In: Historical Events

Submitted By neginattar
Words 276
Pages 2
Sharjah Museum | May 18
| Shahab Bazargani, 28733 | [Astrolabe] |

Shahab Bazargani
ID: 28733
Arabic 101
Section 7
Sharjah Museum

The Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization is a museum in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. The museum, established in 2008, cover up Islamic civilization for over 5,000 objects from the Islamic world. Items include carvings, calligraphy, ceramics, glass, coins, manuscripts, metalwork, and scientific devices. This Museum is very able to be seen because of its large size and golden dome. It was originally a traditional souq and it is situated in the historical centre of Sharjah on the Majarrah Waterfront.
One section of the museum which is donated to the Islamic architecture, there was a well done replica of the Hagia Sophia. The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, On 29 May 1453, Mehmet II, conquered Constantinople after a 54 day siege. He directly went to the ancient Byzantine cathedral of Hagia Sophia. When he saw a gentleman slashing the stones of the church and uttering that this was a temple for infidels, Mehmet II ordered the looting to be stopped and the church to be converted into a mosque.
In addition, in another segment of the museum we were shown some scientific instruments. Astrolabe was one of them. In the Islamic world, astrolabes were used to find the times of sunrise and the rising of fixed stars, to help schedule morning prayers (salat). In the 10th century, al-Sufi first described over 1,000 different uses of an astrolabe, in areas as diverse as astronomy, astrology, horoscopes, navigation, surveying, timekeeping, prayer, Salah, Qibla, etc. The earliest surviving dated astrolabe is dated AH 315 (927/8…...

Similar Documents

Visiting a Museum

... National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC The National Museum of Natural History is located on Constitution Ave. at 10th St., NW, Washington DC. The building has an octagon-shaped of dome and very noticeable from various parts of the city. A large porch doorway with Corinthian columns takes to the pavilion which is decorated with two different styles of columns. The first is a Doric style which is on the first floor and the second is an Ionic style on the second and third floors. These styles were very common in Gothic and Romanesque Churches. In both six stories tall are added with two wings. The second, fourth, and sixth floors directly join to the central museum while the sixth floor is set back. The higher level has semi round windows and it stands above the third floor providing lot of natural light for tourists to enjoy exhibitions that expose the natural world. It was a family trip on last weekend. The museum was super busy, it seemed to have so many children who all seemed to be enjoying themselves. Accidentally I stepped on several of them but also got stepped on a few times myself. The main reason I wanted to visit the Smithsonian Museum Natural History was to see their spectacular gem and jewelry collection. The Natural History Museum boasts of having the best collections of gems, jewelry, and minerals in the world. The best part about this museum and most of the Smithsonian museums is that admission is......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4


...Museum: The McNeil Museum of Art (MMA) is a not-for-profit museum founded in the city of Universal, in the western United States. Originally chartered in 1925, under the founding name Fannel County Museum of Fine Arts, the museum went through a name change in 2000 to reflect the museum’s main benefactor, Jonathon A. McNeil. Before the museum went through a name change, however, in 1997 MMA benefited from a $28 million dollar bond election. This election allowed MMA to expand their facilities in a newer building located in the central business district of Universal City. The newer location was made available to MMA through Jonathon A. McNeil. 

Upon Jonathon A. McNeil’s death in 2000, the museum received a $25 million gift from his will so long as the museum’s charter and name was revised. The updated charter stated that the MMA’s purpose was, “to provide an inviting setting for the appreciation of art in its historical and cultural contexts for the benefit of this and successive generations of Fannel County citizens and visitors (pg. 579, Kerin).” Visitors can visit the MMA seven days a week, with extended hours on Thursday nights and shorten hours on Sundays. While the permanent collection is free of charge to the public, visitors can pay a fee of $5.00-$7.50 to see the MMA special exhibits. The MMA has over 1500 works of art that are rotated in-and-out of exhibits throughout the year, occasionally loaning the works of art to other museums. Within the MMA......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2


...Museum is a place where rare things of past and present are kept. Those who want to have look into past visit museum. Last Friday my friends and I decided to visit a museum because the museum is a place where you can see a collection of rare things and things of historical interest. It is a store house of all wonderful and valuable things. All the things of the past and the present e can see at one place. There is a big museum in Lahore. It is situated near the Town Hall. In front of it runs the Mall Road and opposite to it stands and University Hall with its lofty clock tower. The museum is in a big building which consists of many big halls. It is managed by all officer. We bought tickets to enter the museum. To visit the museum is an education in itself and for this reason it is visited by hundreds of people every day. Travelers from foreign countries also make it a point to visit it because it enables them to peek into the arts and crafts of Pakistan. Women and children also go to the museum in large numbers every day but may be they go to kill their time. Despite it everybody learns something form the museum. When we entered the first hall we found many pictures hung on its walls. These pictures were of old kings saints and statesmen. Some of these were drawn purely from the imagination. All of them however provided a feast of colors for the eye. If we were to take a student of painting with us he would tell us many interesting things about these pictures and paintings...

Words: 619 - Pages: 3


...Dianne Ventura Professor Dunn Hum: 1025 John and Mable Ringling Museum As we drove up to the entrance of the John and Mable Ringling Museum, I was taken back for a moment. How could I have lived here in Tampa for seventeen years and never visit this place? I walked in and saw the grounds; this place was huge, well kept and full of history. My first stop was a stroll through Marble rose garden, it was beautiful , over one thousand-two hundred roses are planted in the garden the beautiful marble sculptures was placed in the right order, not overpowering the garden but just enough to accent the landscape. The stroll quiet relaxing, the cool air flowing through the trees, the sweet smell of morning dew on rose petal was the perfect way to begin the day. As my stroll ended I was told that the large tree surrounding the ground was much smaller, giving Mable a clear view of her garden from every room in her mansion. My next stop was the Museum of Art, what a beautiful exhibit. This was actually my favorite place in the entire museum. The first thing that captured my eye, was the twenty feet DAVID towing over the garden. Even though it was not the original, it was radiant. His poise and grace just over took the outdoor quarter. Viewing a sculpture in a text book and actually touching and seeing it in person is amazing. Remembering what I was taught in class; I started reviewing him carefully. Searching for all the characteristics was amazing. I was enjoying this......

Words: 4266 - Pages: 18

Gorman Museum

...The C.N. Gorman Museum was founded in 1973 by the Department of Native American Studies in honor of a retired faculty member, Carl Nelson Gorman, Carl Nelson Gorman is a Native American Artist, the American Indians. Gorman was the first faculty member to teach Native American art at our university in 1969, so they build this museum under his name. The aim of C.N. Gorman Museum is to exhibit contemporary arts from Native American’s Culture, the contemporary artworks provide a modern way to describe the Native American’s Culture. However, it is not large, just like a big classroom. The paintings are usually hanging on the wall, sculptures can be placed on the floor of the showroom. There are also some accessary equipment around the artwork, such as explanation facilities, you can hear some explanation of the artwork through the earphones when you want to know more about a specific artwork. This year is the 40th year of the Carl N Gorman Museum. Recently, there is a 40th Anniversary Exhibition of Native American Painting in it. This exhibition will ended in Dec 6th. I have visited them, they looked interesting, some of them seemed want to describe the American Indian’s daily life, although they are abstract, the feature of the American Indian’s can be found, such as the hair of them because there are plaits. To my knowledge, the Carl N Museum always holds exhibitions in it, you can not only see paintings, but also sculptures and American Indian specialties. I think......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

The British Museum

...The British Museum As the renown of ancient Greek and Roman societies exploded in Europe in the eighteenth century, the western elite developed a strong admiration for the accomplishments of the classical era, most evidently grace and purity of classical architecture. More and more new buildings were built in the style of the old, and a neoclassical revival was born. Many of Europe’s greatest buildings hail from this period; London in particular is brimming with impressive neoclassical architecture. The British Museum is one of the greatest of these (Cherry). Built during the revival by Robert Smirke, the Museum immediately evokes a great temple of antiquity, appropriate given its contents. The Great Russell Street façade, adorning the southern entrance, is a textbook example of the classical style; when I stood in the plaza outside, the building seemed to wrap around me with its grand ionic colonnade of 44 emanating from a central portico spanning eight columns upon which sits Sir Richard Westcott’s ornate frieze the Progress of Civilization, itself intended to be a preview of the wondrous spirit and content of the museum (“Architecture”). This facade is a perfectly executed architectural feature, making a strong stylistic statement in a manner coherent with the building’s remainder and the purpose of its interior. The rest of the building’s exterior that can be seen from the street lacks the dramatic impact of the southern façade, yet still possesses a sense of......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3


...Part 1: Health Care Hall of Fame Museum Proposal |Description |Analysis (How does the development affect the current U.S. health care system?) | |1. 1900s, Surgery is now common |In the 1900s, surgery became more common. The most common surgeries |To prevent more mistakes being make during surgery, medical teams works together | | |performed were removing tumors, infected tonsils, appendectomies, and |to strategize ways to ensure safety during and after surgeries. With years of | | |gynecological operations. There was still the concern from the patients |strategizing, and thinking of different methods to ensure the safety of the | | |receiving surgery, due to the fact that this was still a newer service |patients before and after surgeries, the health care team have come up with | | |available for people who need the procedure. There was the fear of |different methods and techniques they use to make sure all equipment is accounted | | |equipment being left inside the patient, and even death. There was once |for. To make patients feel more comfortable, more medical employees became | | |goal for the doctors and surgeons, to have a three way relationship with ......

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

Museum Review

...Museum Review for Buffalo Soldier Museum Yan Wu Museum Review for Buffalo Soldier Museum The Buffalo Soldier Museum is the only museum in the U.S. dedicated primarily to preserving the legacy and honor of the African-American soldier. It houses the largest repository of African-American military history in the world. In fall 2012, the museum moved into its new 23,000-square-foot home at the Houston Light Guard Armory in Midtown. The historic armory space is seven-times the museum’s previous space, giving the national museum significantly more room for reenactments, exhibits and lectures. The process of relocating the museum took nearly a decade to realize. The 10th cavalry, an all African-American Army unit, was nicknamed Buffalo Soldiers by Cheyenne warriors in 1867 out of respect for their fierce fighting ability. Over time, the term Buffalo Soldier was applied to all African-American soldiers. The museum aims to articulate, collect, display and preserve historical artifacts, documents, videos, prints and other historical memorabilia which detail the history of the brave men and women who overcame extreme adversity while fighting the great American wars. Original uniforms from the Indian Wars and a musket from 1775 are among the items on display. Visitors will see artifacts stretching from the Revolutionary War through both world wars to present day conflicts. Matthews, a Vietnam veteran and military historian, founded the Buffalo Soldier National Museum...

Words: 993 - Pages: 4


...Discussion – Museum Acquisition and Art Theft Part 1: Museum Acquisitions around the United States are very much similar if not the same. Museums make their unique contribution to the public by collecting, preserving and interpreting the things of this world. Per the American Alliance of Museums, “Museums in the United States are grounded in the tradition of public service. They are organized as public trusts, holding their collections and information as a benefit for those they were established to serve. Members of their governing authority, employees and volunteers are committed to the interests of these beneficiaries. The law provides the basic framework for museum operations. As nonprofit institutions, museums comply with applicable local, state, and federal laws and international conventions, as well as with the specific legal standards governing trust responsibilities. This Code of Ethics for Museums takes that compliance as given. But legal standards are a minimum. Museums and those responsible for them must do more than avoid legal liability, they must take affirmative steps to maintain their integrity so as to warrant public confidence. They must act not only legally but also ethically. This Code of Ethics for Museums, therefore, outlines ethical standards that frequently exceed legal minimums.” What is the procedure(s) for the acquisition of artifacts by and for museums today? Just to compare two of many The Museum of Fine Arts Boston and The Metropolitan Museum......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4


...MUSEUMS: THEIR ROLES AND IMPORTANCE In this section of our presentation we will discuss the roles and importance of museums in relation to art and the society in general. Museums were an early form of public education intended to enlighten the general population. The creation of the Public Museum was an expression of the 18th century enlightenment which generated enthusiasm for equality of opportunity in learning. According to the declaration made in the Copenhagen 10th General Assembly of the International Council of Museums held in 1974, a museum is defined as “a non - profit making permanent institution, in the service of the society and its development and open to the public, which acquires, conserves, communicates and exhibits, researches for the purpose of study, education and enjoyment, material evidence of men and his environment". Generally speaking, museums collect objects of significance that comply with their mission statement for conservation and display. Many assert that the primary function of art museums ought to be research and scholarship, staunch in their pursuit of objectivity, while others insist that it is about pluralism, the fortification of diversity in a pleased and intrigued public. Art Museums, not only because of the scientific and humanistic disciplines practiced in them, such as conservation, art history, archaeology etc., are seen as preservers of the community’s official cultural memory. Consequently, it can be argued that museums should be......

Words: 2473 - Pages: 10


...University of Phoenix Material Health Care Museum As you learn about health care delivery in the United States, it is important to understand its history to develop a working knowledge as you progress through the course. You are the curator of the first Health Care Hall of Fame Museum that pays tribute to the five most significant developments in the evolution of health care in the United States. Prepare a proposal of the five main developments you would include. Be specific and draw from your readings or other research to demonstrate your understanding of newfound concepts, theories, and vocabulary. Include evidence-based information and your personal analysis describing why these exhibits should be included and how they shaped the current health care system in the United States. Descriptions and analysis must use complete sentences. Format your proposal consistent with APA guidelines. Part 1: Health Care Hall of Fame Museum Proposal |Development |Description |Analysis (How does the development affect the current U.S. health care system?) | | | | | |1. EHR |Electronic Health Records are digital health records that replaced the |Electronic......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

The British Museum a museum that would be mentioned -The British Museum, which was built in 1753, is the first national public museum in the world. Thus, it can be seen that the British Museum is one represent of the UK culture in people’s subconscious. However, there is an another opinion shown that the British Museum can represent most of countries’ culture well expect the British. Because this museum collected massively rare treasures from all over the world that even the native country cannot remember. Usually, when people talk about Egyptian culture or Chinese culture, they would mention the British Museum either. Meanwhile, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, this museum decided a new building project that made its attitude clearly – to set a world conservation and exhibitions center (British Museum, 2003). It is shown that the British Museum is not only a national museum, but also a universal museum that they want to be. Depending on above discussion, this essay will explain the purpose of the British Museum, one part of the British culture – multiculturalism, and evaluate how the British Museum can represent this characteristic of the British Culture. The British Museum The British Museum, which is located in the capital of UK – London, is opened to all “studious and curious persons” (British Museum, 2003). “The museum was founded in 1753 and celebrated its 250th birthday recently. It was the first publicly owned museum......

Words: 2157 - Pages: 9

Museum Visitation

...Perez Art Museum Miami Visitation Perez Art Museum was my choice for museum visitation paper. Perez Art Museum in Miami is a modern and contemporary art museum dedicated to collecting and exhibiting international arts of the 20th and 21st centuries. Perez Art Museum continue tradition of Miami Art Museum, known as The Center of Fine Arts first opened in 1984. Perez Art Museum have a goal to improve life for visitors and residents of Miami Dade County by showing some of the most progressive visual arts of our time. Exhibition that draw most of my attention was Poetics of Relation that was available from May 29th until October 18th this year. This exhibition was inspired by the writings of philosopher and author Edouard Glisant. This exhibition and Miami share similar histories by its diasporic communities and many migrations that occurred in this area. Poetics of Relation exhibition includes six artists: Hurvin Anderson, Xaviera Simmons, Yto Barrada, Zarina Bhimji, Tony Capellan and my favorite Ledelle Moe. Poetics of Relation represent work of artists who engaged themselves with a historical legacy of trauma triggered by migration and colonialism. This exhibition really touch my hearth since I have personally experience difficulties that migrating from one place to another is bringing to individual or groups. This was mainly the reason why I chosen this specific exhibition. The first touch with Poetics of Relation was Tony Capelan’s Mar Caribe that shows author......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Museum say that, in the mind of the public, the MMA has no image. There is nothing about this [building] that says, “I’m a museum,” or “Come in.” There are a lot of people that are not interested in high culture and think this is a drive-in bank or an office building. Most art museums in America have a problem with image. One of the things that makes me mad is that people think there is something wrong with the museum. The MMA is one of the most public in the country, and more heavily dependent on the mem- bership contribution than any other [museum]. Like most, it is underendowed and underfunded from reliable public funds. In fact, the American Association of Museums reports that only about 60 percent of America’s 2000-plus art museums have enough income from their endowment to cover their operating costs. Nevertheless, this institu- tion has chosen to be public, with free access, and this is very noble. It is wonderful that the museum has decided not to belong to an agglomeration of very rich people. This museum has more character than it thinks it has. It has the best balanced collection between Western and non-Western art of any museum in the country. We have not chosen to sell or promote the unique aspects of this collection or the museum’s emphasis on historical context.What we have are the makings of an institu- tion that is very different from other museums, and we ought to be able to make that into an advantage rather than apologize for it....

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Holocaust Museum

...Holocaust Museum My Mom, my cousin and I all went to the Holocaust Museum in Richmond. Upon arriving at the museum the outside of the building looked a little scary, because all the windows had boards and locks on them. As we went in the building we went to the information desk and this older man told us that the museum was built by survivors of Holocaust that ended up living in Richmond many years later. He then told us to go into the video room and watch the video and then come back and they would tell us what to do from there. The video was of four survivors telling their reasons for building the museum and telling the stories of the Holocaust. The reason for the museum is because the survivors are getting older and they do not want people to forget about the tragedies that happened to the Jewish people so that history would never repeats itself. When the video finished we went back to the information desk and was given a book with a map in it and told which way to start the tour. As we walked down the hall it was a little scary because everything was dark until you got to certain parts of the rooms. In the first room (Dachau/Buchenwald) we went into it showed how the “prisoners” had to sleep. The bunks were from the floor to ceiling made out of wood and two to three people to each bunk they had no blankets or pillows. They looked as if they were sleeping on top of each other. A Nazi soldier stood with a gun aimed at them all the time. In another room it......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4