Measuring Economic Health

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ccbookkeeping
Words 617
Pages 3
To: Kunsoo Paul Choi, Ph.D.
From: Lola Rodriguez
Date: 5/22/2012
Re: Measuring Economic Health
GDP and Measuring the Business Cycle
Gross domestic product (GDP) is defined as one of the main indicators that economists use to measure the economy of a country (Hubbard & O’Brien, 2010). The GDP represents the total dollar value of all services and goods that a country produces over a particular period of time. Although it is used to gauge an economy’s health, it cannot be viewed as the size of the same economy as there are other factors that must be considered. Economists use GDP to compare the previous fiscal period with the current one. As an example, if the GDP for this quarter is up by 2%, then this means that the economy has grown by that percentage over the last quarter. An increase in the GDP signifies economic growth, a decrease means that the country is in a recession. Roles of Government Bodies that Determine National Fiscal Policies There are four sections of government in the United States that are involved in determining national fiscal policies. They are: the Department of Treasury, the Office of Management and Budget, the Office of Government Accountability, and the Office of the President (Hubbard & O’Brien, 2010). The Department of Treasury designs and manages the fiscal policy. This office determines what the budget is, what monies need to be spent, and what the country’s income is. This body of government is also responsible for implementing new policies. This agency, however, does not act alone as the U.S. government functions under the basis of a system of checks and balances. The Office of Management and Budget develops and analyzes fiscal policies. It works side-by-side with the Department of Treasury with doing the necessary research that determines what the country needs. This body of government provides the Treasury…...

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