Outline & Assess the View That Gender Differences in Education Achievement Are Caused by Factors Outside School (50m)

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Outline & Assess the view that gender differences in education achievement are caused by factors outside school (50m)

Gender and educational attainment focuses mainly on how males and females perform differently in different subjects and their tendency to study different subjects. In recent years, females are attaining more than males while males are underachieving. This may be caused by factors outside school.
Outside factors has caused girls to outperforming boys is due to girls attitudes towards education as the female expectations have changed. Many women are now looking beyond the housewife role. This is supported by Sue Sharpe discovered that girls priorities had changed from marriage to having a good job. This is because there has been a genderquake, Wilkinson argues that females have improved their educational performance due to fundamental changes in attitudes towards female role in society. Therefore there is a more positive attitude towards education for women and they use this as a means of improving chances at work. This shows how outside school factors influence differences in achievement as Francis and Skelton’s studies can show that many girls are acquiring for jobs that require degree level qualifications therefore girls strive to work harder at home to ensure they do well in order to achieve a well-paid job. However, Jackson argues that its not only boys who are failing, girls are too as there are many ladettes who disrupt lessons to make themselves feel popular, and feel like a genius when they do get something right.
Another outside factor that has cause girls to achieve higher is due to the changes of the job market. There has been increasing job opportunities for women in the service sector while traditional manual work has reduced. This can be supported by Mac and Ghail who says there has been a crisis of masculinity as they are…...

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