Nutritional Health

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Submitted By bunnys
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* Title page, including authors and statement of the word count * Body of the discussion paper, including these sections (not to exceed 6000 words): * The Question. What do you want to figure out? What problem do you want to solve? * The Purpose of the question. Why do you want to answer this question? Why is it important? * Point of view. How are you looking at the problem? What are your values?

The Question. Should India implement mandatory iodine supplementation for pregnant women and children?
Purpose of the question. Iodine is an essential substrate for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The daily requirement of iodine is at least equal to the amount of hormone iodine degraded daily by the thyroid gland. When the requirements of iodine are not met, abnormalities such as thyroid function abnormalities, goiter formation, mental retardation, decreased fertility rate, and infant mortality occur (Pharoah, 1971). In many areas, iodization of salt, bread, or water was used to prevent problems of endemic iodine deficiency. However, because of various socioeconomic and geographic conditions, iodized salt does not reach the endemic areas (Pharoah, 1971). Also, because of unacceptable variability in the iodine content of kelp, seaweed, and other foods, supplementation should be implemented for adequate iodine intake (Zimmermann, 2003).
In India, the number of pregnant and lactating women was estimated to be about 65 million in 2002 (Vijayaraghavan, 2002). With appropriate adjustments in the funds and costs needed to implement the policy, mandatory iodine supplementation can be easily implemented through local health services and services. The benefits of iodine supplementation for pregnant women and children—decrease in infant mortality rate, less frequent goiter occurrences, and awareness of micronutrient intake…...

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