Piaget Theory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By da2604
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Classical Conditioning: Association of Interest Led to Conditioning
Sandra Davis
PSY 390
May 21, 2012
Brian Newbury

Classical Conditioning: Association of Interest Led to Conditioning
Classical conditioning, synonymous with Pavlovian and respondent conditioning, is one of two types of learning (the other type of learning is operant conditioning) that provide a systematic approach to understanding human and nonhuman behavior and the potentiality of changing behavior. Learning significantly affects our way of living, functioning, and survival. Learning's predictability qualities assist in directing behavior. Kowalski & Westen (2009) affirm, "Learning is essentially about prediction-predicting the future from past experience and using these predictions to guide behavior" (p. 156). The most rudimental aspect of the theory of classical conditioning transcribes to the conditioning of a neutral stimulus to elicit a response similar to the unconditioned response brought about by the unconditioned stimulus.
Theory of Classical Conditioning
The classical conditioning procedure involves introducing a neutral stimulus that in due course becomes a conditioned stimulus; this systematic approach to conditioning enlists a formerly neutral stimulus to elicit a response after pairing with a stimulus that already automatically elicits that same response. In other words, an unconditioned reflex (response) occurs naturally, without prior learning; salivation, the unconditioned response (UR) occurs at the sight of food, the unconditioned stimulus (US). Unconditioned stimulus (US) produces an unconditioned response (UR), a response that does not require learning. In Pavlov's dog experiments, immediately prior to presenting the US (the food), Pavlov introduced a neutral stimulus (a ringing bell), which normally does not elicit a response (salivation). After pairing the two…...

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