presidents have not only foreign policy responsibilities, but sizeable domestic duties too. In addition, the presidency is the head of a political party. As a result, it is tough for one person to manage disparate tasks and more than that, it gives him the opportunity and the advantage of imposing his own views in a subtle way. As well as that, presidents may lack experience.......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Us Monetary Policy

...Running head: Monetary Policy: Monetary Policy Monetary Policy Introduction The objective of this paper is to study the monetary policy and its impact on the economy. Monetary policy is the process by which the Federal Reserve Bank manages the supply of money in order to influence the economy. By regulating the supply of money, the Federal Reserve Bank controls inflation and price-stability, unemployment, and economic growth. The paper also provides some insight into the creation of money. Details The U.S. is the world’s largest economy, and such its monetary policy has widespread implications both domestic and global. The objective of the policy is to influence factors like inflation, economic output, and employment by affecting demand for goods and services. This policy is carried out by the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve (the nation's central bank), consists of the Board of Governors in Washington, D.C., and 12 Federal Reserve District Banks. Although accountable to congress and structured by law, the fed is totally separate from the departments that manage the country's spending decisions. Within the Federal Reserve System is another sub agency called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), which consists of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Reserve Bank presidents. The FOMC holds eight regularly scheduled meetings during the year, and other meetings as needed. Monetary policy is generally......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Cyberwarfare & Us Defense Policy

...Cyberwarfare and US Defense Policy Society accesses cyberspace worldwide and its use plays an integral role in our daily lives. Users on computer networks and the internet constantly send information that is used by the general public, private companies, and various governments. This rapid expansion of cyberspace has accelerated the growth of our society but has exposed a new frontier of national security. Cyberspace is now a complex environment in which the privacy, integrity, and security of private and government networks easily compromised. Without major advances in cyber security tactics, networks vital to American infrastructure cannot protect themselves from growing cybercrime threats and state-sponsored intrusions [1]. An inherent problem with cybersecurity is the inability to determine the identity and origin of an attack due to the vast number of internet and network users [2]. Because of this issue, various government agencies created methods of dealing with cybersecurity but they all lack for a unified strategic approach. Additionally, the US lacks explicit doctrine that addresses how the US should structure itself to handle national cyberspace defense. This review will clarify what constitutes as a cyber attack and define cyberwarfare, establish the credibility of cyber threats, and examine the current US cyberspace defense policy. [1] R. J. Harknett, J. P. Callaghan and R. Kauffman, "Leaving Deterrence Behind: War-Fighting and National......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Fiscal Policy for Us Recession.

...Explain how fiscal policy can be used to address a recessionary gap and discuss the merits and the consequences of the actual fiscal policy of the current administration. Why republicans are criticizing the current approach? What kind of fiscal policy are they proposing and will it work in light of the US experience? NO it will not. Democrat:”we can’t cut hour way to prosperity.Republican:”we should not increase taxes on anyone in the middle of a recession”. Fiscal Policy is described as changing the taxing and spending of the federal government for purposes of expanding or contracting the level of aggregate demand output and employment; these are designed to increase short-run economic growth. Fiscal policy is used to achieve macroeconomic objectives such as full employment, price level stability and sustained economic growth. In a recession, an expansionary fiscal policy involves lowering taxes and increasing government spending. By cutting taxes, increasing government spending programs, and increasing transfer payments, more money is in the economy, more income, and more spending. This can be done through the federal budget process; however, the problem with fiscal policy is lag time. This process can take so long (as long as a year or more) that Discretionary Fiscal Policy is very rarely used in the federal government; still, the lag between a change in fiscal policy and its effect on output tends to be shorter than the lag for monetary policy. Instead, the......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Taiwan in Us Policy

... Taiwan in US Policy Clare Fan Taiwan Relations Act Speaking of Taiwan in U.S. policy, the most important thing will be "Taiwan Relations Act." "Taiwan Relations Act" has been in effect for 33 years. United States established formal diplomatic relations with China. 10. "Taiwan Relations Act" is to regulate the Taiwan-US bilateral "non-diplomatic relations”, and is an important legal basis for the U.S. executive and legislative departments to handle Taiwan affairs. than international treaties. As a United States domestic law, it rank higher It authorizes the U.S. government to continue the In 1979, the In order to reduce the act’s impact on Taiwan, U.S. signed "Taiwan Relations Act" in the same year on April communication on economic, social and cultural aspects among the American people and the people of Taiwan. It also affirms that it is the U.S.’ important goal to protect and promote the human rights of the people of Taiwan. In the "Taiwan Relations Act" Section II, subsection 1 states that, the main purposes of the formulation of the Act is “to help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific; and to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan.” After more than 30 years, most of these goals have been achieved. The law has played a very important role in maintaining the security of the Western Pacific...

Words: 2233 - Pages: 9

Alternative Sentencing and Solutions Policies

...The Alternative Sentencing Policies and Solutions This comprehensive analysis describes the different possible alternative solutions for women, and juvenile offenders. The Bureau of Justice Grant programs developed incentives for other programs to decrease the overcrowded conditions for most state and federal prisons. These grant programs provided the information and incentives for state governments to expand, build, and adapt closed military bases as extension of the federal penal prison system. This initiative encouraged local and state courts to implement truth-in-sentencing and alternative sentencing concepts to lessen the burden of overcrowded prison systems. The grants divided in half for building prisons to increase the bed space for violent offenders, and the other half for alternative solutions to incarceration. The incentive funds used for more alternative solutions; prison islands, or barges, or closed military bases. Sentencing Drug Statistics The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) reported four to one ratio of prisoners showed under the influence of drugs, or alcohol while committing the current crime, or at the time of the violation (Langan, P, & Levin, D, 2002). The BJS showed detailed statistics report of 400; 000 people arrested for drugs, or drug-related offenses; 70% sent to state prisons, 40% drug-related offenses, 32% alcohol-related offenses, and 20% other violent crimes. The survey researched by the Department of Justice (DOJ) along with the (BJS)......

Words: 2571 - Pages: 11

Alternative Sentencing and Solutions Policies

...The Alternative Sentencing Policies and Solutions This comprehensive analysis describes the different possible alternative solutions for women, and juvenile offenders. The Bureau of Justice Grant programs developed incentives for other programs to decrease the overcrowded conditions for most state and federal prisons. These grant programs provided the information and incentives for state governments to expand, build, and adapt closed military bases as extension of the federal penal prison system. This initiative encouraged local and state courts to implement truth-in-sentencing and alternative sentencing concepts to lessen the burden of overcrowded prison systems. The grants divided in half for building prisons to increase the bed space for violent offenders, and the other half for alternative solutions to incarceration. The incentive funds used for more alternative solutions; prison islands, or barges, or closed military bases. Sentencing Drug Statistics The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) reported four to one ratio of prisoners showed under the influence of drugs, or alcohol while committing the current crime, or at the time of the violation (Langan, P, & Levin, D, 2002). The BJS showed detailed statistics report of 400; 000 people arrested for drugs, or drug-related offenses; 70% sent to state prisons, 40% drug-related offenses, 32% alcohol-related offenses, and 20% other violent crimes. The survey researched by the Department of Justice (DOJ) along with the (BJS)......

Words: 2571 - Pages: 11

Us Foreign Policy

...US Foreign Policy The question as to whether United States foreign policy should be guided by ideals or self-interest has within it a hidden assumption: that American ideals and American self-interests are somehow at odds. This is not the case. If anything, there is a "unity of opposites" at work. It is in America's self-interest to operate its foreign policy according to its ideals. This claim isn't idealistic, but rather practical. American ideals: free markets with some government regulation, political democracy, an emphasis on individual achievement, freedom of religion and association, etc., are essential to most understandings of human rights. Conflicts in the international arena are no longer between great empires as in the period leading up to World War II, but between the democratic world and anti-democratic forces: the ethnic strife of the Balkans and the current war on terror are based on ideals that explicitly deny any notion of individual human rights. Thomas Friedman once famously noted that "No two countries that both had McDonald's had fought a war against each other since each got its McDonald's." (Freidman, p. 30). There is nothing magical about McDonald's. It simply mean that when there is a certain level of free markets and disposable incomes, that conflicts between nations can be handled through diplomacy, not force of arms. A foreign policy that encourages the promulgation of these American ideals can work to limit the number of armed......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Us Evolution of Foreign Policy

...History Unfolding A historian's comments on current events, foreign and domestic. Sunday, November 13, 2005 The Evolution of American Foreign Policy One of the great dramas of the twentieth century involved the redefinition of the United States’ role in the world. The US had isolated itself from European quarrels from 1815 to 1915—although the Northern victory in the civil war had an enormous influence upon the advent of democracy in Britain in 1867, and probably in Germany and France as well. In 1898 the US joined the imperialist scramble after the war with Spain, acquiring the Philippines and proclaiming influence over Cuba and new, special rights in Latin America. But as late as 1915, when the sinking of the Lusitania first threatened to draw the US into war with Germany, the issue remained violently controversial. When President Wilson announced that he would hold the Germans to a “strict accountability” for any further such outrages, his Secretary of State, three-time Presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, resigned. Wilson’s stance, he said, would inevitably draw America into the war, and the government should instead simply tell American citizens that henceforth they could travel to Europe at their own risk. Already, however, as Charles A. Beard pointed out during the 1930s, some American politicians—mostly Republicans—had laid out new principles that would give the United States a kind of dominion over the entire globe, based on our...

Words: 2477 - Pages: 10

Us Monetary Policy

... is   time  for  the  Fed  to  start  to  return  the  monetary  policy  back  to  normal.           In  September  of  2012,  Fed  chair  Ben  Bernanke  announced  an  indefinite  program  of   $40bn  per  month  in  asset  purchases.  Some  feared  this  quantitative  easing  would   never  come  to  an  end.  However,  under  new  chair,  the  Fed  plans  to  stop  quantitative   easing.  The  Fed’s  balance  sheet  is  around  4.4  trillion,  up  from  900  billion  before  the   crisis;  this  was  caused  by  the  bond  purchasing  .  At  this  point  in  the  economic   recovery,  the  growth  and  job  creation  has  some  momentum,  which  can  be  expected   to  continue  without  this  stimulus.  The  issue  with  this  monetary  policy  is  that  it  may   in  fact  be  creating  asset  bubbles  similar  to  those  that  contributed  to  the  financial   crisis.  Investors  search  for  returns,  and  the  Fed's  super  low  interest  rate  policy  may   have  caused  them  to  become  so  crazy  making ......

Words: 2056 - Pages: 9

Us Foreign Policy

...U.S. Foreign Policy and Nicaragua 2004 “U.S. FOREIGN POLICY AND NICARAGUA” PAGE: 1 Outline: A) Introduction: U.S. Foreign Policy and Nicaragua. B) General Discussion: 1) Nicaraguan history, 2) The Sandinistas, 3) The Brezhnev Doctrine, 4) The Reagan Doctrine, 5) The Contras and the CIA, 6) Other Political Strategies, 7) Political Ramifications Internationally, 8) Political Ramifications Domestically. C) Conclusion. Foreword: Many times throughout its history, the United States government has been embroiled in disputes over its foreign policy. These conflicts arise sometimes domestically, sometimes internationally and sometimes in both areas. One of the most significant foreign policy problems the U.S. government has ever had, involved its dealings with Nicaragua during the 1980’s. By dissecting the sequence of events which lead upon to the U.S. government using the CIA to train the Contra rebels and the foreign doctrine issued which propagated this unprecedented action on the part of the Reagan Administration,...

Words: 3453 - Pages: 14

Careless Us Policies

...Careless U.S Policies Feed Mexican Drug War The United States (U.S.) has created many careless policies that motivate the Mexican Drug War. Many Americans wonder why we should care about the violent problems that plaque our neighbors to the south. Considering that almost nineteen million Americans buy illegal drugs, United States Citizens are responsible for the booming illegal drug industry for Mexican cartels. Experts estimate that $832 million is spent by New Yorkers alone. With millions in profit margins, it’s easy to see that Americans are not only driving the drug trafficking, but contributing to Mexico’s violence. Mexico’s drug war was initiated in 2006 by then Mexican President Felipe Calderon, when he sent 6,500 Mexican Army soldiers to the state of Michoacán to terminate drug violence. Since then, the number of soldiers patrolling Mexico has increased to approximately 50, 000 troops. In 2008 the Merida Initiative began. The Initiative is a partnership between the United States of America and Mexico. It was created to help Mexico combat organized crime, decrease the violence associated with the criminal organizations and support human rights. U.S. Congress claims it has appropriated $2.5 million to Mexico since the start. The programs within the Initiative include but are not limited to: reform of justice personnel, anti-corruption programs and procedures, scanners and x-ray machines that allow non-invasive inspections at checkpoints and borders, almost...

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Us Gy Policy

...U.S. Energy Policy Miranda Mckee Dr. Cave Govt 347 Being capable of managing energy is very important since energy is a key element in order to manufacturing to take place. Managing energy becomes essentially managing work. Manufacturing makes work possible and facilitates to people being able to get things done. Production is what drives the economy, and the world would not have a global economy, which is driven by energy. Efficient energy management allows for a more efficient and productive economy. A proficient energy policy is very important because energy fuels the economy and keeps the world going. Energy can be referred to as many thing and can come in many forms, such as electricity, fossil fuels wind power and hydro-energy. Electrical energy is a main source for keeping the world going short and simple. Lights and plus heating & cooling would not even be an option without any sort of electricity. Transporting many modern good would not even be available without fuel that is produced from fossil fuels. During the 1800s steam energy was the key source for emblazing the way for the manufacturing boom. Steamboats and locomotives would not have been capable of going anywhere as fast as they were without steam fueling their engines thanks to the boiler system. Even though both of these sources are still available today the energy that they use is current provided by updated modern fossil fuels, coal in particular. Adding to that many companies......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Policy on Us-China Relations

...could still exist without intervention from the Chinese government in the currency market. Backgrounds: The controversy about China’s currency manipulation has long been a subtle yet sensitive argument between Beijing and Washington. Without a market based floating exchange rate, the Chinese Yuan has appreciated approximately 30% beyond the dollar since 2005 (China Daily). In order to keep the value of Chinese Yuan low, the Chinese government has artificially maintained restrictions and controls over capital transactions, and has made large-scale purchases of U.S. dollars by constituting a de facto subsidy for Chinese exports to the U.S. as well as imposing a de facto tariff on imported U.S. goods. Consequentially, this policy has severely harmed several US manufacturing sectors, especially those that have been made to compete against the low-cost Chinese products. The growing trade deficit with China has cost the United States more than 2.8 million jobs since 2001, including more than 1.9 million manufacturing jobs (Hsu). Facing the current high unemployment rate in the nation, U.S. congress members have been claiming that the currency manipulation of the Chinese government can no longer be tolerated. In both 2005 and 2010, legislations were carried out by aiming at addressing the undervalued Chinese currency. In 2011, legislation bills in both February and June were introduced in the House and Senate, implying the same issue has become urgent and prioritized during this......

Words: 1175 - Pages: 5