Me Tax Efficient

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cy283
Words 1695
Pages 7
A tax is an involuntary fee levied on producers and consumers by the government that is used to finance government activities. A land value tax is a tax that is paid by landowners to the government based on the value of the land, disregarding property and any improvements made to the land. The most efficient tax would result in the least distortion of economic decision making thereby interfering the least with the market’s efficient allocation of resources and reducing the “excess burden” on society.

In this essay, we shall be first examining the economic effect of a land tax, and discuss how land tax is economically efficient. Then I will discuss how land value tax may not be the most efficient tax due to the supply elasticity of land created by government land use regulations and the existence of alternative potentially efficient tax bases.

Refer to figure 1. As land is immobile and the amount of land available at any point in time is fixed, we assume the supply of land (S) is perfectly price inelastic. Demand for land use is represented by D. The rent paid by the land user to the landowner is OR, and the rental revenue earned by the owner is ORAQ on figure 1. Changes in the economic rent of land do not affect the quantity of land supplied.

With the implementation of a land value tax of OT, based on the value of the land, the total rental revenue received by the landowner is reduced from ORAQ to TRAB, and the tax revenue earned by the government is OTBQ. As the supply of land is perfectly price inelastic, the incidence of the tax is borne fully by the suppliers, i.e. the landowner. If the landowner attempts to shift the tax burden to the land user, they would simply move to another plot of land where the rent is OR. The land user thus pays the same rent OR, whereas the landowner receives lower after-tax rental revenue.
Taxes change the prices faced by…...

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