Oral Language

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jiminarmybts
Words 1551
Pages 7
-------------------------------------------------
Oral Language: Introduction
Oral language is about speaking.
This section describes what happens when people talk. For most of the time, we take oral language for granted. Young children appear to learn to speak without the intervention of parents or teachers. It just seems to happen naturally. When something goes wrong with speech - through deafness, strokes, accidents - we begin to realise what a complex achievement it is. Someone learning or teaching English as a second language will also be conscious of the complexities of oral language.
In writing this section, we were very aware of the unsuitability of the written medium for discussing spoken language. It is much easier to describe syntax and morphology because these appear in the written form of the language, which is what books are designed for. Writing involves no sound; the symbols are taken in by the eye. When we speak, however, we are using organised sounds that are taken in by the ear. It is very much harder, therefore, to convey spoken language because understanding depends on being able to hear different sounds, rhythms, and patterns of intonation. The examples need to be heard rather than seen. This part of the book can deal with only some of the concepts and information about speech and suggest other elements to look for. A videotape, entitled Oral Language, accompanies this book. We were also aware that for most teachers, the study of oral language is completely new territory. We can assume that most people have a nodding acquaintance with nouns or verbs. We cannot assume that people know much about the mechanics of speaking. However, although the unfamiliarity of the content in this section might cause some initial alarm, the material is not intrinsically difficult.
Many teachers now have in their classrooms students for whom English is a…...

Similar Documents

Oral Health

...Practicing Oral Health i. Why did you choose this health behavior? The main reason I choose this behavior is because I think taking care of your mouth is the upmost important thing to do as it can affect other parts of your body. I have always taken care of my teeth to avoid the dentist as much as possible and keep cavities at a bare minimum. Oral hygiene is important to keep up with because nobody wants to have rotten teeth. We all want a perfect smile without stained or cavity filled teeth so why not take care of them right the first time so never have to get false teeth. For me, oral hygiene is one of the first things I ever think of and I hope other people feel the same so they can have long lasting teeth and avoid the dangerous cancers and gum diseases. The potential epidemiology of oral hygiene can always lead to a disaster of things by simply ignoring it or putting things in a mouth that causes negative health issues. The epidemiology of oral health is influenced by age, sex, origin which is associated with oral cancer risk and established risk factors including alcohol and tobacco use, for example. Additionally, possible associations between oral cancer risk and oral hygiene, diet, nutritional status, and sexual behavior as well as the influence of genetic factors on oral cancer risk are considered (NIDCR Home). Oral health also has an effect on other persistent diseases. Because of the failure to tackle social and material determinants and incorporate......

Words: 1988 - Pages: 8

Oral Cancer

...Oral Cancer: The Quiet One Imagine for a moment being silent. Imagine having the words to say, but no means to make them heard. Try to envision your life without being able to taste your favorite foods, or perhaps never being able to eat them at all, even though they might be readily available. Picture having all the water you could ever desire, but never being able to quench your thirst. It sounds something like hell, doesn’t it? This isn’t just some make believe version of hell; it is a harsh reality of our world. Each year, thousands of people will experience this nightmare for themselves. “Why?” you may ask. It is all caused by an easily detectable form of cancer: oral cancer. When identified early, the disease can be easily treated and rarely requires radiation or chemotherapy. However, very few people actually get checked for oral cancer, despite the fact that it could save hundreds if not thousands of lives each year. One of the least publicized forms of the disease, oral cancer has very few signs or symptoms in its early stages, can easily and rapidly spread to other areas of the body, and has an extremely high mortality rate. In the early stages of oral cancer, there is often no initial pain. It is difficult to detect without a detailed familiarity with your own body or an experienced professional’s examination. Self examinations can be helpful, but since the mouth often has various bumps and lumps appearing and disappearing, the beginnings of oral......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Language

..."...accent is used to refer to the breakthrough of native language phonology into the target language." While I agree that accent is generally used to refer to how a person sounds like relative to other speakers with regards to intonation and pronunciation of specific words, I cannot help but notice that the author has neglected choice of words in his definition of an accent. Language is a construct that is heavily influenced and, is in turn influenced, by culture; there is an intimate relationship between language and culture. Examination of various languages will reveal that some words or phrases in a particular language just cannot be translated perfectly into another language; the nuances and connotations are inevitably lost in the process of translation. For example, the French word "dépaysement" means the feeling that arises from not being in one's home country, the feeling of being a foreigner, and this word has no equivalent English translation. Language is a reflection of culture, and the values and practices intrinsic to it. Similarly, English users from different places not only have different intonation and pronunciation, they also utilize different words to mean the same things. In fact, some users of English even have constructed or creolized words to convey a whole wealth of meaning in their communications with other similar users. For example, in Singapore where many locals speak a colloquial English known as Singlish (a portmanteau of Singapore and English),...

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Language

...Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we call ‘civilization’. How is language encouraged in the Montessori prepared environment? ​Language is something that I can’t explain. It is absurd for me. What I know is I am able to speak to communicate what is on my mind to other people, but the process how did it happen I barely remember it. Before I learn about Montessori, I used to think that language is something that comes naturally. I thought it was something ridiculous if children learn how to write and how to read in early age because I was thought that eventually children could done it easily. Well, I guess I was wrong all this time and sure I am taking for granted that I was underestimate how we can speak, read, and writing. Human needs practice to be fluently in speaking, to be understood in reading, and to be able to writing a simple note. In fact, human being learns language from he or she was an infant. An infant is first exposed to language through sounds generated by the environment and languages spoken by the adults surrounding him. As I observe my 9 months old son, he starts babble when he was 6 months old now he is more talkative event tough he can only say baba papa mama or dada. But I always replying what he says in order to make him feel respected, to teach him Bahasa and I don’t want to lose his sensitive period. ​Language is goes a long way in establishing a people’s identity, somehow showing people’s artistic,......

Words: 2341 - Pages: 10

Oral English Test

...2010/9/30 Oral English Test in Middle School: Current Situation and Strategies Abstract: Oral English is becoming more and more important to both teaching and learning, which requires effective methods to assess and test oral English. This essay analyzes the current situation of oral testing in middle school and focus on the eight strategies to solve the problems in oral testing. It aims at investigating students’ current study situation and work out the English language oral assessment for middle school students. Key words: oral English test current situation strategies Current situation about oral English test Usually, English teachers pay more attention on testing their students’ ability of language comprehension than language production. They often use listening or writing test forms to classify the students’ level. Students’ communicating ability is frequently ignored. In fact, language production is more difficult to study than language comprehension. Note that communicating is used in the sense of conveying information. Communicating ability really shows how well the students master the language. Oral tests can just be managed to test students’ language production as well as the communicating ability. Nowadays, more and more teachers and students aware the importance of communication. Teachers use various teaching methods to encourage their students to speak English to have real communication. They also have the aware of arranging oral tests to judge the...

Words: 2022 - Pages: 9

Oral Communition

...communication. In case of verbal communication, it is merely by using speech and language that the communication takes place. In case of non verbal communication, there is no exchange of words, but it may be gestures or signs or facial expressions that are used for communication. In case of written communication, a letter is used to express oneself. This could again either be a hand written letter or a typed letter. A person may have brilliant ideas in his mind, but unless they are communicated to others, it is not possible to implement that idea and it is also difficult to finish all the tasks on one’s own. Good communication skills are an added advantage and people with good communication skills are an asset to any organization as these people can work their way around the others because of their communication skills. Communication is the production and exchange of information and meaning by use of signs and symbols. It involves encoding and sending messages, receiving and decoding them, and synthesizing information and meaning. Communication permeates all levels of human experience and it is central to understanding human behavior and to nearly all public health efforts aimed at fostering health behavior change among individuals, populations, organizations, communities, and societies. 1.1 Speaking skills Oral communication is a vital component of the English language arts curriculum and provides the base for growth in reading, writing, and......

Words: 5829 - Pages: 24

Oral Presentation

...Oral Presentation Plan and deliver a 7-10 minute presentation to the class in which you share something interesting (to other business majors) that you learned from researching your trend, problem, or opportunity. You might well define the trend you analyzed or explain a key term or concept that is a major topic of your report. On the other hand, your presentation topic might be only marginally related to the subject of your research report. For example, you might have researched the use and limitations of social media in customer service and could give your report on that topic. But if your scenario had you working for a non-profit or for a state agency, you might want to give your report on the benefits of working for a non profit or for the State of Texas. Avoid simply restating your report findings and recommendations as if you were presenting these to the executive audience of your report scenario. Look for a topic that you enjoyed learning about, and make it interesting to the class. Consider the following elements of the rhetorical situation: * Purpose: Your purpose in this assignment could be informative or persuasive. Teach us something. * Audience: Your audience includes all of us—students and instructor—in this section of Business Communications. Though we are of various ages, we share a keen interest in business, business education, and the role of business in society. * Stance: Your role is that of and inquirer and fellow student.......

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Supporting Oral Language for Ells

...Supporting oral language: 1. Each class teacher introduces 5 terms and provides help for essential stage to acquire new vocabulary • Encouraging interaction in the newly provided scientific terms and learning how to read them. • Divide Words in prefixes and suffixes and use word walls or t charts for that. • Reading some of the chapter paragraphs to implement the use of new words in written sentences. • Provide active participation through shifting, so all students in turn participate and learn the linguistics of words. 2. Teacher uses the important content from each lesson and incorporates it in a number of spoken and written activities, like: • Listening to how the students speak while answering activity questions and re-adjust their pronunciation. • Role model presentations to show how students can present scientific topics to each other. • Use Narrated video for scientific experiments or topics that contains a lot of terminologies with highlighting the keywords. • Use word games at end of the chapters which readily encourages spelling check and oral interaction of words. • Using summary and article writing after partnering and reflection which in turns promote sentences structures development and oral interaction. • Paraphrase any nonadjustable oral communication and show facial expressions for any misunderstood parts. Teacher assessment to oral proficiency level: Teacher can assess the student progress in oral language to decide the......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Oral Language

...ORAL LANGUAGE MATRIX- This matric provides the stages of oral language development, a description of the behaviors associated with each stage, examples of utterances associated with each stage and strategies to support the development of each stage. It must be emphasized that children reach these stages at different ages. Oral Language Stages | Description of Stages | Utterances | Supporting Strategies | 1) Sounds- The child makes mainly crying sounds from 0-2 months | The child uses crying as a language. Crying is used as a signal for food, sleep, discomfort, need to be cuddled and so on | WahWa wa waEeh eeh eehAah, aah, aah | The parent or teacher can speak to the child and try to discern the needs. Are you hungry? Baby is tired and wants to sleep. I know you need changing, and so on. | 2) Sounds- Gurgling and cooing – 3-4 months | The child emits sounds that represent vowel sounds but there is no consistent pattern to the sound vocalizations | Ah ah eeeeOh oh ohUuh, | The parent or teacher should use recognizable words with the child as this provides a good model. “Yes, baby likes his rattle.” | 3) Babbling 4-6 months | In addition to vowel like sounds, the child begins to make consonant like sounds. However some consonant sounds are made earlier than others. For example the child says the “b” sound and the “d” sound, before the “m” sound. The child also recognizes voices and turns head. | Ba ba ba baDa da da daMa ma ma |......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Oral Language

...Quanita Avery January 17, 2016 ECH/425 Becky Hathaway Five stages of Oral Development 5 Stage of Oral Development | Description | Utterance Sounds | Activities/ Strategies | Cooing | Cooing can begin as early as 6 weeks of age. During this time the infant child begins to explore and play with sounds by using the tongue, mouth and breath. During this time, the child is likely to form vowel like sounds before constants sounds begin to be established. | /aaa/, /ooo/, /ahhh/… | Talking and reading to the baby helps with not only voice recognition, but also verbal development (similar.com). | Babbling | Babbling happens between 4-6 months of age. During this stage, the constant, vowel combination comes into play. As the child gets older 8-10 months, the babbling becomes more developed. This becomes more like a rhythm and sound babbling known as echolalic babbling. | “Ba-ba-ba”“Da-da-da”“Ma-ma-ma” | Imitate any sounds that the baby may make. Also cheer when the baby makes a related sound back (similac.com). Also play mouth patting games helps with oral development. Incorporated with sounds helps with the development (http://www.earlyliteracylearning.org/cellpractices_rev/CELLpracT_Inf_Babbling.pdf). | One Word Stage | This stage comes around the age of 1. During this time, a child may create a word that refers to a special object or toy. Parents may use these created to words to help communicate with the child and establish communication. These words are known as......

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Oral Rubric

...American International School Trimester 1 Chinese Oral Book Report 1(10-15 minutes) Class: FLM 2C Due Date: 3 November Day E Topic: Students are able to develop the ability to read and understand Chinese story books in specific areas such as plot, characters, theme and literary elements of story. Objective: The Interpretive Mode: 1.2 Students will understand and interpret writing and speech on a variety of topics in the target language. c. Understand the main ideas of nonfiction articles and primary source documents. The Presentational Mode: 1.3 Students will present information, concepts, and ideas to listeners and/or readers on a variety of topics in the language studied. c. Prepare and deliver oral presentations, such as speeches and debates, on various topics. Introduction: Begin with something catchy and interest grabbing. Include the author and title of the book you read, but don’t start it with it? Plot summary: Don’t go overboard here. Tell enough to arouse interest in the book, but don’t tell so much that there is no mystery left. Be careful not give away the ending. Include some detail about the characters and setting in your plot description. Evaluation: Evaluate the book based on the specific area it impressed (or didn’t impress) you. For example, if it is a mystery, was it good because it was very suspenseful? If it is realistic fiction, was it believable? If it is a horror story, was it scary? Evaluate the characters (were they......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Language

...LANGUAGE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSIGNMENT Examine the socio-cultural and political and religious implications of English as a national language in a multi lingual society like Nigeria. What is Language? Hornby (2001:667) defines language as the system of communication in speech and writing that is used by a people of a particular country. Oderinde (2005) sees language as a “system and vehicle of communication. Language is a symbol used by members of a given society, both in written and oral form. What is a Nation and a National Language? According to the Oxford Learners Dictionary, a nation is also considered as a group of people with the same language, culture and history who live in a particular area under one government. Countries like Cameroun, France, Thailand, Switzerland, United States of America etc. are nation states . A national language is a language or language dialect that has some connection with a people and the territory they occupy. It can be described as a dominant language in a multilingual environment used for regional and nation-wide communication. French is used as a mother tongue and national language in France, Thai in Thailand, Urdu in Pakistan, English in the United Kingdom and English in Nigeria but some scholars have argued that Nigeria cannot be called a nation exactly because of the presence of various ethnic groups which have their own languages, Hausa, Yoruba and Ibo......

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Ese 697 Week 2 Assignment Lesson Plan 2 Phonics or Oral Language

...ESE 697 Week 2 Assignment Lesson Plan 2 Phonics or Oral Language To Buy This material Click below link http://www.uoptutors.com/ESE-697-ASH/ESE-697-Week-2-Assignment-Lesson-Plan-2-Phonics-or-Oral-Language Lesson Plan #2: Phonics or Oral Language. As you have learned this week, it is essential to understand how to plan for effective instruction in phonics and oral language for students with disabilities. In the classroom, it is important for all lesson plans to not only integrate effective strategies for instruction and accommodations for students with disabilities, but to also align with Common Core State Standards and the student’s individualized needs. This lesson plan will focus on using effective, research-based strategies for teaching phonics or oral language to students with disabilities, with an additional emphasis on planning for appropriate classroom accommodations or modifications. For this lesson, you may plan for your choice of grade level, type of classroom, and disability areas. You may use your own classroom or create a fictional classroom setting for the lesson. At least one, if not multiple, research-based strategies for teaching in this content area for students with disabilities should be highlighted in this lesson plan. Your textbook has a plethora of strategies, but you should also seek other strategies as well in other peer-reviewed texts or articles that were required or recommended this week. Using the lesson plan template found in Week Two of...

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Oral Traditions

...Teach Africa tm World Affairs Council of Houston The Oral Traditions of Africa What are oral traditions? Oral traditions are messages that are transmitted orally from one generation to another. The messages may be passed down through speech or song and may take the form of folktales and fables, epic histories and narrations, proverbs or sayings, and songs. Oral Traditions make it possible for a society to pass knowledge across generations without writing. They help people make sense of the world and are used to teach children and adults about important aspects of their culture. The art of storytelling There is a rich tradition throughout Africa of oral storytelling. Although written history existed for centuries in West Africa, most writing was in Arabic, and the majority of people did not read or write in Arabic. So the transmission of knowledge, history and experience in West Africa was mainly through the oral tradition and performance rather than on written texts. Oral traditions guide social and human morals, giving people a sense of place and purpose. There is often a lesson or a value to instill, and the transmission of wisdom to children is a community responsibility. Parents, grandparents, and relatives take part in the process of passing down the knowledge of culture and history. Storytelling provides entertainment, develops the imagination, and teaches important lessons about everyday life. World Affairs Council of Houston PO Box 920905 Houston, TX......

Words: 2717 - Pages: 11

Oral

...proposiciones acerca de números naturales. * Calcular los coeficientes de un binomio. | Ciclo del aprendizaje Lectura crítica Desarrollo del razonamiento crítico y lógico Desarrollo de procesos Análisis, representación e interpretación de gráficos matemáticos | Textos Materiales tecnológicos Útiles escolares Internet | No hay indicadores para este bloque | TÉCNICAS Interrogatorio Observación Resolución de problemas Situaciones orales de evaluación INSTRUMENTOS:Cuestionario: Expresión oral: Cuestionario: Simulador de un escrito Recursos anecdóticos Lista de cotejo Participación: Demostraciones: Participación | BIBLIOGRAFÍA/LINK GRAFIANuestro mundo Matemática 8Actualización y fortalecimiento curricular | OBSERVACIONES | NOMBRE Y FIRMA DE QUIEN ELABORO EL PLAN | NOMBRE Y FIRMA DE QUIEN REVISO Y APROBO EL PLANFECHA | 3. CONCRECION CURRICULAR SEMANAL/POR CLASE 1 SEMANA/ NUMERO PERIODOS: DESTREZA CON CRITERIO DE DESEMPEÑO: Leer y escribir números enteros.Ordenar y comparar números enteros.Ubicar en la recta numérica números enteros. | ESTRATEGIAS METODOLOGICAS DESAGREGADAS | INDICADORES ESENCIALES DE EVALUACIÓN | RECURSOS DESAGREGADOS | INDICADORES DE LOGRO | Técnica/InstrumentoACTIVIDAD DE......

Words: 11081 - Pages: 45