Mental Illness

In: Psychology

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MENT Mental Illness Paper 1

Mental Illness Paper HCA/240 Maria Rios February 4, 2012 Latrina Frazier

Mental Illness Paper 2 Mental Illness Paper ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder generally characterized by the following symptoms: inattention,

distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. There are different types of ADHD. ADHD is classified into three

subtypes: predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, which is behavior marked by hyperactivity and

impulsivity, but not inattentiveness. Predominantly inattentive type, behavior marked by inattentiveness, but not

hyperactivity and impulsivity. Combination type, this is a combination of hyperactivity/impulsivity and

inattentive symptoms. This is the most common type of ADHD. In the United States, about 4.7 million children

ages 3-17have been diagnosed at some point with ADHD. This accounts for 7.4% of all American children in

this age range. Symptoms of ADHD usually occur around the age of 7. Studies indicate that ADHD symptoms

in preschool children with ADHD do not differ significantly from older children. The classic ADHD symptoms

do not always adequately describe the child's behavior, nor do they describe what is actually happening in the

child's mind. Some researchers have focused on deficits in "executive functions" of the brain to understand and

describe all ADHD behaviors. Such impaired executive functions in ADHD children can cause the following

problems: inability to hold information in short-term memory, impaired organization and planning skills,

difficulty in establishing and using goals to guide behavior, such as selecting strategies and monitoring tasks,

inability to keep emotions from becoming overpowering, inability to shift efficiently from one mental…...

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