Nursing Philosophy

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It is true that Nursing is a practice discipline that incorporates scientific and nonscientific knowledge originating from scholarly inquiry. To understand nursing one must understand the concepts, theories, and laws that are ever constant and evolving at the same time (Kelly Patricia, 2012). This understanding will inform practice. According to Simpao, A. F. (2013) “The theory framework of nursing science is built in a dynamic process that arises from practice and is reproduced through research, mainly by analysis and development of concepts and theories” (p. 56). Therefore, theory, research, and practice affect each other reciprocally and continuously. A nursing theory is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing, explaining, predicting, and /or prescribing. Theories as a set of interrelated concepts that give a systematic view of a phenomenon (an observable fact or event) that is explanatory and predictive in nature. Theories are composed of concepts, definitions, models, propositions and are based on assumptions. They are derived through two principal methods; Deductive reasoning and Inductive reasoning. According to Buchanan Ernestine, (2011) “Nursing has come a long way since the days of Florence Nightingale and her pioneering actions that define her as “The Mother of Modern Nursing” (p. 118). One thing that has not changed, and is unlikely to change anytime in the near future, is the presence of illness and its effect on people’ The body of knowledge that serves as the rationale for nursing practice has patterns, forms and structure that serves as horizons of expectations and exemplifies characteristic ways of thinking of…...

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