Phonological Processes

In: English and Literature

Submitted By finey001
Words 1315
Pages 6
Overview of Phonology Processes

Phonological processes occur in every language. Phonological processes are processes that occur on sounds when a speaker pronounces these sounds in specific languages. These symbols are identifiable by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) chart. These processes occur without the speaker even knowing that they occur, especially in English but linguists have identified these processes in relation to speech in specific languages. Therefore, one becomes aware when they have been linguistically educated about the various processes that occur when producing even one sound. Phonological processes may occur when a sound symbol takes on the feature of a neigbouring sound, the feature of the neighbouring sound has spread, this is known as assimilation or it takes on its own feature, this is known as non-assimilation. Many phonological processes exist like: nasalization, dentalization, velarization, affricatization, plosive release and many others that are related to the English Language but only fronting and aspiration will be discussed. Fronting is unavoidable, it is universal and hence, it occurs in every language. Fronting occurs on velar plosives, /k/ and /g/, when they occur before front vowels, /i/, /e/, /ɛ/ and /a/, in English. Consider the word key /ki:/, in order to make /i:/ the body of the tongue is brought up and forward on the hard palate and /k/ has a default position further back on the velum. The movement from /k/ to /i/ is made more efficient if the /k/ is brought forward, nearer to the hard palate, (Knowles, 2014). The assimilation of the stop to the position for the vowel is so natural that one may not have difficulty in recognizing this. The back velar sound /k/ takes on the front feature of its neighbouring sound /i/, which is a fronted vowel. This is marked with a tiny plus sign under the fronted…...

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