Mini-Ethnographic Study: African-American Women’s Hair Salon

In: Science

Submitted By bmartelete
Words 2595
Pages 11
Mini-Ethnographic Study: African-American women’s hair salon
Introduction:
The present study aims to provide an ethnographic description of the population of an African-American women’s hair salon located in the suburbs of Philadelphia. The study was carried out through a 3-hour field interaction that occurred in the afternoon of May 22, 2013. The field observation comprised the following techniques: picture, drawing, spontaneous conversation, interview and note-taking. The first part of the study introduces the environment where the interaction took place and the population studied. The second part presents the observation itself and a detailed description of the population’s cultural traits. And finally, the third part of the study summarizes the key findings of the observation under a socioeconomic perspective.
Subject:
The subject of this study is the African-American women’s hair salon Foxy Diva’s, located in Germantown. I chose this subject of study for three main reasons. First, I currently live in Germantown and I wished to get a better understanding of the neighborhood and its population. Second, I wanted to learn more about the socioeconomic environment of the African-American population. And finally, making a parallel with Brazil, I expected hair salons in American poor neighborhoods to be relevant social spaces and, consequently, to be interesting environments for an ethnographic observation.
Germantown is a neighborhood located in the northwestern suburbs of Philadelphia and approximately 8 miles far from center Philadelphia. The neighborhood was founded in the 17th century by German settlers and was a stage for remarkable events in the independence of United States. Later, in the 1950’s Germantown received several waves of African and Central-American black immigrants and saw its white population fleeing for more privileged neighborhoods. Today,…...

Similar Documents

African American

...Being an African American woman in a Caucasian male dominated society, I have experienced my share of racial and sexual inequalities. Nonetheless, for the purpose of assignment only racial inequality will be discussed. As stated in last week’s assignment. For centuries, inhabitants of the earth have had an innate superiority complex, countries with greater weapons, numbers, technology and economic resources, created systems of inequality through domination of inferior-minority-groups, maintained and perpetuated through social forces. My family can trace their roots as far back, as a century before the emancipation proclamation of 1863. As did majority of the ancestors of African Americans, my relatives started life here in America as slaves, Two decades before the emancipation proclamation my ancestors brought their freedom and inquired land, and establish wealth through farming and different business ventures. The land, practically a thousand acres is still in my family today. Although I come from a well to do family, I am often reminded of my race and where I fit in this world. For example, while shopping I often stumble upon cautious eyes from employees, or find myself responding with a slight grind when I am told I speak well or I am different from the “other” people. Nonetheless, I had experienced my first taste of inequality at a very young age. When I was a child, no more than the age of five, I remember walking to the store with my father and two eldest siblings.......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

African American Folklore

...African American Folklore Dr. Burns 11:00-12:30 How Does My Hair Look? Perhaps one of the most asked beauty questions, besides “Does this make my butt look fat,” women and men are obsessed with hair. This has not changed over time and probably will never change. Hair is a vital part of personality and self-esteem. However, hair styles differ with skin color and culture. As a white woman, I know all about hair styles for my race. However, I am very interested in learning about the very complex world of weaves, braids, and relaxers of the African American race. It seems like there are tons of hair styles for African Americans. I am going to explore everything from natural black hair to relaxing, crimping, coloring, and other various styles. I want to know the fads, what’s “in” and what’s “out”, as well as the norms for African American hair. I will be interviewing Jasmine Smith, Jamelle Shaw, Kalin Gragg, Brianna Hurley, and interviewing/observing some people from “Daddy Cutz” barber shop. I also will be observing in some other black hair salons, but I am waiting for consent from Gods House of Beauty in Jonesboro. Even if Gods House of Beauty declines my request to observe and interview, I am going to call some other hair salons because I need to observe so I can get an authentic feel of what goes on in an African American barber shop/hair salon. I am also going to do a brief history of African American hair and how it has evolved into what it is today. The barber......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

African Americans

...African Americans Gloria Graham HIS 204 American History Katie Filbeck February 25, 2013 This paper will discuss the progress of African Americans before and after the 1930s. It will also show their struggles and triumphs before and after they were given freedom. African Americans are descendents of Africa, They were brought to America around the 18th century to work and serve as slaves to some of the wealthier whites. They were force to work for little or nothing. They were treated very badly and lived on the plantations of their owners who purchased them through slave trades. African Americans before the 1930s During the Great Depression, blacks suffered a great deal when it came to jobs. Blacks were pushed out of jobs which they held before the depression by whites who would not be caught doing the types of jobs they held. Although Roosevelt administration National Recovery Act (NRA) stated that there was not to be nondiscriminatory in hiring, and blacks should get the same equal pay as whites, it didn’t employ blacks, but it remained to be racist whenever a black was hired. During the Great Depression, unemployment was very high, but there were some like “William Green” President of the American Federation of Labor that opposed segregation, but did nothing to support civil rights. Therefore blacks were forced to organize a separate union. Women during the Great Depression before the 1930s There were also women in the work force. The unemployment......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Swot Analysis for Hair Salons

...Hair salons are involved in a competitive industry with diverse target markets. With such diversity in an ever-changing industry, hair salons must have an aggressive and strategic approach to maintaining a competitive edge. The SWOT analysis is a tool for building these strategies. SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It helps businesses, including hair salons, to identify the areas in which they excel while classifying areas that require improvements and adjustments. Strengths Identifying the strengths of a hair salon can, at times, be as easy as looking at the clientele. A hair salon with an abundant clientele list is a sign of successful marketing, good operations and strong client management. Still, a strong analysis will identify the reasons that those strengths are strengths. Factors like a well-trained team and a high traffic location may be the core strengths of the salon. Weaknesses Weaknesses can be reflected in the hair salon's register receipts, but not always. For instance, lack of proper stylist training and poor customer care can hinder the hair salon's income, but still not limit it. Identifying the hair salon's weaknesses is the first step to making strategic improvements. It is important to take an unbiased look at the salon while completing this section. Weaknesses can be as simple as a lack of inventory, or as challenging as having the wrong location with limited space and parking. Opportunities While the......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Intro. African American Studies

...Exam 1: Introduction to Africana Studies Short Answer Questions: Be sure to respond to the ENTIRE question, since each question has two parts. (4 points each/100 points total) 1) Why would you say that some see Africa as a country? How would you describe the size of Africa in relation to the size of the United States? 2) The view of Africa as a jungle is erroneous, since a jungle or forested area is not one of the continent’s major environmental features. Name two that are. 3) Africa can be discussed from either an Afrocentric perspective or a Eurocentric perspective. Give two examples of the way Africa is portrayed that support a Eurocentric perspective. 4) Turning to an Afrocentric perspective, name the African scholar honored for exerting the greatest influence on Black thought in the 20th century at the Black World Festival of Arts and Culture in Senegal, West Africa. Name the African American scholar honored for the same reason. 5) Name the Origin of Humankind theory that Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop said was so rigorously defended until science cast it aside. What reason did he cite for its rigorous defense? 6) From “Journey of Man,” name the reason humankind took so long to populate Europe. How many years did it take? 7) What delayed the American geneticist’s travel into Central Asia? Why was getting to that destination so important to him? 8) Name the word that the Navajo man took issue with the geneticist using...

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

African American Studies

...“mammy”. Why were black women defined in these two extreme ways? By contrast, how were Southern white women characterized? * One of the most standout images of black women in white slavery America was of a woman who ran entirely off of her sex drive, a Jezebel. A jezebel was considered to be the complete opposite of a proper white woman. She was thought to have little to none religious affiliation. A jezebel took no instances to cover her body, and showed no signs of prudery. The idea that black women were over-sexualized first gained credence when Englishmen went to Africa to buy slaves. Not being accustomed to the traditional wear, Europeans mistook semi-nudity for lewdness. They also misinterpreted African cultural tradition of polygamy and claimed to be the Africans' uncontrolled lust, tribal dances were considered to be an orgy. The travel accounts of Europeans spurred inaccurate analysis of black women livelihood. Perhaps it was the warm climate of Africa that prompted William Bosman to describe the women he saw on the coast of Guinea as "fiery" and "warm" and "so much hotter than the men."' William Smith must have fallen under the same influence, since he wrote of "hot constitution'd Ladies" who "are continually contriving stratagems how to gain a lover."' The conditions under which women worked, were sold and were punished also contributed to this way of thinking. Southerners were extremely prudish about what they felt a woman should be. A "respectable" white......

Words: 4189 - Pages: 17

Ethnographic Study

...Upon my arrival to the Bible Study for the ethnography assignment, I observed the church’s outer appearance and surrounding neighborhood. This particular parish was in the northeast quadrant of Burlington, North Carolina. Located in a predominately African-American community, the church gave off the vibe of being a relatively active place as multiple cars drove in, through, and around the parking lot. While preparing myself to exit the vehicle, I watched many older persons, ranging from fifty-seventy, head to what seemed like an administrative building for the church. Upon surveying the outer structure up close, I could see that the established date was 1868 and the built date for the current facility read 1963. In order to gain a better understanding of the youth population of the congregation, I chose to observe the student Bible Study that was separate from the adult class. The youth Bible study was held on the second floor of the main church building that contained the sanctuary, a pastor’s study, a secretary’s office, a Sunday School office, choir room, and seven classrooms. My surveillance of the church’s interior prior to going up to the second floor for the class, gave the impression that their had been recent renovations within the past year or two. During my examination, one of the self-identified minister’s on staff at the church introduced himself and invited me to the classroom for the young people’s Bible study. His direction and guidance was actually......

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

African American

...ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY WORKSHEET Your topic: African American Inequity In The Workplace Your tentative thesis: African American is to explain the two different viewpoints on how there are inequity in the workplace also to explain to readers different view other have about this subject List your sources in correct MLA format: Book: The Contextual Impact of Social Support Across Race and Gender: Implications for African American Women in the Workplace Bailey, Darlyne, Donald Wolfe, and Christopher R. Wolfe. “The Contextual Impact of Social Support Across Race and Gender: Implications for African American Women in the Workplace”. of Black Studies 26.3 (1996): 287–307. Web... Briefly summarize this source. In this book they explain black studies in comparison to how black women are treated in the workplace. the source also explain research that has been providing basic on age of black american women they then stated that women are most likely to have more support as being african american Scholarly Journal Article 1: RESKIN, BF. GETTING IT RIGHT: SEX AND RACE INEQUALITY IN WORK ORGANIZATIONS Reskin, Barbara F. "Getting It Right: Sex And Race Inequality In Work Organizations." Annual Review Of Sociology 26.(2000): 707. Academic Search Complete. Web. 13 Nov. 2015. Briefly summarize this source. Explain its relevance to your topic and whether it supports or goes......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

The Women's Movement, African-American Freedom Movement, and the Homophile Movement

...Adam Winikoff 12/18/15 Hist. 253 Prof. Koppes The Women’s Movement, African-American Freedom Movement, and the Homophile Movement The African American freedom movement, the women’s movement, and the queer movement were all extremely influential periods in American history. After World War II the U.S. was in the middle of a moral crisis. This was a nation that was supposed to be a beacon of light and hope for all of mankind, but that was only true if you were a heterosexual white male living in America. This was a time when men were still “likely to be the heads of families and the primary breadwinners in the family.”. Black Americans were treated as second-class citizens and subjected to racist legislation especially at the hands of many southern states, and the subject of both male and female homosexuality was as taboo a topic as ever. Although each of these movements had the ultimate goal of equality, specifically between their group and white heterosexual males, so even though there were some similarities the type of equality and the means they used to try and obtain it were vastly different. The women’s movement of the late 1960s and seventies was a focus on trying to bring equality to women in the workplace. Dating back to the Great Depression liberal economic policies were focused on getting men back to work and allowing them to be able to support a family through assistance programs under the New Deals. One of the main goals of this movement was not......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Harriot Washingotn African American Studies Essay

...Harriet Washington – Medical Apartheid Book Essay QUESTION 1: Iatrophobia “One of the most harmful contemporary legacies of this history of abusive medical experimentation is that many African Americans are wary of participating in potentially life saving medical studies. A recent study in the American Journal of Law and Medicine estimated that only 1 percent of the nearly 20 million Americans enrolled in biomedical studies are black. This reluctance, though justified, has meant that blacks often miss out on the latest treatments and breakthroughs.” – Amara Rivera Given the History of Medical Apartheid in the U.S., African-Americans have tended to be iatrophobic. Should African-Americans continue to participate in medical research and trust their doctors today? Would Harriet Washington and Tim Wise be in support of your argument? QUESTION 2: Ebola Watch this Press TV video: The Debate: Ebola Man-made (pt1) (11 mins) Based on his arguments, is Dr. Short a conspiracy theorist? Comment on the validity of Dr. Short’s arguments and examples given the arguments provided by Washington in Medical Apartheid in the Epilogue of the book and in the rest of the text. Use the relevant examples and ideas Washington uses to draw connections between medical apartheid practiced on Blacks in the U.S and Blacks in Africa from her book. QUESTION 3: Scientific Racism and Eugenics The "science" of eugenics proposed that human perfection could be developed through selective breeding......

Words: 1335 - Pages: 6

African-American Studies

...name Instructor’s name Course Date African American Community in the Law System of US The problem of racial discrimination is being actual one for few decades and still is not exhausted. The deal is always about non-white people because many people consider them as “different.” With such social pressure when you are chased during all your life only for the fact that you belong to a different ethnic group but you are not considered as an equal person in a root, in some moment it might cause a reason to actually behave differently. Many sociological and psychological researches study outcomes that are forced by microaggressions and results are expectable enough. So the consequence is that many African American are pushed to criminality by society. In my opinion, the fact that a defender, who pleads guilty, is not informed that he would lose his main civil rights is absolutely not right. On the other hand, every citizen must know his constitutional rights and the law in order to be a proper citizen. As we know, the fact that you do not know the law does not relieve you from a charge. As we see African American as an equal to White, we cannot expect another type of behavior from them. Withal in the case when an African American does plead guilty but he was not informed about the loss of rights he might find discrimination in that action. The community might perceive this very aggressively. As the result, the community of African American might see this as the......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

African American

...Black Feminism Michelle Smith African American History Winter Quarter 2010 Purdue University Instructor: Professor Wilkens Introduction When the Black Feminist movement was developed, it was a revolution for black women. It gave them power, liberation, and a voice to overcome the emasculating efforts of white male power (Harrold, Hine, and Hine, 2009). When I first began this research, I discovered that Black Feminism is too broad of a topic to elaborate on as a whole. This paper defines the term “Black Feminism. It will explore two published articles that report on the theory and practice of how black feminism is making waves and what role of education in the development of the Black Feminist Thought from 1860 to 1920. This paper will examine when the National Black Feminist Organization was founded and lastly, how two outstanding women who made an impact in the Black Feminist Movement. According to Encyclo (n.d.) online encyclopedia the definition of black feminism is “A strand of feminist thought which highlights the multiple disadvantages of gender, class and race that shape the experiences of nonwhite women. Black feminists reject the idea of a single unified gender oppression that is experienced evenly by all women, and argue that early feminist analysis reflected the specific concerns of white, middle-class women.” In other words, black feminist argue that the liberation of black women entails freedom for all people since it would require the end......

Words: 1725 - Pages: 7

African American Slavery

...In this essay I am explaining why the African American has more African-ness the Nigerian Americans. I will examine the origin and the different aspects of the African American culture. I will also examine how the African culture is so rich in the American world and changed many aspect of the everyday life in the new world. Slavery predates back to the 18th century from when African Americans were enslaved.   People of color were bought, sold, and used to work on farms, and in the household of their white masters. The progression of African American culture has progressed by leaps and bounds since the1800’s.   It took a long time for slaves to be given their freedom. Although they were free, the reconstruction plan was a starting point, which in turn allowed former slaves to become freedmen. Freedmen who were allowed to own land and become upstanding citizen just like their white counterparts. The freed slaves went on to become prominent business owners and family men. They were still some racists who were appalled that they were allowed to go free. Slaves were not allowed to learn how to read and therefore could not read the bible. It was a way for the salves masters to protect themselves from the slaves getting a silly notion of equality from the bible. Religion became a big issue within the African American community. Black churches were established to allow them to come, worship, and not be segregated from their white counterparts.   Even during slavery, they......

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

African American Studies

...clarification: • African identity- this term will be used interchangeable. (1) realizing the African continent commonality, (2) the culture and behavior of the slaves (African born and creoles)—basically what defines the slaves’ identity. • Creoles- (1) Atlantic creoles that are phenotypically and culturally mixed with African and European cultures. The Dynamic African identity: Coping with Slavery Upon considering the changes and the creation of an “African” identity (definition 2), it is important to realize that similar to the constantly changing slavery due to the frequent shifts in the social, political, and economic contexts, the “African” identity was also dynamic. Although the overall reason that prompted the development of the notion of the African continent (definition 1) might be similar across the board of slavery, the specifics of what constituted this identity (ex: religion, family formation) is largely dependent on the time period and region being discussed—ex: the 17th Century African identity in North America is different from the 18th Century identity in Europe. Several factors that enhanced the creation of the African identity (definition 2) include: (1) ability to form families as a result of the gender ratio, mortality rates, segregation from other slaves, (2) population ratio of native-born to creolized slaves, and (3) religious movement that were characteristic of the time and space. These three factors allowed for the African......

Words: 1702 - Pages: 7

Ibp Campaign, Hair Salon

...Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary……………………………………..……………………………………………………2 2. Introduction…...………………..……………………………………………………………………….……3 3. Case Study………………………….................................................................................................................4 4. Situation Analysis………………………………………………………………………………………….…6 4.1 Historical Context……..…………..………………………………………………………………6 4.2 Industry Analysis………………………………….………………………………………………7 4.3 Market Analysis………………………………………………….……………………………….7 4.4 Competitor Analysis…………………………………………………………….………………..8 5 Objectives and Measurement of success………………………………………………………….….……..9 5.1 Communicating Objectives ……………………………………………………………..………9 5.2 Quantitative Benchmarks ………………………………………………………………….…..10 5.3 Measurement Analysis/Criteria for Success…………………………………………………..13 5.4 Time Frame……………………………………………………………………………………..13 6.0 Budgeting ……………………………………………………..………………………………………….13 7.0 Proposed Strategy …………………………………………………..……………………………….….16 7.1 Performance ……………………………………………………….…………………………..17 7.2 Assessment …………………………………………………………..………………..……….18 8.0 Advertising Campaign Proposal …………………………………………….…………………………19 8.1 General Objectives……………………………………..……………………………..………...19 8.2 Specific Objectives…………………………………………………………………..………….19 8.3 Media Strategy…………………………………………………………………………………..20 8.3.1 Flyers…………………………………………………………………………………20 8.3.2 Newspaper Advertisement………………………………………………………….26 8.3.3 Business......

Words: 10585 - Pages: 43