Pdci

In: Social Issues

Submitted By persy44
Words 1411
Pages 6
Professional Development: Contemporary Issues

Presented by Tsang, Kwong Yuk (Mia)

Content
 Environmental Issues  Background  Impact: Regulation and requirement  International, nation and local regulations  Primary challenges  RCL response

 Skills and knowledge required of future managers
 Personal assessment  Conclusion

Environmental Issues
 Air emission  Greenhouse gas: CO2 , CH4 ,O3  Air pollution: Sox , NOx , CO, CFCs  Generated by diesel engines  Global warming and climate change





Rising annual temperature Rising sea level Extreme weather

(IMO, 2009)

 Marine Pollution  Discharge of waste: solid waste (garbage and plastic), hazardous wastes  Discharge of wastewater: graywater, blackwater  Ocean acidification:pH values are altering the complex web of systems that allow life to thrive (Copeland, 2008)

Background
 Not concerning the environmental issues in the early

90’s :




In 1993, the U.S. Coast Guard caught the Royal Caribbean ship dumping oil off the coast of the Bahamas Other 87 confirmed illegal discharges from cruise ships (Hinckley, 2007)

 Wake-up call  “Regrettably, there have been violations of environmental laws involving cruise lines in the past. These incidents have served as an important wake-up call, causing our industry to redouble its efforts to improve its environmental performance.” (CLIA, 2011)

Impact: Regulations and standards
International level: International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
 

1996 Protocol – Prohibit of dumping any waste from the ships MARPOL 73/78 – Prevention of pollution from ships



Time lines on emission rules:
• Sulphur cap in Emission Control Areas (ECAs) reduced from 1.5% to 1%

1 July 2010

1 January 2012

• Global sulphur cap to be reduced from 4.5% to 3.5% • Sulphur cap within ECAs to be reduced to 0.1%
• Global sulphur…...

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