Nutrition Review

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Nutrition MIDTERM Review #1 1. The RDAs for most nutrients are 63 units
2. Dietary recommendations to prevent disease include all of the following except: 3. Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient? Nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself in insufficient quantity to meet physiological needs; also called indispensable nutrients
4. Nutrient dense refers to foods that rich in nutrients compared to their calorie content
5. During digestion, protein is broken down to amino acids, carbohydrate to glucose and fat to fatty acids and monoglycerides
6. The form of sugar important to the body as blood sugar is Glucose
7. Dietary Guidelines recommend that carbohydrate intake continue approximately what percent of the total caloric intake?
8. All of the following are benefits of fiber except: 9. What is the function of bile? Is produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and acts as an emulsifier to suspend fat
10. You have once again just finished a light breakfast of pancakes, syrup and orange juice. Which of the following series of events proceeds upon digestion/absorption of the meal until it is near time for lunch? 1. Blood Glucose rises
2. High blood glucose stimulates the pancreas to release insulin
3. Insulin stimulates glucose into cells & storage as glycogen in the liver and muscles
4. The body’s cells use glucose; blood levels decline
5.Low blood glucose levels stimulates pancreas to release glucagon into bloodstream
6. Glucagon stimulates liver cells to break down glycogen & release glucose into the bloodstream
7. Blood glucose begins to rise. 11. What compound is composed of 3 fatty acids and glycerol? Triglycerides

12. In which form are most dietary lipids found? Triglycerides
13. Lipids differ in their degree of saturation or…...

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