New Borns and Drugs

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Nikkidani85
Words 968
Pages 4
Effects on newborn babies that have been exposed to drug and or alcohol during pregnancy

Com/172
February 1, 2012

RHEA RIEGEL

Using street drugs and alcohol, and also smoking during a pregnancy can cause developmental problems for a newborn baby such as Fetal alcohol syndrome “Exposure to alcohol in utero is considered to be a leading cause of developmental disabilities of known causation. The most severe consequence of such exposure, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), is characterized by a distinct constellation of facial anomalies, growth retardation, and central nervous system dysfunction.”(Paley & Connor, 2011, p.64-75)Three of the major effects on newborn babies that have been exposed to drug and or alcohol during pregnancy in the developmental areas of Cognitive, Psychological and the long term effect on school aged and adolescents.

Although drugs and alcohol are often used in combination, cocaine is the drug of choice among the young, especially the poor and women of color. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimated that 4.5 million women of childbearing age used illicit drugs in 1991. Of all infants born, the percentage born to substance-abusing mothers is widely reported to be 11% nationwide [Chasnoff et al. 1990; CWLA 1992; Weston et al. 1989]. In some inner-city neighborhoods, it is estimated to be as high as 25% [Fink 1989]. All of these will effect and change the baby’s life from the moment they enter the world.

There are many Cognitive developmental issues such as speech processing, low birth weight and mid line development abnormalities as well as the possibilities of drug withdrawals. Smoking also can have a major effect on Speech Processing (Seifert & Hoffnung, 2000, p26) Cocaine-exposed infants were found to have much lower birth weight. (Lester & Corwin... (1991), pp 694–705). Mid line development abnormalities…...

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