Orgaizational Dilemas

In: Business and Management

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DILEMAS ORGANIZACIONALES … suministro de materias primas y el dinero producto de la comercialización12 . Los centros de cultivo, procesamiento y distribución están en América Latina, los mercados en los países industrializados. Aquí se realizan las grandes transacciones que se traducen en flujos importantes de divisas hacia los países productores y sus economías; los efectos en el empleo y los ingresos en los países latinoamericanos no pueden, por tanto, subestimarse 13 .

DILEMAS ORGANIZACIONALES DE LAS ECONOMÍAS ILEGALES Aproximaciones sociológicas a propósito de la industria de la cocaína * RAINER DOMBOIS** La globalización acelerada de la economía, que se manifiesta en la expansión del comercio mundial, en el aumento de la importancia de los mercados financieros, en la ampliación de las actividades de las empresas transnacionales y en la difusión de nuevas tecnologías en las comunicaciones, tiene también otra cara menos visible: la globalización de los negocios ilegales. También el comercio ilegal ha cobrado impulso, ampliado su rango de influencia y configurado complejas estructuras por doquier, valiéndose de la apertura de las fronteras nacionales y de la liberación creciente del tráfico de bienes, capital y personas entre regio nes económicas hasta ahora incomunicadas, especialmente entre regiones con niveles elevados de bienestar. La aparición de grupos criminales que organizan el comercio y se caracterizan por su violencia, está también indisolublemente ligada a las econo mías ilegales. Precisamente la economía cocalera, con sus circuitos internacionales de bienes y dinero, es una rama que puede servir de ejemplo de una economía ilegal globalizada. La produc ción, la distribución y el consumo están penalizadas tanto en los países consumidores como en los productores; igualmente son considerados ilegales el

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