Planning and Constructing Achievement Test

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Submitted By uchennaudeani
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PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTING ACHIEVEMENT TESTS

BY
DR UCHENNA UDEANI
DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS
AKOKA, YABA, LAGOS.

PAPER PRESENTED AT THE TRAINING PROGRAMME ON IMPROVING THE ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION SKILLS OF SCHOOL TEACHERS
11TH -15TH APRIL 2011

1.0 INTRODUCTION The amount of effort involved in constructing an educational test varies with the type of test and the purpose for which it is intended. Most classroom teachers probably spend relatively little or no time in preparing essay or short answer tests for measuring students’ progress in a unit of instruction. The procedures employed in constructing a test also vary with the type of test and the aims of the users. Whatever the kind of test or the goals of the users may be, some content planning is necessary before the items comprising the test are written. 2.0 PURPOSES AND USES OF TESTS The primary purpose of test is to assess behaviour, mental abilities and other personal characteristics in order to assist in making judgements, predictions and decisions about students. More specifically tests are used to * Retain or dismiss, promote and rotate student in education and training programmes. * Evaluate cognitive changes due to educational and other interventions. * Classify and place people in educational and employing contexts. * Counsel and guide individuals for educational, vocational and personal counselling. * Diagnosis of learning difficulties. This typically occurs in an educational setting where the immediate aim is to spot areas in which additional instruction needs to be given or in which teaching methods may need to be altered. * Test as teaching aids: * Motivating students. * Adjustment of teaching to student abilities. * Teaching while testing. 3.0 CLASSIFICATION OF TESTS…...

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