Mental Retardation

In: Psychology

Submitted By dinanazriani
Words 467
Pages 2

Mental retardation refers to significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning resulting in or associated with deficits in adaptive behavior, and manifested during the developmental period (Grossman, 1983)


Sistem AAMR
- Mild retardation (IQ 50 – 55 s/d 70)
- Moderate retardation (IQ 35-40 s/d 50-55)
- Severe retardation (IQ 20 – 25 s/d 35-40)
- Profound retardation (dibawah 20 - 25)

Sistem Pendidikan
- Educable Mentally Retarded (Kategori mild atau dengan IQ 50 s/d 70 - 75)
- Trainable Mentally Retarded (Kategori moderate atau dengan IQ 25 – 50)

Sistem AAMR – 1992
• Intermittent : anak membutuhkan bimbingan dalam jangka pendek, hanya pada masa transisi
• Limitted : anak membutuhkan bimbingan secara konsisten namun tidak intensif
• Extensive : anak membutuhkan bimbingan secara reguler dengan waktu yang tidak terbatas
• Pervasive : anak membutuhkan bimbingan dengan intensitas yang sangat tinggi dan melibatkan banyak pihak


Karakteristik Kognitif
- Rentang perhatian rendah
- Daya ingat rendah
- Mengalami hambatan bahasa
- Prestasi akademik rendah

Karakteristik Kepribadian
- Outer-directed
- External locus of control
- Kemampuan adaptif rendah

Karakteristik Fisik (DS)

Kemampuan Adaptif (AAMD)
Bagian I (Domain Perilaku)
- Independent functioning
- Physical development
- Economic activity
- Language development
- Numbers and time
- Domestic activity
- Vocational activity
- Self direction
- Responsibility
- Socialization

Bagian II (Domain Gangguan Kepribadian dan Perilaku)
- Violent and destructive behavior
- Antisocial behavior
- Rebellious behavior
- Untrustworthy behavior
- Withdrawal
- Stereotype behavior and odd mannerisms
- Inappropriate interpersonal manners
- Unacceptable vocal habits
- Unacceptable or eccentric habits
- Self –…...

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