Morality Obligations with Nature

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Elizabethlozano
Words 3465
Pages 14
Introduction

❖ Group point of view
• Society - Points to concern Government Education Economic

Definition

• ❖ Environmental ethics
• ❖ Protection of environment
• ❖ Overview worldwide environmental problematic (Introduction to the problem) Global warming Main types of pollution Preservation of trees Animal experimentation

Disagreement

• Business Utilitarianism Anthropocentric ethics Kantian theory Counterargument

Agreement

To future generation Giving a great habitat to animals Biocentric ethics Ecocentric ethics

Conclusion

We live with the world

Introduction:

Since the environment problem has taken attention in today's society, there have been number of opinions about our obligations with nature. Some people claim that human has the right to act and that nature is here just to satisfy human desires and needs. In the other hand, there is a group of people who state that this argument sound egoist because we are not the only species living in this world and we should share this earth with species.
“Individuals can not be used as merely as a means to the end- there are ends in themselves” Kant basic ideas here are that persons have the position to make rational choice about their own lives. They have moral autonomy and fee will. This fact about person confers dignity upon them. They command respect. To treat people as a mean to some other end, be it own welfare or that of others, it is fail to respect their dignity” (Jhon O'Neill, 2008, p. 34) We can clearly see that Kant draws a distinction between person and thing.
There is not point to argue Kant Theory since we draw our attention of how important is the use of natural resources for human being sustention and scientific evolution; for example, when researchers look for an illnes’s cure, Scientists probably would need natural…...

Similar Documents

Sexual Morality

...involved in sexual morality, specifically adultery and fornication.   The issue is whether it is morally right to engage in sexual relations outside of marriage.  This entails both adultery, which is sex between a married person with someone other than one’s spouse, and fornication, which is sex between unmarried people.  There is one position that holds that sex outside of marriage is not a good thing, while there are two views that consider fornication to be morally right, the natural impulse view and the affection view. The basis for the natural impulse view on sexual morality is that sex, which as a impulse or instinct and completely natural, should be enjoyed to obtain the greatest happiness.  Contraceptives remove the concern of unwanted pregnancy or sexual disease.  Sex should be considered a pleasurable physical activity, with no moral guilt attached to it, as long as both partners voluntarily engage in it without the involvement of harm or deceit.  There is no need to restrict sexual fulfillment to a single partner nor is there a requirement that sex be accompanied by love.  There are four arguments for this position: 1.     Sex is an impulse or instinct, which is natural and should be followed, much like wild animals – especially since contraception is so readily available. 2.     Sexual repression is bad, and engaging freely in sex is healthy. Sexual repression has resulted in a variety of neuroses, including insanity. 3.     Mankind has a moral obligation to......

Words: 2058 - Pages: 9

Morality

...UNDERSTANDING CHRISTIAN MORALITY • Fundamental Principle of Morality • The most basic principle of morality is deceptively simple: do good and avoid evil. • Jesus states his version of this adage which is found in the Sermon on the Mount. It is known as the Golden Rule – “Treat others the way you would have them treat you: this sums up the law and the prophets.” (Mt 7:12) • This is message is concerned with action, with positive effort on behalf of others. Contrast this with the teaching of a famous Jewish rabbi of Jesus’ day. When asked to sum up the teaching of the law and the prophets, the rabbi responded: “Avoid doing to others what you do not wish them to do to you.” Whereas the message of Jesus is to get involved as the Father has gotten involved with humanity, the rabbi cautions a more conservative approach. The rabbi wants us merely to keep from harming others. Jesus wants us to act, not just react. • Jesus further puts his own special seal on this maxim by stating the two greatest commandments: love God and love one another. To love someone is to seek to do good to them, and certainly, at the very least, to avoid doing them evil. • What is Christian Moral Life? • Misconceptions 1. Reduced to avoidance of sin 2. Reduced to a series of don’ts and dire punishment if we fail • What is Christian Moral Life? • Positive and Fuller Meaning 1. Moral theology should start with God and God’s love - JP II (Veritatis Splendor) : The moral life is a......

Words: 1729 - Pages: 7

Morality

...Tiange Zou ESL 102 Kate Murphy November 25, 2011 Morality: Right and Wrong People knew the meaning of the word morality in their early age because parents and teachers had tried very hard to teach children to possess the virtue qualities of morality such as caring, compassion, and courage. However, there is a tendency that people act differently when they encounter the morality in real life. For instance, some people are hesitant to help out a wounded person on the street when they assume police would do that. These people absolutely know it is wrong not to help a wounded person according to the caring aspect of morality. Knowing something is not right to do but to do, people contradict themselves by the influence of societies, individualism, and governments. First of all, societies can change people’s ideas and behaviors about morality. In other words, people will choose what others doing in a society instead of obeying the criteria of morality. Therefore, this action will emerge a moral contradiction. For instance, there was a shocking incident happened in Foshan city in the south of China. A two- year- old girl was twice hit by two different cars on a very busy street and 18 pedestrians indifferently passed the girl without doing any effort to help the girl. The girl was finally saved by a garbage collector after lying on the street for a long time (The Guardian). Many Chinese people and social......

Words: 1251 - Pages: 6

How Does the Nature of Friendship Affect Our Moral Obligations

...With reference to Aristotle and/or Kant, explain the nature of friendship. How does the nature of friendship affect our moral obligations? Friendship involves a relationship between two beings pertaining to the elements of freedom, choice and love; “an association of two persons through equal and mutual love and respect” (Kant 1965, p. 469). Friendships offer support, affection, companionship and a sense of connection with another being. Aristotle and Kant hold similar views on friendship and recognise that the notion plays a central role in a meaningful and happy life, and also has a profound effect on our moral obligations. As individuals, we experience three main types of companionship, namely the friendship of utility or need, the friendship of pleasure or taste and the friendship of good or disposition. These three categories signify that we love or like our friends on the basis of three varying motivations. Furthermore, these encounters impact upon our psyche and belief systems to various degrees, changing us as humans and augmenting our views and morals. The friendship of utility or the friendship of need states that each person does not love each other for their personal qualities, but rather that they derive some benefit from one another. “This friendship comes about when men can trust one another in the mutual provision for the needs of life. It was the original form of friendship amongst men, and is encountered mostly in the crudest social conditions”......

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Morality

...Assess the view that morality is a conventional agreement for our mutual advantage This is the argument of Social Contract Theory first put forward by Thomas Hobbes. This is the theory that people only act morally because it is mutually beneficial and that we humans by nature are selfish creatures. Those who disagree with Hobbes’s Social Contract theory may argue that since there is no historical evidence of there ever being such an agreement signed by humans then how can the theory be true. On top of this Humanity has always lived in social groups and therefore never had a time where Hobbes’s theory of how life would be if we did not have a ‘Social Contract’ has never been tested and is invalid. On the other hand, these people appear to have taken the idea of a Social Contract in a literal instead of metaphorical way. Hobbes never suggested that people ever actually sat down and negotiated a contract, instead he was simply theorising what life for humanity would be like if all our laws and morals were stripped away he simply claimed that if we lived in a world without laws or morals that groups of humans would make agreements with others to make life easier for all parties. Another claim that may be made by those who disagree with Hobbes is that, if we are selfish and did not actively agree to follow this contract then surely we have no obligation to follow it? Although it is to our advantage for everyone else to be moral but if you were to gain an advantage from......

Words: 387 - Pages: 2

Morality

...religion your parents are or the morals and values in your culture. Morality and values differ from person to person or culture to culture. In this essay I will argue that morality can be objective or subjective in a sense that we get some of our morals from what God gave us but we also learn our morals from different people and our daily influences. Morality and personal values vary from religion. In many different religions we all have similar values and morals because our faith all stems from one main source.But there are different branches where are faith and morals differ. For example, as a Christian we believe in many things that God said in the Bible. Our morals and values are very concrete and we should follow those ‘rules’ to the best of our abilities. Some of those set ‘rules’ are do not have sex before you married or follow the 10 Commandments. Those rules or morals are set in place to so can go to heaven. But in other religions such as Islam they don’t have the same morals or values as we Christians do. In the Islamic religion girls at a certain age have to start to wear the hijab. The hijab represents modesty. These morals and values vary in many other different religions. I think that if you are bonded to one religion is represents you and makes you feel like you are a part of something special. Religion can be represented in many different ways and many religions vary in values and morals. Morality can be defined by our surroundings. When we are younger the......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Morality and Marilyn

...In this essay, I will analyze the article the Cold Equation and the importance of Marilyn’s death. I will do so by summarizing Jan Narveson’s analysis of the Cold Equation and using principles used in lecture. Tom Godwin’s short story the Cold Equation raises questions of human rights, morality, sexism and discrimination, as well as the laws of nature and sciences. In order to analyze this short story I will briefly give an abstract. The situation of the story is outlined in a short paragraph on page 258: “This ship is carrying Kala fever serum to Group One on Woden. Their supply was destroyed by a tornado. The fever is invariably fatal unless the serum can be had in time, and the six men in Group One will die unless this ship reaches on schedule. These ships are given barely enough fuel to reach their destination and if you stay aboard your added weight will cause it to use up all its fuel before it reaches the ground. It will crash, then, you and I will die and so will the six men waiting for the serum.”(Godwin, T., 1954) This paragraph points out the two choices that are present in Jan Narveson’s analysis. Where Choice A: Marilyn dies in one hour; six men cured from a fatal painful disease- living normal lives for a substantial period of time; Barton the pilot lives a substantial period of time. Choice B: Marilyn lives X hours (greater than 1 but not much greater), after which she dies a death similar to that in A; six men die of terrible disease; and Barton dies the......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

Bus 309 Week 1 Quiz the Nature of Morality New Strayer

...BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality NEW Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality NEW Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Bus 309 Week 1 Quiz the Nature of Morality New Strayer

...BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality NEW Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality NEW Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-the-nature-of-morality-new-strayer/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STRAYER BUS 309 Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality - Strayer University 2015 Version Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Business Morality

...Business Morality AIU Online In an ever growing fast paced society with businesses popping up and flourishing comes the question to what is important, the people who work for and support the businesses or the money? For most businesses success is gauged based on product or services output and profit. This brings the question to what means brings the success? Does the business value morals? Does it display the type of ethics people expect? Businesses should operate with upstanding ethics and morals that show they value their employees as well as the consumers who are essential to the success of a business. Do businesses have an obligation to be moral? To ask that question one is asking if there is an authority telling the business what is right and wrong. To view a business overall as moral is questionable at best. More likely it could be said individuals within the business are moral. With that one needs to think more in terms of whether or not the business is ethical. Having good ethics, a system of appropriate and good conducts, are important for a business. It leads to good morale with the employees as well as showing consumers that the business is trustworthy. Some of the things to look at are the mentalities that drive a business. What motivates their way of thinking to set forth a set of ethics? Does it come down to one person and their beliefs or are a business’s ethics set by a collective standard? What is the basis for a company to decide what is good or bad...

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Obligations and Contracts

...OBLIGATIONS AND CONTRACTS REVIEWER TITLE I – OBLIGATIONS CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 1156. An obligation is a juridical necessity to give, to do, or not to do. JURIDICAL NECESSITY – juridical tie; connotes that in case of noncompliance, there will be legal sanctions. • • An obligation is nothing more than the duty of a person (obligor) to satisfy a specific demandable claim of another person (obligee) which, if breached, is enforceable in court. A contract necessarily gives rise to an obligation but an obligation does not always need to have a contract. KINDS OF OBLIGATION A. From the viewpoint of “sanction” - (a) CIVIL OBLIGATION – that defined in Article 1156; an obligation, if not fulfilled when it becomes due and demandable, may be enforced in court through action; based on law; the sanction is judicial due process (b) NATURAL OBLIGATION – defined in Article 1423; a special kind of obligation which cannot be enforced in court but which authorizes the retention of the voluntary payment or performance made by the debtor; based on equity and natural law. (i.e. when there is prescription of duty to pay, still, the obligor paid his dues to the obligee – the obligor cannot recover his payment even there is prescription) the sanction is the law, but only conscience had originally motivated the payment. (c) MORAL OBLIGATION – the sanction is conscience or morality, or the law of the church. (Note: If a Catholic promises to hear mass for 10......

Words: 33069 - Pages: 133

Bus 309 Week 1 Quiz the Nature of Morality New Str

...BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str-2/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality – STR University 2015 Version BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str-2/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality – STR University 2015 Version BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str-2/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality – STR University 2015 Version BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str-2/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR Week 1 Quiz The Nature of Morality – STR University 2015 Version BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Bus 309 Week 1 Quiz the Nature of Morality New Str

...QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-309-week-1-quiz-nature-morality-new-str/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR BUS 309 WEEK 1 QUIZ THE NATURE OF MORALITY NEW STR TO purchase this tutorial visit following......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Morality

...Morality (from the Latin moralitas "manner, character, proper behavior") is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.[1] Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from acode of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion, or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal.[2] Morality may also be specifically synonymous with "goodness" or "rightness." Moral philosophy includes moral ontology, or the origin of morals, as well as moral epistemology, or knowledge about morals. Different systems of expressing morality have been proposed, including deontological ethical systems which adhere to a set of established rules, and normative ethical systems which consider the merits of actions themselves. An example of normative ethical philosophy is the Golden Rule, which states that: "One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself."[3] Immorality is the active opposition to morality (i.e. opposition to that which is good or right), while amorality is variously defined as an unawareness of, indifference toward, or disbelief in any set of moral standards or principles. An initial naïve attempt at a descriptive definition of “morality” might take it to refer to the most important code of conduct put forward by a society and accepted by the members of that society. But the existence of large and heterogeneous societies......

Words: 1480 - Pages: 6

Political Obligation

...Political Obligation First published Tue Apr 17, 2007; substantive revision Fri Apr 30, 2010 To have a political obligation is to have a moral duty to obey the laws of one's country or state. On that point there is almost complete agreement among political philosophers. But how does one acquire such an obligation, and how many people have really done what is necessary to acquire it? Or is political obligation more a matter of being than of doing — that is, of simply being a member of the country or state in question? To those questions many answers have been given, and none now commands widespread assent. Indeed, a number of contemporary political philosophers deny that a satisfactory theory of political obligation either has been or can be devised. Others, however, continue to believe that there is a solution to what is commonly called “the problem of political obligation,” and they are presently engaged in lively debate not only with the skeptics but also with one another on the question of which theory, if any, provides the solution to the problem. Whether political obligation is the central or fundamental problem of political philosophy, as some have maintained (e.g., McPherson), may well be doubted. There is no doubt, however, that the history of political thought is replete with attempts to provide a satisfactory account of political obligation, from the time of Socrates to the present. These attempts have become increasingly sophisticated in recent years, but they......

Words: 12818 - Pages: 52